"Teach the Controversy" is a campaign, conducted by the Discovery Institute, to promote the pseudoscientific principle of intelligent design, a variant of traditional creationism, while attempting to discredit the teaching of evolution in United States public high school science courses. The campaign claims that fairness and equal time requires educating students with a 'critical analysis of evolution' where "the full range of scientific views", evolution's "unresolved issues", and the "scientific weaknesses of evolutionary theory" will be presented and evaluated alongside intelligent design concepts like irreducible complexity presented as a scientific argument against evolution through oblique references to books by design proponents listed in the bibliography of the Institute-proposed "

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  • تعليم الجدل أو تعليم الخلاف هي حملة قادها معهد دسكفري لتعزيز فكرة التصميم الذكي البديلة للخلقية تعتمد على التشكيك وشرح نقاط الضعف لنظرية التطور وتعليم هذا الجدل والتشكيك في حصص العلوم في المدارس الحكومية الأمريكية أثناء تدريس نظرية التطور. يرى قادة الحملة ان من غير المنصف تدريس التطور بدون ذكر الخلاف العلمي حوله وبالتالي فانه يجب أن يتم تخصيص وقت مماثل لوقت تدريس التطور لتدريس "النقد العملي ونقاظ الضعف لنظرية التطور والارتقاء"، ويتم تعليم مصطلحات التصميم الذكي مثل التعقيد غير القابل للاختزال والتوافق الدقيق للكون كادلة على ضعف نظرية التطور. ردت العديد من المنظمات العلمية بانه لا يوحجد جدل علمي حقيقي حول صحة نظرية التطور وان هذا الجدل موجود فقط عند الجماعات الدينية والسياسية. المحكمة الفدرالية الأمريكية جنبا إلى جنب مع العديد من المنظمات العلمية صرحت بان معهد دسكفري يريد أن يستغل كون نظرية التطور هو محط جدل ونقاش واهتمام كبير في الأوساط العلمية لكي يعطي تصور خاطئ بان التطور "هو نظرية في ازمة". البروفسور في جامعة مكغيل براين التيرس الخبير في مجال الجدل القائم بين التطور والخلقية يقول: "ان 99.9% من العلماء يقبلون نظرية التطور" بينما التصميم الذكي قد رفض من الاغلبية الساحقة من المجتمع العلمي. وفي كانون الأول من عام 2005 اصدرت المحكمة الفدرالية الأمريكية حكمها باعتبار التصميم الذكي لا يعد نظرية علمية وان "تعليم الجدل" هو حيلة دينية. (ar)
  • "Teach the Controversy" is a campaign, conducted by the Discovery Institute, to promote the pseudoscientific principle of intelligent design, a variant of traditional creationism, while attempting to discredit the teaching of evolution in United States public high school science courses. The campaign claims that fairness and equal time requires educating students with a 'critical analysis of evolution' where "the full range of scientific views", evolution's "unresolved issues", and the "scientific weaknesses of evolutionary theory" will be presented and evaluated alongside intelligent design concepts like irreducible complexity presented as a scientific argument against evolution through oblique references to books by design proponents listed in the bibliography of the Institute-proposed "Critical Analysis of Evolution" lesson plans. The intelligent design movement and the Teach the Controversy campaign are directed and supported largely by the Discovery Institute, a conservative Christian think tank based in Seattle, Washington, United States. The overall goals of the movement were stated as "to defeat scientific materialism" and "to replace [it] with the theistic understanding that nature and human beings are created by God." The scientific community and science education organizations have replied that there is no scientific controversy regarding the validity of evolution and that the controversy exists solely in terms of religion and politics. A federal court, along with the majority of scientific organizations, including the American Association for the Advancement of Science, say the Institute has manufactured the controversy they want to teach by promoting a "false perception" that evolution is "a theory in crisis" by falsely claiming it is the subject of wide controversy and debate within the scientific community. McGill University Professor Brian Alters, an expert in the creation-evolution controversy, is quoted in an article published by the NIH as stating that "99.9 percent of scientists accept evolution", whereas intelligent design has been rejected by the overwhelming majority of the scientific community. In the December 2005 ruling of Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District, Judge John E. Jones III concluded that intelligent design is not science and "cannot uncouple itself from its creationist, and thus religious, antecedents". The Dover ruling also characterized "teaching the controversy" as part of a religious ploy. (en)
