Taiwan, officially the Republic of China, is a state in East Asia. Originally based in mainland China, the Republic of China now governs the island of Taiwan (formerly known as "Formosa"), which makes up over 99% of its territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and other minor islands. Neighboring states include the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east and northeast, and the Philippines to the south.

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dbpedia-owl:abstract
  • La République de Chine, couramment désignée sous le nom de Taïwan, est l'État d'Asie de l'Est qui contrôle et gouverne l'île de Taïwan et d'autres îles avoisinantes, dont Jinmen, Matsu et Penghu. À la fin de la guerre civile chinoise, le 1 octobre 1949, la République populaire de Chine est proclamée à Pékin à la suite de la victoire des communistes sur les nationalistes chinois. Les dirigeants de la République de Chine se replient alors à Taïwan et Hainan, accompagnés d'un transfert massif de population. À partir de 1950, la République de Chine ne contrôle plus que l'île de Taïwan et quelques autres territoires insulaires plus petits. Du fait de l'important changement géographique, l'histoire de la République est scindée en deux parties - d'une part, la période où elle contrôlait la Chine dans son ensemble ; et d'autre part, la période contemporaine où son influence est limitée à Taïwan. Sur le plan politique, cependant, le régime continue d'appliquer la constitution de 1947, et ne reconnaît aucune séparation institutionnelle entre les deux périodes. La République de Chine occupait le siège de la Chine à l'ONU jusqu'en 1971, date à laquelle la République populaire de Chine la remplaça. La République de Chine et la République populaire de Chine revendiquent chacune la pleine et légitime souveraineté sur la totalité du territoire chinois. Aujourd'hui, la République de Chine (Taïwan) revendique toujours officiellement la souveraineté sur le continent, même si ses revendications ne sont pas activement poursuivies, dans un effort d'améliorer les relations diplomatiques entre la République populaire de Chine et la République de Chine. Des documents officiels français font parfois usage de l'appellation État de Taïwan, ou encore République nationaliste de Chine.
  • Die Republik China (chinesisch 中華民國 Zhōnghuá Mínguó, IPA) – früher auch Nationalchina und heute Republik China auf Taiwan, Taiwan (Chinesisches Taipei) oder gemeinhin Taiwan genannt – wurde am 1. Januar 1912 (國成立紀念 guó chénglì jìniàn) nach dem Sturz des Kaisers Pu Yi gegründet. Ihr Territorium umfasste zu dieser Zeit mehr oder weniger das gesamte China, nicht jedoch die Insel Taiwan, die bis 1945 japanische Kolonie war. Die heutige Begrenzung auf die Insel Taiwan war Folge des Chinesischen Bürgerkriegs, der 1949 mit dem Sieg der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas unter Mao Zedong endete. Die Führungsebene der vorher regierenden nationalistischen Partei Kuomintang unter Chiang Kai-shek floh daraufhin nach Taiwan, wo die Kommunisten sie mangels einer ausreichend starken Seemacht nicht mehr angreifen konnten. Seitdem beschränkt sich das Staatsgebiet der Republik China auf diese ostasiatische Insel und einige umliegende sowie einige dem chinesischen Festland vorgelagerte kleinere Inseln. Im Einzelnen handelt es sich um Taiwan (mit Nebeninseln und den Penghu-Inseln) sowie die zur Provinz Fujian gehörenden Inselgruppen Kinmen und Matsu, außerdem die als Teil der Stadt Kaoshiung verwalteten Dongsha-Inseln und die zu den Spratly-Inseln gehörende Insel Taiping Dao. Aufgrund der von der Volksrepublik China betriebenen Ein-China-Politik wird die Republik China nur von wenigen Staaten offiziell als Staat anerkannt. Die VR China bezeichnet Taiwan als abtrünnige Provinz, woraus der Taiwan-Konflikt resultiert. Taiwan hat hingegen den Anspruch, ganz China zu vertreten, aufgegeben und kämpft um seine Eigenstaatlichkeit. Das politische und staatsrechtliche Verhältnis der Republik China zur Volksrepublik China ist bis heute heikel. Die meisten Staaten haben seit 1971 die VR China anstelle der Republik China diplomatisch anerkannt. Gründe für die Nichtanerkennung sind zumeist politischer oder wirtschaftlicher Natur. So führt die weltweit überwiegend akzeptierte Ein-China-Politik dazu, dass der Republik China die Anerkennung seit 1971 verweigert wird, obwohl die Republik China de facto ein eigenständiger Staat ist. Aus Sicht der Republik China hat sich Festlandchina durch die Gründung der VR China 1949 „abgespalten”. Der rechtliche Status Taiwans ist bis heute ungeklärt.
