Taiwan (/ˌtaɪˈwɑːn/ Chinese: 臺灣 or 台灣; pinyin: Táiwān; see below), officially the Republic of China (ROC; Chinese: 中華民國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó), is a sovereign state in East Asia. The Republic of China, originally based in mainland China, now governs the island of Taiwan, which makes up over 99% of its territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and other minor islands.

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dbo:abstract
  • La República de China (chino tradicional: 中華民國, pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó, Wade-Giles: Chung-hua Min-kuo), comúnmente conocida como Taiwán (chino tradicional: 臺灣, pinyin: Táiwān), es un Estado soberano parcialmente reconocido situado en el Extremo Oriente de Asia. El régimen de la República de China sucedió a la última dinastía imperial, la Qing, como sistema político en China en el año 1912. Tras el final de la Guerra Civil China en 1949, el bando vencedor (el partido comunista de Mao Zedong) proclamó la República Popular China en Pekín, y el derrotado régimen de la República de China, dominado por el Partido Nacionalista Chino o Kuomintang de Chang Kai Chek encontró refugio en la isla de Taiwán, única parte del territorio chino que no llegaría a caer bajo el control del nuevo régimen chino, y donde se ha mantenido la República de China hasta la actualidad.Desde 1949, la República de China solamente administra diversas islas, principalmente la isla de Taiwán, junto a varios archipiélagos pequeños como las islas Pescadores, Kinmen (o Quemoy), Matsu, Pratas y Taiping.Después de 1949, el régimen de la República de China continuó reclamando su condición de Gobierno legítimo de toda China, conservando el reconocimiento diplomático como tal de un gran número de países hasta los años 1970, cuando la mayor parte del mundo, incluidas las Naciones Unidas y los Estados Unidos, pasaron a reconocer a la República Popular. Debido a este enfrentamiento ideológico entre los dos regímenes chinos, durante la época de la Guerra Fría se utilizaban con frecuencia las denominaciones China Nacionalista y China Popular para la República de China y la República Popular China, respectivamente. La realidad territorial actual ha hecho que en las últimas décadas estos nombres hayan caído en desuso, y por lo tanto la República de China es denominada habitualmente Taiwán, mientras que el nombre "China" se aplica por lo general a la República Popular China.
  • La Repubblica di Cina (RDC) (cinese tradizionale: 中華民國; cinese semplificato: 中华民国; Wade-Giles: Chung-hua Min-kuo: Tongyong Pinyin: ZhōngHuá MínGuó; Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó; Gwoyeu Romatzyh: Jonghwa Mingwo), comunemente nota come Taiwan o Formosa, è uno Stato de facto costituito dal gruppo di isole di Formosa, Pescadores, Quemoy e Matsu ma che, nella sua costituzione, rivendica anche la Cina continentale e la Mongolia Esterna. La capitale ufficiale è Nanchino, che si trova però nel continente; la capitale provvisoria è quindi Taipei.Non riconosciuto né dalla Cina (Repubblica Popolare Cinese, RPC) né dagli altri membri permanenti del Consiglio di sicurezza dell'ONU (USA, Russia, Regno Unito e Francia), nonché dal Canada e dagli altri Paesi dell'Unione europea, Taiwan intrattiene tuttavia con essi rapporti di collaborazione e di commercio (solitamente con un ufficio di rappresentanza facente funzioni di ambasciata); al gennaio 2012 è riconosciuta da 23 Paesi in tutto il mondo, tra cui il Vaticano.Comunemente ci si riferisce a Taiwan come "Repubblica di Cina", laddove invece "Cina" da solo è usato per indicare la Repubblica Popolare Cinese che controlla la Cina continentale, Hong Kong e Macao. Nelle organizzazioni internazionali, come quelle sportive, di cui la RDC è parte ci si riferisce ad essa come Cina Taipei o semplicemente Taipei a causa dei problemi diplomatici con la RPC che vi si riferisce come "provincia separatista di Taiwan".
