Taiwanese people (Mandarin: 臺灣人 (traditional), 台湾人 (simplified) (pinyin: Táiwān rén; Wade–Giles: T'ai2-wan1-jen2; /tʰaɪ wän ʐən/); Minnan: 臺灣儂 (Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâi-oân-lâng; /Tai uan laŋ/); Hakka 臺灣人 (Romanization: Thòi-vàn ngìn)) are people from the island of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China) who share a common Taiwanese culture and speak Chinese or Aboriginal languages as a mother tongue. Taiwanese people may also refer to individuals who either claim or are imputed cultural identity focused on Taiwan or areas under the control of the Government of the Republic of China since 1945, including Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu islands (see Taiwan Area). At least three competing (occasionally overlapping) paradigms are used to identify someone as a Taiwanese person: nationalist criteri

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Taiwanese people (Mandarin: 臺灣人 (traditional), 台湾人 (simplified) (pinyin: Táiwān rén; Wade–Giles: T'ai2-wan1-jen2; /tʰaɪ wän ʐən/); Minnan: 臺灣儂 (Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâi-oân-lâng; /Tai uan laŋ/); Hakka 臺灣人 (Romanization: Thòi-vàn ngìn)) are people from the island of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China) who share a common Taiwanese culture and speak Chinese or Aboriginal languages as a mother tongue. Taiwanese people may also refer to individuals who either claim or are imputed cultural identity focused on Taiwan or areas under the control of the Government of the Republic of China since 1945, including Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu islands (see Taiwan Area). At least three competing (occasionally overlapping) paradigms are used to identify someone as a Taiwanese person: nationalist criteria, self-identification (including the concept of "New Taiwanese") criteria, and socio-cultural criteria. These standards are fluid, and result from evolving social and political issues. The complexity resulting from competing and evolving standards is compounded by a larger dispute regarding Taiwan's identity, the political status of Taiwan, and its potential de jure Taiwan independence or political integration with China. According to government figures, over 95% of Taiwan's population of 23.4 million consists of Han Chinese, while 2.3% are Austronesian Taiwanese aborigines. The category of Han Chinese consists of the three main groups: Hoklo, Hakka, and mainland Chinese. However, acculturation, intermarriage and assimilation have resulted in some degree of mixing of the Han and Taiwanese Aborigine blood lines. Although the concept of the "four great ethnic groups" was alleged to be the deliberate attempt by the Hoklo-dominated Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) to defuse ethnic tensions, this conception has become a dominant frame of reference for dealing with Taiwanese ethnic and national issues. Despite the wide use of the "four great ethnic groups" in public discourse as essentialized identities, the relationships between the peoples of Taiwan have been in a constant state of convergence and negotiation for centuries. The continuing process of cross-ethnic mixing with ethnicities from within and outside Taiwan, combined with the disappearance of ethnic barriers due to a shared socio-political experience, has led to the emergence of "Taiwanese" as a larger ethnic group, except on the island of Kinmen whose populace consider themselves as Kinmenese or Chinese, and as well as inhabitant of Matsu Islands whereby they also consider themselves as Chinese. (en)