  • Taiwan, officially the Republic of China, is a state in East Asia. Originally based in mainland China, the Republic of China now governs the island of Taiwan (formerly known as "Formosa"), which makes up over 99% of its territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and other minor islands. Neighboring states include the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east and northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taipei is the political capital as well as economic and cultural centre in Taiwan. New Taipei is the most populous city. The island of Taiwan was mainly inhabited by Taiwanese aborigines until the Dutch period in the 17th century when ethnic Chinese began immigrating to the island. The Qing Dynasty of China later conquered Taiwan in 1683. By the time Taiwan was ceded to Japan in 1895, the majority of Taiwan's inhabitants were Han Chinese either by ancestry or by assimilation. The Republic of China (ROC) was established in China in 1912. At the end of World War II in 1945, Japan surrendered Taiwan to ROC military forces on behalf of the Allies. Following the Chinese civil war, the Communist Party of China took full control of mainland China and founded the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949. The ROC relocated its government to Taiwan, and its jurisdiction became limited to Taiwan and its surrounding islands. In 1971, the PRC assumed China's seat at the United Nations, which the ROC originally occupied. International recognition of the ROC has gradually eroded as most countries switched recognition to the PRC. Only 22 UN member states and the Holy See currently maintain formal diplomatic relations with the ROC, though it has informal ties with most other states via its representative offices. Constitutionally, the ROC government has claimed sovereignty over all of "China", in a definition that includes mainland China and Outer Mongolia, as well as Taiwan, but has not made retaking mainland China a political goal since 1992. However, the government's stance on defining its political position largely depends on which political coalition is in charge. Meanwhile, the PRC also asserts itself to be the sole legal representation of China and claims Taiwan to be under its sovereignty, denying the status and existence of ROC as a sovereign state. The PRC has threatened the use of military force as a response to any formal declaration of Taiwanese independence, or if it deems peaceful reunification no longer possible. Relations between Taiwan and China as well as issues of national identity within the country are important factors in Taiwanese politics and a cause of social and political division among political parties and their respective supporters. During the latter half of the 20th century, Taiwan experienced rapid economic growth and industrialization and is now an advanced industrial economy. In the 1980s and early 1990s, Taiwan evolved into a multi-party democracy with universal suffrage. Taiwan is one of the Four Asian Tigers and a member of the WTO and APEC. The 19th-largest economy in the world, its advanced technology industry plays a key role in the global economy. Taiwan is ranked highly in terms of freedom of the press, health care, public education, economic freedom, and human development.
  • Este artículo se refiere a la entidad política que comprende las islas de Taiwán, Penghu, Kinmen y Matsu. Para el estado político moderno referido como "China" en su nombre formal y que comprende China continental, Hong Kong y Macao, véase República Popular China. Para la región histórica y cultural que comprende tanto la República Popular China como la República de China, véase China (región). Para otros usos, véase China (desambiguación). Para un enfoque geográfico, véase Isla de Taiwán. Para la organización administrativa reclamada por La República Popular China, véase Provincia de Taiwán (República Popular China). Para la antigua república asentada en esta isla, véase República de Taiwán (1895). 