  • 中華民国中華民國</dd>国の標語:民族、民權、民生国歌:中華民国国歌(三民主義歌)国旗歌:中華民国国旗歌 中華民国の位置</dd>PREFIXはBV BM BN BO BP BQ BU BW BX注:このリストは中華民国政府が実効支配している地域(台湾)のものである。</dl>中華民国(ちゅうかみんこく)は、東アジアに位置する民主共和制国家。通称は台湾。アジアで2番目の共和国として1912年に中国大陸に成立し、1971年まで国際連合安全保障理事会元常任理事国であった。国共内戦が終結した1949年以降は台湾島と周辺の島嶼群などを実効支配している。日本やフィリピン、中華人民共和国などと領海を接する。議会制民主主義国であるものの、中華人民共和国の中国共産党政府と対立していることにより、中華民国を正式に国家として承認している国は多くはないが、以前国交を結んでいた国々を中心に、多くの国と国交に準じた関係を結んでいる。日本のメディアでは専ら「台湾」と表記される。
  • Die Republik China (chinesisch 中華民國, Pinyin Zhōnghuá Mínguó, IPA (hochchinesisch) [ʈ͡ʂʊ́ŋxu̯ɑ̌ mǐnku̯ɔ̌]), auch Republik China auf Taiwan oder Taiwan genannt, ist ein Staat in Ostasien, dessen heutiges Gebiet zu über 99 % aus der Insel Taiwan und den ihr vorgelagerten kleineren Inseln besteht. Weitere Verwaltungsgebiete umfassen die Inselgruppen Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, Dongsha und die zu den Spratly-Inseln gehörende Insel Taiping Dao. Die Republik China hatte im Jahr 2013 eine Bevölkerung von rund 23,3 Millionen.Die Republik wurde am 1. Januar 1912 (開國紀念日, kāiguó jìniàn rì) nach dem Sturz der Monarchie in China gegründet. Die Insel Taiwan, die bis 1945 japanische Kolonie war, gehörte damals nicht zu ihrem Territorium. Die heutige Begrenzung auf Taiwan ist eine Folge des Chinesischen Bürgerkriegs, der 1949 mit dem Sieg der Kommunistischen Partei und dem Rückzug der bis dahin regierenden Partei Kuomintang nach Taiwan endete.Aufgrund der Ein-China-Politik wird die Republik China heute nur von wenigen Staaten offiziell anerkannt (siehe auch Taiwan-Konflikt).
  • Nieprawidłowe parametry: { |_region:{{#property:P300}}}Republika Chińska (chiń. upr.: 中华民国; chiń. trad.: 中華民國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó), Tajwan (chiń. upr.: 台湾; chiń. trad.: 臺灣 lub 台灣; pinyin: Táiwān wymowa) – państwo nieuznawane przez większość społeczności międzynarodowej, leżące w południowo-wschodniej Azji na wyspie Tajwan (dawniej Formoza) u wybrzeży ChRL. Republika Chińska kontroluje również wyspy Peskadory (Penghu Liedao), Kinmen (Quemoy) i Mazu.
  • Taiwan is een eiland in Oost-Azië, alsmede de gebruikelijke aanduiding van een daar gevestigde, de facto soevereine staat die zich formeel de Republiek China (Jhōnghuá Mínguó, Zhōnghuá Mínguó) noemt. Het eiland Taiwan ligt in de Oost-Chinese Zee, ten oosten van het Chinese vasteland, ten zuidwesten van Japan en ten noordoosten van de Filipijnen. Als politieke entiteit bestaat de Republiek China vooral uit het genoemde eiland, maar zij heeft ook de eilanden Kinmen, Matsu en Wuciou onder controle. Die liggen vlak voor de kust van het Chinese vasteland. Zij behoren tot het deel van de provincie Fujian dat onder feitelijk gezag van Taiwan staat.
  • Шаблон:Государство/ВикиданныеКита́йская Респу́блика (кит. трад. 中華民國, упр. 中华民国, пиньинь: Zhōnghuá Mínguó, палл.: Чжунхуа Миньго; часто используется название Тайва́нь по названию острова, составляющего бо́льшую часть контролируемой республикой территории) — частично признанное государство в Восточной Азии, ранее имевшее однопартийную систему, широкое дипломатическое признание и контроль над всем Китаем, ныне превратившееся в демократическое государство с ограниченным дипломатическим признанием и контролирующее только Тайвань и прилегающие острова. Является одним из основателей ООН и ранее входила в Совет безопасности ООН (в 1971 году место Китайской Республики в ООН было передано Китайской Народной Республике).
