Super Bowl XXXVIII – which was broadcast live on February 1, 2004, from Houston, Texas, on the CBS television network in the United States – was noted for a controversial halftime show in which Janet Jackson's breast, adorned with a nipple shield, was exposed by Justin Timberlake for about half a second, in what was later referred to as a "wardrobe malfunction". The incident, sometimes referred to as Nipplegate, was widely discussed. Along with the rest of the halftime show, it led to an immediate crackdown and widespread debate on perceived indecency in broadcasting. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) fined CBS a record US$550,000 which was fought in the Supreme Court, but that fine was appealed and ultimately voided by the Third Circuit Court of Appeals in a 2011 ruling, and a c

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dbo:abstract
  • Super Bowl XXXVIII – which was broadcast live on February 1, 2004, from Houston, Texas, on the CBS television network in the United States – was noted for a controversial halftime show in which Janet Jackson's breast, adorned with a nipple shield, was exposed by Justin Timberlake for about half a second, in what was later referred to as a "wardrobe malfunction". The incident, sometimes referred to as Nipplegate, was widely discussed. Along with the rest of the halftime show, it led to an immediate crackdown and widespread debate on perceived indecency in broadcasting. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) fined CBS a record US$550,000 which was fought in the Supreme Court, but that fine was appealed and ultimately voided by the Third Circuit Court of Appeals in a 2011 ruling, and a case to reinstate the fine was refused in 2012. The incident was ridiculed both within the United States and abroad, with a number of commentators considering the incident a pre-planned publicity stunt, and American commentators in particular viewing it as a sign of decreasing morality in American culture, while others considered the incident harmless and argued that it received an undue amount of attention and backlash. The increased regulation of broadcasting raised concerns regarding censorship and free speech in the United States, and the FCC increased the fine per indecency violation from US$27,500 to US$325,000 shortly after the event. The halftime show that year was produced by MTV and was themed around the network's Choose or Lose campaign due to the event occurring during a presidential election year. Following the wardrobe incident, the National Football League (NFL) announced that MTV, which also produced the halftime show for Super Bowl XXXV, would not be involved in any halftime shows in the future. The exposure was broadcast to a total audience of 143.6 million viewers. YouTube co-founder Jawed Karim claims that this incident was what led to the creation of the video sharing website. The incident also made "Janet Jackson" the most searched term, event and image in internet history, as well as the most searched person and term of 2004 and 2005. The incident also broke the record for "most searched event over one day". Jackson was later listed in the 2007 edition of Guinness World Records as "Most Searched in Internet History" and the "Most Searched for News Item". It became the most watched, recorded and replayed television moment in TiVo history and "enticed an estimated 35,000 new [TiVo] subscribers to sign up". The incident also coined the phrase "wardrobe malfunction", which was later added to the Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. Following the incident, media conglomerates involved with the broadcast who were fined by the FCC, including Viacom and CBS, their co-owned subsidiaries MTV and Infinity Broadcasting, and Clear Channel Communications, enforced a blacklist of Jackson's singles and music videos on many radio formats and music channels worldwide. The blacklisting and denouncement of Jackson was considered to be "one of the saddest things in pop music over the last decade". In January 2014, former FCC chairman Michael Powell stated that the controversy, fines, and reaction to the incident were overblown, and also said Jackson did not deserve the harsh treatment and blacklisting she had received in the media. Powell also considered it "unfair" that Timberlake did not receive the same effect and backlash that Jackson had endured. (en)