中華民國Zhōnguá MínguóChung-hua Min-kuoRepública de China Soberanía discutida 125x100pxBandera 100x95pxEmblema nacional Lema: Libertad y Democracia Himno: 中華民國國歌Zhōnghuá Míngúo gúogē140px國旗歌Gúoqí gēUtilizado en eventos deportivos internacionales140px 250x250px Capital Taipéi20px Ciudad más poblada Nuevo Taipéi20px Idiomas oficiales Chino mandarín ‎Gentilicio taiwanés, -a Forma de gobierno República semipresidencialista PresidenteVicepresidentePremier Ma Ying-jeouWu Den-yihJiang Yi-hua Fundación • Declarada • Establecida • Traslado a Taiwán Revolución de Xinhai10 de octubre de 19111 de enero de 19127 de diciembre de 1949 Superficie Puesto 137. º  • Total 36 200 km²  • % agua 2,8% Fronteras 0 km Población total Puesto 47. º  • Total 22 814 636  • Densidad 640 hab/km² PIB Puesto 16. º  • Total US$ 631 200 mill. IDH (2004) 0,925 – Muy alto Moneda Nuevo dólar taiwanés ($) Huso horario UTC + 8  • en verano No aplica Código ISO 158 / TWN / TW Dominio Internet . tw Prefijo telefónico +886 Siglas país para automóviles RC Miembro de: APEC, UNPO ↑ Bajo el Kuomintang, Nankín aparecía en publicaciones y mapas oficiales como la capital oficial, mientras que Taipéi era la capital provisional. Bajo la actual administración del Minjindang han caído en desuso dichas referencias. La República de China, ahora conocida comúnmente como Taiwán, es un estado independiente parcialmente reconocido situado en el Extremo Oriente de Asia. El régimen de la República de China sucedió a la última dinastía imperial, la Qing, como sistema político en China en el año 1912. Tras el final de la Guerra Civil China en 1949, el bando vencedor (el partido comunista de Mao Zedong) proclamó la República Popular China en Pekín, y el derrotado régimen de la República de China, dominado por el Partido Nacionalista Chino o Kuomintang de Chang Kai Chek encontró refugio en la isla de Taiwán, única parte del territorio chino que no llegaría a caer bajo el control del nuevo régimen chino, y donde se ha mantenido la República de China hasta la actualidad. Desde 1949, la República de China solamente administra diversas islas, principalmente la isla de Taiwán, junto a varios archipiélagos pequeños como las islas Pescadores, Kinmen (o Quemoy), Matsu, Pratas y Taiping. Después de 1949, el régimen de la República de China continuó reclamando su condición de Gobierno legítimo de toda China, conservando el reconocimiento diplomático como tal de un gran número de países hasta los años 1970, cuando la mayor parte del mundo, incluidas las Naciones Unidas y los Estados Unidos, pasaron a reconocer a la República Popular. Debido a este enfrentamiento ideológico entre los dos regímenes chinos, durante la época de la Guerra Fría se utilizaban con frecuencia las denominaciones China Nacionalista y China Popular para la República de China y la República Popular China, respectivamente. La realidad territorial actual ha hecho que en las últimas décadas estos nombres hayan caído en desuso, y por lo tanto la República de China es denominada habitualmente Taiwán, mientras que el nombre "China" se aplica por lo general a la República Popular China.
  • La Repubblica di Cina (RDC), comunemente nota come Taiwan o Formosa, è uno Stato de facto costituito dal gruppo di isole di Formosa, Pescadores, Quemoy e Matsu ma che, nella sua costituzione, rivendica anche la Cina continentale e la Mongolia Esterna. La capitale ufficiale è Nanchino, che si trova però nel continente; la capitale provvisoria è quindi Taipei. Non riconosciuto né dalla Cina (Repubblica Popolare Cinese, PRC) né dagli altri membri permanenti del Consiglio di sicurezza dell'ONU, nonché dal Canada e dagli altri Paesi dell'Unione europea, Taiwan intrattiene tuttavia con essi rapporti di collaborazione e di commercio (solitamente con un ufficio di rappresentanza facente funzioni di ambasciata); al gennaio 2012 è riconosciuta da 23 Paesi in tutto il mondo, tra cui il Vaticano. Comunemente ci si riferisce a Taiwan come "Repubblica di Cina", laddove "Cina" è usato per indicare la Repubblica Popolare Cinese che controlla la Cina continentale, Hong Kong e Macao. Nelle organizzazioni internazionali, come quelle sportive, di cui la RDC è parte ci si riferisce ad essa come Cina Taipei o semplicemente Taipei a causa dei problemi diplomatici con la RPC che vi si riferisce come "provincia separatista di Taiwan".
  • 中華民国(ちゅうかみんこく)は、東アジアに位置する民主共和制国家。アジア最初の共和国で、1912年中国大陸に成立し、1949年以降台湾島と周辺の島嶼群などを実効支配している。日本やフィリピン、中華人民共和国などと領海を接する。 中華民国を正式に国家として承認している国は少ないが、歴史的な背景により、それ以外の多くの国とも事実上独立した地域として国交に準じた関係を結んでいる。
  • Republika Chińska, Tajwan – państwo nieuznawane przez większość społeczności międzynarodowej, leżące w południowo-wschodniej Azji na wyspie Tajwan (dawniej Formoza) u wybrzeży ChRL. Republika Chińska kontroluje również wyspy Peskadory (Penghu Liedao), Kinmen (Quemoy) i Mazu.
