The Saturn C-3 was the third rocket in the Saturn C series studied from 1959 to 1962. The design was for a three-stage launch vehicle that could launch 45,000 kg (100,000 lb) to low Earth orbit and send 18,000 kg (39,000 lb) to the Moon via Trans-Lunar Injection. This decision ended consideration of a Nova class launch vehicle for Direct Ascent to the Moon or as heavy-lift companion with the Saturn C-3 for Earth Orbit Rendezvous.

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  • 8.128
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  • 81991.2
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  • 464336.712
dbo:abstract
  • El Saturno C-3 fue uno de los cohetes inicialmente considerados (en 1960) para llevar a cabo el primer alunizaje tripulado del programa Apolo. No pasó de la fase de estudio. Fue pensado para poner en práctica el esquema de "cita en órbita terrestre", en el que se realizaban varios lanzamientos para montar en órbita baja terrestre las naves que luego viajarían hasta la Luna. (es)
  • Il Saturn C-3' è stato il razzo terza della serie Saturn C, studiato nel 1960. Il Saturn C-3 è stato destinato ad essere utilizzato per lo scenario dellEarth Orbit Rendezvous nell'ambito del Programma Apollo. Il lanciatore consisteva in un primo stadio dotato di due motori F-1, un secondo stadio con quattro potenti motori J-2 e lo stadio S-IV di un Saturn I. Tutti gli stadi del Saturn C-3, ad eccezione del S-IV, non hanno mai volato se non per i loro motori, utilizzati sul razzo Saturn V che ha portato gli uomini sulla Luna. (it)
  • The Saturn C-3 was the third rocket in the Saturn C series studied from 1959 to 1962. The design was for a three-stage launch vehicle that could launch 45,000 kg (100,000 lb) to low Earth orbit and send 18,000 kg (39,000 lb) to the Moon via Trans-Lunar Injection. President Kennedy's proposal on May 25, 1961 of an explicit manned lunar landing goal spurred NASA to concretize its launch vehicle requirements for a lunar landing. A week earlier, William Fleming (Office of Space Flight Programs, NASA Headquarters) chaired an ad hoc committee to conduct a six-weeks study of the requirements for a lunar landing. Judging the direct ascent approach to be the most feasible, they concentrated their attention accordingly, and proposed circumlunar flights in late 1965 using the Saturn C-3 launch vehicle. In early June 1961, Bruce Lundin, deputy director of the Lewis Research Center, led a week-long study of six different rendezvous possibilities. The alternatives included earth-orbital rendezvous, lunar-orbital rendezvous, earth and lunar rendezvous, and rendezvous on the lunar surface, employing Saturn C-1s, C-3s, and Nova designs. Lundin's committee concluded that rendezvous enjoyed distinct advantages over direct ascent and recommended an earth-orbital rendezvous using two or three Saturn C-3s. NASA announced on September 7, 1961 that the government-owned Michoud Ordnance Plant near New Orleans, LA, would be the site for fabrication and assembly of the Saturn C-3 first stage as well as larger vehicles in the Saturn program. Finalists were two government-owned plants in St. Louis and New Orleans. The height of the factory roof at Michoud meant that a launch vehicle with eight F-1 engines (Nova class, Saturn C-8) could not be built; four or five engines would have to be the maximum. This decision ended consideration of a Nova class launch vehicle for Direct Ascent to the Moon or as heavy-lift companion with the Saturn C-3 for Earth Orbit Rendezvous. (en)
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  • Proposed (1961)
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  • Proposed Saturn C-3 and Apollo configuration
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  • 1985 (xsd:integer)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • El Saturno C-3 fue uno de los cohetes inicialmente considerados (en 1960) para llevar a cabo el primer alunizaje tripulado del programa Apolo. No pasó de la fase de estudio. Fue pensado para poner en práctica el esquema de "cita en órbita terrestre", en el que se realizaban varios lanzamientos para montar en órbita baja terrestre las naves que luego viajarían hasta la Luna. (es)
  • Il Saturn C-3' è stato il razzo terza della serie Saturn C, studiato nel 1960. Il Saturn C-3 è stato destinato ad essere utilizzato per lo scenario dellEarth Orbit Rendezvous nell'ambito del Programma Apollo. Il lanciatore consisteva in un primo stadio dotato di due motori F-1, un secondo stadio con quattro potenti motori J-2 e lo stadio S-IV di un Saturn I. Tutti gli stadi del Saturn C-3, ad eccezione del S-IV, non hanno mai volato se non per i loro motori, utilizzati sul razzo Saturn V che ha portato gli uomini sulla Luna. (it)
  • The Saturn C-3 was the third rocket in the Saturn C series studied from 1959 to 1962. The design was for a three-stage launch vehicle that could launch 45,000 kg (100,000 lb) to low Earth orbit and send 18,000 kg (39,000 lb) to the Moon via Trans-Lunar Injection. This decision ended consideration of a Nova class launch vehicle for Direct Ascent to the Moon or as heavy-lift companion with the Saturn C-3 for Earth Orbit Rendezvous. (en)
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  • Saturno C-3 (es)
  • Saturn C-3 (it)
  • Saturn C-3 (en)
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  • Saturn C-3 (en)
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