The 1983 United Kingdom general election was held on 9 June 1983. It gave the Conservative Party under Margaret Thatcher the most decisive election victory since that of Labour in 1945. Thatcher's first four years as prime minister had not been an easy time. Unemployment increased during the first three years of her term and the economy went through a recession. However, the British victory in the Falklands War led to a recovery of her popularity; the economy had also returned to growth. By the time Thatcher called the election in May 1983, the Conservatives were most people's firm favourites to win the election. The Labour Party had been led by Michael Foot since the resignation of James Callaghan. They had fared well in opinion polls and local elections during this time, but issues devel

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • The 1983 United Kingdom general election was held on 9 June 1983. It gave the Conservative Party under Margaret Thatcher the most decisive election victory since that of Labour in 1945. Thatcher's first four years as prime minister had not been an easy time. Unemployment increased during the first three years of her term and the economy went through a recession. However, the British victory in the Falklands War led to a recovery of her popularity; the economy had also returned to growth. By the time Thatcher called the election in May 1983, the Conservatives were most people's firm favourites to win the election. The Labour Party had been led by Michael Foot since the resignation of James Callaghan. They had fared well in opinion polls and local elections during this time, but issues developed which would lead directly to their defeat. Labour adopted a platform that was considered more left-wing than usual. Several moderate Labour MPs had left the party to form the Social Democrats. The Social Democrats then formed the SDP-Liberal Alliance with the existing Liberal Party. The opposition vote split almost evenly between the SDP/Liberal Alliance and Labour. With its worst performance since 1918, the Labour vote fell by over 3 million from 1979 and this accounted for both a national swing of almost 4% towards the Conservatives and their larger parliamentary majority of 144, even though the Conservatives' total vote fell by almost 700,000. This was the most recent election where a party in government increased its number of seats until 2015. The SDP/Liberal Alliance finished in third place but came within 700,000 votes of out-polling Labour. By gaining 25% of the popular vote, the Alliance won the largest such percentage for any third party since the 1923 general election. Despite this, they won only 23 seats, whereas Labour won 209. The Liberals argued that a proportional electoral system would have given them a more representative number of MPs. Changing the electoral system had been a long-running Liberal Party campaign plank and would later be adopted by the Liberal Democrats. The election night was broadcast live on the BBC, and was presented by Peter Snow, David Dimbleby and Robin Day. Two future prime ministers, Tony Blair and Gordon Brown, were first elected as MP's in this election. (en)
  • Die britischen Unterhauswahlen 1983 fanden am 9. Juni 1983 statt. Es wurde der größte Wahlerfolg der Conservative Party unter Margaret Thatcher bzw. einer Partei seit den von Labour gewonnenen Unterhauswahlen 1945. Die Oppositionsparteien SDP/Liberal Alliance und Labour erhielten fast die gleiche Anzahl an Stimmen. Seit 1918 war dies die größte Wahlniederlage der Labour-Partei, die über 3 Millionen Stimmen gegenüber 1979 verlor und den Konservativen eine Mehrheit von 144 Sitzen brachte, obwohl diese ebenfalls leichte Stimmenverluste hinnehmen musste. Die SDP-Liberal Alliance lag nur 675.985 Stimmen hinter Labour, erhielt aber auf Grund des relativen Mehrheitswahlrechtes 186 Sitze weniger. (de)
  • Las elecciones generales del Reino Unido de 1983 en el Reino Unido fueron realizados el jueves 9 de junio de 1983. El Partido Conservador, liderado por Margaret Thatcher, obtuvo la victoria electoral más amplia desde la victoria laborista de 1945 (es)
  • Les élections générales britanniques de 1983 se tiennent le 9 juin 1983 afin d'élire les 650 membres de la Chambre des communes. Leur résultat confirme la domination électorale du Parti conservateur mené par Margaret Thatcher, qui obtient (avec près de 400 sièges sur 650) le plus large majorité depuis celle obtenue par les travaillistes en 1945. Le Parti travailliste mené par Michael Foot essuie de son côté un échec historique, et se retrouve avec un score très proche de l'alliance SDP-Libéraux. Néanmoins, le système électoral britannique ne reflète pas cette quasi-égalité quant au nombre de sièges acquis. Le faible score du Parti travailliste permet toutefois l'élection de 209 représentants issus de leurs rangs, parmi lesquels on compte deux nouveaux élus qui deviendront plus tard Premiers ministres : Tony Blair et Gordon Brown. (fr)