  • A República da China (RC), vulgarmente conhecida como China Nacional ou Nacionalista, Formosa, Taiwan, Taiuã, ou Taiuan, é um Estado insular localizado na Ásia Oriental, que evoluiu de um estado de partido único com reconhecimento mundial e jurisdição plena sobre a China em um estado democrático, com reconhecimento internacional limitado e com competência sob a ilha de Taiwan e outras ilhas menores, apesar de usufruir de relações de facto com muitos outros Estados. Até 1949, foi o governo da China reconhecido internacionalmente e como tal, foi um dos membros fundadores da Organização das Nações Unidas e um dos cinco membros permanentes do Conselho de Segurança da ONU, até ser substituído pela República Popular da China em 1971. Fundada em 1912, a República da China abrangeu grande parte da China continental e da Mongólia. No final da Segunda Guerra Mundial, com a rendição do Japão, a República da China acrescentou o grupo ilhas de Taiwan e Penghu à sua jurisdição. Quando o Kuomintang (KMT), o Partido Nacionalista Chinês, perdeu a guerra civil para o Partido Comunista da China em 1949, o governo da RC foi transferido para Taipei, em Taiwan, e a estabeleceu como sua capital temporária (também chamada de "capital da guerra" por Chiang Kai-shek), enquanto que os comunistas fundaram a República Popular da China (RPC) na China continental. Taiwan, em conjunto com Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu e outras ilhas menores, em seguida, tornou-se a extensão da autoridade da República da China. Apesar de sua competência abranger apenas esta área, durante o início da Guerra Fria a RC foi reconhecida por muitos países ocidentais e pelas Nações Unidas como o único governo legítimo da China. Constitucionalmente, a RC não renunciou a sua reivindicação como o governo legítimo de toda a China, embora na prática não possa prosseguir ativamente com estas reivindicações. Os partidos políticos da RC, muitas vezes têm visões radicalmente diferentes a respeito da soberania de Taiwan. Ambos os ex-presidentes Lee Teng-hui e Chen Shui-bian mantiveram a opinião de que é um país soberano e independente, separado da China continental e não há necessidade de uma declaração formal de independência. O presidente Ma Ying-jeou manifestou que considera que a RC é um país soberano e independente, que inclui a China continental e a ilha de Taiwan. A RC é uma democracia com um sistema semi-presidencial e sufrágio universal. O presidente atua como Chefe de estado e o Yuan Legislativo serve como órgão legislativo. Um dos quatro tigres asiáticos, Taiwan é a . A indústria de tecnologia desempenha um papel-chave na economia global. A RC é classificada como elevada em termos de liberdade de imprensa, saúde, educação pública, liberdade econômica, entre outros indicadores.
  • Кита́йская Респу́блика — частично признанное государство в Восточной Азии, ранее имевшее однопартийную систему, широкое дипломатическое признание и контроль над всем Китаем, ныне превратившееся в демократическое государство с ограниченным дипломатическим признанием и контролирующее только Тайвань и прилегающие острова. Является одним из основателей ООН и ранее входила в Совет безопасности ООН (в 1971 году место Китайской Республики в ООН было передано Китайской Народной Республике). Китайская Республика была основана в 1911 году и контролировала значительную часть материкового Китая и Монголию (последнюю не ранее чем с 1917 и до 3 февраля 1921 года). После окончания Второй мировой войны под контроль Китайской Республики перешла ранее принадлежавшая Японии группа островов Тайвань и Пэнху. После поражения в 1946—1950 годах партии Гоминьдан в гражданской войне она перебазировалась на Тайвань и учредила в качестве временной столицы город Тайбэй. Под контролем Китайской Республики остаются острова Тайвань, Пэнху, Цзиньмэнь, Мацзу и другие небольшие прилегающие острова. Несмотря на фактическую юрисдикцию только над этой территорией, до 1970-х годов Китайская Республика признавалась большинством государств и международных организаций как законная власть всего Китая; так, до 1971 года её представитель занимал кресло Китая в ООН. Конституционно Китайская Республика не отказывалась от своих прав на материковый Китай, хотя в последнее время заявляет о них не очень активно. Политические партии Китайской Республики часто имеют радикально отличающиеся взгляды относительно её независимости. Два бывших президента Ли Дэнхуэй и Чэнь Шуйбянь придерживались точки зрения существования суверенного и независимого государства, отделённого от материкового Китая, и поэтому не видели необходимости формально заявлять о своей независимости и суверенитете. Китайская Республика — демократия с полупрезидентской системой и всеобщим избирательным правом. Президент является главой государства и Законодательного Юаня в качестве председателя. Будучи одним из «четырёх азиатских тигров», Китайская Республика имеет 19-ю по величине экономику мира. Её технологическая индустрия играет важную роль в глобальной экономике. Уровень жизни является очень высоким, а ВВП на душу населения превосходит китайский более чем в 11 раз.