  • 中華民國是位於東亞地區的共和立憲制國家,也是亞洲現有最早的民主共和國。中華民國於1912年1月1日時宣布正式成立,之後接繼清朝主權統治中國大陸以及蒙古地區。1945年聯合國成立時為其創始成員國,在1971年退出聯合國前還擔任聯合國安全理事會常任理事國。1912年至1971年間被廣泛承認代表中國,當今則受到領土和政治因素影響而在許多國際場合被稱作臺灣或者中華臺北。而今日中華民國實際管轄的領土有超過99%位於臺灣島,另外還包括澎湖群島、金門群島、馬祖列島、烏坵列島、部分南海諸島等島嶼,首都與中央政府所在地位於臺北市。在經歷軍閥割據時期、中國抗日戰爭以及國共內戰後,以中國國民黨為首的中華民國政府在1949年撤往臺灣地區,而中國共產黨則在中國大陸成立中華人民共和國。儘管此時中華民國只控制臺灣和周邊島嶼,但受冷戰局勢影響仍被聯合國和大多數西方國家視為中國合法代表。但是中華人民共和國於1971年取代中華民國在聯合國所持的中國席次、中華民國也宣布退出聯合國後,許多國家接連宣布和中華民國斷交而失去廣泛地外交承認。在這般情況下中華民國一方面快速發展經濟,除了被列入亞洲四小龍之一外,也成為世界上排行第21名的經濟體;另一方面則開始從事民主改革工作,從原本威權主義的一黨制國家發展成多黨民主的直接民選國家,享有高度新聞自由、醫療保健、公共教育、經濟自由和人文發展。中華民國政府多次主張依據《中華民國憲法》而擁有「中國」之主權,這包括過去所統治的中國大陸地區。但自1992年開始政府不再把反攻大陸視為其政治目標,有關憲法中所提到的領土疆域問題也引起許多爭論,而今日政府的政治立場則很大程度上取決於執政的政治聯盟。同時中華人民共和國也聲稱自己是中國唯一合法代表,表示臺灣是其擁有主權的第23個省份,進而否認中華民國作為主權國家的地位和存在。此外中華人民共和國政府還表示如果發表任何台灣共和國獨立聲明、或者是認為和平統一的可能性完全喪失時,中華人民共和國有權力針對臺灣地區使用武力作為回應。
  • Taiwan (/ˌtaɪˈwɑːn/ Chinese: 臺灣 or 台灣; pinyin: Táiwān; see below), officially the Republic of China (ROC; Chinese: 中華民國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó), is a sovereign state in East Asia. The Republic of China, originally based in mainland China, now governs the island of Taiwan, which makes up over 99% of its territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and other minor islands. Neighboring states include the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the east and northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taipei is the seat of the central government. New Taipei, encompassing the metropolitan area surrounding Taipei proper, is the most populous city.The island of Taiwan (formerly known as "Formosa") was mainly inhabited by Taiwanese aborigines until the Dutch and Spanish settlement during the Age of Discovery in the 17th century, when Han Chinese began immigrating to the island. In 1662, the pro-Ming loyalist Koxinga expelled the Dutch and established the first Han Chinese polity on the island, the Kingdom of Tungning. The Qing Dynasty of China later defeated the kingdom and annexed Taiwan. By the time Taiwan was ceded to Japan in 1895, the majority of Taiwan's inhabitants were Han Chinese either by ancestry or by assimilation. The Republic of China (ROC) was established in China in 1912. After Japan's surrender in 1945, the ROC assumed its control of Taiwan. Following the Chinese civil war, the Communist Party of China took full control of mainland China and founded the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949. The ROC relocated its government to Taiwan, and its jurisdiction became limited to Taiwan and its surrounding islands. In 1971, the PRC assumed China's seat at the United Nations, which the ROC originally occupied. International recognition of the ROC has gradually eroded as most countries switched recognition to the PRC. 21 UN member states and the Holy See currently maintain official diplomatic relations with the ROC. It has unofficial ties with most other states via its representative offices.Constitutionally, there is dispute over whether the government claims sovereignty over all of "China," in a definition that includes mainland China and Outer Mongolia, but the ROC has not made retaking mainland China a political goal since 1992. However, the government's stance on defining its political position of relation with China largely depends on which political coalition is in charge. Meanwhile, the PRC also asserts itself to be the sole legal representation of China and claims Taiwan as its 23rd province to be under its sovereignty, denying the status and existence of ROC as a sovereign state. The PRC has threatened the use of military force as a response to any formal declaration of Taiwanese independence, or if it deems peaceful reunification no longer possible. Cross-Strait relations as well as issues of national identity within the country are important factors in Taiwanese politics and a cause of social and political division among political parties and their respective supporters.During the latter half of the 20th century, Taiwan experienced rapid economic growth and industrialization and is now an advanced industrial economy. In the 1980s and early 1990s, Taiwan evolved into a multi-party democracy with universal suffrage. Taiwan is one of the Four Asian Tigers and a member of the WTO and APEC. The 19th-largest economy in the world, its high-tech industry plays a key role in the global economy. Taiwan is ranked highly in terms of freedom of the press, health care, public education, economic freedom, and human development.
