Robert Gellately (born 1943) is a Canadian academic who is one of the leading historians of modern Europe, particularly during World War II and the Cold War era. He is Earl Ray Beck Professor of History at Florida State University. He often teaches classes about World War II and the Cold War, but his extensive interest in the Holocaust has led to his conducting research regarding other genocides as well. He is occasionally known to give lectures on specific genocides. Gellately has very strict guidelines for what he will deem a genocide, and has had several televised debates regarding his somewhat controversial views.

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dbo:abstract
  • Robert Gellately (* 1943 in Neufundland) ist ein kanadischer Historiker. Seine Forschungsschwerpunkte sind die Holocaustforschung und die europäische Geschichte im 20. Jahrhundert. Gellately studierte russische und deutsche Geschichte an der Memorial University of Newfoundland und promovierte 1974 an der London School of Economics and Political Science zum Ph.D. Nach Studien als Post-Doktorand in Deutschland erhielt er Lehraufträge an der Cornell University und am Huron College der University of Western Ontario. Er spricht fließend Deutsch. Von 1998 bis 2003 war Gellately Inhaber des Strassler-Lehrstuhls für die Geschichte des Holocaust an der Clark University. Seit August 2003 ist er Earl Ray Beck Professor of History an der Florida State University. Dort bietet er unter anderem Lehrveranstaltungen zur vergleichenden Geschichte des Genozids, des rassistischen Denkens in Europa sowie der vergleichenden Untersuchung europäischer Diktaturen, totalitärer Ideologien und des Holocaust an. In seinem Werk Hingeschaut und weggesehen. Hitler und sein Volk (Original Backing Hitler) vertritt Gellately die These, Hitlers Regime habe nicht in erster Linie auf Einschüchterung durch Terror oder Überwachung durch die Gestapo beruht, sondern seine Grundlage vielmehr in einer breiten Zustimmung der deutschen Bevölkerung gehabt. (de)
  • Robert Gellately (1943) is een Canadees historicus. Robert Gellately studeerde Russische en Duitse geschiedenis aan de Memorial University of Newfoundland en promoveerde in 1974 aan de London School of Economics and Political Science. Vanaf 2003 is hij hoogleraar bij de Florida State University. Het eerste boek van Gellately was The Politics of Economic Despair: Shopkeepers in German Politics, 1890-1914 (Uitgegeven in Londen in 1974). In 1990 publiceerde hij er The Gestapo and German Society: Enforcing Racial Policy, 1933-1945 (Oxford University Press). Een Duitse vertaling van dit boek verscheen in 1993. In 2001 schreef hij Backing Hitler: Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany, 1933-1945 (Oxford University). De Nederlandse titel is Pal achter Hitler. Dit boek is in vele talen vertaald en werd zo populair dat het werd gekozen voor boekenclubs in de Verenigde Staten en in Groot-Brittannië. In dit boek presenteert Gellately historisch onderzoek naar de daders en de oorzaak van de Holocaust. Uit zijn onderzoek is gebleken dat het vernietigingsprogram van de nazi's bij de Duitse bevolking ruimschoots bekend was in de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Over moordpartijen op Joden, homoseksuelen en zigeuners werd vrij open in de media geschreven en gesproken. De achteraf gehuldigde gedachte dat grote delen van de Duitse bevolking nergens van geweten zou hebben is in flagrante strijd met de feiten. Ook hielpen veel gewone Duitsers actief mee met het uitroeien van Joden. In 2005 is Gellately bezig met een vergelijkende studie van Hitler en Stalin. (nl)
  • Robert Gellately (born 1943) is a Canadian academic who is one of the leading historians of modern Europe, particularly during World War II and the Cold War era. He is Earl Ray Beck Professor of History at Florida State University. He often teaches classes about World War II and the Cold War, but his extensive interest in the Holocaust has led to his conducting research regarding other genocides as well. He is occasionally known to give lectures on specific genocides. Gellately has very strict guidelines for what he will deem a genocide, and has had several televised debates regarding his somewhat controversial views. Gellately's most recent work is Stalin's Curse: Battling for Communism in War and Cold War (Knopf (March 5, 2013).Gellately recently published a set of original documents by Leon Goldensohn dealing with the 1945-46 Nuremberg trials of war criminals in The Nuremberg Interviews: An American Psychiatrist's Conversations With The Defendants and Witnesses (Alfred A. Knopf, 2004). His other books include Backing