Rod (Slovenian: Rod, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Russian, Serbian: Род, Ukrainian: Рід, Croatian: Rod) is a Slavic deity, often mentioned in the Old Church Slavonic didactic literature which was directed against pagans. Rod is usually accompanied by Rozhanitsy (singular rozhanitsa), female deities or demigodesses who are his companions. The name "Rod", as well as the word "rozhanitsa", is derived from the Common Slavonic root meaning "birth", "origin", "kin" (compare Greek genesis and its cognates, such as genealogy). In modern Russian, the word "rod" means "kin", and "rozhenitsa" is "a woman in childbirth".

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  • Rod (Slovenian: Rod, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Russian, Serbian: Род, Ukrainian: Рід, Croatian: Rod) is a Slavic deity, often mentioned in the Old Church Slavonic didactic literature which was directed against pagans. Rod is usually accompanied by Rozhanitsy (singular rozhanitsa), female deities or demigodesses who are his companions. The name "Rod", as well as the word "rozhanitsa", is derived from the Common Slavonic root meaning "birth", "origin", "kin" (compare Greek genesis and its cognates, such as genealogy). In modern Russian, the word "rod" means "kin", and "rozhenitsa" is "a woman in childbirth". As there are very few written sources concerning pre-Christian Slavic beliefs, details of the cult of Rod are still unclear. He is definitely connected with childbirth in some way; anti-Pagan didactic text often mention "Rozhanitsy meal" that was held the day after Christmas (later Babinden), when midwives and mothers were honoured. Boris Rybakov believed Rod was the supreme deity in the Slavic pantheon, the creator of all life. Rybakov's conception was criticized by many scholars, including Leo Klejn and Nikolai Zubov. Klejn states Rod was rather a demigod, a personification of fate. Rozhanitsy, then, were similar to Parcae or even fairy godmothers in European fairytales, who visit newborns and foretell their future. In some South Slavic traditions rozhanitsy are known as "sudenitsy" (singular sudenitsa, lit. "she who judges"). Very similar to them are Dolya and Nedolya, or Srecha and Nesrecha, personifications of good and bad luck. Viljo Johannes Mansikka noted that in Slavic countries such Greek terms as τύχη (luck) and είμαρμένη (destiny) were sometimes translated as "rod" and "rozhenitsy". Jan Máchal believed that rozhanitsy were spirits of female ancestors who patronized the women of the kin (with Rod being the personification of the kin) and defined the destiny of their newborns. In Vladimir Dahl's Explanatory Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language Rod is referred to as a domovoi, a household spirit, associated with veneration of the ancestors and family cults. In Neopagan traditions, Rod is often considered to be the supreme god and the creator of all life and existence. (en)
  • Rod est probablement le plus ancien de tous les dieux slaves. Son nom même signifie Dieu. Il est probable que d'autres dieux slaves n'était initialement que des épithètes ou des incantations de Rod. Ainsi Svarog rod signifie Le Céleste Rod. Avec le temps, il se forma deux entités distinctes : Svarog et Rod. Rod est le premier dieu slave, le père de tout ce qui vit et existe. Dieu de la naissance, il est le créateur de l'univers et des autres divinités. Rod a établi les trois mondes Jav, Prav et Nav qu'il a séparés les uns des autres, ainsi que le principe suprême d'équilibre entre les éléments et la loi - Pravda (vérité) - clef de voûte, auquel toute créature (physique, métaphysique, etc.) ou puissance doit obéir. Rod préside aux destinés des Humains, avec Rojanice la cocréatrice de l'univers, durant la naissance ; il envoie les âmes sur la Terre quand les enfants naissent. On le représentait d'abord comme un