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  • A circular logo representing the island of Taiwan surrounded by the text "DEMOCRATIC PROGRESSIVE PARTY" and "民主進步黨"
  • A circular logo representing a white sun on a blue background. The sun is a circle surrounded by twelve triangles.
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  • A red flag, with a small blue rectangle in the top left hand corner on which sits a white sun composed of a circle surrounded by 12 rays.
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  • Emblem of the Democratic Progressive Party, the main Pan-Green Coalition party.
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  • * In-patient care * Ambulatory care * Laboratory tests * Prescription and over-the-counter drugs * Dental services
  • * Mental Illness * Traditional Chinese medicine * Home care * Preventative services
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  • Jūng-huá Mín-guó
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  • Taiwan
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  • from the Xinhai Revolution
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  • National Emblem
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  • or
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  • International membership
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rdfs:comment
  • 中華民国中華民國</dd>国の標語:民族、民權、民生国歌:中華民国国歌(三民主義歌)国旗歌:中華民国国旗歌 中華民国の位置</dd>PREFIXはBV BM BN BO BP BQ BU BW BX注:このリストは中華民国政府が実効支配している地域(台湾)のものである。</dl>中華民国(ちゅうかみんこく)は、東アジアに位置する民主共和制国家。通称は台湾。アジアで2番目の共和国として1912年に中国大陸に成立し、1971年まで国際連合安全保障理事会元常任理事国であった。国共内戦が終結した1949年以降は台湾島と周辺の島嶼群などを実効支配している。日本やフィリピン、中華人民共和国などと領海を接する。議会制民主主義国であるものの、中華人民共和国の中国共産党政府と対立していることにより、中華民国を正式に国家として承認している国は多くはないが、以前国交を結んでいた国々を中心に、多くの国と国交に準じた関係を結んでいる。日本のメディアでは専ら「台湾」と表記される。
  • Nieprawidłowe parametry: { |_region:{{#property:P300}}}Republika Chińska (chiń. upr.: 中华民国; chiń. trad.: 中華民國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó), Tajwan (chiń. upr.: 台湾; chiń. trad.: 臺灣 lub 台灣; pinyin: Táiwān wymowa) – państwo nieuznawane przez większość społeczności międzynarodowej, leżące w południowo-wschodniej Azji na wyspie Tajwan (dawniej Formoza) u wybrzeży ChRL. Republika Chińska kontroluje również wyspy Peskadory (Penghu Liedao), Kinmen (Quemoy) i Mazu.
