The United Kingdom general election of 1997 was held on 1 May 1997, five years after the previous election on 9 April 1992, to elect 659 members to the British House of Commons. Under the leadership of Tony Blair, the Labour Party ended its 18 years in opposition and won the general election with a landslide victory, winning 418 seats, the most seats the party has ever held. The election saw a huge 10.2% swing from the Conservatives to Labour on a national turnout of 71% and would be last national vote where turnout exceeded 70% until the 2016 EU Referendum was held nineteen years later. Blair, as a result, became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, a position he held until his resignation in 2007.

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dbo:abstract
  • The United Kingdom general election of 1997 was held on 1 May 1997, five years after the previous election on 9 April 1992, to elect 659 members to the British House of Commons. Under the leadership of Tony Blair, the Labour Party ended its 18 years in opposition and won the general election with a landslide victory, winning 418 seats, the most seats the party has ever held. The election saw a huge 10.2% swing from the Conservatives to Labour on a national turnout of 71% and would be last national vote where turnout exceeded 70% until the 2016 EU Referendum was held nineteen years later. Blair, as a result, became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, a position he held until his resignation in 2007. Under Blair's leadership, the Labour Party had adopted a more centrist policy platform under the name 'New Labour'. This was seen as moving away from the traditionally more left-wing stance of the Labour Party. Labour made several campaign pledges such as the creation of a National Minimum Wage, devolution referendums for Scotland and Wales and promised greater economic competence than the Conservatives, who were unpopular following the events of Black Wednesday in 1992. The Labour campaign was ultimately a success and the party returned an unprecedented 418 MPs and began the first of three consecutive terms for Labour in government. However, 1997 remains the last election in which Labour had a net gain of seats. A record number of women were elected to parliament, 120, of whom 101 were Labour MPs. This was in part thanks to Labour's policy of using all-women shortlists. The Conservative Party was led by incumbent Prime Minister John Major and ran their campaign emphasising falling unemployment and a strong economic recovery following the early 1990s recession. However, a series of scandals, party disunity over the European Union, the events of Black Wednesday and a desire of the electorate for change after 18 years of Tory rule all contributed to the Conservatives' worst defeat since 1906, with only 165 MPs elected to Westminster, as well as their lowest percentage share of the vote since 1832. The party was left with no seats whatsoever in Scotland or Wales, and many key Conservative politicians, including Defence Secretary Michael Portillo, Foreign Secretary Malcolm Rifkind, Trade Secretary Ian Lang, Scottish Secretary Michael Forsyth and former ministers Edwina Currie, Norman Lamont, David Mellor and Neil Hamilton all lost their parliamentary seats. Following the defeat, the Conservatives began the longest continuous spell in opposition in the history of the present day (post-Tamworth Manifesto) Conservative Party, and indeed the longest such spell for any incarnation of the Tories/Conservatives since the 1760s, lasting 13 years. The Liberal Democrats, under Paddy Ashdown, returned 46 MPs to parliament, the most for any third party since 1929 and more than double the seats they got in 1992, despite a drop in popular vote. The Scottish National Party (SNP) returned 6 MPs, double their total in 1992. As with all general elections since the early 1950s, the results were broadcast live on the BBC; the presenters were David Dimbleby, Peter Snow and Jeremy Paxman. (en)