  • Nipplegate bezeichnet den von den meisten US-amerikanischen Medien als Skandal wahrgenommenen Auftritt von Janet Jackson und Justin Timberlake in der Halbzeitpause des 38. Super Bowls am 1. Februar 2004, der vom Musiksender MTV präsentiert wurde. Dabei wurde Jacksons rechte Brust entblößt. Der Name wurde in Anlehnung an die Watergate-Affäre und den Ausdruck nipple (dt.: Nippel‚ Brustwarze) gewählt. Die übliche Bezeichnung für derartige „Ausrutscher“ weiblicher Prominenter ist Busenblitzer (englisch wardrobe malfunction, nipple slip, nip slip). (de)
  • Le scandale du Nipplegate (mot-valise formé de l'anglais nipple, téton, et du suffixe -gate, du scandale du Watergate) est une affaire médiatique américaine qui a éclaté le 1er février 2004 lors de la retransmission en direct du Super Bowl XXXVIII 2004 sur CBS. Pendant son duo avec Janet Jackson, lors de la mi-temps, Justin Timberlake, le chanteur du groupe *NSYNC, arracha comme prévu dans la chorégraphie une partie du bustier de celle-ci. Le dispositif ne fonctionna pas exactement comme lors des répétitions et, au lieu de ne dévoiler que le soutien-gorge rouge de la chanteuse, Timberlake mit au jour le sein droit de Janet Jackson, orné d'un piercing et d'un bijou en forme d'étoile. Il s'ensuivit aux États-Unis une campagne médiatique disproportionnée par rapport à la gravité des faits. Malgré les excuses de Jackson et de Timberlake, l'affaire bénéficia d'une couverture de presse plus importante que les primaires démocrates. Michael Powell, président de la FCC, la Commission fédérale de la communication, et fils du secrétaire d'État Colin Powell, dut réagir. Il se déclara « outré qu'un tel spectacle ait pu être présenté à 85 millions d'Américains et leurs familles ». Plusieurs groupes religieux annoncèrent de « graves conséquences » pour CBS et MTV, les deux coproducteurs du spectacle. CBS annonça que Janet Jackson n'apparaîtrait pas le 8 février à la cérémonie des Grammy Awards, elle aussi retransmise par la chaîne. La NFL décida d'annuler le spectacle hip-hop prévu pour la mi-temps du Pro Bowl (le match qui marque la fin de la saison du football américain), N'Sync devant y interpréter une chanson jugée « trop suggestive ». ABC décida de retransmettre la cérémonie des Oscars, le 29 février, avec un différé de 5 minutes afin de pouvoir couper tout débordement jugé inapproprié. Le 5 février, la NBC coupa une scène de la série télévisée Urgences, dans laquelle apparaissait subrepticement le sein d'une malade de 80 ans. NBC justifia son geste par « l'atmosphère créée par les événements de la semaine ». Quant à AOL, commanditaire de la mi-temps du Super Bowl, il demanda d'être dédommagé d'une partie des 10 millions de dollars US qu'il avait investi. Quelques voix s'élevèrent néanmoins pour souligner le « ridicule de la situation ». Parmi celles-ci, on peut citer l'animateur de radio Howard Stern et l'éditorialiste du New York Times Maureen Dowd. Cet incident a eu tout de suite un impact sur Internet : « Janet Jackson » est devenue l'expression faisant l'objet du plus grand nombre de requêtes[Combien ?] pour tous les moteurs de recherche américains. Certains observateurs[Qui ?] estiment que le nombre de recherches générées a été plus important que celui observé à la suite des attentats du 11 septembre 2001[réf. nécessaire]. Cette affaire aurait été la plus recherchée en une seule journée sur Internet depuis sa création[réf. nécessaire]. Dans les jours qui ont suivi cette émission, 20 % des recherches sur Yahoo portaient sur cet évènement. Sur Lycos, les recherches sur « Janet Jackson » et « Justin Timberlake » ont été multipliées respectivement par 680 et 35. Les recherches sur la chanteuse ont été 80 fois plus nombreuses que celles sur Britney Spears, qui est pourtant souvent en tête des mots-clefs des moteurs de recherche. Un grand nombre de requêtes semblent motivées par la recherche de la vidéo en ligne de cet incident. * Portail des médias Portail des médias * Portail du football américain Portail du football américain * Portail de la musique Portail de la musique * Portail des années 2000 Portail des années 2000 * Portail de Houston Portail de Houston (fr)