  • 中華民國是位於東亞地區的共和立憲制國家,也是亞洲現有最早的民主共和國。中華民國於1912年1月1日時宣布正式成立,之後接繼清朝主權統治中國大陸以及蒙古地區。1945年聯合國成立時為其創始成員國,在1971年退出聯合國前還擔任聯合國安全理事會常任理事國。1912年至1971年間被廣泛承認代表中國,當今則受到領土和政治因素影響而在許多國際場合被稱作臺灣或者中華臺北。而今日中華民國實際管轄的領土有超過99%位於臺灣島,另外還包括澎湖群島、金門群島、馬祖列島、烏坵列島、部分南海諸島等島嶼,首都與中央政府所在地位於臺北市。在經歷軍閥割據時期、中國抗日戰爭以及國共內戰後,以中國國民黨為首的中華民國政府在1949年撤往臺灣地區,而中國共產黨則在中國大陸成立中華人民共和國。儘管此時中華民國只控制臺灣和周邊島嶼,但受冷戰局勢影響仍被聯合國和大多數西方國家視為中國合法代表。但是中華人民共和國於1971年取代中華民國在聯合國所持的中國席次、中華民國也宣布退出聯合國後,許多國家接連宣布和中華民國斷交而失去廣泛地外交承認。在這般情況下中華民國一方面快速發展經濟,除了被列入亞洲四小龍之一外,也成為世界上排行第21名的經濟體;另一方面則開始從事民主改革工作,從原本威權主義的一黨制國家發展成多黨民主的直接民選國家,享有高度新聞自由、醫療保健、公共教育、經濟自由和人文發展。中華民國政府多次主張依據《中華民國憲法》而擁有「中國」之主權,這包括過去所統治的中國大陸地區。但自1992年開始政府不再把反攻大陸視為其政治目標,有關憲法中所提到的領土疆域問題也引起許多爭論,而今日政府的政治立場則很大程度上取決於執政的政治聯盟。同時中華人民共和國也聲稱自己是中國唯一合法代表,表示臺灣是其擁有主權的第23個省份,進而否認中華民國作為主權國家的地位和存在。此外中華人民共和國政府還表示如果發表任何台灣共和國獨立聲明、或者是認為和平統一的可能性完全喪失時,中華人民共和國有權力針對臺灣地區使用武力作為回應。
  • La República de China (chino tradicional: 中華民國, pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó, Wade-Giles: Chung-hua Min-kuo), comúnmente conocida como Taiwán (chino tradicional: 臺灣, pinyin: Táiwān), es un Estado soberano parcialmente reconocido situado en el Extremo Oriente de Asia. El régimen de la República de China sucedió a la última dinastía imperial, la Qing, como sistema político en China en el año 1912.
  • Die Republik China (chinesisch 中華民國, Pinyin Zhōnghuá Mínguó, IPA (hochchinesisch) [ʈ͡ʂʊ́ŋxu̯ɑ̌ mǐnku̯ɔ̌]), auch Republik China auf Taiwan oder Taiwan genannt, ist ein Staat in Ostasien, dessen heutiges Gebiet zu über 99 % aus der Insel Taiwan und den ihr vorgelagerten kleineren Inseln besteht. Weitere Verwaltungsgebiete umfassen die Inselgruppen Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, Dongsha und die zu den Spratly-Inseln gehörende Insel Taiping Dao.
  • La Repubblica di Cina (RDC) (cinese tradizionale: 中華民國; cinese semplificato: 中华民国; Wade-Giles: Chung-hua Min-kuo: Tongyong Pinyin: ZhōngHuá MínGuó; Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó; Gwoyeu Romatzyh: Jonghwa Mingwo), comunemente nota come Taiwan o Formosa, è uno Stato de facto costituito dal gruppo di isole di Formosa, Pescadores, Quemoy e Matsu ma che, nella sua costituzione, rivendica anche la Cina continentale e la Mongolia Esterna.
  • Taiwan is een eiland in Oost-Azië, alsmede de gebruikelijke aanduiding van een daar gevestigde, de facto soevereine staat die zich formeel de Republiek China (Jhōnghuá Mínguó, Zhōnghuá Mínguó) noemt. Het eiland Taiwan ligt in de Oost-Chinese Zee, ten oosten van het Chinese vasteland, ten zuidwesten van Japan en ten noordoosten van de Filipijnen.
  • Шаблон:Государство/ВикиданныеКита́йская Респу́блика (кит. трад. 中華民國, упр.
  • Taiwan (/ˌtaɪˈwɑːn/ Chinese: 臺灣 or 台灣; pinyin: Táiwān; see below), officially the Republic of China (ROC; Chinese: 中華民國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó), is a sovereign state in East Asia. The Republic of China, originally based in mainland China, now governs the island of Taiwan, which makes up over 99% of its territory, as well as Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and other minor islands.
rdfs:label
  • Taiwan
  • تايوان
  • República de China
  • Republik China (Taiwan)
  • Taïwan
  • 中華民国
  • Taiwan
  • Taiwan
  • Republika Chińska
  • República da China
  • Китайская Республика
  • 中華民國
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