  • 台湾人(たいわんじん)では、現在台湾(台湾本島とその付属島嶼と澎湖諸島)に在住する者について説明する。2002年の人口は2300万人であり、群族関係(エスニシティ)をみると、台湾の言語学者による母語を族群の指標とし推計た調査(黄宣範『言語社会與族群意識』1995年)によると、先住民族が1.7パーセント、福佬人が73.3パーセント、客家人が12パーセント、外省人が13パーセントとなっている。 (ja)
  • 臺灣人,狹義上是指居住在臺灣(包括臺灣本島及其離島,如澎湖群島、綠島、蘭嶼及小琉球)上的所有人民;廣義上則是指1949年國民政府撤台以來居住於台澎金馬的居民,即目前的中華民國國民。關於台灣人的族群組成,大致可以分成臺灣原住民、閩南裔、客家裔以及外省裔等。在所有族群中,以超過七成以上的閩南裔為絕對多數。 17世紀前葉,葡萄牙、西班牙及荷蘭等西歐海權國家普遍以福爾摩沙之名稱呼台灣本島,而居住於島上的人民則被稱為福爾摩沙人(Formosan)。此用法在國際社會一直被使用至戰後。解嚴之後,台灣主體意識逐漸高漲,目前多數的台灣人民皆以台灣人自稱,族群藩籬也隨著時代的變遷而逐漸瓦解。 另外,出身臺灣但旅居國外者及其後裔者,又被稱為臺灣裔或華裔。 (zh)
dbo:language
dbo:populationPlace
dbo:related
dbo:religion
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dbp:bpmf
  • ㄊㄞˊ ㄨㄢ ㄖㄣˊ
dbp:buc
  • Dài-uăng ìng
dbp:first
  • t
dbp:gr
  • Tair'uan ren
dbp:h
  • Thòi-vàn ngìn
dbp:j
  • Toi4 Waan1 jan4
dbp:mps
  • Táiwān rén
dbp:p
  • Táiwān rén
dbp:poj
  • Ū Tn̂g-soaⁿ kong, bô Tn̂g-soaⁿ má
  • Tâi-oân-lâng
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  • 6000 (xsd:integer)
  • 7000 (xsd:integer)
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  • 22213 (xsd:integer)
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dbp:ref
dbp:region
  • Others
dbp:t
  • /
  • 有公、無唐山媽
dbp:tl
  • Tâi-uân lâng
dbp:tp
  • Táiwan rén
dbp:w
  • T'ai2-wan1-jen2
  • T'ai²-wan¹ jen²
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • 台湾人(たいわんじん)では、現在台湾(台湾本島とその付属島嶼と澎湖諸島)に在住する者について説明する。2002年の人口は2300万人であり、群族関係(エスニシティ)をみると、台湾の言語学者による母語を族群の指標とし推計た調査(黄宣範『言語社会與族群意識』1995年)によると、先住民族が1.7パーセント、福佬人が73.3パーセント、客家人が12パーセント、外省人が13パーセントとなっている。 (ja)
  • 臺灣人,狹義上是指居住在臺灣(包括臺灣本島及其離島,如澎湖群島、綠島、蘭嶼及小琉球)上的所有人民;廣義上則是指1949年國民政府撤台以來居住於台澎金馬的居民,即目前的中華民國國民。關於台灣人的族群組成,大致可以分成臺灣原住民、閩南裔、客家裔以及外省裔等。在所有族群中,以超過七成以上的閩南裔為絕對多數。 17世紀前葉,葡萄牙、西班牙及荷蘭等西歐海權國家普遍以福爾摩沙之名稱呼台灣本島,而居住於島上的人民則被稱為福爾摩沙人(Formosan)。此用法在國際社會一直被使用至戰後。解嚴之後,台灣主體意識逐漸高漲,目前多數的台灣人民皆以台灣人自稱,族群藩籬也隨著時代的變遷而逐漸瓦解。 另外,出身臺灣但旅居國外者及其後裔者,又被稱為臺灣裔或華裔。 (zh)
  • Taiwanese people (Mandarin: 臺灣人 (traditional), 台湾人 (simplified) (pinyin: Táiwān rén; Wade–Giles: T'ai2-wan1-jen2; /tʰaɪ wän ʐən/); Minnan: 臺灣儂 (Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâi-oân-lâng; /Tai uan laŋ/); Hakka 臺灣人 (Romanization: Thòi-vàn ngìn)) are people from the island of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China) who share a common Taiwanese culture and speak Chinese or Aboriginal languages as a mother tongue. Taiwanese people may also refer to individuals who either claim or are imputed cultural identity focused on Taiwan or areas under the control of the Government of the Republic of China since 1945, including Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu islands (see Taiwan Area). At least three competing (occasionally overlapping) paradigms are used to identify someone as a Taiwanese person: nationalist criteri (en)
rdfs:label
  • Taiwanese people (en)
  • 台湾人 (ja)
  • 臺灣人 (zh)
rdfs:seeAlso
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foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Taiwanese people (en)
  • Thòi-vàn-ngìn (en)
  • Táiwān-rén (en)
  • Tâi-oân-lâng (en)
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