Richard Bartlett Gregg (1885–1974) was an American social philosopher said to be "the first American to develop a substantial theory of nonviolent resistance" and an influence on the thinking of Martin Luther King, Jr, Aldous Huxley, civil-rights theorist Bayard Rustin, andpacifist and socialist reformer Jessie Wallace Hughan. Gregg's ideas also influenced the Peace Pledge Union in 1930s Britain, although by 1937 most of the PPU had moved away from Gregg's ideas.

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dbo:abstract
  • Richard Bartlett Gregg (* 1885; † 1974) war ein US-amerikanischer Sozialphilosoph. Angeregt von Mahatma Gandhi, entwickelte Richard Gregg als erster Amerikaner eine substanzielle Theorie des gewaltfreien Widerstands, die unter anderem Martin Luther King beeinflusste. Bekannt wurde Richard Gregg auch durch sein Engagement für einen Lebensstil, der von "freiwilliger Einfachheit" geprägt ist. Publikation Richard B. Gregg: Die Macht der Gewaltlosigkeit, Verlag Hinder+Deelmann (Bellnhausen), zus. mit Sensen-Verlag (Wien) 1965, 4., Aufl. 1982 Normdaten (Person): GND: 1034539418 | LCCN: n50031468 | VIAF: 59093716 | (de)
  • Richard Bartlett Gregg (1885-1974) est un philosophe américain reconnu comme le premier philosophe social à avoir développé une théorie substantielle sur la résistance par la non-violence au XXe siècle. Cette théorie exerça une influence majeure sur l’activiste des droits civils Bayard Rustin ainsi que sur Martin Luther King Jr. Dans les années 1920, Richard Gregg fit un voyage en Inde afin de mieux comprendre la culture locale et connaître Gandhi, auteur de la phrase célèbre : « vivre simplement pour que les autres puissent simplement vivre. » Ce voyage lui permit d’écrire plusieurs livres sur la théorie de la résistance par la non-violence, mais également un autre ouvrage d’un tout autre genre : The Value of Voluntary Simplicity (paru pour la première fois en 1936). Ce fut donc le premier à avoir liés les mots « simplicité » et « volontaire » (voir l’article détaillé : simplicité volontaire) et à avoir donné une présentation contemporaine d’une idéologie dont les racines sont anciennes. (fr)
  • Richard Bartlett Gregg (1885–1974) was an American social philosopher said to be "the first American to develop a substantial theory of nonviolent resistance" and an influence on the thinking of Martin Luther King, Jr, Aldous Huxley, civil-rights theorist Bayard Rustin, andpacifist and socialist reformer Jessie Wallace Hughan. Gregg's ideas also influenced the Peace Pledge Union in 1930s Britain, although by 1937 most of the PPU had moved away from Gregg's ideas. After graduating from Harvard, Gregg sailed to India on January 1, 1925 to learn about Indian culture and to seek out Gandhi. His publications include Gandhiji's Satyagraha or non-violent resistance, published in 1930, and The Power of Non-Violence, from 1934. His revision, The Power of Non-Violence (1960) included a foreword by King. The book was republished in several other editions, including a Swedish translation in 1936 (as Den nya maktfaktorn: motstånd utan våld). Gregg's 1939 pamphlet Pacifist Program in time of war: threatened war, or fascism was a program detailing how American pacifists could use non-violence to oppose war and fascism inthe United States. In the 1940s Gregg became interested in ecology and organic farming, and spent several years living on a farm owned by Scott and Helen Nearing. Gregg was also author of other books, including The Compass of Civilization, and the essay The Value of Voluntary Simplicity (Wallingford, PA: Pendle Hill, 1936), a philosophical essay on the need and benefits of living more simply. He coined the term "voluntary simplicity". (en)
  • Il suo contributo è giudicato fondamentale in due campi: nell'ambito della riflessione sull'azione nonviolenta e nell'ambito della riflessione sulla cosiddetta semplicità volontaria. (it)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1885-1-1
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dbo:deathDate
  • 1974-1-1
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  • 3308139 (xsd:integer)
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  • American philosopher (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • Il suo contributo è giudicato fondamentale in due campi: nell'ambito della riflessione sull'azione nonviolenta e nell'ambito della riflessione sulla cosiddetta semplicità volontaria. (it)
  • Richard Bartlett Gregg (1885–1974) was an American social philosopher said to be "the first American to develop a substantial theory of nonviolent resistance" and an influence on the thinking of Martin Luther King, Jr, Aldous Huxley, civil-rights theorist Bayard Rustin, andpacifist and socialist reformer Jessie Wallace Hughan. Gregg's ideas also influenced the Peace Pledge Union in 1930s Britain, although by 1937 most of the PPU had moved away from Gregg's ideas. (en)
  • Richard Bartlett Gregg (* 1885; † 1974) war ein US-amerikanischer Sozialphilosoph. Angeregt von Mahatma Gandhi, entwickelte Richard Gregg als erster Amerikaner eine substanzielle Theorie des gewaltfreien Widerstands, die unter anderem Martin Luther King beeinflusste. Bekannt wurde Richard Gregg auch durch sein Engagement für einen Lebensstil, der von "freiwilliger Einfachheit" geprägt ist. Publikation Richard B. Gregg: Die Macht der Gewaltlosigkeit, Verlag Hinder+Deelmann (Bellnhausen), zus. mit Sensen-Verlag (Wien) 1965, 4., Aufl. 1982 (de)
  • Richard Bartlett Gregg (1885-1974) est un philosophe américain reconnu comme le premier philosophe social à avoir développé une théorie substantielle sur la résistance par la non-violence au XXe siècle. Cette théorie exerça une influence majeure sur l’activiste des droits civils Bayard Rustin ainsi que sur Martin Luther King Jr. (fr)
rdfs:label
  • Richard Gregg (de)
  • Richard Gregg (social philosopher) (en)
  • Richard Gregg (it)
  • Richard Gregg (philosophe) (fr)
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  • Richard Gregg (en)
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  • Gregg (en)
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