The SM-65 Atlas was the first operational intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) developed by the United States, and the first member of the Atlas rocket family. It was built for the U.S. Air Force by Convair Division of General Dynamics at the Kearny Mesa assembly plant north of San Diego, California. Atlas became operational as an ICBM in October 1959 and was used as a first stage for satellite launch vehicles for half a century. The Atlas missile's warhead was over 100 times more powerful than the bomb dropped over Nagasaki in 1945.

Property Value
dbo:MeanOfTransportation/diameter
  • 3.048
dbo:MeanOfTransportation/height
  • 22860.0
dbo:MeanOfTransportation/mass
  • 117936.0
dbo:Rocket/mass
  • 117936.0
dbo:abstract
  • The SM-65 Atlas was the first operational intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) developed by the United States, and the first member of the Atlas rocket family. It was built for the U.S. Air Force by Convair Division of General Dynamics at the Kearny Mesa assembly plant north of San Diego, California. Atlas became operational as an ICBM in October 1959 and was used as a first stage for satellite launch vehicles for half a century. The Atlas missile's warhead was over 100 times more powerful than the bomb dropped over Nagasaki in 1945. An initial development contract was given to Consolidated Vultee Aircraft (Convair) on 16 January 1951 for what was then called MX-1593, but at a relatively low priority. The 1953 testing of the first dry fuel H-bomb in the Soviet Union led to the project being dramatically accelerated. The initial design completed by Convair in 1953 was larger than the missile that eventually entered service. Estimated warhead weight was lowered from 8,000 lb (3,630 kg) to 3,000 lb (1,360 kg) based on highly favorable U.S. nuclear warhead tests in early 1954, and on 14 May 1954 the Atlas program was formally given the highest national priority. A major development and test contract was awarded to Convair on 14 January 1955 for a 10-foot (3 m) diameter missile to weigh about 250,000 lb (113,400 kg). Atlas development was tightly controlled by the Air Force's Western Development Division, WDD, later part of the Air Force Ballistic Missile Division. Contracts for warhead, guidance and propulsion were handled separately by WDD. The first successful flight of a highly instrumented Atlas missile to full range occurred 28 November 1958. Atlas ICBMs were deployed operationally from 31 October 1959 to 12 April 1965. On 18 December 1958, the launch of Atlas 10B sent the missile into orbit around the Earth (without use of an upper stage) carrying the "SCORE" (Signal Communications by Orbiting Relay Equipment) communications payload. Atlas 10B/SCORE, at 8,750 lb (3,970 kg) was the heaviest man-made object then in orbit, the first voice relay satellite, and the first man-made object in space easily visible to the naked eye due to the large, mirror-polished stainless steel tank. This was the first flight in what would be a long career for the Atlas as a satellite launcher. Many retired Atlas ICBMs would be used as launch vehicles, most with an added spin-stabilized solid rocket motor upper stage for polar orbit military payloads. Even before its military use ended in 1965, Atlas had placed four Project Mercury astronauts in orbit and was becoming the foundation for a family of successful space launch vehicles, most notably Atlas Agena and Atlas Centaur. Mergers led to the acquisition of the Atlas Centaur line by Lockheed Martin, which later became part of United Launch Alliance. Today Lockheed Martin and ULA support a new Atlas rocket family based on the larger "Atlas V" which still uses the unique and highly efficient Centaur upper stage. Atlas V stage one is powered by a Russian RD-180 oxygen/kerosene engine and uses conventional aluminum isogrid tanks, rather than the thin-wall, pressure-stabilized stainless steel tanks of the original Convair Atlas. Payload weights have increased along with launch vehicle weights over the years, so the current Atlas V family serves many of the same types of commercial, DoD, and planetary missions as earlier Atlas Centaurs. (en)
  • Le SM-65 Atlas ou Atlas I est un missile construit par Convair, une division de General Dynamics. Il fut le premier d'une série d'ICBM à charge nucléaire et servit de base pour les lanceurs de satellites américains, militaires ou civils. (fr)
