Vere Gordon Childe (14 April 1892 – 19 October 1957), better known as V. Gordon Childe, was an Australian archaeologist and philologist who specialised in the study of European prehistory. Working most of his life as an academic in the United Kingdom for the University of Edinburgh and then the Institute of Archaeology, London, he authored multiple influential books and was an early proponent of Marxist archaeology, combining this with a culture-historical approach.

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  • Vere Gordon Childe était un archéologue australien. Il a dirigé la fouille du site néolithique de Skara Brae, en Écosse. Il est aussi connu pour avoir introduit les expressions « Révolution néolithique » et « Révolution urbaine ». Il a surtout été l'un des grands archéologues capables de replacer leurs découvertes au sein d'une théorie du développement préhistorique à l'échelle européenne et mondiale. Ses idées marxistes ont nourri sa pensée sur la Préhistoire.
  • Vere Gordon Childe war ein australisch-britischer marxistischer Archäologe und Archäologietheoretiker.
  • Vere Gordon Childe — australijski archeolog i antropolog kultury.
  • Vere Gordon Childe foi um filólogo australiano que se especializou em arqueologia, talvez mais conhecido por suas escavações no site Neolítico de Skara Brae, em Orkney, e por suas visões marxistas sobre a pré-história. Foi ele quem cunhou os termos Revolução Neolítica e Revolução Urbana.
  • 戈登·柴尔德 (1892年4月14日 – 1957年10月19日) 是澳大利亚语言学家,后来转向考古学研究。他最广为人知的是对蘇格蘭奧克尼群島的Skara Brae新石器时代遗址的发掘及其受马克思主义影响的史前史观。
  • Vere Gordon Childe, född 14 april 1892 i Sydney, Australien, död 19 oktober 1957 i Greater Blue Mountains i New South Wales, Australien, var en australiensisk arkeolog, mest känd för sin utgrävning av den unika neolitiska boplatsen i Skara Brae på Orkneyöarna och för sitt marxistiska synsätt på förhistorien. Childe är också känd för att ha myntat uttrycken "Neolithic Revolution" och "Urban Revolution", välkända begrepp inom ämnet arkeologi som kan översättas till Den neolitiska revolutionen och Den urbana revolutionen. Han försökte även sammanföra sina arkeologiska upptäckter med samhällsteorier som berättade om utvecklingen av det förhistoriska samhället. Childe var bosatt i Europa 1921-1956, verkade som professor i arkeologi i Edinburgh 1927-1946 och i London 1946-1956.
  • Vere Gordon Childe (14 April 1892 – 19 October 1957), better known as V. Gordon Childe, was an Australian archaeologist and philologist who specialised in the study of European prehistory. Working most of his life as an academic in the United Kingdom for the University of Edinburgh and then the Institute of Archaeology, London, he authored multiple influential books and was an early proponent of Marxist archaeology, combining this with a culture-historical approach. Born in Sydney, New South Wales to a middle-class family of English descent, Childe studied at the University of Sydney before moving to England to study at the University of Oxford. Returning to Australia, he was prevented from working in academia because of his socialist political views, instead working for the Australian Labor Party. Emigrating to London, he continued his research into European prehistory through various journeys across the continent, publishing his findings in academic papers and books. From 1927 through to 1946 he worked as the Abercromby Professor of Archaeology at the University of Edinburgh, overseeing excavation of the unique Neolithic settlement of Skara Brae and the chambered tomb of Maeshowe, both in Orkney, Scotland. Becoming co-founder and president of The Prehistoric Society, he embraced Marxism and became a noted sympathiser with the Soviet Union. From 1947 to 1957 he worked as director of the Institute of Archaeology, continuing to publish his research. Upon retirement, he returned home to the Australian Blue Mountains, there committing suicide. Widely regarded as one of the most important archaeologists and prehistorians of his generation, he became known as the "great synthesizer" for his work in synthesizing regional research into a broader picture of Near Eastern and European prehistory. He was also renowned for his emphasis on revolutionary technological and economic developments in human society, such as the Neolithic Revolution and the Urban Revolution, in this manner being influenced by Marxist ideas on societal development.
  • Vere Gordon Childe fue un arqueólogo australiano. Nació en Sídney el 14 de abril de 1892 y falleció el 19 de octubre de 1957 en Monte Victoria. Especialista en la prehistoria europea de los milenios segundo y tercero, fue catedrático de Arqueología Prehistórica de la Universidad de Edimburgo entre 1927 y 1946, director del Instituto de Arqueología de la Universidad de Londres, de 1946 a 1956 y miembro de la British Academy. Es destacado por su visión materialista dialéctica, o marxista, de la prehistoria, siendo el máximo representante de esta escuela historiográfica en este campo. No podemos olvidar que también fue un gran exponente de la corriente antropológica del difusionismo cultural. Comenzó a producir sus primeros estudios en un momento en el que la prehistoria dejaba de ser una disciplina estática, susceptible de parcialización y fragmentación. Childe consideraba el estudio de la historia como de una evolución dinámica, sin la cual no podrían entenderse las contradicciones y paradojas que componen la historia humana. V. Gordon-Childe acuñó el término «revolución neolítica», el paso de una economía depredadora a otra productora, así como la revolución urbana.
