The Soviet Union signed a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany on 23 August 1939. In addition to stipulations of non-aggression, the treaty included a secret protocol that divided territories of Romania, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Finland into German and Soviet "spheres of influence", anticipating potential "territorial and political rearrangements" of these countries. Stalin and Hitler later traded proposals after a Soviet entry into the Axis Pact.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Впервые СССР принял участие в вооружённых конфликтах Второй мировой войны 17 сентября 1939 года во время Польского похода, а непосредственно вступил в войну 22 июня 1941 года после вторжения на его территорию нацистской Германии и её сателлитов и c началом Великой Отечественной войны. Советская и мировая историография имеют различные точки зрения на включение ряда кампаний в ход Второй мировой войны (в частности, Зимней войны), однако, согласно мнению экспертов, именно СССР внёс самый значительный вклад в победу антигитлеровской коалиции во Второй мировой. По оценке Г. Ф. Кривошеева, общие демографические потери (включающие погибшее мирное население на оккупированной территории и повышенную смертность на остальной территории СССР от невзгод войны) — 26,6 млн. человек. (ru)
  • The Soviet Union signed a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany on 23 August 1939. In addition to stipulations of non-aggression, the treaty included a secret protocol that divided territories of Romania, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Finland into German and Soviet "spheres of influence", anticipating potential "territorial and political rearrangements" of these countries. Stalin and Hitler later traded proposals after a Soviet entry into the Axis Pact. Germany invaded Poland on 1 September 1939. Joseph Stalin waited until 17 September before launching his own invasion of Poland. Part of southeastern (Karelia) and Salla region in Finland were annexed by the Soviet Union after the Winter War. This was followed by Soviet annexations of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and parts of Romania (Bessarabia, Northern Bukovina and the Hertza region). It was only in 1989 that the Soviet Union admitted the existence of the secret protocol of the Nazi-Soviet pact regarding the planned divisions of these territories. The invasion of Bukovina violated the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, as it went beyond the Soviet sphere agreed with the Axis. In 1940-41 Stalin ignored reports of an Axis invasion. On 22 June 1941, Hitler launched an invasion of the Soviet Union. Stalin was confident that the total Allied war machine would eventually stop Germany, and with Lend Lease from the West, the Soviets stopped the Wehrmacht some 30 kilometres from Moscow. Over the next four years, the Soviet Union repulsed Axis offensives, such as at the Battle of Stalingrad and Battle of Kursk, and pressed forward to victory in large Soviet offensives such as the Vistula-Oder Offensive. Stalin began to listen to his generals more after Kursk. The bulk of Soviet fighting took place on the Eastern Front—including a continued war with Finland—but it also invaded Iran (August 1941) in cooperation with the British and late in the war attacked Japan (August 1945). Stalin met with Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt at the Tehran Conference and began to discuss a two-front war against Germany and future of Europe after the war. Berlin finally fell in April 1945, but Stalin was never fully convinced his nemesis Adolf Hitler had committed suicide. Fending off the German invasion and pressing to victory in the East required a tremendous sacrifice by the Soviet Union, which suffered the highest military casualties in the war, losing approximately 20 million men. Stalin became personally involved with questionable tactics employed during the war, including the Katyn massacre, Order No. 270, Order No. 227 and NKVD prisoner massacres. Controversy also surrounds rapes and looting in Soviet-held territory, along with large numbers of deaths of POWs held by the Soviets, and the Soviets' abusive treatment of their own soldiers who had been held in German POW camps. (en)
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 21619085 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 745301865 (xsd:integer)
dct:subject
rdfs:comment
  • The Soviet Union signed a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany on 23 August 1939. In addition to stipulations of non-aggression, the treaty included a secret protocol that divided territories of Romania, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Finland into German and Soviet "spheres of influence", anticipating potential "territorial and political rearrangements" of these countries. Stalin and Hitler later traded proposals after a Soviet entry into the Axis Pact. (en)
  • Впервые СССР принял участие в вооружённых конфликтах Второй мировой войны 17 сентября 1939 года во время Польского похода, а непосредственно вступил в войну 22 июня 1941 года после вторжения на его территорию нацистской Германии и её сателлитов и c началом Великой Отечественной войны. (ru)
rdfs:label
  • Soviet Union in World War II (en)
  • СССР во Второй мировой войне (ru)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is foaf:primaryTopic of