Standard Telecommunication Laboratories was the UK Research Laboratories for the Standard Telephones and Cables Company (STC).Initially based in Enfield, North London, and moved to Harlow Essex in 1959. At this time STC was part of ITT. It is now recognised as the birthplace of optical fibre communications, for it is here that Sir Charles K. Kao, George Hockham and others pioneered the use of single-mode optical fibre made from low loss glass. In 2009 Charles Kao was awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics, for pioneering optical fibre communication.

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  • Standard Telecommunication Laboratories était le laboratoire de recherches de la société Standard Telephones and Cables (en) (STC), filiale d'ITT. Basée initialement à Enfield, au nord de Londres, les laboratoires furent transférés à Harlow, dans l'Exxex. Avant 1931, ITT avait installé un laboratoire de recherches à l'aérodrome de Hendon, dans des locaux précédemment occupés par la Royal Air Force, mais ce premier laboratoire de recherches dont les effectifs avaient atteint jusqu'à 420 personnes avait été abandonné en 1931 à cause de la Grande Dépression, mais aussi parce que le principal sujet de recherches attribué au laboratoire britannique par le président d'ITT Sosthenes Behn ne pouvait pas aboutir. Les nouveaux laboratoires constitués comme une filiale de STC sous le nom de STL furent installés de façon temporaire à Enfield en décembre 1945. Les effectifs atteignirent 217 à la fin de 1946 et 408 à la fin de 1950. À cette époque, parmi les célébrités du laboratoire, on peut citer les noms de A.W.Montgomery, A.T. Starr, Harry Grayson, Norman Moody, Geoff Dawson, Harold Walker, E.P.G.Wright, Roland Dunkley et Alec Reeves initia des recherches sur les fibres optiques où s'illustrèrent Charles Kao et George Hockham (en) qui furent honorés du Prix Nobel de physique. Charles Kao avait intégré les STL au moment où il préparait son doctorat au début des années 1960. (fr)
  • Standard Telecommunication Laboratories was the UK Research Laboratories for the Standard Telephones and Cables Company (STC).Initially based in Enfield, North London, and moved to Harlow Essex in 1959. At this time STC was part of ITT. It is now recognised as the birthplace of optical fibre communications, for it is here that Sir Charles K. Kao, George Hockham and others pioneered the use of single-mode optical fibre made from low loss glass. In 2009 Charles Kao was awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics, for pioneering optical fibre communication. Another famous name associated with STL is Alec Reeves, previously famous for inventing Pulse Code Modulation while working at the Paris labs of the parent company ITT in 1938, and for his invention of the wartime bomber navigation system OBOE. Alec headed a team working on various means of optical communication, prior to the emergence of glass optical fibre as the leading contender. In 1991, the laboratories became a part of Bell Northern Research (BNR), following the acquisition of STC by Northern Telecom, which later became Nortel. Nortel has subsequently gone into Chapter 11 (a chapter of the United States Bankruptcy Code) and been broken up and sold off. The last remnants of the laboratories at the Harlow, Essex site, have now disappeared. (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Standard Telecommunication Laboratories était le laboratoire de recherches de la société Standard Telephones and Cables (en) (STC), filiale d'ITT. Basée initialement à Enfield, au nord de Londres, les laboratoires furent transférés à Harlow, dans l'Exxex. (fr)
  • Standard Telecommunication Laboratories was the UK Research Laboratories for the Standard Telephones and Cables Company (STC).Initially based in Enfield, North London, and moved to Harlow Essex in 1959. At this time STC was part of ITT. It is now recognised as the birthplace of optical fibre communications, for it is here that Sir Charles K. Kao, George Hockham and others pioneered the use of single-mode optical fibre made from low loss glass. In 2009 Charles Kao was awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics, for pioneering optical fibre communication. (en)
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  • Standard Telecommunication Laboratories (fr)
  • Standard Telecommunication Laboratories (en)
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