A sheriff is a government official, with varying duties, existing in some countries with historical ties to England, where the office originated. There is an analogous although independently-developed office in Iceland that is commonly translated to English as "sheriff," and this is discussed below. Historically, a sheriff was a legal official with responsibility for a "shire" or county. In modern times, the specific combination of legal, political and ceremonial duties of a sheriff varies greatly from county to county.

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dbo:abstract
  • A sheriff is a government official, with varying duties, existing in some countries with historical ties to England, where the office originated. There is an analogous although independently-developed office in Iceland that is commonly translated to English as "sheriff," and this is discussed below. Historically, a sheriff was a legal official with responsibility for a "shire" or county. In modern times, the specific combination of legal, political and ceremonial duties of a sheriff varies greatly from county to county. * In the United States, a sheriff is a sworn law enforcement officer and the duties of the office vary across states and counties. A sheriff is generally an elected county official, with duties that typically include policing unincorporated areas, maintaining county jails, providing security to courts in the county, and (in some states) serving warrants and court papers. In addition to these policing and correction services, a sheriff is often responsible for enforcing civil law within the jurisdiction. * A sheriff (or High Sheriff) is a ceremonial county or city official in England, Wales, or Northern Ireland. * In Scotland, sheriffs are judges. * In the Republic of Ireland, in some counties and in the cities of Dublin and Cork, sheriffs are legal officials similar to bailiffs. * In Australia and South Africa sheriffs are legal officials similar to bailiffs. In these countries there is no link maintained between counties and sheriffs. * In Canada, sheriffs exist in most provinces. The provincial sheriff services generally manage and transport court prisoners, serve court orders, and in some provinces sheriffs provide security for the court system, protect public officials, support investigations by local police services and in Alberta, sheriffs carry out traffic enforcement. * In India, a sheriff is a largely ceremonial office in some major cites. In British English, the political or legal office of a sheriff, term of office of a sheriff, or jurisdiction of a sheriff, is called a shrievalty in England and Wales, and a sheriffdom in Scotland. (en)
  • الشريف (يُعرف الضابط بالمأمور) (بالإنجليزية: Sheriff) هو مصطلح يطلق على الضابط القانوني لبلدة, وعمليًا تختلف اختصاصات الشريف القانونية والسياسية من بلدٍ إلى آخر. (ar)
  • Sheriff es el nombre dado a una autoridad policial política y de justicia pública en vigor en varios países anglosajones (Reino Unido, Estados Unidos, Canadá) y a la persona que tiene esta función. En algunas traducciones al castellano se lo denomina, erróneamente, Alguacil;palabra que equivale a Marshal. (es)
  • Shérif (en anglais sheriff) est le nom donné à une fonction politique et publique (en vigueur au Royaume-Uni, aux États-Unis, au Canada, en Australie, en Irlande et en Inde), de même qu’à la personne chargée de cette fonction. (fr)
  • Der Sheriff mit polizeilichen Aufgaben ist in der heutigen Zeit Teil des Rechtssystems in Australien, Kanada und den Vereinigten Staaten. In England und Wales ist ein Sheriff ein meist ehrenamtlicher Vertreter eines Shire mit hauptsächlich zeremoniellen und repräsentativen Funktionen. Auch in Indien erfüllen Sheriffs ein Amt ohne polizeiliche Befugnisse. In Irland sind Sheriffs Verwaltungsbeamte und in Schottland erfüllen sie eine richterliche Funktion. (de)
  • Il termine sceriffo indica, nei sistemi di common law, un funzionario di polizia locale e anche la carica, politica, legale o anche di fatto e la persona che detiene tale incarico. (it)
  • 保安官(ほあんかん)は、米語のシェリフ(sheriff)の訳語であり、アメリカ合衆国の治安職の名称。 (ja)
  • De sheriff is een openbaar bestuurder in landen met het van oorsprong Engelse common law-stelsel, waaronder de Verenigde Staten, Engeland en Schotland. De functie kan politiek of juridisch van aard zijn en is enigszins vergelijkbaar met die van schout en gerechtsdeurwaarder. (nl)