  • Taiwan är en stat som omfattar ön Taiwan i Stilla havet och några mindre öar, bland andra Pescadorerna, Jinmen och Matsu-öarna, samt gör anspråk på det kinesiska fastlandet som i dag kontrolleras av Folkrepubliken Kina. Republiken Kina grundades 1 januari 1912, sedan den kinesiska revolutionens ledare Sun Yat-sen återvänt från sin exil i USA, då det flertusenåriga dynastiska kinesiska kejsardömet (då under ledning av manchurisk familj med namnet Qing) avskaffades. År 1949, i samband med att Mao Zedong och Kinas kommunistiska parti utropade den nya staten Folkrepubliken Kina i Peking, flydde hela det tidigare kinesiska ledarskapet, inklusive merparten av den kinesiska armén, till ön Taiwan. Där skapade de en ny statsadministration, som i konkurrens med folkrepublikens ledare i Peking gjorde anspråk på att företräda hela Kina. Till 1971 representerades Kina av regeringen i Taipei i Förenta nationerna och dess säkerhetsråd. Folkrepubliken Kina, som kontrollerar fastlandet, anser å sin sida att ön Taiwan är en ännu ”icke-befriad” del av Folkrepubliken Kina. Republiken Kina delar denna uppfattning i omvänt perspektiv, även om kraven på en formell självständighetsförklaring växt sig starkare under senare år, inte minst efter demokratiseringen. Republiken Kina erkänns i dag bara av 25 stater (de allra flesta i Latinamerika, varav den största är Paraguay), och saknar därmed som enda fungerande demokrati plats i FN. Se vidare Taiwans politiska status.
  • 中華民國是位於亞洲東部的一個民主共和國,也是亞洲第一個實行共和立憲制度的國家。成立於1912年1月1日,於國際社會上、在1971年前被廣泛承認代表中國,現今因地理位置或政治因素而通稱為「台灣」。其隨著辛亥革命的爆發而誕生,經過北洋政府和國民政府時期,以至今日之憲政體制;1949年後因內戰失利而失去原立國基礎中國大陸之治權,當前有效管轄領土包括台灣、澎湖、金門、馬祖及部分南海諸島,首都為台北;人口主要以漢民族與台灣原住民族構成,通用語言為漢語,通用文字為正體中文。
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  • A circular logo representing a white sun on a blue background. The sun is a circle surrounded by twelve triangles.
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  • * In-patient care * Ambulatory care * Laboratory tests * Prescription and over-the-counter drugs * Dental services
  • * Mental Illness * Traditional Chinese medicine * Home care * Preventative services
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rdfs:comment
  • La République de Chine, couramment désignée sous le nom de Taïwan, est l'État d'Asie de l'Est qui contrôle et gouverne l'île de Taïwan et d'autres îles avoisinantes, dont Jinmen, Matsu et Penghu. À la fin de la guerre civile chinoise, le 1 octobre 1949, la République populaire de Chine est proclamée à Pékin à la suite de la victoire des communistes sur les nationalistes chinois.
  • Кита́йская Респу́блика — частично признанное государство в Восточной Азии, ранее имевшее однопартийную систему, широкое дипломатическое признание и контроль над всем Китаем, ныне превратившееся в демократическое государство с ограниченным дипломатическим признанием и контролирующее только Тайвань и прилегающие острова. Является одним из основателей ООН и ранее входила в Совет безопасности ООН (в 1971 году место Китайской Республики в ООН было передано Китайской Народной Республике).