  • Escândalo do Super Bowl XXXVIII refere-se à controvérsia criada durante o evento esportivo, que foi transmitido ao vivo de Houston, Texas em 1º de fevereiro de 2004 nos Estados Unidos através da CBS. Enquanto ocorria seu show do intervalo, o seio direito da cantora Janet Jackson, adornado com um piercing, foi exposto por Justin Timberlake durante meio segundo, no qual foi posteriormente referido como uma "nudez acidental". O incidente, geralmente referido como Nipplegate, foi amplamente discutido após a exibição do Super Bowl. Juntamente com o resto do show do intervalo, o escândalo levou a uma repressão imediata e um debate generalizado sobre a indecência percebida em transmissões. A Federal Communcations Commission (FCC) multou a CBS em US$ 550 mil, um processo que foi travado na Suprema Corte dos Estados Unidos, contestado e finalmente anulado pelo Terceiro Circuito de Apelações em uma decisão feita em 2011; um caso de restabelecer a multa foi recusado no ano seguinte. O escândalo foi ridicularizado tanto dentro quanto fora dos Estados Unidos; alguns comentaristas do país viram o incidente como um sinal da decrescente moralidade na cultura nacional, enquanto outros o consideraram "inofensivo" e sentiram uma quantidade excessiva de atenção e reação negativa. O aumento da regulamentação de transmissões levantou preocupações sobre censura e liberdade de expressão nos Estados Unidos, e a FCC aumentou o valor da multa por violação de incidência — de US$ 27 500 a US$ 325 mil — pouco após o evento. O show do intervalo daquele ano foi produzido pela MTV e tematizado com a campanha "Rock the Vote" feita pela emissora, devido à eleição presidencial daquele ano. Após o incidente, a National Football League (NFL) anunciou que a MTV, que também havia produzido o show do intervalo do Super Bowl XXV, não estaria mais envolvida em nenhum evento do tipo futuramente. A exposição foi transmitida para um público total de 143.6 milhões de espectadores. Jawed Karim, cofundador do YouTube, citou o incidente como uma das principais razões para a criação do portal de compartilhamento de vídeos. O escândalo também fez "Janet Jackson" se tornar o termo, evento e imagem mais procurados na história da Internet, bem como a pessoa e termo mais buscado nos anos de 2004 e 2005. O incidente também quebrou o recorde de "evento mais procurado em um dia". Jackson foi posteriormente listada na edição de 2007 do Guinness World Records como a "Mais Procurada na História da Internet" e a "Mais Procurada para Itens de Notícias". A exposição também converteu-se no momento televisivo mais visto, gravado e reprisado na história do TiVo, tendo sido responsável também por "atrair cerca de 35 mil novos usuários [do TiVo]". O incidente também popularizou a expressão "wardrobe malfunction", que foi posteriormente adicionada ao Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. Após o incidente, conglomerados da mídia envolvidos com a transmissão foram multados pela FCC, incluindo a Viacom e a CBS, suas empresas subsidiárias MTV e Infinity Broadcasting, e a Clear Channel Communications, passando a colocar singles e vídeos musicais de Jackson na lista negra de muitas rádios e canais musicais ao redor do mundo; este ato foi considerado "uma das coisas mais tristes da música pop na década" de 2010. Em janeiro de 2014, o ex-presidente da FCC Michael Powell declarou que as controvérsias, multas e reações em relação ao incidente foram exageradas, declarando que a cantora não merecia o duro tratamento e a entrada na lista negra da mídia. Ele também considerou "injusto" o fato de Timberlake não ter recebido o mesmo efeito e negativação enfrentado por Jackson — o que foi estudado por diversas autoras feministas. (pt)
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  • "[The furor] is hypocritical, with everything you see on TV. There are more important thing to focus on than a woman's body part, which is a beautiful thing. There's war, famine, homelessness, AIDS. [...] They needed something to focus on instead of the war, and I was the perfect vehicle for that. [...] People are going to think what they want. It was an accident. It was not a stunt. That was embarrassing for me to have all those people see my breast."
