The Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I was fought between the British Empire and the Ottoman Empire, supported by the German Empire. It started with an Ottoman attempt at raiding the Suez Canal in 1915, and ended with the Armistice of Mudros in 1918, leading to the cession of Ottoman Syria and Palestine.

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dbo:abstract
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) حملة سيناء وفلسطين هي حملة عسكرية وقعت في مسرح أحداث الشرق الأوسط خلال الحرب العالمية الأولى بين بريطانيا والدولة العثمانية خلال الفترة ما بين 26 يناير 1915 و31 أكتوبر 1918 حينما عرض العثمانيون الهدنة. كان هدف الحملة بالنسبة للعثمانيين هو قطع طريق امدادات الحلفاء المار عبر قناة السويس في مصر وشرعوا من أجل ذلك بغزو سيناء التابعة للمملكة المصرية التي كانت آنذاك محمية بريطانية. انتهت الحملة بانتصار الحلفاء وسقوط بلاد الشام بيدهم وانهاء الحكم العثماني فيها الذي دام لأكثر من 400 عام. (ar)
  • The Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I was fought between the British Empire and the Ottoman Empire, supported by the German Empire. It started with an Ottoman attempt at raiding the Suez Canal in 1915, and ended with the Armistice of Mudros in 1918, leading to the cession of Ottoman Syria and Palestine. Fighting began in January 1915, when a German-led Ottoman force invaded the Sinai Peninsula, then part of the British Protectorate of Egypt, to unsuccessfully raid the Suez Canal. After the Gallipoli Campaign, veterans from each side formed the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) and the Fourth Army in Palestine, to fight for the Sinai Peninsula in 1916. During this campaign the Anzac Mounted Division and the 52nd (Lowland) Division succeeded in pushing German-led Ottoman Army units out of the area, beginning with the Battle of Romani and pursuit in August, the Battle of Magdhaba in December, and in January 1917 the newly formed Desert Column completed the recapture of the Sinai at the Battle of Rafa. These three victories, resulting in the recapture of substantial Egyptian territory, were followed in March and April, by two EEF defeats on Ottoman territory, at the First and Second Battles of Gaza in southern Palestine. After a period of stalemate in Southern Palestine from April to October 1917, General Edmund Allenby captured Beersheba from the III Corps. Having weakened the Ottoman defences, which had stretched almost continually from Gaza to Beersheba, they were finally captured by 8 November, after the Battle of Tel el Khuweilfe, the Battle of Hareira and Sheria and the Third Battle of Gaza, when the pursuit began. During the subsequent operations, about 50 miles (80 km) of formerly Ottoman territory was captured as a result of the EEF victories at the Battle of Mughar Ridge, fought between 10 and 14 November, and the Battle of Jerusalem, fought between 17 November and 30 December. Serious losses on the Western Front in March 1918, during Erich Ludendorff's German Spring Offensive, forced the British Empire to send reinforcements from the EEF. During this time, two unsuccessful attacks were made to capture Amman and to capture Es Salt in March and April 1918, before Allenby's force resumed the offensive during the manoeuvre warfare of the Battle of Megiddo. The successful infantry battles at Tulkarm and Tabsor created gaps in the Ottoman front line, allowing the pursuing Desert Mounted Corps to encircle the infantry fighting in the Judean Hills and fight the Battle of Nazareth and Battle of Samakh, capturing Afulah, Beisan, Jenin and Tiberias. In the process the EEF destroyed three Ottoman armies during the Battle of Sharon, the Battle of Nablus and the Third Transjordan attack, capturing thousands of prisoners and large quantities of equipment. Damascus and Aleppo were captured during the subsequent pursuit, before the Ottoman Empire agreed to the Armistice of Mudros on 30 October 1918, ending the Sinai and Palestine Campaign. The British Mandate of Palestine and the French Mandate for Syria and Lebanon were created to administer the captured territories. The campaign was generally not well known or understood during the war. The English people thought of it as a minor operation, a waste of precious resources which would be better spent on the Western Front, while the peoples of India were more interested in the Mesopotamian campaign and the occupation of Baghdad. Australia did not have a war correspondent in the area until Captain Frank Hurley, the first Australian Official Photographer, arrived in August 1917 after visiting the Western Front. Henry Gullett, the first Official War Correspondent, arrived in November 1917. The long-lasting effect of this campaign was the Partitioning of the Ottoman Empire, when France won the mandate for Syria and Lebanon, while the British Empire won the mandates for Mesopotamia and Palestine. The Republic of Turkey came into existence in 1923 after the Turkish War of Independence ended the Ottoman Empire. The European mandates ended with the formation of the Kingdom of Iraq in 1932, the Lebanese Republic in 1943, the State of Israel in 1948, and the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan and Syrian Arab Republic in 1946. (en)
