Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead, OM, PC (11 November 1920 – 5 January 2003) was a British Labour Party, SDP and Liberal Democrat politician, and biographer of British political leaders. The son of a Welsh trade unionist (later a Labour MP and government minister), Roy Jenkins was educated at Oxford University and served as an intelligence officer in the Second World War. Elected to Parliament as a Labour member in 1948, he served in several major posts in Harold Wilson's First Government. As Home Secretary in 1965–1967, he sought to build what he described as "a civilised society", with measures such as the effective abolition in Britain of both capital punishment and theatre censorship, the decriminalisation of homosexuality, relaxing of divorce law, suspension of birching a

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  • Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead, OM, PC (11 November 1920 – 5 January 2003) was a British Labour Party, SDP and Liberal Democrat politician, and biographer of British political leaders. The son of a Welsh trade unionist (later a Labour MP and government minister), Roy Jenkins was educated at Oxford University and served as an intelligence officer in the Second World War. Elected to Parliament as a Labour member in 1948, he served in several major posts in Harold Wilson's First Government. As Home Secretary in 1965–1967, he sought to build what he described as "a civilised society", with measures such as the effective abolition in Britain of both capital punishment and theatre censorship, the decriminalisation of homosexuality, relaxing of divorce law, suspension of birching and the liberalisation of abortion law. As Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1967–1970, he pursued a tight fiscal policy. On 8 July 1970, he was elected Deputy Leader of the Labour Party, but resigned in 1972 because he supported entry to the Common Market, while the party opposed it. When Wilson re-entered government in 1974 Jenkins returned to the Home Office, but increasingly disenchanted by the leftward swing of the Labour Party, he chose to leave British politics in 1976 and was appointed President of the European Commission in 1977, serving until 1981: he was the first and likely only British holder of this office considering the United Kingdom's decision to leave the European Union in June 2016. In 1981, dismayed with the Labour Party's leftward swing under Michael Foot, he was one of the "Gang of Four" – more centrist Labour MPs who formed the Social Democratic Party (SDP). In 1982 he won a famous by-election in a Conservative seat and returned to parliament; he was "Prime Minister Designate" of the SDP-Liberal Alliance in the 1983 election but after disappointment with the performance of the SDP he resigned as SDP leader. In 1987, Jenkins was elected to succeed Harold Macmillan as Chancellor of the University of Oxford following the latter's death; he held this position until his death. A few months after becoming Chancellor, Jenkins was defeated in his Hillhead constituency by the Labour candidate. Jenkins accepted a life peerage and sat as a Liberal Democrat. In the late 1990s, he was an adviser to Tony Blair and chaired the Jenkins Commission on electoral reform. Roy Jenkins died in 2003, aged 82. In addition to his political career, he was also a noted historian, biographer and writer. His A Life at the Centre (1991) is regarded as one of the best autobiographies of the later 20th century, which 'will be read with pleasure long after most examples of the genre have been forgotten'. (en)
  • Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead OM, PC (* 11. November 1920 in Abersychan, heute zu Pontypool, Wales; † 5. Januar 2003 in East Hendred, Oxfordshire) war ein sozialdemokratischer britischer Politiker und Autor. Unter anderem war er von 1967 bis 1970 britischer Schatzkanzler sowie von 1977 bis 1981 Präsident der Europäischen Kommission. (de)
  • Roy Harris Jenkins, Barón Jenkins of Hillhead (Abersychan, 11 de noviembre de 1920-Oxfordshire, 5 de enero de 2003) fue un político británico, miembro sucesivamente del Partido Laborista, del Partido Social Demócrata y del Partido Liberal Demócrata, y ministro en diversas ocasiones durante la década de 1960 y 1970. En 1977 fue nombrado Presidente de la Comisión Europea, cargo que ocupó hasta finales de 1981. (es)
  • Roy Harris Jenkins, baron Jenkins de Hillhead, né le 20 novembre 1920 et mort le 5 janvier 2003, est un homme politique britannique. (fr)
  • Fu più volte ministro ed è stato presidente della Commissione europea. (it)
  • ヒルヘッドのジェンキンス男爵ロイ・ハリス・ジェンキンス(Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead OM PC, 1920年11月11日 - 2003年1月5日)は、イギリスの政治家。労働党選出の庶民院議員で1960年代から1970年代にかけて閣僚を務めた後、1977年から1981年には欧州委員会委員長となった。 1981年にはギャング・オブ・フォーと呼ばれた自らを含む4人で社会民主党を結成した。またジェンキンスは文筆家としても、特に伝記の著者としての優れた才能を持っていた。 (ja)
  • Roy Harris Jenkins, baron Jenkins of Hillhead (Pontypool, 11 november 1920 - East Hendred, 5 januari 2003) was de Britse voorzitter van de Europese Commissie van 1977 tot 1981. (nl)
  • Roy Harris Jenkins, baron Jenkins of Hillhead (ur. 11 listopada 1920 w Abersychan w Monmouthshire, zm. 5 stycznia 2003 w Oxfordshire) – brytyjski polityk, członek Partii Pracy, Partii Socjaldemokratycznej i Liberalnych Demokratów, przewodniczący Komisji Europejskiej w latach 1977-1981, minister w rządach Harolda Wilsona i Jamesa Callaghana. (pl)
  • Roy Harris Jenkins, Barão Jenkins de Hillhead OM • PC (Abersychan, Gales, 11 de Novembro de 1920 — 5 de Janeiro de 2003) foi um político britânico inicialmente membro do Partido Trabalhista do Reino Unido e um dos fundadores do Partido Social Democrata do Reino Unido em 1981. Foi deputado no Parlamento Britânico entre 1948 e 1977 e entre 1982 e 1987, além de Ministro das Finanças (Chancellor of the Exchequer) entre 1967 e 1970 e Presidente da Comissão Europeia entre 1977 e 1981. A 31 de Outubro de 1987 foi agraciado com a Grã-Cruz da Ordem do Mérito e a 27 de Abril de 1993 com a Grã-Cruz da Ordem do Infante D. Henrique. (pt)
  • Рой Гаррис Дженкинс, барон Дженкинс Хиллхэдский (англ. Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead) (11 ноября 1920 — 5 января 2003) — британский государственный деятель. Некогда известный депутат Палаты общин от Лейбористской партии и министр ряда правительств в 1960-х и 1970-х годах, он стал первым (и возможно единственным) Председателем Европейской комиссии от Великобритании и одним из четырёх отцов-основателей Социал-демократической партии Великобритании в 1981 году. В 1987 году он был назначен почётным ректором Оксфордского университета, на этом посту он проработал до своей смерти. Он также был выдающимся писателем, особенно биографом. В журнале Private Eye у него было прозвище Smoothiechops. Почётный член Британской академии (1993). (ru)
  • 罗伊·哈里斯·詹金斯(英语:Roy Harris Jenkins,1920年11月11日-2003年1月5日),黑尔海德的詹金斯男爵,功績勳章獲得者,英國樞密院成員,英国政客。他也是一位著名的历史学家和作家。 (zh)
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  • Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead OM, PC (* 11. November 1920 in Abersychan, heute zu Pontypool, Wales; † 5. Januar 2003 in East Hendred, Oxfordshire) war ein sozialdemokratischer britischer Politiker und Autor. Unter anderem war er von 1967 bis 1970 britischer Schatzkanzler sowie von 1977 bis 1981 Präsident der Europäischen Kommission. (de)