  • Ensine a Controvérsia é o nome de uma campanha criada pelo Discovery Institute que possui dois objetivos principais: promover o design inteligente, que defende que algumas características da natureza são mais bem explicadas por uma causa inteligente e apontar as deficiências da teoria da evolução nas aulas de ciências das escolas públicas do ensino médio americano. Uma corte federal americana, em conjunto com a maioria das organizações científicas, incluindo a Associação Americana para o Avanço da Ciência, declarou que o Instituto tem fabricado a controvérsia que querem ensinar, promovendo uma percepção errada de que a evolução é "uma teoria em crise" devido a ser supostamente objeto de grande controvérsia e debate no seio da comunidade científica. O professor da Universidade McGill Brian Alters, um especialista na controvérsia da criação vs. evolução, é citado em um artigo publicado pela NIH afirmando que "99,9 por cento dos cientistas aceitam a evolução" enquanto o design inteligente foi e é rejeitado pela maioria esmagadora da comunidade científica. A alegação central que o Discovery Institute faz com o Ensine a Controvérsia é que a imparcialidade e igualdade de tempo requerem que os alunos sejam ensinados uma "Análise crítica da evolução" onde "um amplo escopo de visões científicas", "questões não resolvidas" da evolução, e as "fraquezas científicas da teoria evolucionária" são apresentadas e avaliadas ao lado de conceitos do design inteligente como a complexidade irredutível, e oferecidas como argumentos contra a evolução através de referências oblíquas a livros de autores defensores do design inteligente, listados na bibliografia do plano de lição "Análise Crítica da Evolução" proposto pelo Instituto. A comunidade científica e organizações de educação científica já responderam que na verdade não existe nenhuma controvérsia em relação a validade da evolução e que a polêmica existe unicamente em termos religiosos e políticos. A campanha Ensine a Controvérsia do movimento do design inteligente é ditada a apoiada majoritariamente pelo Discovery Institute, um think tank cristão conservador baseado em Seattle, Washington, EUA. O objetivo principal do movimento é "derrotar [a] visão de mundo materialista" representada pela teoria da evolução e a substituí-la como uma "ciência consoante com convicções cristãs e teístas". Com a decisão judicial de dezembro de 2005 no caso Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District, onde o Juiz John E. Jones III concluiu que o design inteligente não é ciência e "não pode se desacoplar de seus antecedentes criacionistas, e consequentemente religiosos", defensores do design inteligente foram deixado com a estratégia Ensine a Controvérsia como o método mais provável que restou para realizar os objetivos enunciados no documento da cunha. Portanto, a estratégia Ensine a Controvérsia tornou-se o principal impulso do Discovery Institute para promover seus objetivos. Assim como o design inteligente é uma fachada para a campanha contra o que seus defensores alegam ser a fundação materialista na ciência que se opõe a Deus, Ensine a Controvérsia tornou-se a fachada para o design inteligente. Entretanto a decisão em Dover também caracterizou "ensinar a controvérsia" como parte de uma trama religiosa. (pt)
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  • "Teach the Controversy" is a campaign, conducted by the Discovery Institute, to promote the pseudoscientific principle of intelligent design, a variant of traditional creationism, while attempting to discredit the teaching of evolution in United States public high school science courses. The campaign claims that fairness and equal time requires educating students with a 'critical analysis of evolution' where "the full range of scientific views", evolution's "unresolved issues", and the "scientific weaknesses of evolutionary theory" will be presented and evaluated alongside intelligent design concepts like irreducible complexity presented as a scientific argument against evolution through oblique references to books by design proponents listed in the bibliography of the Institute-proposed " (en)
  • تعليم الجدل أو تعليم الخلاف هي حملة قادها معهد دسكفري لتعزيز فكرة التصميم الذكي البديلة للخلقية تعتمد على التشكيك وشرح نقاط الضعف لنظرية التطور وتعليم هذا الجدل والتشكيك في حصص العلوم في المدارس الحكومية الأمريكية أثناء تدريس نظرية التطور. يرى قادة الحملة ان من غير المنصف تدريس التطور بدون ذكر الخلاف العلمي حوله وبالتالي فانه يجب أن يتم تخصيص وقت مماثل لوقت تدريس التطور لتدريس "النقد العملي ونقاظ الضعف لنظرية التطور والارتقاء"، ويتم تعليم مصطلحات التصميم الذكي مثل التعقيد غير القابل للاختزال والتوافق الدقيق للكون كادلة على ضعف نظرية التطور. (ar)
  • Ensine a Controvérsia é o nome de uma campanha criada pelo Discovery Institute que possui dois objetivos principais: promover o design inteligente, que defende que algumas características da natureza são mais bem explicadas por uma causa inteligente e apontar as deficiências da teoria da evolução nas aulas de ciências das escolas públicas do ensino médio americano. Uma corte federal americana, em conjunto com a maioria das organizações científicas, incluindo a Associação Americana para o Avanço da Ciência, declarou que o Instituto tem fabricado a controvérsia que querem ensinar, promovendo uma percepção errada de que a evolução é "uma teoria em crise" devido a ser supostamente objeto de grande controvérsia e debate no seio da comunidade científica. O professor da Universidade McGill Brian (pt)
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  • تعليم الجدل (ar)
  • Teach the Controversy (en)
  • Ensine a controvérsia (pt)
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