  • Die britischen Unterhauswahlen 1997 vom 1. Mai 1997 brachten den ersten Regierungswechsel seit 18 Jahren. Die Labour Party unter Tony Blair schlug die bislang regierende Conservative Party unter John Major. Diese Wahlen wurden als „Blutbad“ (bloodbath) für die Konservativen bezeichnet. Sie verloren mehr als die Hälfte der bisherigen Mandate, darunter sämtliche in Schottland und Wales. Labour konnte die größte Mehrheit für eine Partei in der Geschichte Großbritanniens erringen (179). Verschiedene prominente Konservative, darunter mehrere Kabinettsmitglieder, wurden abgewählt. Zu diesen zählten Verteidigungsminister Michael Portillo, Außenminister Malcolm Rifkind, Handels- und Industrieminister Ian Lang und Schottlandminister Michael Forsyth. Die Liberal Democrats konnten die Anzahl ihre Mandate mehr als verdoppeln und erreichten das beste Resultat seit den 1920ern, als sie letztmals in der Regierung vertreten waren. Die Referendum Party, die eine Abstimmung für den Austritt aus der EU verlangte, erreichte zwar mit mehr als 800.000 Stimmen den vierten Platz, konnte aber keine Sitze gewinnen. Dennoch nahm sie den Konservativen wertvolle Stimmen weg. (de)
  • Las elecciones generales de 1997 en el Reino Unido fueron celebrados el 1 de mayo de 1997. El Partido Laborista, bajo el liderazgo de Tony Blair, obtuvo una victoria abrumadora con 418 escaños, iniciando el periodo más largo en que el laborismo ha estado en el poder. (es)
  • Les élections législatives britanniques de 1997 se sont tenues le 1er mai 1997, et ont renouvelé les membres de la Chambre des communes. Le Parti travailliste de Tony Blair retourne au pouvoir après 18 ans de gouvernement conservateur.C'est une victoire historique du Labour qui obtient un nombre de députés jamais atteint dans son histoire ; en revanche, c'est une déroute pour le parti conservateur qui obtient le plus faible nombre de députés depuis les élections de 1906 et aucun député en Écosse et au pays de Galles. Les conservateurs resteront dans l'opposition durant 13 ans, la plus longue période d'opposition conservatrice depuis les années 1760. (fr)
  • Le elezioni generali nel Regno Unito del 1997 si sono tenute il 1º maggio. Esse hanno visto la vittoria del Partito Laburista di Tony Blair, che è divenuto Primo Ministro. (it)
  • 1997年イギリス総選挙(1997ねんイギリスそうせんきょ、英語:United Kingdom general election, 1997)は、イギリス議会(正式名称:グレートブリテンおよび北アイルランド連合王国議会)の議員を選出するために1997年5月に行われたイギリス総選挙である。 (ja)
  • Wybory parlamentarne w Wielkiej Brytanii w 1997 roku odbyły się 1 maja na terenie Zjednoczonego Królestwa Wielkiej Brytanii i Irlandii Północnej. Wybory wygrała opozycyjna Partia Pracy Tony’ego Blaira. Partia Konserwatywna premiera Johna Majora po 18 latach rządów przeszła do opozycji. (pl)
  • 1997年英國大選(United Kingdom general election of 1997)於1997年5月1日舉行,時任首相馬卓安於3月17日宣布解散國會及舉行大選。本屆英國大選在全國659個選區進行,使用簡單多數制(First-past-the-post)的選舉方法,即每個選區以得票最多的候選人勝出,成為該區的代表,將在英国下议院獲得一個席位。獲得最多席位的黨派將組成英國下一屆政府,該黨黨魁則成為下一任英国首相。 選舉前民意調查顯示工黨的民望領先於保守黨,然而事實出人意料:工黨取得壓到性勝利,保守黨遭逢自1832年以來最大選舉敗績。貝理雅帶領工黨取得勝利,終止保守黨連續18年的執政。1988年成立的自民黨取得成立以來最多的議席,取得46席,但仍無法取代工黨及保守黨二大政黨的地位。 (zh)
  • Парламентские выборы в Великобритании 1997 года (англ. United Kingdom general election of 1997) — демократические выборы, прошедшие 1 мая 1997 года. Правящие консерваторы во главе с Джоном Мейджором потерпели полное поражение и оказались в оппозиции, а лейбористы во главе с Тони Блэром, ставшим премьер-министром, впервые за 18 лет пришли к власти. Разрыв между консерваторами и лейбористами составил 253 мандата (418 у лейбористов против 165 у консерваторов). На сегодняшний день выборы 1997 года являются самыми успешными для Лейбористской партии. (ru)
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  • Las elecciones generales de 1997 en el Reino Unido fueron celebrados el 1 de mayo de 1997. El Partido Laborista, bajo el liderazgo de Tony Blair, obtuvo una victoria abrumadora con 418 escaños, iniciando el periodo más largo en que el laborismo ha estado en el poder. (es)
