Tinamous form an order (Tinamiformes), comprising a single family (Tinamidae) with two distinct subfamilies, containing 47 species of birds found in Mexico, Central America, and South America. The word "tinamou" comes from the Galibi term for these birds, tinamu. One of the most ancient living groups of bird, they first appear in the fossil record in the Miocene epoch. Tinamous have traditionally been regarded as the sister group of the flightless ratites, but recent work places them well within the ratite radiation, implying basal ratites could fly. They are generally sedentary, ground-dwelling and, though not flightless, when possible avoid flight in favour of hiding or running away from danger. They are found in a variety of habitats, ranging from semi-arid alpine grasslands to tropical

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dbo:abstract
  • Tinamous form an order (Tinamiformes), comprising a single family (Tinamidae) with two distinct subfamilies, containing 47 species of birds found in Mexico, Central America, and South America. The word "tinamou" comes from the Galibi term for these birds, tinamu. One of the most ancient living groups of bird, they first appear in the fossil record in the Miocene epoch. Tinamous have traditionally been regarded as the sister group of the flightless ratites, but recent work places them well within the ratite radiation, implying basal ratites could fly. They are generally sedentary, ground-dwelling and, though not flightless, when possible avoid flight in favour of hiding or running away from danger. They are found in a variety of habitats, ranging from semi-arid alpine grasslands to tropical rainforests. The two subfamilies are broadly divided by habitat, with the Nothurinae referred to as steppe or open country tinamous, and the Tinaminae known as forest tinamous. Although some species are quite common, tinamous are shy and secretive birds. They are active during the day, retiring to roosts at night. They generally have cryptic plumage, with males and females similar in appearance, though the females are usually larger. They are opportunistic and omnivorous feeders, consuming a wide variety of plant and animal food from fruits and seeds to worms, insects and small vertebrates. They will dust-bathe as well as washing themselves by standing in heavy rain. They are heard more often than seen, communicating with each other by a variety of frequently given, characteristic calls, especially during the breeding season. With occasional exceptions, a male tinamou maintains a territory and a nesting site during the breeding season which a succession of females will visit, laying their eggs in the same nest. Females will wander through several territories mating with, and laying eggs in the nests of, the resident males. Nests are always on the ground, concealed in vegetation or among rocks. Eggs are relatively large and glossy, often brightly colored when laid, and are incubated by the males for a period of 2–3 weeks. The chicks can run soon after hatching and are largely self-sufficient at three weeks old. Tinamous and their eggs have many natural predators, from falcons and vampire bats to jaguars. They have also been extensively hunted by humans and sometimes persecuted as agricultural pests. However, the main threat to their populations is from habitat destruction through land clearing and agricultural development. Seven species are listed as vulnerable and another seven as near-threatened. They feature in the mythology of the indigenous peoples of their range. Often translocated and easily bred in captivity, they have never been successfully domesticated. (en)
  • التِناميات فصيلة من الطيور تضم 47 نوعا تعيش في أمريكا الجنوبية والوسطى، وهي قريبة جدا من رتبة النعاميات، وهي من الحيوانات البرية، وتوجد في مواطن مختلفة. (ar)
  • Die Steißhühner (Tinamidae) bilden eine zu den Urkiefervögeln (Palaeognathae) gehörende verbreitete Familie der Vögel, die die einzige der Ordnung Tinamiformes ist. Steißhühner sind verborgen lebende Vögel der Wälder, Savannen und Grasländer Mittel- und Südamerikas. Ihr Verbreitungsgebiet erstreckt sich von Mexiko bis in den Süden Chiles. In ihrem Habitus sowie ihren Körperproportionen erinnern sie an Perlhühner. Trotz ihrer hühnerartigen Gestalt sind ihre nächsten Verwandten nach heutiger Auffassung die Laufvögel. (de)