  • Xerife, aportuguesamento do termo inglês sheriff, é um oficial legal responsável por um condado. Na prática, a combinação específica de obrigações legais, políticas e cerimoniais de um xerife varia muito de país para país. A palavra sheriff é uma contração do termo "shire reeve". Esse termo, do inglês antigo scīrgerefa, designava um oficial real responsável por manter a paz ("reeve") ao longo de um condado ou município em nome do rei. O termo foi preservado na Inglaterra, apesar da conquista normanda. A partir dos reinos anglo-saxões o termo se espalhou para várias outras regiões, num primeiro momento à Escócia, mais tarde para a Irlanda e os Estados Unidos. Na maioria dos estados dos Estados Unidos, cada município tem um sheriff, normalmente responsáveis ​​pelas funções policiais e por algumas execuções judiciais. Em alguns condados, o departamento do sheriff é a primeira agência policial; em outros há policiais municipais em cada município. De grosso modo, cumpre o papel de um delegado de polícia e de um oficial de justiça, embora não seja nomeado por autoridades políticas, mas sim eleito pelo povo. O termo tornou-se popular devido ao gênero faroeste e a figura do "Xerife de Nottingham", tradicional inimigo do folclórico Robin Hood. (pt)
  • Szeryf (ang. sheriff) – urząd w systemie prawodawstwa angielskiego, szkockiego i Stanów Zjednoczonych, także stanowisko osoby piastującej ten urząd. Tytuł szeryfa wywodzi się ze średniowiecznej Anglii, gdzie oznaczał urzędnika królewskiego na terenie hrabstwa (ang. shire reeve). (pl)
  • Шери́ф (англ. sheriff) в ряде англоязычных стран — административно-судебная должность в определённых административно-территориальных образованиях. Права, обязанности и условия назначения шерифов существенно различаются в зависимости от страны. (ru)
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  • الشريف (يُعرف الضابط بالمأمور) (بالإنجليزية: Sheriff) هو مصطلح يطلق على الضابط القانوني لبلدة, وعمليًا تختلف اختصاصات الشريف القانونية والسياسية من بلدٍ إلى آخر. (ar)
  • Sheriff es el nombre dado a una autoridad policial política y de justicia pública en vigor en varios países anglosajones (Reino Unido, Estados Unidos, Canadá) y a la persona que tiene esta función. En algunas traducciones al castellano se lo denomina, erróneamente, Alguacil;palabra que equivale a Marshal. (es)
  • Shérif (en anglais sheriff) est le nom donné à une fonction politique et publique (en vigueur au Royaume-Uni, aux États-Unis, au Canada, en Australie, en Irlande et en Inde), de même qu’à la personne chargée de cette fonction. (fr)
  • Der Sheriff mit polizeilichen Aufgaben ist in der heutigen Zeit Teil des Rechtssystems in Australien, Kanada und den Vereinigten Staaten. In England und Wales ist ein Sheriff ein meist ehrenamtlicher Vertreter eines Shire mit hauptsächlich zeremoniellen und repräsentativen Funktionen. Auch in Indien erfüllen Sheriffs ein Amt ohne polizeiliche Befugnisse. In Irland sind Sheriffs Verwaltungsbeamte und in Schottland erfüllen sie eine richterliche Funktion. (de)
  • Il termine sceriffo indica, nei sistemi di common law, un funzionario di polizia locale e anche la carica, politica, legale o anche di fatto e la persona che detiene tale incarico. (it)
  • 保安官(ほあんかん)は、米語のシェリフ(sheriff)の訳語であり、アメリカ合衆国の治安職の名称。 (ja)
  • De sheriff is een openbaar bestuurder in landen met het van oorsprong Engelse common law-stelsel, waaronder de Verenigde Staten, Engeland en Schotland. De functie kan politiek of juridisch van aard zijn en is enigszins vergelijkbaar met die van schout en gerechtsdeurwaarder. (nl)
  • Szeryf (ang. sheriff) – urząd w systemie prawodawstwa angielskiego, szkockiego i Stanów Zjednoczonych, także stanowisko osoby piastującej ten urząd. Tytuł szeryfa wywodzi się ze średniowiecznej Anglii, gdzie oznaczał urzędnika królewskiego na terenie hrabstwa (ang. shire reeve). (pl)
  • Шери́ф (англ. sheriff) в ряде англоязычных стран — административно-судебная должность в определённых административно-территориальных образованиях. Права, обязанности и условия назначения шерифов существенно различаются в зависимости от страны. (ru)
  • A sheriff is a government official, with varying duties, existing in some countries with historical ties to England, where the office originated. There is an analogous although independently-developed office in Iceland that is commonly translated to English as "sheriff," and this is discussed below. Historically, a sheriff was a legal official with responsibility for a "shire" or county. In modern times, the specific combination of legal, political and ceremonial duties of a sheriff varies greatly from county to county. (en)
  • Xerife, aportuguesamento do termo inglês sheriff, é um oficial legal responsável por um condado. Na prática, a combinação específica de obrigações legais, políticas e cerimoniais de um xerife varia muito de país para país. Na maioria dos estados dos Estados Unidos, cada município tem um sheriff, normalmente responsáveis ​​pelas funções policiais e por algumas execuções judiciais. Em alguns condados, o departamento do sheriff é a primeira agência policial; em outros há policiais municipais em cada município. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Sheriff (en)
  • شرف (لقب) (ar)
  • Sheriff (de)
  • Sheriff (es)
  • Shérif (fr)
  • Sceriffo (it)
  • 保安官 (ja)
  • Sheriff (nl)
  • Szeryf (pl)
  • Xerife (pt)
  • Шериф (ru)
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