The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture is a 1946 study of Japan by American anthropologist Ruth Benedict. It was written at the invitation of the U.S. Office of War Information, in order to understand and predict the behavior of the Japanese in World War II by reference to a series of contradictions in traditional culture. The book was influential in shaping American ideas about Japanese culture during the occupation of Japan, and popularized the distinction between guilt cultures and shame cultures.

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dbo:abstract
  • The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture is a 1946 study of Japan by American anthropologist Ruth Benedict. It was written at the invitation of the U.S. Office of War Information, in order to understand and predict the behavior of the Japanese in World War II by reference to a series of contradictions in traditional culture. The book was influential in shaping American ideas about Japanese culture during the occupation of Japan, and popularized the distinction between guilt cultures and shame cultures. Although it has received harsh criticism, the book has continued to be influential. Two anthropologists wrote in 1992 that there is "a sense in which all of us have been writing footnotes to [Chrysanthemum] since it appeared in 1946". The Japanese, Benedict wrote, are both aggressive and unaggressive, both militaristic and aesthetic, both insolent and polite, rigid and adaptable, submissive and resentful of being pushed around, loyal and treacherous, brave and timid, conservative and hospitable to new ways... The book also affected Japanese conceptions of themselves. The book was translated into Japanese in 1948 and became a bestseller in the People's Republic of China when relations with Japan soured. (en)
  • 『菊と刀』(きくとかたな、原題:The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture)は、米国の文化人類学者ルース・ベネディクトによる、日本文化を説明した文化人類学の著作である。 (ja)
  • 《菊与刀》(The Chrysanthemum and the Sword),美国人类学家鲁思·本尼迪克特於第二次世界大战接近尾声时受美国政府委托,为解决盟军是否应该占领日本以及美国应该如何管理日本的问题,根据文化类型理论、运用文化人类学方法对即将战败的日本进行研究所得出的综合报告,这本书的主要内容是分析了日本国民的性格。1946年该报告被作者整理成书出版,遂成本书。 (zh)
  • «Хризанте́ма и меч» — книга Рут Бенедикт, посвященная исследованию японской культуры, и один из самых известных трудов по культурной антропологии; впервые издана в 1946 году в США. на японский язык переведена в 1948 году и стала бестселлером в КНР. (ru)
dbo:author
dbo:dcc
  • 952 19
dbo:isbn
  • 978-0-395-50075-0
dbo:lcc
  • DS821 .B46 1989
dbo:mediaType
dbo:numberOfPages
  • 324 (xsd:integer)
dbo:oclc
  • 412839
dbo:publisher
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 2581100 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 734585105 (xsd:integer)
dbp:caption
  • First edition
dbp:country
  • United States
dbp:genre
  • History/Anthropology
dbp:language
  • English
dbp:pubDate
  • 1946 (xsd:integer)
dbp:subject
  • National Characteristics, Japanese
dc:publisher
  • Houghton Mifflin
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • 『菊と刀』(きくとかたな、原題:The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture)は、米国の文化人類学者ルース・ベネディクトによる、日本文化を説明した文化人類学の著作である。 (ja)
  • 《菊与刀》(The Chrysanthemum and the Sword),美国人类学家鲁思·本尼迪克特於第二次世界大战接近尾声时受美国政府委托,为解决盟军是否应该占领日本以及美国应该如何管理日本的问题,根据文化类型理论、运用文化人类学方法对即将战败的日本进行研究所得出的综合报告,这本书的主要内容是分析了日本国民的性格。1946年该报告被作者整理成书出版,遂成本书。 (zh)
  • «Хризанте́ма и меч» — книга Рут Бенедикт, посвященная исследованию японской культуры, и один из самых известных трудов по культурной антропологии; впервые издана в 1946 году в США. на японский язык переведена в 1948 году и стала бестселлером в КНР. (ru)
  • The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture is a 1946 study of Japan by American anthropologist Ruth Benedict. It was written at the invitation of the U.S. Office of War Information, in order to understand and predict the behavior of the Japanese in World War II by reference to a series of contradictions in traditional culture. The book was influential in shaping American ideas about Japanese culture during the occupation of Japan, and popularized the distinction between guilt cultures and shame cultures. (en)
rdfs:label
  • The Chrysanthemum and the Sword (en)
  • 菊と刀 (ja)
  • Хризантема и меч (ru)
  • 菊与刀 (zh)
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foaf:name
  • The Chrysanthemum and the Sword (en)
  • The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture (en)
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