The war in Afghanistan began on 27 April 1978, when the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) took power in a military coup, known as the Saur Revolution. Most of Afghanistan subsequently experienced uprisings against the PDPA government. The Soviet war in Afghanistan began in December 1979 to replace the existing communist government. Afghanistan's resistance forces, known as the mujahideen, fought against the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan. Some factions received support by the United States, with the Pakistani ISI serving as the U.S. middleman, and Saudi Arabia. The Soviet Union had to withdraw its troops in February 1989. The Soviet-backed Afghan communist government survived for three more years until the fall of Kabul in 1992.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Der Krieg in Afghanistan umfasst eine Reihe von zusammenhängenden bewaffneten Konflikten, die seit 1978 in Afghanistan andauern. Der Konflikt begann im April 1978 mit einem Staatsstreich durch die kommunistische Volkspartei, der einen Aufstand weiter Teile der Bevölkerung nach sich zog. Im Dezember 1979 intervenierte die Sowjetunion militärisch in dem Konflikt und setzte eine neue kommunistische Führung ein. Mit der sowjetischen Invasion begann ein zehn Jahre andauernder Konflikt zwischen sowjetisch gestützter Zentralregierung und Widerstandsgruppen der Mudschahidin, der weite Teile des Landes verwüstete. Nach dem sowjetischen Abzug im Frühjahr 1989 folgte dem Zusammenbruch des Regimes 1992 ein innerafghanischer Bürgerkrieg, in dem die Talibanbewegung bis 1996 die Kontrolle über den größten Teil des Landes übernahm. Im Herbst 2001 wurde die Talibanregierung durch eine US-geführte Intervention zugunsten der verbliebenen bewaffneten Opposition gestürzt und der Weg zu einer demokratisch legitimierten Regierung geebnet. Die Führungsebene der Taliban konnte sich durch Rückzug nach Pakistan halten und führt seit dem Jahr 2003 mit zunehmender Intensität einen Aufstand gegen die neue afghanische Regierung an. (de)
  • La Guerra Civil Afgana o Guerra de Afganistán es un extenso y complejo conflicto que asola a este país del Asia Central desde 1978 hasta el presente y que cuenta con muy diferentes bandos en lucha según la etapa. (es)
  • アフガニスタン紛争(アフガニスタンふんそう)とは、近代以降のアフガニスタンを舞台に起こったさまざまな戦闘の総称。この項目では1978年以降断続的に起こっている戦いを扱う。 (ja)
  • La guerra civile afghana è un lungo conflitto civile, iniziato approssimativamente nel 1978 e tuttora (2016) in corso, che interessa il territorio dell'Afghanistan. Il conflitto non ha mai avuto un andamento unitario, ma ha visto succedersi più fasi distinte (sebbene collegate tra loro) che hanno coinvolto di volta in volta attori diversi. (it)
  • A guerra civil do Afeganistão é um extenso e complexo conflito que assola este país da Ásia Central desde 1979 até o presente, e possui muitos diferentes grupos que combatem de acordo com os distintos estágios. (pt)
  • The war in Afghanistan began on 27 April 1978, when the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) took power in a military coup, known as the Saur Revolution. Most of Afghanistan subsequently experienced uprisings against the PDPA government. The Soviet war in Afghanistan began in December 1979 to replace the existing communist government. Afghanistan's resistance forces, known as the mujahideen, fought against the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan. Some factions received support by the United States, with the Pakistani ISI serving as the U.S. middleman, and Saudi Arabia. The Soviet Union had to withdraw its troops in February 1989. The Soviet-backed Afghan communist government survived for three more years until the fall of Kabul in 1992. In 1992, the Afghan political parties agreed on the Peshawar Accords which established the Islamic State of Afghanistan and appointed an interim government. Militia leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar was opposed to the agreement and with Pakistani support started a bombardment campaign against Kabul. Additionally, three militias who had been able to occupy some suburbs of Kabul engaged in a violent war against each other. Regional powers such as Pakistan, Iran, Saudi Arabia, India and Uzbekistan seeking influence over the geostrategically located Afghanistan each supported and in some cases controlled one of those militias. While Kabul and some other major cities witnessed most of the fighting during that period most of the more rural parts of Afghanistan, which had seen especially massive bombardment by the Soviets and Communists, remained relatively calm. In late 1994/early 1995 as the Islamic State's minister of defense Ahmad Shah Massoud had been able to defeat most of the militias militarily in Kabul and had restored some calm to the capital, the Taliban emerged as a new faction threatening Kabul. The Taliban had initially emerged as a new force in the southern city of Kandahar conquering many southern and central provinces not under Islamic