Stephen Rochefontaine (February 20, 1755 Ay, Marne France – January 30, 1814 New York City) was a French-born military engineer who served as such in the Continental Army, during the American Revolutionary War, and later as the Chief of Engineers of the United States Army Corps of Engineers. He was born Étienne Nicolas Marie Béchet, Sieur de Rochefontaine.

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  • Stephen Rochefontaine (February 20, 1755 Ay, Marne France – January 30, 1814 New York City) was a French-born military engineer who served as such in the Continental Army, during the American Revolutionary War, and later as the Chief of Engineers of the United States Army Corps of Engineers. He was born Étienne Nicolas Marie Béchet, Sieur de Rochefontaine. Rochefontaine came to America in 1778 after failing to gain a position in the French Royal Corps of Engineers. He volunteered in General Washington's Continental Army on May 15, 1778 and was appointed captain in the Corps of Engineers on September 18, 1778. For his distinguished services at the siege of Yorktown, Rochefontaine was given the brevet rank of major by Congress, November 16, 1781. He returned to France in 1783 and served as an infantry officer, reaching the rank of colonel in the French Army. He came back to the United States in 1792 and anglicized his first name to Stephen. President Washington appointed him a civilian engineer to fortify the New England coast, in 1794. After the new Corps of Artillerists and Engineers was organized, Washington made Rochefontaine a lieutenant colonel and commandant of the new Corps on February 26, 1795. Rochefontaine started a military school at West Point in 1795, but the building and all his equipment were burned the following year. He left the Army on May 7, 1798, and lived in New York City, where he died January 30, 1814. He is buried in the Churchyard of St. Paul's Chapel in New York. (en)
  • Nato in Francia il 20 febbraio 1755 col nome di Étienne Nicolas Marie Béchet, Sieur de Rochefontaine, Rochefontaine giunse in America nel 1778 dopo non essere riuscito ad entrare nel Corpo Reale del Genio Francese. Nello stesso anno si arruolò come volontario nell'Esercito Continentale del generale Washington, col grado di capitano del Genio. Per essersi distinto nella battaglia di Yorktown, nel 1781 il Congresso diede a Rochefontaine il grado di maggiore. Tornato in Francia nel 1783, servì come ufficiale di fanteria dell'esercito francese, raggiungendo il grado di colonnello. Di nuovo negli Stati Uniti nel 1792, anglicizzò il suo primo nome in Stephen.Nel 1794 il presidente Washington gli assegnò il compito di fortificare la costa del New England. Dopo che fu istituito il nuovo United States Army Corps of Engineers, Washington promosse Rochefontaine al grado di tenente colonnello e comandante del nuovo Corpo il 26 febbraio 1795. Rochefontaine iniziò un corso militare a West Point nel 1795, ma un incendio distrusse l'edificio e tutto il suo equipaggiamento l'anno successivo. Lasciò l'esercito nel 1798 e si stabilì a New York, dove morì il 30 gennaio 1814. (it)
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  • Stephen Rochefontaine (February 20, 1755 Ay, Marne France – January 30, 1814 New York City) was a French-born military engineer who served as such in the Continental Army, during the American Revolutionary War, and later as the Chief of Engineers of the United States Army Corps of Engineers. He was born Étienne Nicolas Marie Béchet, Sieur de Rochefontaine. (en)
  • Nato in Francia il 20 febbraio 1755 col nome di Étienne Nicolas Marie Béchet, Sieur de Rochefontaine, Rochefontaine giunse in America nel 1778 dopo non essere riuscito ad entrare nel Corpo Reale del Genio Francese. Nello stesso anno si arruolò come volontario nell'Esercito Continentale del generale Washington, col grado di capitano del Genio.Per essersi distinto nella battaglia di Yorktown, nel 1781 il Congresso diede a Rochefontaine il grado di maggiore.Tornato in Francia nel 1783, servì come ufficiale di fanteria dell'esercito francese, raggiungendo il grado di colonnello. (it)
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  • Stephen Rochefontaine (en)
  • Stephen Rochefontaine (it)
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