  • Atlas identifica una serie di missili balistici intercontinentali. Furono i primi ad esser inclusi tra le arsenale nucleare statunitensi e quindi uno dei primi test realmente realizzati del programma spaziale statunitense. (it)
  • CGM/HGM-16 アトラス (Atlas) は、1950年代の後半にアメリカ空軍で開発され、ジェネラル・ダイナミクス社のコンベア部門で生産された大陸間弾道ミサイル (ICBM) である。アメリカ合衆国で初めて開発に成功したICBMであり、1959年から1968年にかけて実戦配備されていた。 (ja)
  • SM-65 Atlas – rodzina pierwszych amerykańskich międzykontynentalnych pocisków balistycznych (ICBM). W latach 1959–1965 w służbie pozostawały pociski Atlas D oraz Atlas E i F. Stacjonujące na naziemnych stanowiskach startowych pociski tych typów miały dwustopniowy napęd z pięcioma silnikami na paliwo ciekłe i przenosiły głowice jądrowe o mocy 1,44 Mt (Atlas D) i 3,75 Mt (Atlas E/F). Do dziś (2015) żaden z typów amerykańskich pocisków ICBM nie dysponował równie wielkim zasięgiem – wynoszącym 14 000 km, jednak z powodu słabej celności pociski te przeznaczone były jedynie do niszczenia wielkich skupisk ludności. Z uwagi na trudności eksploatacyjne oraz ich niewystarczającą skuteczność zastąpiono je pociskami Minuteman I. (pl)
  • O SM-65 Atlas foi o primeiro ICBM dos Estados Unidos. Foi desenvolvido pela General Dynamics (divisão Convair) para a Força Aérea dos Estados Unidos. Estes mísseis ficavam de prontidão em silos espalhados por todo o território Norte americano como arma de dissuasão, durante a Guerra fria. O primeiro modelo voou em 1957 como Atlas A, para testar a estrutura e os sistemas de propulsão, sendo logo seguido pelos modelos B e C, entre 1958 e 1959. O Atlas se tornou operacional como míssil em Outubro de 1959, e mais tarde acabou sendo usado como primeiro estágio de veículos lançadores de satélite por mais de 50 anos. A ogiva de guerra do Atlas era mais de 100 vezes mais potente que a bomba lançada sobre Nagasaki em 1945. (pt)
  • 擎天神(Atlas)是美國第一種服役的洲際彈道飛彈,美軍編號SM-65/CGM-16,於1957首次发射,1959年開始部署,1965年退役。 (zh)
  • Конвэр SM-65 «Атлас» (англ. Convair SM-65 Atlas, буквально «Атлант» и в честь родительской для разработчика компании — Atlas Corporation) — первая межконтинентальная баллистическая ракета, разработанная и принятая на вооружение в США. Первая в мире принятая на вооружение межконтинентальная баллистическая ракета. Разрабатывалась в рамках программы MX-1593 с 1951 года. Составляла основу ядерного арсенала ВВС США в 1959—1964 годах, но затем была быстро снята с вооружения в связи с появлением более совершенной ракеты «Минитмэн». Послужила основой для создания семейства космических ракет-носителей Атлас, эксплуатирующегося с 1959 и поныне. (ru)
dbo:countryOrigin
dbo:diameter
  • 3.048000 (xsd:double)
dbo:failedLaunches
  • 11 (xsd:integer)
dbo:finalFlight
  • 1959-08-24 (xsd:date)
dbo:height
  • 22.860000 (xsd:double)
dbo:maidenFlight
  • 1957-06-06 (xsd:date)
dbo:manufacturer
dbo:mass
  • 117936000.000000 (xsd:double)
dbo:rocketFunction
dbo:rocketStages
  • 1 (xsd:integer)
dbo:status
  • Retired April 1965
dbo:successfulLaunches
  • 13 (xsd:integer)
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:totalLaunches
  • 24 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 101396 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 743099271 (xsd:integer)
dbp:align
  • center
dbp:caption
  • Atlas C missile sitting on its launch pad, 1957/58
  • Atlas-B with Score payload, 1958
  • Convair X-11 being launched
  • Convair X-12 being launched
  • Launch of Mercury-Atlas 2 in February 1961
  • Launch of an SM-65E Atlas
  • Launch of an SM-65F Atlas
dbp:ceilingAlt
  • 60.0
dbp:ceilingMain
  • 40.0
dbp:comparableAircraftHeader
  • Comparable missiles
dbp:crew
  • Unmanned
dbp:description
  • 22.0
dbp:designDate
  • 1953 (xsd:integer)
dbp:emptyWeightAlt
  • 5670.0
dbp:emptyWeightMain
  • 12500.0
dbp:family
dbp:id
  • 1958-12-22 (xsd:date)
dbp:image
  • Atlas C.jpg
  • Atlas-B with Score payload.jpg
  • Atlas-E.jpg
  • Atlas-F.jpg
  • Convair X-11 launch.jpg
  • Convair X-12 launch.JPG
dbp:jetOrProp?_
  • jet
dbp:lengthAlt
  • 29.3 m
dbp:lengthMain
  • 96.0
dbp:lists
  • * List of military aircraft of the United States * List of missiles
dbp:loadedWeightAlt
  • 36300.0
dbp:loadedWeightMain
  • 80000.0
dbp:maxSpeedMain
  • Mach 10+
dbp:number
  • 350 (xsd:integer)
  • .
