The Swoon of the Virgin, in Italian Lo Spasimo della Vergine, or Fainting Virgin Mary was an idea developed in the late Middle Ages, that the Virgin Mary had fainted during the Passion of Christ, most often placed while she watched the Crucifixion of Jesus. It was based on mentions in later texts of the apocryphal gospel the Acta Pilati, which describe Mary swooning. It was popular in later medieval art and theological literature, but as it was not mentioned in the Canonical Gospels, it became controversial, and from the 16th century was discouraged by many senior churchmen.

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  • O Desmaio da Virgem (em italiano: Lo Spasimo del Virgine), também conhecido como Desfalecimento da Virgem, foi uma ideia que se desenvolveu durante a Idade Média baseada em menções, em versões tardias do evangelho apócrifo conhecido como Atos de Pilatos, que descrevem a Virgem Maria desmaiando durante a Paixão de Cristo. O tema foi muito popular na arte medieval tardia e na literatura teológica, mas, como nada disso é mencionado nos evangelhos canônicos, a cena se tornou controversa e, a partir do Concílio de Trento, no século XVI, passou a ser desencorajada pelos altos escalões do clero. O desmaio aparece durante o episódio de Jesus carregando a cruz, na Via Dolorosa em Jerusalém, e também é muito frequente nas cenas sobre a crucificação; Nicholas Penny estima que "por volta de metade das pinturas sobreviventes feitas entre 1300 e 1500 incluem a cena da Virgem desmaiando". A cena também apareceu em obras mostrando a "Deposição da Cruz" e o "Sepultamento de Jesus", além da nova cena do século XV, "Jesus se Despedindo de sua Mãe". (pt)
  • The Swoon of the Virgin, in Italian Lo Spasimo della Vergine, or Fainting Virgin Mary was an idea developed in the late Middle Ages, that the Virgin Mary had fainted during the Passion of Christ, most often placed while she watched the Crucifixion of Jesus. It was based on mentions in later texts of the apocryphal gospel the Acta Pilati, which describe Mary swooning. It was popular in later medieval art and theological literature, but as it was not mentioned in the Canonical Gospels, it became controversial, and from the 16th century was discouraged by many senior churchmen. The swoon might be placed during the episode of Christ Carrying the Cross, as on the Via Dolorosa in Jerusalem, but very commonly also during the Crucifixion of Jesus; Nicholas Penny estimates that "about half of the surviving paintings of the Crucifixion made between 1300 and 1500 will be found to include the Virgin fainting". It also appeared in works showing the Deposition from the Cross and Entombment of Christ, as well as the 15th-century novelty of Christ taking leave of his Mother. (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • O Desmaio da Virgem (em italiano: Lo Spasimo del Virgine), também conhecido como Desfalecimento da Virgem, foi uma ideia que se desenvolveu durante a Idade Média baseada em menções, em versões tardias do evangelho apócrifo conhecido como Atos de Pilatos, que descrevem a Virgem Maria desmaiando durante a Paixão de Cristo. O tema foi muito popular na arte medieval tardia e na literatura teológica, mas, como nada disso é mencionado nos evangelhos canônicos, a cena se tornou controversa e, a partir do Concílio de Trento, no século XVI, passou a ser desencorajada pelos altos escalões do clero. (pt)
  • The Swoon of the Virgin, in Italian Lo Spasimo della Vergine, or Fainting Virgin Mary was an idea developed in the late Middle Ages, that the Virgin Mary had fainted during the Passion of Christ, most often placed while she watched the Crucifixion of Jesus. It was based on mentions in later texts of the apocryphal gospel the Acta Pilati, which describe Mary swooning. It was popular in later medieval art and theological literature, but as it was not mentioned in the Canonical Gospels, it became controversial, and from the 16th century was discouraged by many senior churchmen. (en)
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  • Desmaio da Virgem (pt)
  • Swoon of the Virgin (en)
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