Vere Gordon Childe (14 April 1892 – 19 October 1957), better known as V. Gordon Childe, was an Australian archaeologist and philologist who specialized in the study of European prehistory.

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  • Vere Gordon Childe (14 April 1892 – 19 October 1957), better known as V. Gordon Childe, was an Australian archaeologist and philologist who specialized in the study of European prehistory. Working most of his life as an academic in the United Kingdom for the University of Edinburgh and then the Institute of Archaeology, London, he wrote many influential books and was an early proponent of culture-historical archaeology and Marxist archaeology.Born in Sydney, New South Wales, Childe studied at the University of Sydney before moving to England to study at the University of Oxford. Returning to Australia, he was prevented from working in academia because of his socialist views, instead working for the Australian Labor Party. Emigrating to London, he continued his research into European prehistory through various journeys across the continent, publishing his findings in academic papers and books.From 1927 through to 1946 he worked as the Abercromby Professor of Archaeology at the University of Edinburgh, overseeing excavation of the unique Neolithic settlement of Skara Brae and the chambered tomb of Maeshowe, both in Orkney, Scotland. Becoming co-founder and president of The Prehistoric Society, he embraced Marxism and became a noted sympathiser with the Soviet Union. From 1947 to 1957 he worked as director of the Institute of Archaeology, continuing to publish his research. Upon retirement, he returned home to the Australian Blue Mountains, there committing suicide.Widely regarded as one of the most important archaeologists and prehistorians of his generation, he became known as the "great synthesizer" for his work in synthesizing regional research into a broader picture of Near Eastern and European prehistory. He was also renowned for his emphasis on revolutionary technological and economic developments in human society, such as the Neolithic Revolution and the Urban Revolution, in this manner being influenced by Marxist ideas on societal development.
  • Vere Gordon Childe (* 14. April 1892 in North Sydney, Australien; † 19. Oktober 1957 in den Blue Mountains, New South Wales) war ein australisch-britischer marxistischer Archäologe und Archäologietheoretiker.
  • Vere Gordon Childe (Sídney, 14 de abril de 1892 — Blackheath, Nueva Gales del Sur, 19 de octubre de 1957) fue un arqueólogo australiano.Especialista en la prehistoria europea de los milenios segundo y tercero, fue catedrático de Arqueología Prehistórica de la Universidad de Edimburgo entre 1927 y 1946, director del Instituto de Arqueología de la Universidad de Londres, de 1946 a 1956 y miembro de la British Academy. Es destacado por su visión materialista dialéctica, o marxista, de la prehistoria, siendo el máximo representante de esta escuela historiográfica en este campo. No podemos olvidar que también fue un gran exponente de la corriente antropológica del difusionismo cultural.Comenzó a producir sus primeros estudios en un momento en el que la prehistoria dejaba de ser una disciplina estática, susceptible de parcialización y fragmentación. Childe consideraba el estudio de la historia como de una evolución dinámica, sin la cual no podrían entenderse las contradicciones y paradojas que componen la historia humana.V. Gordon-Childe acuñó el término «revolución neolítica», el paso de una economía depredadora a otra productora, así como también el término «revolución urbana».
  • Vere Gordon Childe (14 avril 1892 – 19 octobre 1957) était un archéologue australien. Il a dirigé la fouille du site néolithique de Skara Brae, en Écosse. Il est aussi connu pour avoir introduit les expressions « Révolution néolithique » et « Révolution urbaine ». Il a surtout été l'un des grands archéologues capables de replacer leurs découvertes au sein d'une théorie du développement préhistorique à l'échelle européenne et mondiale. Ses idées marxistes ont nourri sa pensée sur la Préhistoire.
  • Vere Gordon Childe (Sydney, 14 aprile 1892 – Blue Mountains, 19 ottobre 1957) è stato un archeologo australiano, che lavorò per la maggior parte della sua vita in Gran Bretagna. Conosciuto per lo scavo del sito neolitico meglio conservato d'Europa, quello di Skara Brae, nelle Isole Orcadi, egli è noto soprattutto per le sue grandi sintesi sulla preistoria europea. Fu il primo ad introdurre i concetti di "cultura archeologica", di "rivoluzione neolitica" e di "rivoluzione urbana". È ritenuto il padre della moderna paletnologia ed ha il merito di aver portato la preistoria da semplice studio antiquario a vera e propria scienza storica.
