Sherry Turkle (born June 18, 1948) is the Abby Rockefeller Mauzé Professor of the Social Studies of Science and Technology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She obtained a BA in Social Studies and later a Ph.D. in Sociology and Personality Psychology at Harvard University. She now focuses her research on psychoanalysis and human-technology interaction. She has written several books focusing on the psychology of human relationships with technology, especially in the realm of how people relate to computational objects.

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  • Sherry Turkle (born June 18, 1948) is the Abby Rockefeller Mauzé Professor of the Social Studies of Science and Technology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She obtained a BA in Social Studies and later a Ph.D. in Sociology and Personality Psychology at Harvard University. She now focuses her research on psychoanalysis and human-technology interaction. She has written several books focusing on the psychology of human relationships with technology, especially in the realm of how people relate to computational objects. In The Second Self, originally published in 1984, Turkle writes about how computers are not tools as much as they are a part of our social and psychological lives. “‘Technology,’ she writes, ‘catalyzes changes not only in what we do but in how we think.’” She goes on using Jean Piaget's psychology discourse to discuss how children learn about computers and how this affects their minds. The Second Self was received well by critics and was praised for being “a very thorough and ambitious study.” In Life on the Screen, Turkle discusses how emerging technology, specifically computers, affect the way we think and see ourselves as humans. She presents to us the different ways in which computers affect us, and how it has led us to the now prevalent use of "cyberspace." Turkle suggests that assuming different personal identities in a MUD (i.e. computer fantasy game) may be therapeutic. She also considers the problems that arise when using MUDs. Turkle discusses what she calls women's "non-linear" approach to the technology, calling it "soft mastery" and "bricolage" (as opposed to the "hard mastery" of linear, abstract thinking and computer programming). She discusses problems that arise when children pose as adults online. Turkle also explores the psychological and societal impact of such "relational artifacts" as social robots, and how these and other technologies are changing attitudes about human life and living things generally. One result may be a devaluation of authentic experience in a relationship.Together with Seymour Papert she wrote the influential paper "Epistemological Pluralism and the Revaluation of the Concrete."Turkle has written numerous articles on psychoanalysis and culture and on the "subjective side" of people's relationships with technology, especially computers. She is engaged in active study of robots, digital pets, and simulated creatures, particularly those designed for children and the elderly as well as in a study of mobile cellular technologies. Profiles of Turkle have appeared in such publications as The New York Times, Scientific American, and Wired Magazine. She is a featured media commentator on the effects of technology for CNN, NBC, ABC, and NPR, including appearances on such programs as Nightline and 20/20. Turkle has begun to assess the adverse effects of rapidly advancing technology on human social behavior. Alone Together: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less from Each Other was published in 2011 and when discussing the topic she speaks about the need to limit the use of popular technological devices because of these adverse effects. (en)
  • Sherry Turkle (* 18. Juni 1948 in New York) ist eine US-amerikanische Soziologin und Professorin für Science, Technology and Society am Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Ihre Forschungen konzentrieren sich auf Psychoanalyse und Kultur und auf die psychologische Beziehung, die Menschen zu technischen Geräten, insbesondere Computern unterhalten. (de)
  • Sherry Turkle, née le 18 juin 1948 à New York, est professeur d'études sociales en science et technologie au Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (fr)
  • È un personaggio intellettuale di spicco che si occupa di studi sociali nel contesto delle relazioni tra tecnologia e soggetti umani. La sua carriera inizia negli anni settanta con gli studi di sociologia e psicologia presso l'Università di Harvard. Nel 1999 diventa professore di Social Studies of Science and Technology nel prestigioso Program in Science, Technology and Society del Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Attualmente dirige il MIT Initiative on Technology and Self, da lei fondato nel 2001. Le ricerche di questa iniziativa indagano i mutamenti nella costruzione dell'identità o, più in generale, sugli effetti sugli esseri umani, dovuti alle loro relazioni con gli "artefatti", intesi come insieme di tecnologie, dai videogiochi alla robotica ai software per simulazioni. Nello specifico il MIT Initiative on Technology and Self ha come aree di ricerca i bambini, Identità e Cultura digital, nanotecnologie e Identità umana, prospettive psicodinamiche sulla relazione tra tecnologia e il Sè. Al suo interno la Turkle conduce attualmente il progetto "Relational Artifacts" sostenuto dal National Science Foundation, incentrato sull'impatto psicologico del passaggio del computer da semplice macchina di computazione a medium sociale. Sulla stessa linea d'interesse è la conferenza che la Turkle tiene nel maggio 2002, dal titolo "Whiter Psychoanalysis in Digital Culture?", nella quale si esplora un possibile dialogo tra la tradizione psicoanalitica e quella degli studi sociali e culturali sulla scienze e la tecnologia. In uno dei suoi più importanti lavori, Life on the Screen (1995), la Turkle discute su come la tecnologia emergente, e nello specifico i computer, incidono nel nostro modo di pensare e relazionarci nel cosiddetto cyberspazio, dimensione virtuale nella quale è possibile inviare emails, discutere e relazionarci con altri utenti attraverso più finestre. Un altro aspetto affrontato in questo lavoro è la possibilità e i possibili risvolti terapeutici che si hanno nell'assumere più personalità all'interno di un M.U.D. (Multi-User Domains), come ad esempio videogiochi di genere fantasy al pc. (it)
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  • 1948-06-18 (xsd:date)
  • 1948-6-18
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  • Detailed interview at priory.com
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  • ''The Second Self: Computers and the Human Spirit", Alone Together: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less from Each Other
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  • American social scientist and psychologist (en)
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  • Sherry Turkle (* 18. Juni 1948 in New York) ist eine US-amerikanische Soziologin und Professorin für Science, Technology and Society am Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Ihre Forschungen konzentrieren sich auf Psychoanalyse und Kultur und auf die psychologische Beziehung, die Menschen zu technischen Geräten, insbesondere Computern unterhalten. (de)
  • Sherry Turkle, née le 18 juin 1948 à New York, est professeur d'études sociales en science et technologie au Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (fr)
  • Sherry Turkle (born June 18, 1948) is the Abby Rockefeller Mauzé Professor of the Social Studies of Science and Technology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She obtained a BA in Social Studies and later a Ph.D. in Sociology and Personality Psychology at Harvard University. She now focuses her research on psychoanalysis and human-technology interaction. She has written several books focusing on the psychology of human relationships with technology, especially in the realm of how people relate to computational objects. (en)
  • È un personaggio intellettuale di spicco che si occupa di studi sociali nel contesto delle relazioni tra tecnologia e soggetti umani. La sua carriera inizia negli anni settanta con gli studi di sociologia e psicologia presso l'Università di Harvard. Nel 1999 diventa professore di Social Studies of Science and Technology nel prestigioso Program in Science, Technology and Society del Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Attualmente dirige il MIT Initiative on Technology and Self, da lei fondato nel 2001. Le ricerche di questa iniziativa indagano i mutamenti nella costruzione dell'identità o, più in generale, sugli effetti sugli esseri umani, dovuti alle loro relazioni con gli "artefatti", intesi come insieme di tecnologie, dai videogiochi alla robotica ai software per simulazioni. (it)
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  • Sherry Turkle (en)
  • Sherry Turkle (de)
  • Sherry Turkle (it)
  • Sherry Turkle (fr)
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