  • Die Republik China (chinesisch 中華民國 Zhōnghuá Mínguó, IPA) – früher auch Nationalchina und heute Republik China auf Taiwan, Taiwan (Chinesisches Taipei) oder gemeinhin Taiwan genannt – wurde am 1. Januar 1912 (國成立紀念 guó chénglì jìniàn) nach dem Sturz des Kaisers Pu Yi gegründet. Ihr Territorium umfasste zu dieser Zeit mehr oder weniger das gesamte China, nicht jedoch die Insel Taiwan, die bis 1945 japanische Kolonie war.
  • Taiwan, officially the Republic of China, is a state in East Asia. Originally based in mainland China, the Republic of China now governs the island of Taiwan (formerly known as "Formosa"), which makes up over 99% of its territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and other minor islands. Neighboring states include the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east and northeast, and the Philippines to the south.
  • Este artículo se refiere a la entidad política que comprende las islas de Taiwán, Penghu, Kinmen y Matsu. Para el estado político moderno referido como "China" en su nombre formal y que comprende China continental, Hong Kong y Macao, véase República Popular China. Para la región histórica y cultural que comprende tanto la República Popular China como la República de China, véase China (región). Para otros usos, véase China (desambiguación). Para un enfoque geográfico, véase Isla de Taiwán.
  • La Repubblica di Cina (RDC), comunemente nota come Taiwan o Formosa, è uno Stato de facto costituito dal gruppo di isole di Formosa, Pescadores, Quemoy e Matsu ma che, nella sua costituzione, rivendica anche la Cina continentale e la Mongolia Esterna. La capitale ufficiale è Nanchino, che si trova però nel continente; la capitale provvisoria è quindi Taipei.
  • 中華民国(ちゅうかみんこく)は、東アジアに位置する民主共和制国家。アジア最初の共和国で、1912年中国大陸に成立し、1949年以降台湾島と周辺の島嶼群などを実効支配している。日本やフィリピン、中華人民共和国などと領海を接する。 中華民国を正式に国家として承認している国は少ないが、歴史的な背景により、それ以外の多くの国とも事実上独立した地域として国交に準じた関係を結んでいる。
  • Republika Chińska, Tajwan – państwo nieuznawane przez większość społeczności międzynarodowej, leżące w południowo-wschodniej Azji na wyspie Tajwan (dawniej Formoza) u wybrzeży ChRL. Republika Chińska kontroluje również wyspy Peskadory (Penghu Liedao), Kinmen (Quemoy) i Mazu.
  • A República da China (RC), vulgarmente conhecida como China Nacional ou Nacionalista, Formosa, Taiwan, Taiuã, ou Taiuan, é um Estado insular localizado na Ásia Oriental, que evoluiu de um estado de partido único com reconhecimento mundial e jurisdição plena sobre a China em um estado democrático, com reconhecimento internacional limitado e com competência sob a ilha de Taiwan e outras ilhas menores, apesar de usufruir de relações de facto com muitos outros Estados.
  • Taiwan är en stat som omfattar ön Taiwan i Stilla havet och några mindre öar, bland andra Pescadorerna, Jinmen och Matsu-öarna, samt gör anspråk på det kinesiska fastlandet som i dag kontrolleras av Folkrepubliken Kina. Republiken Kina grundades 1 januari 1912, sedan den kinesiska revolutionens ledare Sun Yat-sen återvänt från sin exil i USA, då det flertusenåriga dynastiska kinesiska kejsardömet (då under ledning av manchurisk familj med namnet Qing) avskaffades.
  • 中華民國是位於亞洲東部的一個民主共和國,也是亞洲第一個實行共和立憲制度的國家。成立於1912年1月1日,於國際社會上、在1971年前被廣泛承認代表中國,現今因地理位置或政治因素而通稱為「台灣」。其隨著辛亥革命的爆發而誕生,經過北洋政府和國民政府時期,以至今日之憲政體制;1949年後因內戰失利而失去原立國基礎中國大陸之治權,當前有效管轄領土包括台灣、澎湖、金門、馬祖及部分南海諸島,首都為台北;人口主要以漢民族與台灣原住民族構成,通用語言為漢語,通用文字為正體中文。
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  • Republik China
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  • Taiwan
  • República de China
  • République de Chine (Taïwan)
  • Taiwan
  • 中華民国
  • Republika Chińska
  • República da China
  • Китайская Республика
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