  • La Campaña del Sinaí y Palestina fue una serie de batallas que enfrentaron a las fuerzas del Reino Unido, India, Australia y Nueva Zelanda contra las fuerzas del Imperio alemán y el otomano en el marco del Frente del Oriente Medio de la Primera Guerra Mundial, teniendo lugar en la península del Sinaí, Palestina y Siria entre el 28 de enero de 1915 y 28 de octubre de 1918 (es)
  • Die Palästinafront bzw. Sinaifront war ein Nebenkriegsschauplatz im Ersten Weltkrieg. Hier standen sich 1915 bis 1918 die Truppen der Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) und die osmanischen Armee in wechselvollen Kämpfen gegenüber. (de)
  • La campagne du Sinaï et de Palestine eut pour théâtre le front du Moyen-Orient durant la Première Guerre mondiale. Cette série de batailles opposa les forces de l'Empire britannique, de l'Empire allemand et de l'Empire ottoman du 26 janvier 1915 au 31 octobre 1918, date à laquelle l'armistice de Moudros fut signé entre l'Empire ottoman et la Triple-Entente. (fr)
  • La campagna del Sinai e della Palestina del teatro di guerra del Medio Oriente della prima guerra mondiale fu una serie di battaglie che furono combattute nella penisola del Sinai, nella Palestina ed in Siria tra il 28 gennaio 1915 ed il 28 ottobre 1918. Le truppe dell'Impero Britannico (inglesi, indiani, australiani e neozelandesi) si opposero alle forze ottomane, appoggiate dai tedeschi. Al termine della Campagna l'intera armata ottomana della zona era stata distrutta. (it)
  • A Campanha do Sinai e da Palestina, ocorrida durante o teatro de operações do Oriente Médio, na Primeira Guerra Mundial, foi uma série de batalhas ocorridas na península do Sinai, Palestina e Síria, entre 28 de janeiro de 1915 e 28 de outubro de 1918. Tropas britânicas, indianas, australianas e neozelandesas enfrentaram as forças dos impérios alemão e otomano. (pt)
  • Сина́йско-Палести́нская кампа́ния (англ. Sinai and Palestine Campaign, тур. Sina ve Filistin Cephesi; 28 января 1915 г. — 30 октября 1918 г.) — боевые действия на Синайском полуострове, в Палестине и в Сирии, происходившие во время Первой мировой войны между армиями Антанты (Великобритания, её доминионы и французские подразделения) с одной стороны и Центральных держав (Османская империя при поддержке Германии) — с другой. После вступления Османской империи в Первую мировую войну, османское руководство приняло решение захватить Суэцкий канал. В 1915 году развернулась борьба за Суэц, в ходе которой британским войскам удалось отбить попытки турецкой армии захватить канал. В 1916 году и в начале 1917 года продолжалась синайская кампания, в ходе которой британским войскам удалось оттеснить османскую армию в Палестину. В январе 1917 года во время боя у Рафы началась палестинская кампания. В конце 1917 года в боях у Газы и Беэр-Шевы британцам удалось прорвать османский фронт и захватить Иерусалим. В сентябре 1918 года, после затишья, британские войска начали наступление, которое завершилось разгромом турецкой армии и захватом Палестины, а также практически всей территории Сирии войсками Британской империи и отрядами арабских повстанцев. Боевые действия завершились на следующий день после подписания Мудросского перемирия. После войны Палестина стала британской мандатной территорией. (ru)
dbo:causalties
  • 601,000 total casualties
dbo:combatant
  • German Empire
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1915-01-28 (xsd:date)
  • 1918-10-30 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • British Empire victory
dbo:strength
  • September 1918:
  • 1,200,000 (total)
  • 467,650 men
  • January 1915:''
  • September 1917:
  • over 150,000 men
  • ~57,000
dbo:territory
dbo:thumbnail
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  • 1027093 (xsd:integer)
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  • 745189440 (xsd:integer)
dbp:caption
  • 10.500000 (xsd:double)
dbp:casualties
  • ?