State control in the course of 1994. In early 1995, as they launched a major operation against the capital Kabul, they suffered a devastating defeat against the Islamic State forces of Massoud in what many analysts saw as the movement's end. By 1996, however, they had regrouped with massive military support by Pakistan and financial support by Saudi Arabia. In September 1996 they took power in Kabul and established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. The United Islamic Front (Northern Alliance) was created under the leadership of Ahmad Shah Massoud as a military-political resistance force against the Taliban Emirate which was backed militarily by Pakistan's Army and enforced by several thousand Al Qaeda fighters from Arab countries and Central Asia. Following the September 11 attacks in the United States in 2001, NATO invaded Afghanistan under Operation Enduring Freedom. The purpose of this was to defeat Al-Qaeda, to remove the Taliban from power, and to create a viable democratic state. Although some of these objectives were achieved, a protracted and costly period of intervention followed and continues as of to date. (en)
dbo:date
  • 1978-04-27 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • Ongoing
  • *Taliban insurgency
  • *Establishment of theIslamic State of Afghanistan(1992)
  • *Collapse of the PDPA government (1992)
  • *Communist coup (1978)
  • *Inter-factional fighting
  • *NATO intervention(2001)
  • *Resistance against Soviet intervention
  • *Soviet intervention (1979)
  • *Soviet withdrawal (1989)
  • *Uprisings against PDPA government
  • *Establishment of theTalibanIslamic Emirate of Afghanistan(1996)
  • *Fall of the Taliban government and establishment of theIslamic Republic of Afghanistan(2001)
  • *Resistance to the Taliban Emirate by theUnited Front
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  • 27576770 (xsd:integer)
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  • 741113845 (xsd:integer)
dbp:caption
  • Afghanistan - Location Map
dbp:casualties
  • 1405111 (xsd:integer)
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • La Guerra Civil Afgana o Guerra de Afganistán es un extenso y complejo conflicto que asola a este país del Asia Central desde 1978 hasta el presente y que cuenta con muy diferentes bandos en lucha según la etapa. (es)
  • アフガニスタン紛争(アフガニスタンふんそう)とは、近代以降のアフガニスタンを舞台に起こったさまざまな戦闘の総称。この項目では1978年以降断続的に起こっている戦いを扱う。 (ja)
  • La guerra civile afghana è un lungo conflitto civile, iniziato approssimativamente nel 1978 e tuttora (2016) in corso, che interessa il territorio dell'Afghanistan. Il conflitto non ha mai avuto un andamento unitario, ma ha visto succedersi più fasi distinte (sebbene collegate tra loro) che hanno coinvolto di volta in volta attori diversi. (it)
  • A guerra civil do Afeganistão é um extenso e complexo conflito que assola este país da Ásia Central desde 1979 até o presente, e possui muitos diferentes grupos que combatem de acordo com os distintos estágios. (pt)
  • Der Krieg in Afghanistan umfasst eine Reihe von zusammenhängenden bewaffneten Konflikten, die seit 1978 in Afghanistan andauern. Der Konflikt begann im April 1978 mit einem Staatsstreich durch die kommunistische Volkspartei, der einen Aufstand weiter Teile der Bevölkerung nach sich zog. Im Dezember 1979 intervenierte die Sowjetunion militärisch in dem Konflikt und setzte eine neue kommunistische Führung ein. Mit der sowjetischen Invasion begann ein zehn Jahre andauernder Konflikt zwischen sowjetisch gestützter Zentralregierung und Widerstandsgruppen der Mudschahidin, der weite Teile des Landes verwüstete. Nach dem sowjetischen Abzug im Frühjahr 1989 folgte dem Zusammenbruch des Regimes 1992 ein innerafghanischer Bürgerkrieg, in dem die Talibanbewegung bis 1996 die Kontrolle über den größte (de)
  • The war in Afghanistan began on 27 April 1978, when the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) took power in a military coup, known as the Saur Revolution. Most of Afghanistan subsequently experienced uprisings against the PDPA government. The Soviet war in Afghanistan began in December 1979 to replace the existing communist government. Afghanistan's resistance forces, known as the mujahideen, fought against the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan. Some factions received support by the United States, with the Pakistani ISI serving as the U.S. middleman, and Saudi Arabia. The Soviet Union had to withdraw its troops in February 1989. The Soviet-backed Afghan communist government survived for three more years until the fall of Kabul in 1992. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Krieg in Afghanistan (de)
  • Guerra Civil Afgana (es)
  • Guerra civile in Afghanistan (it)
  • アフガニスタン紛争 (ja)
  • Guerra Civil do Afeganistão (pt)
  • Гражданская война в Афганистане (ru)
  • War in Afghanistan (1978–present) (en)
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  • War in Afghanistan (en)
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