SS Kroonland was an ocean liner for International Mercantile Marine (IMM) from her launch in 1902 until scrapped in 1927. Kroonland was the sister ship of Finland and a near sister ship of Vaderland and Zeeland of the same company. Kroonland sailed for IMM's Red Star Line for 15 years, and also sailed for IMM's American Line and Panama Pacific Line. During World War I, the ship served as United States Army transport USAT Kroonland through April 1918, and as the Navy auxiliary USS Kroonland (ID-1541) from April 1918 to October 1919.

Property Value
dbo:MeanOfTransportation/length
  • 170688.0
dbo:abstract
  • Die Kroonland war ein 1902 in Dienst gestellter Transatlantik-Passagierdampfer der belgisch-amerikanischen Reederei Red Star Line, der im Passagierverkehr von Antwerpen nach New York eingesetzt wurde. Im Ersten Weltkrieg diente das Schiff ab dem 18. Februar 1918 unter der Bezeichnung USAT Kroonland als Truppentransporter für die United States Army und ab dem 22. April 1918 als USS Kroonland (ID-1541) für die United States Navy. Nach dem Krieg nahm das Schiff seinen Passagierdienst unter dem Namen Kroonland wieder auf, bis es 1927 außer Dienst gestellt und in Italien verschrottet wurde. (de)
  • Le SS Kroonland était un paquebot transatlantique de l'International Mercantile Marine (IMM) de son lancement en 1902 jusqu'à son ferraillement en 1927. Le Kroonland était le sister-ship du SS Finland et proche des Vaderland et Zeeland de la même compagnie. Le Kroonland voyagea pour la Red Star Line, pendant 15 ans, ainsi que pour l'American Line et pour la Panama Pacific Line, toutes des filiales de l'IMM. Pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, le navire a servi de bateau de transport pour l'United States Army sous le nom de USAT Kroonland en avril 1918 et en tant qu'auxiliaire de l'United States Navy sous le nom de USS Kroonland (ID-1541) d'avril 1918 à octobre 1919. (fr)
  • SS Kroonland was an ocean liner for International Mercantile Marine (IMM) from her launch in 1902 until scrapped in 1927. Kroonland was the sister ship of Finland and a near sister ship of Vaderland and Zeeland of the same company. Kroonland sailed for IMM's Red Star Line for 15 years, and also sailed for IMM's American Line and Panama Pacific Line. During World War I, the ship served as United States Army transport USAT Kroonland through April 1918, and as the Navy auxiliary USS Kroonland (ID-1541) from April 1918 to October 1919. Announced by the Red Star Line in 1899, Kroonland was completed in 1902 by William Cramp and Sons of Philadelphia. When launched, she was the largest U.S. steamship ever built. Kroonland sailed from New York City to Antwerp on her maiden voyage in June 1902, beginning service on the route she would sail for the next twelve years. According to The New York Times, Kroonland became the first ship to issue a wireless distress call at sea when she radioed for help during a storm in 1903. In another radio first, Kroonland heard the "first real broadcast of history" in December 1906. Kroonland was one of ten ships that came to the aid of the burning liner Volturno in the mid-Atlantic in October 1913. Despite stormy seas, Kroonland was able to take aboard 89 survivors, for which captain and crew received accolades that included U.S. Congressional Gold Medals. When the outbreak of World War I in August 1914 disrupted service to Belgium, Kroonland shifted to alternate routes. On a trip to the Mediterranean in October 1914, Kroonland was detained by British authorities at Gibraltar, and part of her cargo was confiscated amidst diplomatic wrangling between the then-neutral United States and the United Kingdom. During a chartered circumnavigation of South America in February 1915, Kroonland became the largest passenger ship to date to transit the Panama Canal. Kroonland was placed in New York – Panama Canal – San Francisco service until a landslide temporarily closed the canal to navigation. Returned to transatlantic service, Kroonland was one of the first U.S. ships armed by the Navy for defense against German submarine attacks. In May 1917 Kroonland was struck by a torpedo, which failed to detonate and only slightly damaged the ship. After the United States entered World War I, Kroonland served as a troopship for the U.S. Army and Navy. She made six trips carrying troops to France before the Armistice and eight voyages after, transporting nearly 38,000 troops in total. Returned to IMM in late 1919, Kroonland was scorched in a shipyard fire in January 1920 while she was being refitted for passenger service. The liner resumed North Atlantic service in April, remaining there until returning to New York – San Francisco service in 1923. Kroonland inaugurated IMM's winter New York – Miami service from December 1925 to March 1926, but was laid up in Hoboken, New Jersey, when IMM did not resume the Miami service the following year. The ship was sold and scrapped at Genoa in 1927. (en)
