The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet minister in charge of managing the United Kingdom's various colonial dependencies. The position was first created in 1768 to deal with the increasingly troublesome North American colonies. Previously those responsibilities had fallen to the Secretary of State for the Southern Department, who was responsible for Southern England, Wales, Ireland, the American colonies, and relations with the Catholic and Muslim states of Europe.

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  • The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet minister in charge of managing the United Kingdom's various colonial dependencies. The position was first created in 1768 to deal with the increasingly troublesome North American colonies. Previously those responsibilities had fallen to the Secretary of State for the Southern Department, who was responsible for Southern England, Wales, Ireland, the American colonies, and relations with the Catholic and Muslim states of Europe. In 1782, following the loss of the American colonies, the office was abolished, and its duties given to the Home Secretary, then Lord Sydney. In 1794 a new office was created for Henry Dundas — the Secretary of State for War, which now took responsibility for the Colonies, and was renamed the Secretary of State for War and the Colonies in 1801. In 1854, military reforms led to the Colonial and Military responsibilities of this secretary of state being split into two separate offices, with Sir George Grey becoming the first Secretary of State for the Colonies under the new arrangement. In the latter part of the nineteenth century the United Kingdom also gained control over a number of territories with the status of "protectorate". The ministerial responsibility for these territories was initially held by the Foreign Secretary. However, by the early years of the twentieth century the responsibility for each of these territories had been transferred to the Colonial Secretary as well. The League of Nations mandated territories acquired as a result of the Treaty of Versailles (1919) became a further responsibility of the Colonial Office in the aftermath of the First World War. In 1925 part of the Colonial Office was separated out as the Dominions Office, with its own Secretary of State. The new office was responsible for dealing with the Dominions together with a small number of other territories (most notably Southern Rhodesia). In the twenty years following the end of the Second World War, much of the British Empire was dismantled as its various territories gained independence. In consequence, the Colonial Office was merged in 1966 with the Commonwealth Relations Office (which until 1947 had been the Dominions Office) to form the Commonwealth Office, while ministerial responsibility was transferred to the Secretary of State for Commonwealth Affairs (previously known as the Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations). In 1968 the Commonwealth Office was subsumed into the Foreign Office, which was renamed the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO). The Colonial Secretary never had responsibility for the provinces and princely states of India, which had its own Secretary of State. From 1768 until 1966 the Secretary of State was supported by an Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies (at times an Under-Secretary of State for War and the Colonies), and latterly by a Minister of State. (en)
  • El Ministro para las Colonias (en inglés: Secretary of State for the Colonies) o Ministro Colonial (en inglés: Colonial Secretary) era el ministro del Gabinete del Reino Unido responsable de las distintas colonias británicas. El cargo fue creado en 1768 para lidiar con las crecientemente rebeldes colonias en América del Norte. Previamente estas responsabilidades habían recaído sobre el Secretario de Estado para el Departamento del Sur, quien estaba a cargo de Inglaterra meridional, Gales, Irlanda, las colonias americanas y las relaciones con los estados católicos de Europa y el Imperio Otomano. (es)
  • Le Secrétaire d'État aux Colonies (anglais : Secretary of State for the Colonies) était au Royaume-Uni de Grande-Bretagne le ministre chargé du Bureau des colonies, lequel administrait l'Empire colonial britannique. Le poste a existé de 1768 à 1782 afin de gérer la crise avec les Treize colonies britanniques en Amérique du Nord puis de 1854 à 1966 pour l'ensemble des colonies du pays. Avant 1768, cette responsabilité incombait au secrétaire d'État au département du Sud, chargé de l'administration du Sud de l'Angleterre, du Pays de Galles, de l'Irlande, des colonies américaines et des relations avec les États catholiques et islamiques. De 1782 à 1854, les colonies ont été administrées au sein du bureau de l'Intérieur puis du bureau de la Guerre. (fr)
