The SDS Sigma series is a series of computers that were introduced by Scientific Data Systems in 1966.The first machines in the series are the 16-bit Sigma 2 and the 32-bit Sigma 7; the Sigma 7 was the first 32-bit computer released by SDS. At the time the only competition for the Sigma 7 was the IBM 360. The Xerox 500 series computers, introduced starting in 1973, are compatible upgrades to the Sigma systems using newer technology. In 1975 Xerox sold its computer business to Honeywell, Inc. which continued support for the Sigma line for a time.

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  • La Serie Sigma SDS fue una serie de ordenadores introducidos al mercado por Scientific Data Systems en 1966. Las primeras máquinas de la serie fueron la Sigma 2 de 16 bits y la Sigma 7 de 32 bits, siendo esta última la primera máquina de 32 bits lanzada por SDS. En su momento el único competidor de la Sigma 7 era el IBM 360. El incremento de memoria para todos los SDS/XDS7/Xerox estaba establecido en kPalabras, no en kBytes. Por ejemplo la memoria principal de la Sigma 5 eran 16kPalabras de 32 bits (equivalente a 64 kbytes). La capacidad máxima de memoria estaba limitada por el tamaño del campo de direccionamiento de 17 bits, que permitía direccionar hasta 128 kPalabras (512 kbytes). Aunque este tamaño de memoria hoy en día pueda parecer insignificante respecto a la tecnología actual, los sistemas Sygma desempeñaron su tarea increíblemente bien, y pocos usaron o necesitaron el máximo de la memoria, de 128 kpalabras. La Sygma 7 fue discontinuada en 1970 cuando Xerox, que compró SDS en 1969, se retiró del mercado de los mainframes. (es)
  • Le Sigma 7 est le nom d'un ordinateur fabriqué à partir de 1963 par une société créée dans ce but, SDS. D'autres versions, améliorées et renforcées ont ensuite été commercialisées par la CII. (fr)
  • The SDS Sigma series is a series of computers that were introduced by Scientific Data Systems in 1966.The first machines in the series are the 16-bit Sigma 2 and the 32-bit Sigma 7; the Sigma 7 was the first 32-bit computer released by SDS. At the time the only competition for the Sigma 7 was the IBM 360. Memory size increments for all SDS/XDS/Xerox computers are stated in kWords, not kBytes. For example, the Sigma 5 base memory is 16K 32-Bit words (64K Bytes). Maximum memory is limited by the length of the instruction address field of 17 bits, or 128K Words (512K Bytes). Although this is a trivial amount of memory in today's technology, Sigma systems performed their tasks exceptionally well, and few were deployed with, or needed, the maximum 128K Word memory size. The Xerox 500 series computers, introduced starting in 1973, are compatible upgrades to the Sigma systems using newer technology. In 1975 Xerox sold its computer business to Honeywell, Inc. which continued support for the Sigma line for a time. The Sigma 9 may hold the record for the longest lifetime of a machine selling near the original retail price. Sigmas 9s were still in service in 1993. In 2011 the Living Computer Museum in Seattle, Washington acquired a Sigma 9 from a service bureau (Applied Esoterics/George Plue Estate) and has made it operational. That Sigma 9 CPU was at the University of Southern Mississippi until Nov. 1985 when Andrews University purchased it and took it to Michigan. In Feb. 1990 Andrews University via Keith Calkins sold and delivered it to Applied Esoterics in Flagstaff. Keith Calkins made the Sigma 9 functional for the museum in 2012/13 and brought up the CP-V operating system in Dec. 2014. The various other system components came from various other user sites, such as Marquette, Samford, Xerox/Dallas. (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Le Sigma 7 est le nom d'un ordinateur fabriqué à partir de 1963 par une société créée dans ce but, SDS. D'autres versions, améliorées et renforcées ont ensuite été commercialisées par la CII. (fr)
  • La Serie Sigma SDS fue una serie de ordenadores introducidos al mercado por Scientific Data Systems en 1966. Las primeras máquinas de la serie fueron la Sigma 2 de 16 bits y la Sigma 7 de 32 bits, siendo esta última la primera máquina de 32 bits lanzada por SDS. En su momento el único competidor de la Sigma 7 era el IBM 360. La Sygma 7 fue discontinuada en 1970 cuando Xerox, que compró SDS en 1969, se retiró del mercado de los mainframes. (es)
  • The SDS Sigma series is a series of computers that were introduced by Scientific Data Systems in 1966.The first machines in the series are the 16-bit Sigma 2 and the 32-bit Sigma 7; the Sigma 7 was the first 32-bit computer released by SDS. At the time the only competition for the Sigma 7 was the IBM 360. The Xerox 500 series computers, introduced starting in 1973, are compatible upgrades to the Sigma systems using newer technology. In 1975 Xerox sold its computer business to Honeywell, Inc. which continued support for the Sigma line for a time. (en)
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  • Serie SDS Sigma (es)
  • Sigma 7 (fr)
  • SDS Sigma series (en)
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