  • ヴィア・ゴードン・チャイルド(Vere Gordon Childe、1892年4月14日 - 1957年10月19日)は、オーストラリア生まれの考古学者・文献学者。ヨーロッパ先史時代の研究を専門とし、新石器革命(食料生産革命)、都市革命を提案した。
  • Vere Gordon Childe (Sydney, 14 april 1892 - Mount Victoria, 19 oktober 1957) was een Australische filoloog, die zich later specialiseerde in archeologie. Hij is wellicht het meest bekend voor zijn blootlegging van Skara Brae op de Orkney-eilanden, een vondst uit het neolithicum (1928).Childes invalshoek wat betreft de prehistorie was Marxistisch gekleurd. Hij is de officiële bedenker van de termen 'Neolithic Revolution' (Neolithische revolutie) en 'Urban Revolution' (Stedelijke revolutie). Childes was één van de grote denkers wat betreft het combineren van zijn ontdekkingen en de theorie van de prehistorische ontwikkeling op een bredere Europese en wereldwijde schaal.
  • Vere Gordon Childe (ur. 14 kwietnia 1892, Sydney, zm. 19 października 1957, Blue Mountains) — australijski archeolog i antropolog kultury.
  • Vere Gordon Childe (Sydney, 14 de abril de 1892 — Montanhas Azuis, 19 de outubro de 1957) foi um filólogo australiano que se especializou em arqueologia, talvez mais conhecido por suas escavações no site Neolítico de Skara Brae, em Orkney, e por suas visões marxistas sobre a pré-história. Foi ele quem cunhou os termos Revolução Neolítica e Revolução Urbana.
  • 戈登·柴尔德 (1892年4月14日 – 1957年10月19日) 是澳大利亚语言学家,后来转向考古学研究。他最广为人知的是对蘇格蘭奧克尼群島的Skara Brae新石器时代遗址的发掘及其受马克思主义影响的史前史观。
  • Вир Гордон Чайлд (Чайльд) (англ. Vere Gordon Childe; 14 апреля 1892, Сидней — 19 октября 1957, близ Катумбы, Маунт Виктория, Новый Южный Уэльс, Австралия) — британско-австралийский историк-марксист, один из ведущих археологов XX века. Член Британской академии с 1940. Автор понятий «неолитическая революция» и «урбанистическая революция». Основоположник антропологического неоэволюционизма.
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  • "While he may not have provided answers that modern archaeologists find satisfactory, [Childe] challenged colleagues of his own and succeeding decades by constructing a vision of archaeology that was as broad as that of other social sciences, but which also took account of the particular strengths and limitations of archaeological data."
  • "The Marxist view of history and prehistory is admittedly material determinist and materialist. But its determinism does not mean mechanism. The Marxist account is in fact termed 'dialectical materialism.' It is deterministic in as much as it assumes that the historical process is not a mere succession of inexplicable or miraculous happenings, but that all the constituent events are interrelated and form an intelligible pattern."
  • "To me Marxism means effectively a way of approach to and a methodological device for the interpretation of historical and archaeological material and I accept it because and in so far as it works. To the average communist and anti-communist alike... Marxism means a set of dogmas – the words of the master from which as among mediaeval schoolmen, one must deduce truths which the scientist hopes to infer from experiment and observation."
  • "We find certain types of remains – pots, implements, ornaments, burial rites, house forms – constantly recurring together. Such a complex of regularly associated traits we shall term a 'cultural group' or just a 'culture'. We assume that such a complex is the material expression of what today would be called a people."
  • "My Oxford training was in the Classical tradition to which bronzes, terracottas and pottery were respectable while stone and bone tools were banausic."
  • "The most original and useful contributions that I may have made to prehistory are certainly not novel data rescued by brilliant excavation from the soil or by patient research from dusty museum cases, nor yet well founded chronological schemes nor freshly defined cultures, but rather interpretative concepts and methods of explanation."
  • "Because the early Hindus and Persians did really call themselves Aryans, this term was adopted by some nineteenth-century philologists to designate the speakers of the 'parent tongue'. It is now applied scientifically only to the Hindus, Iranian peoples and the rulers of Mitanni whose linguistic ancestors spoke closely related dialects and even worshipped common deities. As used by Nazis and anti-semites generally, the term "Aryan" means as little as the words "Bolshie" and "Red" in the mouths of crusted tories."
  • "By far the most important source [of Childe's thinking], especially in the early stages of his career, was the highly developed western European archaeology, which had been established as a scientific discipline for over a century. His research and publications took the form mainly of contributions to the development of that tradition. His thinking was also influenced, however, by ideas that he derived from Soviet archaeology and American anthropology as well as from more remote disciplines. He had a subsidiary interest in philosophy and politics, and was more concerned than were most archaeologists of his time with justifying the social value of archaeology."
  • "As the [Australian] Labour Party, starting with a band of inspired Socialists, degenerated into a vast machine for capturing political power, but did not know how to use that political power except for the profit of individuals; so the [ One Big Union ] will, in all likelihood, become just a gigantic apparatus for the glorification of a few bosses. Such is the history of all Labour organizations in Australia, and that is not because they are Australian, but because they are Labour."