  • La Segretaria di Stato per le Colonie o Ministero delle Colonie (meglio nota con l'appellativo di "Colonial Office") fu il dicastero incaricato del controllo delle varie colonie britanniche sparse per il mondo. Tale ufficio venne creato nel 1768 per trattare con le colonie nordamericane che iniziavano a dare sempre più problemi. In precedenza queste problematiche ricadevano sotto la responsabilità della Segretaria di Stato per i Dipartimenti Meridionali, che si interessava del Sud dell'Inghilterra, del Galles, dell'Irlanda, delle colonie americane e dei i rapporti con gli stati cattolici e musulmani d'Europa. Nel 1782, dopo la perdita delle colonie americane, l'ufficio venne abolito e le relative funzioni trasferite all'allora Segretario di Stato per gli Affari Domestici, Lord Sydney. Nel 1794 venne creato un nuovo dicastero, con a capo Henry Dundas — Segretario di Stato per la Guerra, che nel 1801 prese il nome di Segreteria di Stato per la Guerra e le Colonie. Nel 1854, si arrivò alla riforma e alla divisione di quest'ultimo in due dicasteri separati con a capo Sir George Grey a ricoprire l'incarico di primo (in ordine cronologico) "Segretario di Stato per le Colonie". Nel 1968 il "Commonwealth Office" venne inglobato nel "Foreign Office", cambiando la propria denominazione in "Foreign and Commonwealth Office". Dal 1768 al 1966 il Segretario di Stato fu coadiuvato nel suo lavoro da un Sottosegretario di Stato per le Colonie (in precedenza Sottosegretario di Stato per la Guerra e le Colonie), e successivamente da un Ministro di Stato. (it)
  • Ministerstwo Kolonii (ang. Secretary of State for the Colonies), brytyjski urząd ministerialny. Powstał w 1768 r. Po utracie Stanów Zjednoczonych urząd przestał istnieć, a jego kompetencje przejęło Ministerstwo Spraw Wewnętrznych, a później Ministerstwo Wojny i Kolonii. Ministerstwo powstało ponownie w 1854 r. W 1966 r., po uzyskaniu niepodległości przez większość brytyjskich kolonii, Ministerstwo ds. kolonii połączono z Ministerstwem ds. Wspólnoty Narodów. (pl)
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  • El Ministro para las Colonias (en inglés: Secretary of State for the Colonies) o Ministro Colonial (en inglés: Colonial Secretary) era el ministro del Gabinete del Reino Unido responsable de las distintas colonias británicas. El cargo fue creado en 1768 para lidiar con las crecientemente rebeldes colonias en América del Norte. Previamente estas responsabilidades habían recaído sobre el Secretario de Estado para el Departamento del Sur, quien estaba a cargo de Inglaterra meridional, Gales, Irlanda, las colonias americanas y las relaciones con los estados católicos de Europa y el Imperio Otomano. (es)
  • Ministerstwo Kolonii (ang. Secretary of State for the Colonies), brytyjski urząd ministerialny. Powstał w 1768 r. Po utracie Stanów Zjednoczonych urząd przestał istnieć, a jego kompetencje przejęło Ministerstwo Spraw Wewnętrznych, a później Ministerstwo Wojny i Kolonii. Ministerstwo powstało ponownie w 1854 r. W 1966 r., po uzyskaniu niepodległości przez większość brytyjskich kolonii, Ministerstwo ds. kolonii połączono z Ministerstwem ds. Wspólnoty Narodów. (pl)
  • The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet minister in charge of managing the United Kingdom's various colonial dependencies. The position was first created in 1768 to deal with the increasingly troublesome North American colonies. Previously those responsibilities had fallen to the Secretary of State for the Southern Department, who was responsible for Southern England, Wales, Ireland, the American colonies, and relations with the Catholic and Muslim states of Europe. (en)
  • La Segretaria di Stato per le Colonie o Ministero delle Colonie (meglio nota con l'appellativo di "Colonial Office") fu il dicastero incaricato del controllo delle varie colonie britanniche sparse per il mondo. Nel 1968 il "Commonwealth Office" venne inglobato nel "Foreign Office", cambiando la propria denominazione in "Foreign and Commonwealth Office". Dal 1768 al 1966 il Segretario di Stato fu coadiuvato nel suo lavoro da un Sottosegretario di Stato per le Colonie (in precedenza Sottosegretario di Stato per la Guerra e le Colonie), e successivamente da un Ministro di Stato. (it)
  • Le Secrétaire d'État aux Colonies (anglais : Secretary of State for the Colonies) était au Royaume-Uni de Grande-Bretagne le ministre chargé du Bureau des colonies, lequel administrait l'Empire colonial britannique. Le poste a existé de 1768 à 1782 afin de gérer la crise avec les Treize colonies britanniques en Amérique du Nord puis de 1854 à 1966 pour l'ensemble des colonies du pays. (fr)
rdfs:label
  • Secretary of State for the Colonies (en)
  • Secretario de Estado para las Colonias (es)
  • Secrétaire d'État aux Colonies (Royaume-Uni) (fr)
  • Segreteria di Stato per le Colonie (it)
  • Ministrowie kolonii Wielkiej Brytanii (pl)
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