  • Le elezioni generali nel Regno Unito del 1983 si sono tenute il 9 giugno. Esse hanno visto la vittoria del Partito Conservatore di Margaret Thatcher, che è stata confermata Primo Ministro. (it)
  • 1983年イギリス総選挙(1983ねんイギリスそうせんきょ、英語:United Kingdom General Election, 1983)は、英国議会(正式名称:グレートブリテン及び北アイルランド連合王国議会)の議員を選出するため、1983年6月11日に行われた英国における総選挙である。 (ja)
  • Парламентские выборы в Великобритании 1983 года — свободные демократические выборы, происходившие 9 июня 1983 года. Консерваторы под руководством Маргарет Тэтчер ещё более укрепили свои позиции, получив 58 дополнительных мандатов, а лейбористы потерпели серьёзное поражение, потеряв 60 мандатов. Таким образом, разрыв между правящими консерваторами и лейбористами увеличился до 188 мандатов. (ru)
  • 1983年英國大選,時任英國首相戴卓爾夫人憑籍福克蘭戰爭的勝利,領導保守黨第二次贏得大選。伴随着战争而来的强烈的爱国主义情绪,加强了撒切尔夫人为首的政府的权威,撒切尔夫人宣布於1983年提前大選。最終保守黨取得397席,是自1945年最多的議席。工黨慘敗,是自1945年第二次世界大戰結束以來,戰績最差的一次。自由黨與由原工黨分裂的社會民主黨結盟後,取得23席,選票大輻增加,即使議席上無法取代工黨和保守黨二大政黨的地位。 值得一提的是,後來出任英國首相、工黨的貝理雅和白高敦,在這一年當選英國下議院議員,正式進入英國政壇。 (zh)
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rdfs:comment
  • Las elecciones generales del Reino Unido de 1983 en el Reino Unido fueron realizados el jueves 9 de junio de 1983. El Partido Conservador, liderado por Margaret Thatcher, obtuvo la victoria electoral más amplia desde la victoria laborista de 1945 (es)
  • Le elezioni generali nel Regno Unito del 1983 si sono tenute il 9 giugno. Esse hanno visto la vittoria del Partito Conservatore di Margaret Thatcher, che è stata confermata Primo Ministro. (it)
  • 1983年イギリス総選挙(1983ねんイギリスそうせんきょ、英語:United Kingdom General Election, 1983)は、英国議会(正式名称:グレートブリテン及び北アイルランド連合王国議会)の議員を選出するため、1983年6月11日に行われた英国における総選挙である。 (ja)
  • Парламентские выборы в Великобритании 1983 года — свободные демократические выборы, происходившие 9 июня 1983 года. Консерваторы под руководством Маргарет Тэтчер ещё более укрепили свои позиции, получив 58 дополнительных мандатов, а лейбористы потерпели серьёзное поражение, потеряв 60 мандатов. Таким образом, разрыв между правящими консерваторами и лейбористами увеличился до 188 мандатов. (ru)
  • 1983年英國大選,時任英國首相戴卓爾夫人憑籍福克蘭戰爭的勝利,領導保守黨第二次贏得大選。伴随着战争而来的强烈的爱国主义情绪,加强了撒切尔夫人为首的政府的权威,撒切尔夫人宣布於1983年提前大選。最終保守黨取得397席,是自1945年最多的議席。工黨慘敗,是自1945年第二次世界大戰結束以來,戰績最差的一次。自由黨與由原工黨分裂的社會民主黨結盟後,取得23席,選票大輻增加,即使議席上無法取代工黨和保守黨二大政黨的地位。 值得一提的是,後來出任英國首相、工黨的貝理雅和白高敦,在這一年當選英國下議院議員,正式進入英國政壇。 (zh)
  • The 1983 United Kingdom general election was held on 9 June 1983. It gave the Conservative Party under Margaret Thatcher the most decisive election victory since that of Labour in 1945. Thatcher's first four years as prime minister had not been an easy time. Unemployment increased during the first three years of her term and the economy went through a recession. However, the British victory in the Falklands War led to a recovery of her popularity; the economy had also returned to growth. By the time Thatcher called the election in May 1983, the Conservatives were most people's firm favourites to win the election. The Labour Party had been led by Michael Foot since the resignation of James Callaghan. They had fared well in opinion polls and local elections during this time, but issues devel (en)
  • Die britischen Unterhauswahlen 1983 fanden am 9. Juni 1983 statt. Es wurde der größte Wahlerfolg der Conservative Party unter Margaret Thatcher bzw. einer Partei seit den von Labour gewonnenen Unterhauswahlen 1945. Die Oppositionsparteien SDP/Liberal Alliance und Labour erhielten fast die gleiche Anzahl an Stimmen. Seit 1918 war dies die größte Wahlniederlage der Labour-Partei, die über 3 Millionen Stimmen gegenüber 1979 verlor und den Konservativen eine Mehrheit von 144 Sitzen brachte, obwohl diese ebenfalls leichte Stimmenverluste hinnehmen musste. (de)
  • Les élections générales britanniques de 1983 se tiennent le 9 juin 1983 afin d'élire les 650 membres de la Chambre des communes. Leur résultat confirme la domination électorale du Parti conservateur mené par Margaret Thatcher, qui obtient (avec près de 400 sièges sur 650) le plus large majorité depuis celle obtenue par les travaillistes en 1945. Le faible score du Parti travailliste permet toutefois l'élection de 209 représentants issus de leurs rangs, parmi lesquels on compte deux nouveaux élus qui deviendront plus tard Premiers ministres : Tony Blair et Gordon Brown. (fr)
rdfs:label
  • United Kingdom general election, 1983 (en)
  • Britische Unterhauswahlen 1983 (de)
  • Elecciones generales del Reino Unido de 1983 (es)
  • Elezioni generali nel Regno Unito del 1983 (it)
  • Élections générales britanniques de 1983 (fr)
  • 1983年イギリス総選挙 (ja)
  • Парламентские выборы в Великобритании (1983) (ru)
  • 1983年英國大選 (zh)
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