  • Roy Harris Jenkins, Barón Jenkins of Hillhead (Abersychan, 11 de noviembre de 1920-Oxfordshire, 5 de enero de 2003) fue un político británico, miembro sucesivamente del Partido Laborista, del Partido Social Demócrata y del Partido Liberal Demócrata, y ministro en diversas ocasiones durante la década de 1960 y 1970. En 1977 fue nombrado Presidente de la Comisión Europea, cargo que ocupó hasta finales de 1981. (es)
  • Roy Harris Jenkins, baron Jenkins de Hillhead, né le 20 novembre 1920 et mort le 5 janvier 2003, est un homme politique britannique. (fr)
  • Fu più volte ministro ed è stato presidente della Commissione europea. (it)
  • ヒルヘッドのジェンキンス男爵ロイ・ハリス・ジェンキンス(Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead OM PC, 1920年11月11日 - 2003年1月5日)は、イギリスの政治家。労働党選出の庶民院議員で1960年代から1970年代にかけて閣僚を務めた後、1977年から1981年には欧州委員会委員長となった。 1981年にはギャング・オブ・フォーと呼ばれた自らを含む4人で社会民主党を結成した。またジェンキンスは文筆家としても、特に伝記の著者としての優れた才能を持っていた。 (ja)
  • Roy Harris Jenkins, baron Jenkins of Hillhead (Pontypool, 11 november 1920 - East Hendred, 5 januari 2003) was de Britse voorzitter van de Europese Commissie van 1977 tot 1981. (nl)
  • Roy Harris Jenkins, baron Jenkins of Hillhead (ur. 11 listopada 1920 w Abersychan w Monmouthshire, zm. 5 stycznia 2003 w Oxfordshire) – brytyjski polityk, członek Partii Pracy, Partii Socjaldemokratycznej i Liberalnych Demokratów, przewodniczący Komisji Europejskiej w latach 1977-1981, minister w rządach Harolda Wilsona i Jamesa Callaghana. (pl)
  • Рой Гаррис Дженкинс, барон Дженкинс Хиллхэдский (англ. Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead) (11 ноября 1920 — 5 января 2003) — британский государственный деятель. Некогда известный депутат Палаты общин от Лейбористской партии и министр ряда правительств в 1960-х и 1970-х годах, он стал первым (и возможно единственным) Председателем Европейской комиссии от Великобритании и одним из четырёх отцов-основателей Социал-демократической партии Великобритании в 1981 году. В 1987 году он был назначен почётным ректором Оксфордского университета, на этом посту он проработал до своей смерти. Он также был выдающимся писателем, особенно биографом. В журнале Private Eye у него было прозвище Smoothiechops. Почётный член Британской академии (1993). (ru)
  • 罗伊·哈里斯·詹金斯(英语:Roy Harris Jenkins,1920年11月11日-2003年1月5日),黑尔海德的詹金斯男爵,功績勳章獲得者,英國樞密院成員,英国政客。他也是一位著名的历史学家和作家。 (zh)
  • Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead, OM, PC (11 November 1920 – 5 January 2003) was a British Labour Party, SDP and Liberal Democrat politician, and biographer of British political leaders. The son of a Welsh trade unionist (later a Labour MP and government minister), Roy Jenkins was educated at Oxford University and served as an intelligence officer in the Second World War. Elected to Parliament as a Labour member in 1948, he served in several major posts in Harold Wilson's First Government. As Home Secretary in 1965–1967, he sought to build what he described as "a civilised society", with measures such as the effective abolition in Britain of both capital punishment and theatre censorship, the decriminalisation of homosexuality, relaxing of divorce law, suspension of birching a (en)
  • Roy Harris Jenkins, Barão Jenkins de Hillhead OM • PC (Abersychan, Gales, 11 de Novembro de 1920 — 5 de Janeiro de 2003) foi um político britânico inicialmente membro do Partido Trabalhista do Reino Unido e um dos fundadores do Partido Social Democrata do Reino Unido em 1981. Foi deputado no Parlamento Britânico entre 1948 e 1977 e entre 1982 e 1987, além de Ministro das Finanças (Chancellor of the Exchequer) entre 1967 e 1970 e Presidente da Comissão Europeia entre 1977 e 1981. (pt)
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  • Roy Jenkins (de)
  • Roy Jenkins (es)
  • Roy Jenkins (fr)
  • Roy Jenkins (it)
  • ロイ・ジェンキンス (ja)
  • Roy Jenkins (nl)
  • Roy Jenkins (pl)
  • Roy Jenkins (pt)
  • Дженкинс, Рой (ru)
  • 羅伊·詹金斯 (zh)
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