  • Les élections législatives britanniques de 1997 se sont tenues le 1er mai 1997, et ont renouvelé les membres de la Chambre des communes. Le Parti travailliste de Tony Blair retourne au pouvoir après 18 ans de gouvernement conservateur.C'est une victoire historique du Labour qui obtient un nombre de députés jamais atteint dans son histoire ; en revanche, c'est une déroute pour le parti conservateur qui obtient le plus faible nombre de députés depuis les élections de 1906 et aucun député en Écosse et au pays de Galles. Les conservateurs resteront dans l'opposition durant 13 ans, la plus longue période d'opposition conservatrice depuis les années 1760. (fr)
  • Le elezioni generali nel Regno Unito del 1997 si sono tenute il 1º maggio. Esse hanno visto la vittoria del Partito Laburista di Tony Blair, che è divenuto Primo Ministro. (it)
  • 1997年イギリス総選挙(1997ねんイギリスそうせんきょ、英語:United Kingdom general election, 1997)は、イギリス議会(正式名称:グレートブリテンおよび北アイルランド連合王国議会)の議員を選出するために1997年5月に行われたイギリス総選挙である。 (ja)
  • Wybory parlamentarne w Wielkiej Brytanii w 1997 roku odbyły się 1 maja na terenie Zjednoczonego Królestwa Wielkiej Brytanii i Irlandii Północnej. Wybory wygrała opozycyjna Partia Pracy Tony’ego Blaira. Partia Konserwatywna premiera Johna Majora po 18 latach rządów przeszła do opozycji. (pl)
  • 1997年英國大選(United Kingdom general election of 1997)於1997年5月1日舉行,時任首相馬卓安於3月17日宣布解散國會及舉行大選。本屆英國大選在全國659個選區進行,使用簡單多數制(First-past-the-post)的選舉方法,即每個選區以得票最多的候選人勝出,成為該區的代表,將在英国下议院獲得一個席位。獲得最多席位的黨派將組成英國下一屆政府,該黨黨魁則成為下一任英国首相。 選舉前民意調查顯示工黨的民望領先於保守黨,然而事實出人意料:工黨取得壓到性勝利,保守黨遭逢自1832年以來最大選舉敗績。貝理雅帶領工黨取得勝利,終止保守黨連續18年的執政。1988年成立的自民黨取得成立以來最多的議席,取得46席,但仍無法取代工黨及保守黨二大政黨的地位。 (zh)
  • Парламентские выборы в Великобритании 1997 года (англ. United Kingdom general election of 1997) — демократические выборы, прошедшие 1 мая 1997 года. Правящие консерваторы во главе с Джоном Мейджором потерпели полное поражение и оказались в оппозиции, а лейбористы во главе с Тони Блэром, ставшим премьер-министром, впервые за 18 лет пришли к власти. Разрыв между консерваторами и лейбористами составил 253 мандата (418 у лейбористов против 165 у консерваторов). На сегодняшний день выборы 1997 года являются самыми успешными для Лейбористской партии. (ru)
  • The United Kingdom general election of 1997 was held on 1 May 1997, five years after the previous election on 9 April 1992, to elect 659 members to the British House of Commons. Under the leadership of Tony Blair, the Labour Party ended its 18 years in opposition and won the general election with a landslide victory, winning 418 seats, the most seats the party has ever held. The election saw a huge 10.2% swing from the Conservatives to Labour on a national turnout of 71% and would be last national vote where turnout exceeded 70% until the 2016 EU Referendum was held nineteen years later. Blair, as a result, became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, a position he held until his resignation in 2007. (en)
  • Die britischen Unterhauswahlen 1997 vom 1. Mai 1997 brachten den ersten Regierungswechsel seit 18 Jahren. Die Labour Party unter Tony Blair schlug die bislang regierende Conservative Party unter John Major. Diese Wahlen wurden als „Blutbad“ (bloodbath) für die Konservativen bezeichnet. Sie verloren mehr als die Hälfte der bisherigen Mandate, darunter sämtliche in Schottland und Wales. Labour konnte die größte Mehrheit für eine Partei in der Geschichte Großbritanniens erringen (179). (de)
rdfs:label
  • United Kingdom general election, 1997 (en)
  • Britische Unterhauswahlen 1997 (de)
  • Elecciones generales del Reino Unido de 1997 (es)
  • Elezioni generali nel Regno Unito del 1997 (it)
  • Élections générales britanniques de 1997 (fr)
  • 1997年イギリス総選挙 (ja)
  • Wybory parlamentarne w Wielkiej Brytanii w 1997 roku (pl)
  • Парламентские выборы в Великобритании (1997) (ru)
  • 1997年英國大選 (zh)
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