  • Los tinamúes son una clado de aves paleognatas de distribución fundamentalmente neotropical. Algunas especies se las conoce como martinetas, mientras que en ciertos países se las llama perdices, aunque esta similitud con algunos Galliformes se debe a una convergencia evolutiva. El grupo incluye 47 especies, que se distribuyen en América del Sur y del Norte, desde México hasta la Patagonia, ocupando una amplia gama de hábitats. (es)
  • Les Tinamidae sont une famille d'oiseaux terrestres dodus d'Amérique du Sud, d'Amérique centrale et du Mexique, nommés tinamous. Cette famille est constituée de 47 espèces, et c'est la seule de l'ordre des Tinamiformes. (fr)
  • I Tinamidi (Tinamidae Gray, 1840) sono una famiglia di uccelli alla quale appartengono 47 specie suddivise in nove generi. È l'unica famiglia dell'ordine Tinamiformes Huxley, 1872. (it)
  • シギダチョウ科(シギダチョウか、学名 Tinamidae)は、鳥類シギダチョウ目 Tinamiformes の唯一の科である。古くは深胸類 Carinatae とも言った。シギダチョウ(鴫駝鳥)と総称される。 (ja)
  • Een tinamoe of stuithoen (orde Tinamiformes; familie Tinamidae) is een van de oudste vogelsoorten. De Tinamoe behoort tot de Zuid-Amerikaanse vogelfamilie Tinamoes, die 47 soorten kent onderverdeeld in 9 geslachten. (nl)
  • Kusacze, kusaki, kusakowate – rząd (Tinamiformes) oraz rodzina (Tinamidae) ptaków z podgromady ptaków nowoczesnych Neornithes. Obejmuje ptaki lądowe, naziemne, przypominające nieco kuraki. Zamieszkują obszar od Patagonii po Meksyk. (pl)
  • A ordem Tinamiformes é representada por uma única família, a Tinamidae. São aves de aparência galinácea, endêmicas do neotrópico, ocorrendo do México à Patagônia, e ocupando inclusive os Andes até 4 800 metros de altitude. Representam um dos mais antigos grupos de aves do continente americano, com registros fósseis procedendo do Mioceno da Argentina. Alimentam-se predominantemente de sementes. Diferentemente da maioria das aves, a incubação e o trato dos filhotes são tarefas exclusivas dos machos. Outra constante é a dominância do sexo feminino e a monogamia. Cabe às fêmeas definir territórios, mantê-los, atrair e competir pelos machos que as fecundarão e, feita a postura, chocarão seus ovos e cuidarão de sua descendência. Existem 47 espécies de tinamídeos, divididos em 9 gêneros, a maioria conhecidos, como inhambus ou "codornas"; entretanto, é necessário não confundir este grupo com a verdadeira codorna, explorada comercialmente (Coturnix coturnix) que é um membro da ordem dos Galliformes. (pt)
  • Тинаму́ (лат. Tinamidae) — семейство бескилевых птиц, обитающих в Южной и Центральной Америке. Тинаму — единственное семейство отряда тинамуобразных, или скрытохвостых (Tinamiformes); ранее в качестве русских названий этого отряда использовались также термины «скрытохвосты» и «тинамы». Несмотря на их сходство с курами, наиболее близкими родственниками тинаму являются страусообразные. (ru)
  • 䳍形目(學名:Tinamiformes),在动物分类学上是鸟纲古颚总目下中的一个目,分為9属47种,是古颚总目各种鳥類中體型最少的種類,常被和鷸鴕搞混。特徵是腳掌大而體型圓。䳍形目的鳥主要散佈於拉丁美洲,而且由於生存環境日漸受到破壞,大都瀕臨絕種。 這是與鳥類相關的小作品。你可以通过编辑或修订扩充其内容。 (zh)
dbo:soundRecording
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  • 207906 (xsd:integer)
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  • 737026498 (xsd:integer)
dbp:align
  • right
dbp:alt
  • Eggs with glossy, blue-green shells
  • Eggs with glossy, dark purple-brown shells
dbp:assessors
  • Butchart, S. & Symes, A.
dbp:authority
  • G. R. Gray, 1840
dbp:caption
  • ...and of the spotted nothura
  • Eggs of the white-throated tinamou...
dbp:direction
  • vertical
dbp:displayParents
  • 2 (xsd:integer)
dbp:diversity
  • 2 (xsd:integer)
dbp:diversityLink
  • List of Tinamidae species
dbp:downloaded
  • 9 (xsd:integer)
dbp:fossilRange
  • Miocene – Recent
dbp:header
  • Egg colors
dbp:id
  • 100060053 (xsd:integer)
  • 100060055 (xsd:integer)
dbp:image
  • Nothura maculosa eggs.JPG
  • Tinamus guttatus eggs.JPG
dbp:imageCaption
dbp:imageWidth
  • 250 (xsd:integer)
dbp:name
  • Tinamou
dbp:parentAuthority
  • Huxley, 1872
dbp:rangeMap
  • Tinamidi Distribuzione.jpg
dbp:rangeMapWidth
  • 250 (xsd:integer)
dbp:ref
  • harv
dbp:subdivision
  • * Subfamily Tinaminae ** Nothocercus ** Crypturellus ** Tinamus * Subfamily Nothurinae ** Tinamotis ** Eudromia ** Rhynchotus ** Nothoprocta ** Nothura ** Taoniscus
dbp:subdivisionRanks
  • Genera
dbp:synonyms
  • * Crypturidae (Bonaparte, 1831) * Tinamotidae (Bonaparte, 1854) * Eudromiidae (Bonaparte, 1854) * Rhynchotidae (von Boetticher, 1934)
dbp:taxon