  • Peak deployment level of 129
dbp:numberOfJets
  • 1 (xsd:integer)
dbp:planeOrCopter?_
  • plane
dbp:productionDate
  • 1959 (xsd:integer)
dbp:rangeAlt
  • 690 (xsd:integer)
dbp:rangeMain
  • 600.0
dbp:seeAlso
  • *Strategic Air Command *WD-40
dbp:service
  • 1959 (xsd:integer)
dbp:similarAircraft
  • * Soviet R-7 (later Soyuz) family * SM-68 Titan I * SM-68 Titan II
dbp:spanAlt
  • 3.66 m
dbp:spanMain
  • 12.0
dbp:typeOfJet
dbp:variants
  • Atlas A, B/C, D, E/F
  • SLV-3/3A/3C
dbp:width
  • 112 (xsd:integer)
  • 113 (xsd:integer)
  • 125 (xsd:integer)
  • 130 (xsd:integer)
  • 157 (xsd:integer)
  • 200 (xsd:integer)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Le SM-65 Atlas ou Atlas I est un missile construit par Convair, une division de General Dynamics. Il fut le premier d'une série d'ICBM à charge nucléaire et servit de base pour les lanceurs de satellites américains, militaires ou civils. (fr)
  • Atlas identifica una serie di missili balistici intercontinentali. Furono i primi ad esser inclusi tra le arsenale nucleare statunitensi e quindi uno dei primi test realmente realizzati del programma spaziale statunitense. (it)
  • CGM/HGM-16 アトラス (Atlas) は、1950年代の後半にアメリカ空軍で開発され、ジェネラル・ダイナミクス社のコンベア部門で生産された大陸間弾道ミサイル (ICBM) である。アメリカ合衆国で初めて開発に成功したICBMであり、1959年から1968年にかけて実戦配備されていた。 (ja)
  • SM-65 Atlas – rodzina pierwszych amerykańskich międzykontynentalnych pocisków balistycznych (ICBM). W latach 1959–1965 w służbie pozostawały pociski Atlas D oraz Atlas E i F. Stacjonujące na naziemnych stanowiskach startowych pociski tych typów miały dwustopniowy napęd z pięcioma silnikami na paliwo ciekłe i przenosiły głowice jądrowe o mocy 1,44 Mt (Atlas D) i 3,75 Mt (Atlas E/F). Do dziś (2015) żaden z typów amerykańskich pocisków ICBM nie dysponował równie wielkim zasięgiem – wynoszącym 14 000 km, jednak z powodu słabej celności pociski te przeznaczone były jedynie do niszczenia wielkich skupisk ludności. Z uwagi na trudności eksploatacyjne oraz ich niewystarczającą skuteczność zastąpiono je pociskami Minuteman I. (pl)
  • 擎天神(Atlas)是美國第一種服役的洲際彈道飛彈,美軍編號SM-65/CGM-16,於1957首次发射,1959年開始部署,1965年退役。 (zh)
  • Конвэр SM-65 «Атлас» (англ. Convair SM-65 Atlas, буквально «Атлант» и в честь родительской для разработчика компании — Atlas Corporation) — первая межконтинентальная баллистическая ракета, разработанная и принятая на вооружение в США. Первая в мире принятая на вооружение межконтинентальная баллистическая ракета. Разрабатывалась в рамках программы MX-1593 с 1951 года. Составляла основу ядерного арсенала ВВС США в 1959—1964 годах, но затем была быстро снята с вооружения в связи с появлением более совершенной ракеты «Минитмэн». Послужила основой для создания семейства космических ракет-носителей Атлас, эксплуатирующегося с 1959 и поныне. (ru)
  • The SM-65 Atlas was the first operational intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) developed by the United States, and the first member of the Atlas rocket family. It was built for the U.S. Air Force by Convair Division of General Dynamics at the Kearny Mesa assembly plant north of San Diego, California. Atlas became operational as an ICBM in October 1959 and was used as a first stage for satellite launch vehicles for half a century. The Atlas missile's warhead was over 100 times more powerful than the bomb dropped over Nagasaki in 1945. (en)
  • O SM-65 Atlas foi o primeiro ICBM dos Estados Unidos. Foi desenvolvido pela General Dynamics (divisão Convair) para a Força Aérea dos Estados Unidos. Estes mísseis ficavam de prontidão em silos espalhados por todo o território Norte americano como arma de dissuasão, durante a Guerra fria. O primeiro modelo voou em 1957 como Atlas A, para testar a estrutura e os sistemas de propulsão, sendo logo seguido pelos modelos B e C, entre 1958 e 1959. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • SM-65 Atlas (en)
  • SM-65 Atlas (it)
  • SM-65 Atlas (fr)
  • アトラス (ミサイル) (ja)
  • SM-65 Atlas (pl)
  • SM-65 Atlas (pt)
  • SM-65 Atlas (ru)
  • SM-65擎天神飛彈 (zh)
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  • B-65/SM-65/CGM-16/HGM-16 Atlas (en)
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