dbo:acquirementDate
  • 1918-04-22 (xsd:date)
  • 1919-10-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:builder
dbo:commissioningDate
  • 1918-04-22 (xsd:date)
dbo:decommissioningDate
  • 1919-10-01 (xsd:date)
dbo:length
  • 170.688000 (xsd:double)
dbo:operator
dbo:owner
dbo:shipBeam
  • 18.288000 (xsd:double)
dbo:shipDraft
  • 9.448800 (xsd:double)
dbo:shipLaunch
  • 1902-02-20 (xsd:date)
dbo:status
  • Scrapped
  • Chartered to USA
  • returned to International Mercantile Marine
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:topSpeed
  • 31.484000 (xsd:double)
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 17439763 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 743619517 (xsd:integer)
dbp:hideHeader
  • title
  • yes
dbp:shipArmament
  • *4 × guns *2 × 1-pounder gun *2 × Lewis machine guns
dbp:shipCapacity
  • *Passengers: * 342 first-class * 194 second-class * 626 third-class *Cargo:
  • *Passengers, 1919: * 242 first-class * 310 second-class * 876 third-class *Passengers, 1925: * 500 first-class
dbp:shipComplement
  • 414 (xsd:integer)
dbp:shipCountry
  • United States
dbp:shipCrew
  • 257 (xsd:integer)
dbp:shipDepth
  • molded depth
dbp:shipNotes
  • Sister ship of ; Near sister ship of ,
dbp:shipOperator
  • * 1920–1923: Red Star Line * 1923: American Line * 1923–1925: Panama Pacific Line * 1925–1926: American Line
dbp:shipPropulsion
  • *2 × triple-expansion steam engines *twin screw propellers
dbp:shipRegistry
  • New York
  • * 1902–1908: New York * 1908–1911: Antwerp * 1911–1918: New York
dbp:shipRoute
  • * 1920–1923: New York – Antwerp * 1923: New York – Hamburg * 1923–1925: New York – Panama – San Francisco * 1925–1926: New York – Miami
  • * 1902–1914: New York – Antwerp * 1914–1915: New York – Liverpool * 1915: New York – Panama – San Francisco * 1915–1917: New York – Liverpool
dbp:shipSponsor
  • Mrs. Rodman Griscom
dbp:shipStruck
  • 1919-10-01 (xsd:date)
dbp:shipTroops
  • *3,300 *3,800 after Armistice
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Die Kroonland war ein 1902 in Dienst gestellter Transatlantik-Passagierdampfer der belgisch-amerikanischen Reederei Red Star Line, der im Passagierverkehr von Antwerpen nach New York eingesetzt wurde. Im Ersten Weltkrieg diente das Schiff ab dem 18. Februar 1918 unter der Bezeichnung USAT Kroonland als Truppentransporter für die United States Army und ab dem 22. April 1918 als USS Kroonland (ID-1541) für die United States Navy. Nach dem Krieg nahm das Schiff seinen Passagierdienst unter dem Namen Kroonland wieder auf, bis es 1927 außer Dienst gestellt und in Italien verschrottet wurde. (de)
  • Le SS Kroonland était un paquebot transatlantique de l'International Mercantile Marine (IMM) de son lancement en 1902 jusqu'à son ferraillement en 1927. Le Kroonland était le sister-ship du SS Finland et proche des Vaderland et Zeeland de la même compagnie. Le Kroonland voyagea pour la Red Star Line, pendant 15 ans, ainsi que pour l'American Line et pour la Panama Pacific Line, toutes des filiales de l'IMM. Pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, le navire a servi de bateau de transport pour l'United States Army sous le nom de USAT Kroonland en avril 1918 et en tant qu'auxiliaire de l'United States Navy sous le nom de USS Kroonland (ID-1541) d'avril 1918 à octobre 1919. (fr)
  • SS Kroonland was an ocean liner for International Mercantile Marine (IMM) from her launch in 1902 until scrapped in 1927. Kroonland was the sister ship of Finland and a near sister ship of Vaderland and Zeeland of the same company. Kroonland sailed for IMM's Red Star Line for 15 years, and also sailed for IMM's American Line and Panama Pacific Line. During World War I, the ship served as United States Army transport USAT Kroonland through April 1918, and as the Navy auxiliary USS Kroonland (ID-1541) from April 1918 to October 1919. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Kroonland (de)
  • SS Kroonland (fr)
  • SS Kroonland (en)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • SS Kroonland (en)
  • USS Kroonland (ID-1541) (en)
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is foaf:primaryTopic of