  • Tinamidae
dbp:title
  • Nothura minor
  • Taoniscus nanus
dbp:typeSpecies
  • Tinamus major
dbp:typeSpeciesAuthority
  • Gmelin, 1789
dbp:year
  • 2008 (xsd:integer)
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • التِناميات فصيلة من الطيور تضم 47 نوعا تعيش في أمريكا الجنوبية والوسطى، وهي قريبة جدا من رتبة النعاميات، وهي من الحيوانات البرية، وتوجد في مواطن مختلفة. (ar)
  • Die Steißhühner (Tinamidae) bilden eine zu den Urkiefervögeln (Palaeognathae) gehörende verbreitete Familie der Vögel, die die einzige der Ordnung Tinamiformes ist. Steißhühner sind verborgen lebende Vögel der Wälder, Savannen und Grasländer Mittel- und Südamerikas. Ihr Verbreitungsgebiet erstreckt sich von Mexiko bis in den Süden Chiles. In ihrem Habitus sowie ihren Körperproportionen erinnern sie an Perlhühner. Trotz ihrer hühnerartigen Gestalt sind ihre nächsten Verwandten nach heutiger Auffassung die Laufvögel. (de)
  • Los tinamúes son una clado de aves paleognatas de distribución fundamentalmente neotropical. Algunas especies se las conoce como martinetas, mientras que en ciertos países se las llama perdices, aunque esta similitud con algunos Galliformes se debe a una convergencia evolutiva. El grupo incluye 47 especies, que se distribuyen en América del Sur y del Norte, desde México hasta la Patagonia, ocupando una amplia gama de hábitats. (es)
  • Les Tinamidae sont une famille d'oiseaux terrestres dodus d'Amérique du Sud, d'Amérique centrale et du Mexique, nommés tinamous. Cette famille est constituée de 47 espèces, et c'est la seule de l'ordre des Tinamiformes. (fr)
  • I Tinamidi (Tinamidae Gray, 1840) sono una famiglia di uccelli alla quale appartengono 47 specie suddivise in nove generi. È l'unica famiglia dell'ordine Tinamiformes Huxley, 1872. (it)
  • シギダチョウ科(シギダチョウか、学名 Tinamidae)は、鳥類シギダチョウ目 Tinamiformes の唯一の科である。古くは深胸類 Carinatae とも言った。シギダチョウ(鴫駝鳥)と総称される。 (ja)
  • Een tinamoe of stuithoen (orde Tinamiformes; familie Tinamidae) is een van de oudste vogelsoorten. De Tinamoe behoort tot de Zuid-Amerikaanse vogelfamilie Tinamoes, die 47 soorten kent onderverdeeld in 9 geslachten. (nl)
  • Kusacze, kusaki, kusakowate – rząd (Tinamiformes) oraz rodzina (Tinamidae) ptaków z podgromady ptaków nowoczesnych Neornithes. Obejmuje ptaki lądowe, naziemne, przypominające nieco kuraki. Zamieszkują obszar od Patagonii po Meksyk. (pl)
  • Тинаму́ (лат. Tinamidae) — семейство бескилевых птиц, обитающих в Южной и Центральной Америке. Тинаму — единственное семейство отряда тинамуобразных, или скрытохвостых (Tinamiformes); ранее в качестве русских названий этого отряда использовались также термины «скрытохвосты» и «тинамы». Несмотря на их сходство с курами, наиболее близкими родственниками тинаму являются страусообразные. (ru)
  • 䳍形目(學名:Tinamiformes),在动物分类学上是鸟纲古颚总目下中的一个目,分為9属47种,是古颚总目各种鳥類中體型最少的種類,常被和鷸鴕搞混。特徵是腳掌大而體型圓。䳍形目的鳥主要散佈於拉丁美洲,而且由於生存環境日漸受到破壞,大都瀕臨絕種。 這是與鳥類相關的小作品。你可以通过编辑或修订扩充其内容。 (zh)
  • Tinamous form an order (Tinamiformes), comprising a single family (Tinamidae) with two distinct subfamilies, containing 47 species of birds found in Mexico, Central America, and South America. The word "tinamou" comes from the Galibi term for these birds, tinamu. One of the most ancient living groups of bird, they first appear in the fossil record in the Miocene epoch. Tinamous have traditionally been regarded as the sister group of the flightless ratites, but recent work places them well within the ratite radiation, implying basal ratites could fly. They are generally sedentary, ground-dwelling and, though not flightless, when possible avoid flight in favour of hiding or running away from danger. They are found in a variety of habitats, ranging from semi-arid alpine grasslands to tropical (en)
  • A ordem Tinamiformes é representada por uma única família, a Tinamidae. São aves de aparência galinácea, endêmicas do neotrópico, ocorrendo do México à Patagônia, e ocupando inclusive os Andes até 4 800 metros de altitude. Representam um dos mais antigos grupos de aves do continente americano, com registros fósseis procedendo do Mioceno da Argentina. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Tinamou (en)
  • تناميات (ar)
  • Steißhühner (de)
  • Tinamidae (es)
  • Tinamiformes (fr)
  • Tinamidae (it)
  • シギダチョウ科 (ja)
  • Tinamoes (nl)
  • Kusacze (pl)
  • Tinamiformes (pt)
  • Тинаму (ru)
  • 䳍形目 (zh)
rdfs:seeAlso
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