The Swedish nobility (Adeln) has historically been a legally and/or socially privileged class in Sweden, and part of the so-called frälse (a derivation from Old Swedish meaning free neck). The archaic term for nobility, frälse, also included the clergy, a classification defined by tax exemptions and representation in the diet. Today the nobility does not maintain its former privileges although family names, titles and coats of arms are still protected. The Swedish nobility consists of both "introduced" and "unintroduced" nobility, where the latter has not been formally "introduced" at the House of Nobility (Riddarhuset). The House of Nobility still maintains a fee for male members over the age of 18 for upkeep on pertinent buildings in Stockholm.

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  • The Swedish nobility (Adeln) has historically been a legally and/or socially privileged class in Sweden, and part of the so-called frälse (a derivation from Old Swedish meaning free neck). The archaic term for nobility, frälse, also included the clergy, a classification defined by tax exemptions and representation in the diet. Today the nobility does not maintain its former privileges although family names, titles and coats of arms are still protected. The Swedish nobility consists of both "introduced" and "unintroduced" nobility, where the latter has not been formally "introduced" at the House of Nobility (Riddarhuset). The House of Nobility still maintains a fee for male members over the age of 18 for upkeep on pertinent buildings in Stockholm. Belonging to the nobility in present-day Sweden may still carry some informal social privileges, and be of certain social and historical significance particularly among some groups. Sweden has, however, long been a modern democratic society and meritocratic practices are supposed to govern all appointments to state offices by law. No special privileges, in taxation or otherwise, are therefore given to any Swedish citizen based on family origins, the one exception being the Royal family and the position as head of state held by the monarch of Sweden. However, also this role is today, according to the instrument of government, ceremonial. With the exception of the current king's sister Désirée who officially and specifically was created a baroness in 1964 by the Swedish government, which is still valid today, the last time a person was ennobled in Sweden was in 1902. From 1974 the monarch can not confer nobility. Until 2003 the nobility was regulated by a government statute but in that year the statute was lifted and all connections between state and nobility dissolved. The House of Nobility is now a private institution, run as any private corporation under civil commercial law, and is owned by its members. Today, the only privilege of the nobility is the right to use a helm with an open visor in their coats of arms, this according to a 1762 royal act; commoners using open visors or "noblemen's shield" (Adelig Sköld) are subjected to a fine. When an association called Ofrälse och löske mäns samfund för bruk af öppne hjälmar (Commoners' and vagabonds' society for the use of open visors) petitioned the Swedish government for amnesty (Swedish: abolition) in regards to violations of the 1762 act, the petition was not tried nor granted. The Supreme Administrative Court of Sweden ruled, in 2013, that, since no one has the right to amnesty, the government's decision did not concern anyone's civil rights according to the European Convention on Human Rights, and could thus not be examined by the court. (en)
  • Der schwedische Adel entstand im Zeitraum von der Mitte des 11. bis zur Mitte des 13. Jahrhunderts während ständiger Fehden zwischen verschiedenen Königsgeschlechtern und entwickelte sich aus dem freien Bauerntum. Eine Unterscheidung in hohen und niederen Adel gab es damals noch nicht. Erst Erich XIV. machte bei seiner Krönung im Jahre 1561 die mächtigsten und begütertsten Edelleute zu Grafen und Freiherren, so dass ein hoher und ein niederer Adel entstanden. Seine Nachfolgerin zwei Generationen später, Christina I., vermehrte den niederen Adel um etwa 400 Familien, die meisten von schottischem oder deutschem Ursprung. (de)
  • La nobiltà svedese (Adeln) è stata storicamente una classe privilegiata in Svezia.Le famiglie nobili e i loro discendenti sono ancora parte della società svedese ma non godono più di specifici privilegi. La nobiltà svedese è organizzata in tre classi, secondo uno schema introdotto nel 1561: * conte (greve) * barone (friherre) * nobiltà senza titolo (obetitlad adel) I Duchi di Svezia (hertig) sono sempre stati membri della famiglia reale. Conseguentemente alla costituzione del Riksdag nel 1866, la Riddarhuset, (Casa dei Cavalieri), che precedentemente era una camera del Riksdag degli Stati - il Parlamento svedese - servì come rappresentanza ufficiale della nobiltà, regolata dal governo svedese, ma dal 2003 è diventata un'istituzione privata. Virtualmente tutte le famiglie nobili sono state presentate alla Casa (con l'eccezione di alcuni membri della nobiltà straniera, naturalizzati alla corte reale ma mai presentati), e i loro membri vengono iscritti su un elenco pubblicati ogni tre anni. (it)