  • ヴィア・ゴードン・チャイルド(Vere Gordon Childe、1892年4月14日 - 1957年10月19日)は、オーストラリア生まれの考古学者・文献学者。ヨーロッパ先史時代の研究を専門とした。 積極的な社会主義者であったチャイルドは、マルクス主義の社会・経済理論を受け入れており、異端視された初期のマルクス主義考古学の提唱者であり、マルクス主義考古学と彼の文化史的考古学の視点を結合した。 チャイルドは、最初はエディンバラ大学において、後にロンドンにある考古学研究所において、イギリス在住の研究者として人生の大部分を過ごした。 チャイルドは考古学・先史学における多くの先駆的な本を書き、とりわけ『文明の起源』(原題:Man makes himself、1936年)及び『歴史のあけぼの』(原題:What Happened in History、1942年)で最もよく知られている。 また、近藤義郎 訳『考古学の方法』(河出書房新社、1964年/改訂新版1981年、新装版1994年)、近藤義郎、木村祀子 訳『考古学とは何か』(岩波書店〔岩波新書〕、1969年)などは、日本の考古学方法論に大きな影響を与えた。
  • Vere Gordon Childe was een Australische filoloog, die zich later specialiseerde in archeologie. Hij is wellicht het meest bekend voor zijn blootlegging van Skara Brae op de Orkney-eilanden, een vondst uit het neolithicum (1928). Childes invalshoek wat betreft de prehistorie was Marxistisch gekleurd. Hij is de officiële bedenker van de termen 'Neolithic Revolution' en 'Urban Revolution'. Childes was één van de grote denkers wat betreft het combineren van zijn ontdekkingen en de theorie van de prehistorische ontwikkeling op een bredere Europese en wereldwijde schaal.
  • Вир Гордон Чайлд (Чайльд) — британско-австралийский историк-марксист, один из ведущих археологов XX века. Член Британской академии с 1940. Автор понятий «неолитическая революция» и «урбанистическая революция». Основоположник антропологического неоэволюционизма.
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  • Vere Gordon Childe 1930s.
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  • Childe, Vere Gordon
  • Vere Gordon Childe
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  • "As the Australian Labour Party, starting with a band of inspired Socialists, degenerated into a vast machine for capturing political power, but did not know how to use that political power except for the profit of individuals; so the One Big Union will, in all likelihood, become just a gigantic apparatus for the glorification of a few bosses. Such is the history of all Labour organizations in Australia, and that is not because they are Australian, but because they are Labour."
  • "The Marxist view of history and prehistory is admittedly material determinist and materialist. But its determinism does not mean mechanism. The Marxist account is in fact termed 'dialectical materialism.' It is deterministic in as much as it assumes that the historical process is not a mere succession of inexplicable or miraculous happenings, but that all the constituent events are interrelated and form an intelligible pattern."
  • "We find certain types of remains – pots, implements, ornaments, burial rites, house forms – constantly recurring together. Such a complex of regularly associated traits we shall term a 'cultural group' or just a 'culture'. We assume that such a complex is the material expression of what today would be called a people."
  • "My Oxford training was in the Classical tradition to which bronzes, terracottas and pottery were respectable while stone and bone tools were banausic."
  • "The most original and useful contributions that I may have made to prehistory are certainly not novel data rescued by brilliant excavation from the soil or by patient research from dusty museum cases, nor yet well founded chronological schemes nor freshly defined cultures, but rather interpretative concepts and methods of explanation."
  • "Because the early Hindus and Persians did really call themselves Aryans, this term was adopted by some nineteenth-century philologists to designate the speakers of the 'parent tongue'. It is now applied scientifically only to the Hindus, Iranian peoples and the rulers of Mitanni whose linguistic ancestors spoke closely related dialects and even worshipped common deities. As used by Nazis and anti-semites generally, the term "Aryan" means as little as the words "Bolshie" and "Red" in the mouths of crusted tories."
  • "By far the most important source Childe's thinking, especially in the early stages of his career, was the highly developed western European archaeology, which had been established as a scientific discipline for over a century. His research and publications took the form mainly of contributions to the development of that tradition. His thinking was also influenced, however, by ideas that he derived from Soviet archaeology and American anthropology as well as from more remote disciplines. He had a subsidiary interest in philosophy and politics, and was more concerned than were most archaeologists of his time with justifying the social value of archaeology."