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  • — Gordon Childe, in letter to Rajani Palme Dutt, 1938.
  • — Gordon Childe criticising the Nazi conception of an Aryan race, What Happened in History, 1942.
  • — Bruce Trigger, 1980.
  • — Bruce Trigger, 1994
  • — Gordon Childe, 1957.
  • — Gordon Childe, 1958.
  • — Gordon Childe, 1979 [1949].
  • — Gordon Childe, How Labour Governs, 1923.
  • — Gordon Childe, The Danube in Prehistory, 1929.
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  • Vere Gordon Childe (* 14. April 1892 in North Sydney, Australien; † 19. Oktober 1957 in den Blue Mountains, New South Wales) war ein australisch-britischer marxistischer Archäologe und Archäologietheoretiker.
  • Vere Gordon Childe (14 avril 1892 – 19 octobre 1957) était un archéologue australien. Il a dirigé la fouille du site néolithique de Skara Brae, en Écosse. Il est aussi connu pour avoir introduit les expressions « Révolution néolithique » et « Révolution urbaine ». Il a surtout été l'un des grands archéologues capables de replacer leurs découvertes au sein d'une théorie du développement préhistorique à l'échelle européenne et mondiale. Ses idées marxistes ont nourri sa pensée sur la Préhistoire.
  • ヴィア・ゴードン・チャイルド(Vere Gordon Childe、1892年4月14日 - 1957年10月19日)は、オーストラリア生まれの考古学者・文献学者。ヨーロッパ先史時代の研究を専門とし、新石器革命(食料生産革命)、都市革命を提案した。
  • Vere Gordon Childe (ur. 14 kwietnia 1892, Sydney, zm. 19 października 1957, Blue Mountains) — australijski archeolog i antropolog kultury.
  • Vere Gordon Childe (Sydney, 14 de abril de 1892 — Montanhas Azuis, 19 de outubro de 1957) foi um filólogo australiano que se especializou em arqueologia, talvez mais conhecido por suas escavações no site Neolítico de Skara Brae, em Orkney, e por suas visões marxistas sobre a pré-história. Foi ele quem cunhou os termos Revolução Neolítica e Revolução Urbana.
  • 戈登·柴尔德 (1892年4月14日 – 1957年10月19日) 是澳大利亚语言学家,后来转向考古学研究。他最广为人知的是对蘇格蘭奧克尼群島的Skara Brae新石器时代遗址的发掘及其受马克思主义影响的史前史观。
  • Вир Гордон Чайлд (Чайльд) (англ. Vere Gordon Childe; 14 апреля 1892, Сидней — 19 октября 1957, близ Катумбы, Маунт Виктория, Новый Южный Уэльс, Австралия) — британско-австралийский историк-марксист, один из ведущих археологов XX века. Член Британской академии с 1940. Автор понятий «неолитическая революция» и «урбанистическая революция». Основоположник антропологического неоэволюционизма.
  • Vere Gordon Childe (14 April 1892 – 19 October 1957), better known as V. Gordon Childe, was an Australian archaeologist and philologist who specialized in the study of European prehistory.
  • Vere Gordon Childe (Sídney, 14 de abril de 1892 — Blackheath, Nueva Gales del Sur, 19 de octubre de 1957) fue un arqueólogo australiano.Especialista en la prehistoria europea de los milenios segundo y tercero, fue catedrático de Arqueología Prehistórica de la Universidad de Edimburgo entre 1927 y 1946, director del Instituto de Arqueología de la Universidad de Londres, de 1946 a 1956 y miembro de la British Academy.
  • Vere Gordon Childe (Sydney, 14 aprile 1892 – Blue Mountains, 19 ottobre 1957) è stato un archeologo australiano, che lavorò per la maggior parte della sua vita in Gran Bretagna. Conosciuto per lo scavo del sito neolitico meglio conservato d'Europa, quello di Skara Brae, nelle Isole Orcadi, egli è noto soprattutto per le sue grandi sintesi sulla preistoria europea. Fu il primo ad introdurre i concetti di "cultura archeologica", di "rivoluzione neolitica" e di "rivoluzione urbana".
  • Vere Gordon Childe (Sydney, 14 april 1892 - Mount Victoria, 19 oktober 1957) was een Australische filoloog, die zich later specialiseerde in archeologie. Hij is wellicht het meest bekend voor zijn blootlegging van Skara Brae op de Orkney-eilanden, een vondst uit het neolithicum (1928).Childes invalshoek wat betreft de prehistorie was Marxistisch gekleurd. Hij is de officiële bedenker van de termen 'Neolithic Revolution' (Neolithische revolutie) en 'Urban Revolution' (Stedelijke revolutie).
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  • Чайлд, Вир Гордон
  • 戈登·柴爾德
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