  • "It's truly embarrassing for me to know that 90 million [140 million] people saw my breast, and then to see it blown up on the Internet the size of a computer screen ..." "But there are much worse things in the world, and for this to be such a focus, I don't understand".
  • "[We are] absolutely bailing on the record [...] The pressure is so great, they can't align with anything related to Janet. The high-ups are still pissed at her, and this is a punitive measure." "[...] radio wouldn't play it and MTV wouldn't play her videos for "I Want You" and "All Nite", two songs that would've been out-of-the-park hits at any other point in Jackson's career."
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  • – Jackson questioning media's focus on the event.
  • – Viacom revealing Jackson's blacklist; commentary from The Charlotte Observer
  • – Jackson on Super Bowl incident.
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rdfs:comment
  • Nipplegate bezeichnet den von den meisten US-amerikanischen Medien als Skandal wahrgenommenen Auftritt von Janet Jackson und Justin Timberlake in der Halbzeitpause des 38. Super Bowls am 1. Februar 2004, der vom Musiksender MTV präsentiert wurde. Dabei wurde Jacksons rechte Brust entblößt. Der Name wurde in Anlehnung an die Watergate-Affäre und den Ausdruck nipple (dt.: Nippel‚ Brustwarze) gewählt. Die übliche Bezeichnung für derartige „Ausrutscher“ weiblicher Prominenter ist Busenblitzer (englisch wardrobe malfunction, nipple slip, nip slip). (de)
  • Super Bowl XXXVIII – which was broadcast live on February 1, 2004, from Houston, Texas, on the CBS television network in the United States – was noted for a controversial halftime show in which Janet Jackson's breast, adorned with a nipple shield, was exposed by Justin Timberlake for about half a second, in what was later referred to as a "wardrobe malfunction". The incident, sometimes referred to as Nipplegate, was widely discussed. Along with the rest of the halftime show, it led to an immediate crackdown and widespread debate on perceived indecency in broadcasting. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) fined CBS a record US$550,000 which was fought in the Supreme Court, but that fine was appealed and ultimately voided by the Third Circuit Court of Appeals in a 2011 ruling, and a c (en)
  • Le scandale du Nipplegate (mot-valise formé de l'anglais nipple, téton, et du suffixe -gate, du scandale du Watergate) est une affaire médiatique américaine qui a éclaté le 1er février 2004 lors de la retransmission en direct du Super Bowl XXXVIII 2004 sur CBS. Il s'ensuivit aux États-Unis une campagne médiatique disproportionnée par rapport à la gravité des faits. Malgré les excuses de Jackson et de Timberlake, l'affaire bénéficia d'une couverture de presse plus importante que les primaires démocrates. (fr)
  • Escândalo do Super Bowl XXXVIII refere-se à controvérsia criada durante o evento esportivo, que foi transmitido ao vivo de Houston, Texas em 1º de fevereiro de 2004 nos Estados Unidos através da CBS. Enquanto ocorria seu show do intervalo, o seio direito da cantora Janet Jackson, adornado com um piercing, foi exposto por Justin Timberlake durante meio segundo, no qual foi posteriormente referido como uma "nudez acidental". O incidente, geralmente referido como Nipplegate, foi amplamente discutido após a exibição do Super Bowl. Juntamente com o resto do show do intervalo, o escândalo levou a uma repressão imediata e um debate generalizado sobre a indecência percebida em transmissões. A Federal Communcations Commission (FCC) multou a CBS em US$ 550 mil, um processo que foi travado na Suprema (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime-show controversy (en)
  • Nipplegate (de)
  • Scandale du Nipplegate (fr)
  • Escândalo do Super Bowl XXXVIII (pt)
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