In the game of rugby union, there are 15 players on each team, comprising eight forwards (numbered 1–8) and seven backs (numbered 9–15). In addition, there may be up to eight replacement players "on the bench". Jersey numbers 16–23 differentiate them. Players are not restricted to any single position on the field, although they generally specialise in just one or two that suit their skills and body types. Players that specialise in over three positions are called "utility players". The scrum (an assemblage used to restart play), however, must consist of eight players: the "front row" (two props, a loosehead and tighthead, and a hooker), the "second row" (two locks), and a "back row" (two flankers, and a number 8). The players outside the scrum are called "the backs": scrum-half, fly-half,

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  • In the game of rugby union, there are 15 players on each team, comprising eight forwards (numbered 1–8) and seven backs (numbered 9–15). In addition, there may be up to eight replacement players "on the bench". Jersey numbers 16–23 differentiate them. Players are not restricted to any single position on the field, although they generally specialise in just one or two that suit their skills and body types. Players that specialise in over three positions are called "utility players". The scrum (an assemblage used to restart play), however, must consist of eight players: the "front row" (two props, a loosehead and tighthead, and a hooker), the "second row" (two locks), and a "back row" (two flankers, and a number 8). The players outside the scrum are called "the backs": scrum-half, fly-half, two centres (inside and outside), two wings, and a fullback. Early names, such as "three-quarters" (for the wings and centres) and "outside-halves" (for fly-half) are still used by many in the Northern Hemisphere, while in the Southern Hemisphere the fly-half and inside centre are colloquially called "first five-eighth" and "second five-eighth" respectively, while the scrum-half is known as the "half-back". The backs play behind the forwards and are usually more lightly built and faster. Successful backs are skilful at passing and kicking. Full-backs need to be good defenders and kickers, and have the ability to catch a kicked ball. The wingers are usually among the fastest players in a team and score many of the tries. The centres' key attacking roles are to try and break through the defensive line and link successfully with wingers. The fly-half can be a good kicker and generally directs the backline. The scrum-half retrieves the ball from the forwards and needs a quick and accurate pass to get the ball to the backs (often firstly to the fly-half). Forwards compete for the ball in scrums and line-outs and are generally bigger and stronger than the backs. Props push in the scrums, while the hooker tries to "hook" the ball. Locks are tall and jump for the ball at the line-out after the hooker has thrown it in. The flankers and number eight should be the first forwards to a tackle and play an important role in securing possession of the ball for their team. (en)
  • Une équipe de rugby à XV est composée de quinze joueurs ayant des postes bien définis. Huit d'entre eux sont les avants, répartis en trois lignes : deux piliers et un talonneur en première ligne, deux deuxième ligne, deux troisième ligne aile et un troisième ligne centre en troisième ligne. Les sept autres sont les arrières avec une charnière composée du demi de mêlée et du demi d'ouverture, quatre trois-quarts (deux au centre et deux aux ailes) et un arrière. (fr)
  • Eine Rugby-Union-Mannschaft besteht aus 15 Spielern: acht Stürmern (forwards) mit den Nummern 1 bis 8 und sieben Hintermannschaftsspielern (backs) mit den Nummern 9 bis 15. Je nach Wettbewerb gibt es bis zu acht Ersatzleute mit den Nummern 16 bis 23. Jeder Spieler übernimmt eine bestimmte Aufgabe und jede Mannschaft verwendet die gleiche Formation, mit nur geringfügigen Änderungen, im Gegensatz zum Fußball mit seinen verschiedenen Spielsystemen (z. B. 4-3-3 oder 3-5-2 usw.). (de)
  • ラグビーユニオンにおいて、フィールドプレーヤー15人にはそれぞれ決まったポジションが与えられており、フォワード8人とバックス7人に大きく分けられている。 (ja)
  • Uma equipa de râguebi é composta por 15 elementos: oito avançados, numerados de 1 a 8; e sete jogadores das linhas atrasadas, numerados de 9 a 15. (pt)
  • Pozycje zawodników w rugby union – zespół w rugby union składa się z 15 zawodników, podzielonych na dwie formacje: ataku i młyna. Każdemu zawodnikowi przyporządkowany jest stosowny numer odpowiadający jego pozycji na boisku. Za formację młyna odpowiadają zawodnicy z numerami 1–8, a za atak 9–15. W zależności od rozgrywek dopuszczalnych jest do 8 zmian. (pl)
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  • Une équipe de rugby à XV est composée de quinze joueurs ayant des postes bien définis. Huit d'entre eux sont les avants, répartis en trois lignes : deux piliers et un talonneur en première ligne, deux deuxième ligne, deux troisième ligne aile et un troisième ligne centre en troisième ligne. Les sept autres sont les arrières avec une charnière composée du demi de mêlée et du demi d'ouverture, quatre trois-quarts (deux au centre et deux aux ailes) et un arrière. (fr)
  • Eine Rugby-Union-Mannschaft besteht aus 15 Spielern: acht Stürmern (forwards) mit den Nummern 1 bis 8 und sieben Hintermannschaftsspielern (backs) mit den Nummern 9 bis 15. Je nach Wettbewerb gibt es bis zu acht Ersatzleute mit den Nummern 16 bis 23. Jeder Spieler übernimmt eine bestimmte Aufgabe und jede Mannschaft verwendet die gleiche Formation, mit nur geringfügigen Änderungen, im Gegensatz zum Fußball mit seinen verschiedenen Spielsystemen (z. B. 4-3-3 oder 3-5-2 usw.). (de)
  • ラグビーユニオンにおいて、フィールドプレーヤー15人にはそれぞれ決まったポジションが与えられており、フォワード8人とバックス7人に大きく分けられている。 (ja)
  • Uma equipa de râguebi é composta por 15 elementos: oito avançados, numerados de 1 a 8; e sete jogadores das linhas atrasadas, numerados de 9 a 15. (pt)
  • Pozycje zawodników w rugby union – zespół w rugby union składa się z 15 zawodników, podzielonych na dwie formacje: ataku i młyna. Każdemu zawodnikowi przyporządkowany jest stosowny numer odpowiadający jego pozycji na boisku. Za formację młyna odpowiadają zawodnicy z numerami 1–8, a za atak 9–15. W zależności od rozgrywek dopuszczalnych jest do 8 zmian. (pl)
  • In the game of rugby union, there are 15 players on each team, comprising eight forwards (numbered 1–8) and seven backs (numbered 9–15). In addition, there may be up to eight replacement players "on the bench". Jersey numbers 16–23 differentiate them. Players are not restricted to any single position on the field, although they generally specialise in just one or two that suit their skills and body types. Players that specialise in over three positions are called "utility players". The scrum (an assemblage used to restart play), however, must consist of eight players: the "front row" (two props, a loosehead and tighthead, and a hooker), the "second row" (two locks), and a "back row" (two flankers, and a number 8). The players outside the scrum are called "the backs": scrum-half, fly-half, (en)
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  • Rugby union positions (en)
  • Positionen im Rugby Union (de)
  • Composition d'une équipe de rugby à XV (fr)
  • ラグビーのポジション (ja)
  • Pozycje zawodników w rugby union (pl)
  • Posições do râguebi (pt)
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