The Supreme Patriarch or Sangharaja (Thai: สังฆราช; rtgs: Sangkharat) is the head of the order of Buddhist monks in Thailand. Its full title is Somdet Phra Saṅgharāja Sakalamahāsaṅghapariṇāyaka (Thai: สมเด็จพระสังฆราช สกลมหาสังฆปริณายก; rtgs: Somdet Phra Sangkharat Sakonlamahasangkhaparinayok; "the Supreme Patriarch, the Head of all Members of the Sangha"). There has been recent discussion about reforming the Thai Sangha's leadership structure, including a 2002 proposal which would have moved many of the Sangha Council's and the Supreme Patriarch's powers to a new executive council.

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  • The Supreme Patriarch or Sangharaja (Thai: สังฆราช; rtgs: Sangkharat) is the head of the order of Buddhist monks in Thailand. Its full title is Somdet Phra Saṅgharāja Sakalamahāsaṅghapariṇāyaka (Thai: สมเด็จพระสังฆราช สกลมหาสังฆปริณายก; rtgs: Somdet Phra Sangkharat Sakonlamahasangkhaparinayok; "the Supreme Patriarch, the Head of all Members of the Sangha"). Nowadays the Supreme Patriarch is formally appointed by the King of Thailand upon advice of the Prime Minister and with the approval of the Supreme Sangha Council, an administrative body of the Thai Sangha. The Supreme Patriarch has legal authority to oversee both of Thailand's Theravada sub-orders, the Maha Nikaya and the Thammayut Nikaya, as well as the small minority of Mahayana Buddhists in the country. He is also the President ex officio of the Supreme Sangha Council There has been recent discussion about reforming the Thai Sangha's leadership structure, including a 2002 proposal which would have moved many of the Sangha Council's and the Supreme Patriarch's powers to a new executive council. The incumbent Supreme Patriarch was Somdet Phra Nyanasamvara Suvaddhana Mahathera, who had served in this position since 1989. He was then aged 100, and after suffering from increasingly serious health problems, died on 24 October 2013, as mentioned in a headlines article on the Bangkok Post website. In 2003, because of questions about the Supreme Patriarch's ability to fulfill his duties, the government of Thailand appointed a special committee to act in his stead. In early 2004, Somdet Kiaw (also known as Buddhacharya) was appointed acting Supreme Patriarch, an office that he held until his death in 2013. In January 2014, Somdet Phra Maharatchamongkhalachan was appointed as the new Supreme Patriarch. (en)
  • Der Oberste Mönchspatriarch oder Saṅgharāja; (thailändisch: สมเด็จพระสังฆราช RTGS: Somdet Phra Sangkharat) ist das Oberhaupt des Sangha, also des Ordens buddhistischer Mönche in Thailand. (de)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Der Oberste Mönchspatriarch oder Saṅgharāja; (thailändisch: สมเด็จพระสังฆราช RTGS: Somdet Phra Sangkharat) ist das Oberhaupt des Sangha, also des Ordens buddhistischer Mönche in Thailand. (de)
  • The Supreme Patriarch or Sangharaja (Thai: สังฆราช; rtgs: Sangkharat) is the head of the order of Buddhist monks in Thailand. Its full title is Somdet Phra Saṅgharāja Sakalamahāsaṅghapariṇāyaka (Thai: สมเด็จพระสังฆราช สกลมหาสังฆปริณายก; rtgs: Somdet Phra Sangkharat Sakonlamahasangkhaparinayok; "the Supreme Patriarch, the Head of all Members of the Sangha"). There has been recent discussion about reforming the Thai Sangha's leadership structure, including a 2002 proposal which would have moved many of the Sangha Council's and the Supreme Patriarch's powers to a new executive council. (en)
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  • Supreme Patriarch of Thailand (en)
  • Oberster Mönchspatriarch Thailands (de)
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