dbp:units
  • Force in Egypt Egyptian Expeditionary Force * Eastern Force * XX Corps * XXI Corps * Desert Mounted Corps
  • Fourth Army * XX Corps * XXII Corps * III Corps * Yildirim Army Group * Seventh Army * Eighth Army
dbp:wordnet_type
dct:subject
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rdfs:comment
  • 25بك المحتوى هنا ينقصه الاستشهاد بمصادر. يرجى إيراد مصادر موثوق بها. أي معلومات غير موثقة يمكن التشكيك بها وإزالتها. (مارس 2016) حملة سيناء وفلسطين هي حملة عسكرية وقعت في مسرح أحداث الشرق الأوسط خلال الحرب العالمية الأولى بين بريطانيا والدولة العثمانية خلال الفترة ما بين 26 يناير 1915 و31 أكتوبر 1918 حينما عرض العثمانيون الهدنة. كان هدف الحملة بالنسبة للعثمانيين هو قطع طريق امدادات الحلفاء المار عبر قناة السويس في مصر وشرعوا من أجل ذلك بغزو سيناء التابعة للمملكة المصرية التي كانت آنذاك محمية بريطانية. انتهت الحملة بانتصار الحلفاء وسقوط بلاد الشام بيدهم وانهاء الحكم العثماني فيها الذي دام لأكثر من 400 عام. (ar)
  • La Campaña del Sinaí y Palestina fue una serie de batallas que enfrentaron a las fuerzas del Reino Unido, India, Australia y Nueva Zelanda contra las fuerzas del Imperio alemán y el otomano en el marco del Frente del Oriente Medio de la Primera Guerra Mundial, teniendo lugar en la península del Sinaí, Palestina y Siria entre el 28 de enero de 1915 y 28 de octubre de 1918 (es)
  • Die Palästinafront bzw. Sinaifront war ein Nebenkriegsschauplatz im Ersten Weltkrieg. Hier standen sich 1915 bis 1918 die Truppen der Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) und die osmanischen Armee in wechselvollen Kämpfen gegenüber. (de)
  • La campagne du Sinaï et de Palestine eut pour théâtre le front du Moyen-Orient durant la Première Guerre mondiale. Cette série de batailles opposa les forces de l'Empire britannique, de l'Empire allemand et de l'Empire ottoman du 26 janvier 1915 au 31 octobre 1918, date à laquelle l'armistice de Moudros fut signé entre l'Empire ottoman et la Triple-Entente. (fr)
  • La campagna del Sinai e della Palestina del teatro di guerra del Medio Oriente della prima guerra mondiale fu una serie di battaglie che furono combattute nella penisola del Sinai, nella Palestina ed in Siria tra il 28 gennaio 1915 ed il 28 ottobre 1918. Le truppe dell'Impero Britannico (inglesi, indiani, australiani e neozelandesi) si opposero alle forze ottomane, appoggiate dai tedeschi. Al termine della Campagna l'intera armata ottomana della zona era stata distrutta. (it)
  • A Campanha do Sinai e da Palestina, ocorrida durante o teatro de operações do Oriente Médio, na Primeira Guerra Mundial, foi uma série de batalhas ocorridas na península do Sinai, Palestina e Síria, entre 28 de janeiro de 1915 e 28 de outubro de 1918. Tropas britânicas, indianas, australianas e neozelandesas enfrentaram as forças dos impérios alemão e otomano. (pt)
  • The Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I was fought between the British Empire and the Ottoman Empire, supported by the German Empire. It started with an Ottoman attempt at raiding the Suez Canal in 1915, and ended with the Armistice of Mudros in 1918, leading to the cession of Ottoman Syria and Palestine. (en)
  • Сина́йско-Палести́нская кампа́ния (англ. Sinai and Palestine Campaign, тур. Sina ve Filistin Cephesi; 28 января 1915 г. — 30 октября 1918 г.) — боевые действия на Синайском полуострове, в Палестине и в Сирии, происходившие во время Первой мировой войны между армиями Антанты (Великобритания, её доминионы и французские подразделения) с одной стороны и Центральных держав (Османская империя при поддержке Германии) — с другой. После войны Палестина стала британской мандатной территорией. (ru)
rdfs:label
  • حملة سيناء وفلسطين (ar)
  • Sinai and Palestine Campaign (en)
  • Palästinafront (de)
  • Campaña del Sinaí y Palestina (es)
  • Campagna del Sinai e della Palestina (it)
  • Campagne du Sinaï et de la Palestine (fr)
  • Campanha do Sinai e Palestina (pt)
  • Синайско-Палестинская кампания (ru)
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  • Sinai and Palestine Campaign (en)
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