Hitler: Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany, 1933-1945 (Oxford University Press, 2001). It has been published in German, Dutch, Spanish, Czech, Portuguese and Italian. Japanese and French translations are in press. Backing Hitler was chosen as a main selection for book clubs in North America and the United Kingdom. In the book Backing Hitler: Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany, 1933-1945, Gellately argues that the Gestapo were not in fact all-pervasive and intrusive as they have been described. The Gestapo only numbered 32,000 for the entire population of Germany, and this clearly limited their impact. In the city of Hanover there were only 42 officers. Instead, Gellately says that the atmosphere of terror and fear was maintained by 'denunciations' from ordinary Germans, whereby they would inform any suspicious 'anti-Nazi' activity to the local Nazi authority. According to Gellatley, these denunciations were the cause of most prosecutions, as in Saarbrücken 87.5 per cent of cases of 'slander against the regime' came from denunciations. This diminished the Gestapo's role in maintaining fear and terror throughout the Third Reich, however they still proved to be a powerful instrument for Hitler and continued to provide the security apparatus needed for the Nazi Regime. His first book was The Politics of Economic Despair: Shopkeepers in German Politics, 1890-1914 (London, 1974). In 1991 he published The Gestapo and German Society: Enforcing Racial Policy, 1933-1945 (Oxford University Press.) It has been translated into German and Spanish. In addition, Gellately has co-edited a volume of essays with Russian specialist Sheila Fitzpatrick, Accusatory Practices: Denunciation in Modern European History, 1789-1989 (University of Chicago Press, 1997). With his colleague Nathan Stoltzfus (also at Florida State University) he co-edited a collection called Social Outsiders in Nazi Germany (Princeton University Press, 2001). With Ben Kiernan, Director of the Genocide Studies program at Yale, he recently co-edited The Specter of Genocide: Mass Murder in Historical Perspective (Cambridge University Press, 2003). Professor Gellately has won numerous research awards, including grants from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation in Germany and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. Many of the books written or edited by him are used as textbooks in college classrooms across America. (en)
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  • 1943-1-1
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  • 1943-01-01 (xsd:date)
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  • Earl Ray Beck Professor of History (en)
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  • August 2015
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  • Ph.D., 1974
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  • Research on Nazi-era Germany
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  • Canadian academic (en)
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  • Robert Gellately (* 1943 in Neufundland) ist ein kanadischer Historiker. Seine Forschungsschwerpunkte sind die Holocaustforschung und die europäische Geschichte im 20. Jahrhundert. Gellately studierte russische und deutsche Geschichte an der Memorial University of Newfoundland und promovierte 1974 an der London School of Economics and Political Science zum Ph.D. Nach Studien als Post-Doktorand in Deutschland erhielt er Lehraufträge an der Cornell University und am Huron College der University of Western Ontario. Er spricht fließend Deutsch. (de)
  • Robert Gellately (born 1943) is a Canadian academic who is one of the leading historians of modern Europe, particularly during World War II and the Cold War era. He is Earl Ray Beck Professor of History at Florida State University. He often teaches classes about World War II and the Cold War, but his extensive interest in the Holocaust has led to his conducting research regarding other genocides as well. He is occasionally known to give lectures on specific genocides. Gellately has very strict guidelines for what he will deem a genocide, and has had several televised debates regarding his somewhat controversial views. (en)
  • Robert Gellately (1943) is een Canadees historicus. Robert Gellately studeerde Russische en Duitse geschiedenis aan de Memorial University of Newfoundland en promoveerde in 1974 aan de London School of Economics and Political Science. Vanaf 2003 is hij hoogleraar bij de Florida State University. In 2005 is Gellately bezig met een vergelijkende studie van Hitler en Stalin. (nl)
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