Ukai Gyokusen (鵜飼 玉川, 1807–1887) was a pioneering Japanese photographer. Although he is much less well known than his contemporaries Shimooka Renjō and Ueno Hikoma, he is important for being the first Japanese professional photographer, having established a photographic studio in Edo (now Tokyo) in 1860 or 1861. Of the many unattributed Japanese ambrotypes to have survived from the 1860s, some were probably produced by Ukai. One photograph that has been positively identified as his work is an 1863 portrait of Miura Shushin.

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  • Ukai Gyokusen (1807 - 12 mai 1887) est un pionnier de la photographie au Japon. Bien qu'il soit beaucoup moins connu que ses contemporains Shimooka Renjō et Ueno Hikoma, il est important au titre de premier photographe professionnel japonais à avoir établi un studio photographique à Edo (à présent Tokyo) en 1860 ou 1861. (fr)
  • Ukai Gyokusen (jap. 鵜飼 玉川; * 1807 in Ishioka, Präfektur Ibaraki; † 1887 in Tokio) war der erste japanische Berufsfotograf. Sein Künstlername ist Gyokusen („Juwelenfluss“), sein wirklicher Familienname Endō (遠藤) und seine Rufnamen Ikunosuke (幾之助) und Sanji (三二 bzw. 三次). Ukai Gyokusen stammte aus einer wohlhabenden Samuraifamilie, arbeitete bis 1831 allerdings als Sake-Händler, danach wahrscheinlich nur noch als Künstler. Er wurde von dem Amerikaner Orrin Freeman, der in Edo (Tokio) ein Ambrotypie-Studio betrieb und Unterricht darin gab, beraten. Von diesem bezog er auch seine Foto-Ausrüstung. Ab 1860 oder 1861 betrieb er bis 1867 in Edo ein Fotostudio namens Eishin-dō (影真堂). Er porträtierte mehr als 200 Adlige. 1879 beauftragte ihn die japanische Regierung damit, Denkmäler im Westen Japans aufzunehmen. 1883 vergrub er mehrere hundert Glasnegative neben seiner späteren Grabstätte auf dem Yanaka-Friedhof in Tokio. (de)
  • 鵜飼 玉川(うかい ぎょくせん、文化4年(1807年) - 明治20年(1887年)5月12日)は幕末・明治時代の写真家。本名は遠藤幾之助、又は三二(三次)。日本で最初の商業写真家とされている。 (ja)
  • Ukai Gyokusen (鵜飼 玉川, 1807–1887) was a pioneering Japanese photographer. Although he is much less well known than his contemporaries Shimooka Renjō and Ueno Hikoma, he is important for being the first Japanese professional photographer, having established a photographic studio in Edo (now Tokyo) in 1860 or 1861. Ukai was born in what is now Ishioka, Ibaraki Prefecture, the youngest of four brothers. The family was well-off, Ukai's father being a finance commissioner for the daimyo Matsudaira Jijū Yorisaki. When Ukai was thirteen, he was adopted by the sake supplier to another daimyo, Mikawaya, and he thus became a merchant. Ukai developed an interest in art and antiques after coming to know the bunjinga painter Tani Bunchō, and in 1831 he left the sake business to become a full-time artist. In 1859, with the intention of learning photographic technique, Ukai travelled to Yokohama, one of the few Japanese cities to which foreigners had access and therefore (with Nagasaki) one of the early sites of photography in Japan. Ukai was taught by American photographer Orrin Freeman, whose camera and equipment he eventually may have bought. In 1860 or 1861 he moved to Edo and set up a studio which he called Eishin-dō (影真堂) that was mentioned in a late 1861 publication titled Ō-Edo tōsei hanakurabe shohen. By operating in Edo, a city that excluded foreigners, Ukai was unlike Shimooka, Ueno and others whose clientele was predominantly foreign residents and visitors. Instead, Ukai photographed those few Japanese who both knew of photography and could afford to sit for a portrait. Within a few years, Ukai managed to produce over two hundred ambrotype portraits of members of the aristocracy. He closed his studio in 1867. In 1879 Ukai worked for the Treasury Printing Office, travelling through western Japan for five months with the Office's director, inspecting and photographing antiquities. The findings of this research were published between 1880 and 1881 as Kokka Yohō (国華余芳), featuring lithographs derived from photographs by Ukai. In 1883 Ukai buried several hundred of his glass negatives at Yanaka Cemetery in Tokyo. A monument placed at the site included carved biographical details that were supplemented four years later when Ukai died and was himself interred at the spot. The glass negatives were unearthed in 1956 and reported in the periodical Sun Shashin Shimbun. Of the many unattributed Japanese ambrotypes to have survived from the 1860s, some were probably produced by Ukai. One photograph that has been positively identified as his work is an 1863 portrait of Miura Shushin. (en)
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  • 1807-1-1
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dbo:deathDate
  • 1887-1-1
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  • 13521946 (xsd:integer)
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  • 706231490 (xsd:integer)
dct:description
  • Japanese photographer (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Ukai Gyokusen (1807 - 12 mai 1887) est un pionnier de la photographie au Japon. Bien qu'il soit beaucoup moins connu que ses contemporains Shimooka Renjō et Ueno Hikoma, il est important au titre de premier photographe professionnel japonais à avoir établi un studio photographique à Edo (à présent Tokyo) en 1860 ou 1861. (fr)
  • 鵜飼 玉川(うかい ぎょくせん、文化4年(1807年) - 明治20年(1887年)5月12日)は幕末・明治時代の写真家。本名は遠藤幾之助、又は三二(三次)。日本で最初の商業写真家とされている。 (ja)
  • Ukai Gyokusen (jap. 鵜飼 玉川; * 1807 in Ishioka, Präfektur Ibaraki; † 1887 in Tokio) war der erste japanische Berufsfotograf. Sein Künstlername ist Gyokusen („Juwelenfluss“), sein wirklicher Familienname Endō (遠藤) und seine Rufnamen Ikunosuke (幾之助) und Sanji (三二 bzw. 三次). Ukai Gyokusen stammte aus einer wohlhabenden Samuraifamilie, arbeitete bis 1831 allerdings als Sake-Händler, danach wahrscheinlich nur noch als Künstler. (de)
  • Ukai Gyokusen (鵜飼 玉川, 1807–1887) was a pioneering Japanese photographer. Although he is much less well known than his contemporaries Shimooka Renjō and Ueno Hikoma, he is important for being the first Japanese professional photographer, having established a photographic studio in Edo (now Tokyo) in 1860 or 1861. Of the many unattributed Japanese ambrotypes to have survived from the 1860s, some were probably produced by Ukai. One photograph that has been positively identified as his work is an 1863 portrait of Miura Shushin. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Ukai Gyokusen (de)
  • Ukai Gyokusen (fr)
  • 鵜飼玉川 (ja)
  • Ukai Gyokusen (en)
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  • male (en)
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  • Ukai Gyokusen (en)
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