faucon, ensuite comme un vieillard portant le livre du destin. On retrouve les consonances de son nom dans les mots « rod » (lignée), « plodorodié » (fécondité), « priroda » (nature). Il existait de nombreux talismans protecteurs en argile, bois et pierre avec l'effigie du dieu universel Rod. Il n'avait pas de temples et on ne lui apportait pas d'offrandes : selon les croyances, il ne se mêlait plus des affaires du monde et surveillait seulement les dieux plus jeunes. Svarog gouverne l'univers avec la permission de Rod. Bien qu'inféodé à Rod, il apparait parfois comme plus important que Rod lui-même. Il est parfois confondu avec Sventovit, qui appartient à la mythologie des Slaves de la Baltique, et semble avoir été remplacé par Péroun à partir du Xe siècle. (fr)
  • Rod – bóstwo słowiańskie o nie do końca znanej funkcji, pomimo to dosyć często występujące w źródłach. Imię Roda wywodzi się od czasownika rodzić identyfikując go ze sferą płodności, a także od słowa ród, co czyni z niego opiekuna społeczności plemiennej. Według koncepcji przedstawionej przez Borisa Rybakowa Rod był pierwotnie naczelnym bóstwem słowiańskim, później zepchniętym na niższą pozycję, co tłumaczyłoby jego nieobecność w panteonie bóstw Włodzimierza Wielkiego. Słowo św. Grzegorza Teologa podaje, że Słowianie najpierw składali ofiary upiorom, potem Rodowi i rodzanicom, a na końcu Perunowi, co według niektórych teorii jest rzeczywistym opisem ewolucji wierzeń słowiańskich od animizmu przez prototeizm do kultu Peruna. (pl)
  • Rod (em diversas línguas eslavas Род) ou Rode (Роде), é o deus eslavo criador do universo.Nas tradições Neo-pagãs é frequentemente considerado criador de toda a vida e existência, embora para muitos pesquisadores ele seja apenas mais um espírito com poderes sobrenaturais, não muito elevado (em nível).A banda Arkona tem uma música (Гой, Роде, Гой!) que faz menção a este deus. (pt)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Rod (em diversas línguas eslavas Род) ou Rode (Роде), é o deus eslavo criador do universo.Nas tradições Neo-pagãs é frequentemente considerado criador de toda a vida e existência, embora para muitos pesquisadores ele seja apenas mais um espírito com poderes sobrenaturais, não muito elevado (em nível).A banda Arkona tem uma música (Гой, Роде, Гой!) que faz menção a este deus. (pt)
  • Rod (Slovenian: Rod, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Russian, Serbian: Род, Ukrainian: Рід, Croatian: Rod) is a Slavic deity, often mentioned in the Old Church Slavonic didactic literature which was directed against pagans. Rod is usually accompanied by Rozhanitsy (singular rozhanitsa), female deities or demigodesses who are his companions. The name "Rod", as well as the word "rozhanitsa", is derived from the Common Slavonic root meaning "birth", "origin", "kin" (compare Greek genesis and its cognates, such as genealogy). In modern Russian, the word "rod" means "kin", and "rozhenitsa" is "a woman in childbirth". (en)
  • Rod est probablement le plus ancien de tous les dieux slaves. Son nom même signifie Dieu. Il est probable que d'autres dieux slaves n'était initialement que des épithètes ou des incantations de Rod. Ainsi Svarog rod signifie Le Céleste Rod. Avec le temps, il se forma deux entités distinctes : Svarog et Rod. Il est parfois confondu avec Sventovit, qui appartient à la mythologie des Slaves de la Baltique, et semble avoir été remplacé par Péroun à partir du Xe siècle. (fr)
  • Rod – bóstwo słowiańskie o nie do końca znanej funkcji, pomimo to dosyć często występujące w źródłach. Imię Roda wywodzi się od czasownika rodzić identyfikując go ze sferą płodności, a także od słowa ród, co czyni z niego opiekuna społeczności plemiennej. (pl)
rdfs:label
  • Rod (god) (en)
  • Rod (mythologie) (fr)
  • Rod (bóg) (pl)
  • Род (божество) (ru)
  • Rod (deus) (pt)
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