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  • — Gordon Childe criticising the Nazi conception of an Aryan race, What Happened in History, 1942.
  • — Bruce Trigger, 1980.
  • — Gordon Childe, 1957.
  • — Gordon Childe, 1958.
  • — Gordon Childe, 1979 1949.
  • — Gordon Childe, How Labour Governs, 1923.
  • — Gordon Childe, The Danube in Prehistory, 1929.
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  • Vere Gordon Childe était un archéologue australien. Il a dirigé la fouille du site néolithique de Skara Brae, en Écosse. Il est aussi connu pour avoir introduit les expressions « Révolution néolithique » et « Révolution urbaine ». Il a surtout été l'un des grands archéologues capables de replacer leurs découvertes au sein d'une théorie du développement préhistorique à l'échelle européenne et mondiale. Ses idées marxistes ont nourri sa pensée sur la Préhistoire.
  • Vere Gordon Childe war ein australisch-britischer marxistischer Archäologe und Archäologietheoretiker.
  • Vere Gordon Childe — australijski archeolog i antropolog kultury.
  • Vere Gordon Childe foi um filólogo australiano que se especializou em arqueologia, talvez mais conhecido por suas escavações no site Neolítico de Skara Brae, em Orkney, e por suas visões marxistas sobre a pré-história. Foi ele quem cunhou os termos Revolução Neolítica e Revolução Urbana.
  • Vere Gordon Childe fue un arqueólogo australiano. Nació en Sídney el 14 de abril de 1892 y falleció el 19 de octubre de 1957 en Monte Victoria. Especialista en la prehistoria europea de los milenios segundo y tercero, fue catedrático de Arqueología Prehistórica de la Universidad de Edimburgo entre 1927 y 1946, director del Instituto de Arqueología de la Universidad de Londres, de 1946 a 1956 y miembro de la British Academy.
  • Vere Gordon Childe, född 14 april 1892 i Sydney, Australien, död 19 oktober 1957 i Greater Blue Mountains i New South Wales, Australien, var en australiensisk arkeolog, mest känd för sin utgrävning av den unika neolitiska boplatsen i Skara Brae på Orkneyöarna och för sitt marxistiska synsätt på förhistorien.
  • 戈登·柴尔德 (1892年4月14日 – 1957年10月19日) 是澳大利亚语言学家,后来转向考古学研究。他最广为人知的是对蘇格蘭奧克尼群島的Skara Brae新石器时代遗址的发掘及其受马克思主义影响的史前史观。
  • Vere Gordon Childe (14 April 1892 – 19 October 1957), better known as V. Gordon Childe, was an Australian archaeologist and philologist who specialised in the study of European prehistory. Working most of his life as an academic in the United Kingdom for the University of Edinburgh and then the Institute of Archaeology, London, he authored multiple influential books and was an early proponent of Marxist archaeology, combining this with a culture-historical approach.
  • ヴィア・ゴードン・チャイルド(Vere Gordon Childe、1892年4月14日 - 1957年10月19日)は、オーストラリア生まれの考古学者・文献学者。ヨーロッパ先史時代の研究を専門とした。 積極的な社会主義者であったチャイルドは、マルクス主義の社会・経済理論を受け入れており、異端視された初期のマルクス主義考古学の提唱者であり、マルクス主義考古学と彼の文化史的考古学の視点を結合した。 チャイルドは、最初はエディンバラ大学において、後にロンドンにある考古学研究所において、イギリス在住の研究者として人生の大部分を過ごした。 チャイルドは考古学・先史学における多くの先駆的な本を書き、とりわけ『文明の起源』(原題:Man makes himself、1936年)及び『歴史のあけぼの』(原題:What Happened in History、1942年)で最もよく知られている。 また、近藤義郎 訳『考古学の方法』(河出書房新社、1964年/改訂新版1981年、新装版1994年)、近藤義郎、木村祀子 訳『考古学とは何か』(岩波書店〔岩波新書〕、1969年)などは、日本の考古学方法論に大きな影響を与えた。
  • Vere Gordon Childe was een Australische filoloog, die zich later specialiseerde in archeologie. Hij is wellicht het meest bekend voor zijn blootlegging van Skara Brae op de Orkney-eilanden, een vondst uit het neolithicum (1928). Childes invalshoek wat betreft de prehistorie was Marxistisch gekleurd. Hij is de officiële bedenker van de termen 'Neolithic Revolution' en 'Urban Revolution'.
  • Вир Гордон Чайлд (Чайльд) — британско-австралийский историк-марксист, один из ведущих археологов XX века. Член Британской академии с 1940. Автор понятий «неолитическая революция» и «урбанистическая революция». Основоположник антропологического неоэволюционизма.
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  • Vere Gordon Childe
  • ゴードン・チャイルド
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  • Чайлд, Вир Гордон
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