  • De Zweedse adel is historisch gezien een wettelijk en sociaal bevoorrechte groep in Zweden. In het moderne Zweden heeft de adel geen voorrechten meer, zoals de heffingskorting bij belastingen en vertegenwoordiging in het parlement. Hun familienaam en wapenschilden zijn wel beschermd en mogen enkel door de leden van het adellijke huis gebruikt worden. De adel in Zweden bestaat uit 'geïntroduceerde adel' en 'niet-geïntroduceerde adel', deze laatste bestaat uit niet officieel geïntroduceerden bij het huis van adel (Riddarhuset).De koning verhief voor het laatst iemand in de adel in 1902. Na 1974 was het voor de vorst zelfs onmogelijk om iemand in de adel te verheffen, vanaf dan tot 2003 werd de adel door de overheid bestuurd. Na 2003 werd het Riddarhuset een privéorganisatie, die binnen de wetten van Zweden wordt bestuurd door haar leden. (nl)
  • A nobreza sueca (adeln, em sueco) foi uma classe legalmente privilegiada ao longo da história da Suécia. Na Idade Média, os reis necessitavam de cavalaria pesada nos seus exércitos. Os nobres (em sueco: adeln) punham à disposição do rei cavaleiros, incluindo cavalo e armadura, e em contra-partida ficavam libertos da obrigação de pagar imposto (em sueco: frälse). A criação da nobreza como classe social - com obrigações e direitos específicos - foi formalizada em 1280 pelo rei Magno III através das Ordenações de Alsnö (Alsnö stadga). (pt)
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  • Der schwedische Adel entstand im Zeitraum von der Mitte des 11. bis zur Mitte des 13. Jahrhunderts während ständiger Fehden zwischen verschiedenen Königsgeschlechtern und entwickelte sich aus dem freien Bauerntum. Eine Unterscheidung in hohen und niederen Adel gab es damals noch nicht. Erst Erich XIV. machte bei seiner Krönung im Jahre 1561 die mächtigsten und begütertsten Edelleute zu Grafen und Freiherren, so dass ein hoher und ein niederer Adel entstanden. Seine Nachfolgerin zwei Generationen später, Christina I., vermehrte den niederen Adel um etwa 400 Familien, die meisten von schottischem oder deutschem Ursprung. (de)
  • A nobreza sueca (adeln, em sueco) foi uma classe legalmente privilegiada ao longo da história da Suécia. Na Idade Média, os reis necessitavam de cavalaria pesada nos seus exércitos. Os nobres (em sueco: adeln) punham à disposição do rei cavaleiros, incluindo cavalo e armadura, e em contra-partida ficavam libertos da obrigação de pagar imposto (em sueco: frälse). A criação da nobreza como classe social - com obrigações e direitos específicos - foi formalizada em 1280 pelo rei Magno III através das Ordenações de Alsnö (Alsnö stadga). (pt)
  • The Swedish nobility (Adeln) has historically been a legally and/or socially privileged class in Sweden, and part of the so-called frälse (a derivation from Old Swedish meaning free neck). The archaic term for nobility, frälse, also included the clergy, a classification defined by tax exemptions and representation in the diet. Today the nobility does not maintain its former privileges although family names, titles and coats of arms are still protected. The Swedish nobility consists of both "introduced" and "unintroduced" nobility, where the latter has not been formally "introduced" at the House of Nobility (Riddarhuset). The House of Nobility still maintains a fee for male members over the age of 18 for upkeep on pertinent buildings in Stockholm. (en)
  • La nobiltà svedese (Adeln) è stata storicamente una classe privilegiata in Svezia.Le famiglie nobili e i loro discendenti sono ancora parte della società svedese ma non godono più di specifici privilegi. La nobiltà svedese è organizzata in tre classi, secondo uno schema introdotto nel 1561: * conte (greve) * barone (friherre) * nobiltà senza titolo (obetitlad adel) I Duchi di Svezia (hertig) sono sempre stati membri della famiglia reale. (it)
  • De Zweedse adel is historisch gezien een wettelijk en sociaal bevoorrechte groep in Zweden. In het moderne Zweden heeft de adel geen voorrechten meer, zoals de heffingskorting bij belastingen en vertegenwoordiging in het parlement. Hun familienaam en wapenschilden zijn wel beschermd en mogen enkel door de leden van het adellijke huis gebruikt worden. De adel in Zweden bestaat uit 'geïntroduceerde adel' en 'niet-geïntroduceerde adel', deze laatste bestaat uit niet officieel geïntroduceerden bij het huis van adel (Riddarhuset).De koning verhief voor het laatst iemand in de adel in 1902. Na 1974 was het voor de vorst zelfs onmogelijk om iemand in de adel te verheffen, vanaf dan tot 2003 werd de adel door de overheid bestuurd. Na 2003 werd het Riddarhuset een privéorganisatie, die binnen de we (nl)
rdfs:label
  • Swedish nobility (en)
  • Schwedischer Adel (de)
  • Nobiltà svedese (it)
  • Zweedse adel (nl)
  • Nobreza da Suécia (pt)
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