The Rhine Campaign of 1796 (June 1796 to January 1797) saw two Habsburg Austrian armies under the overall command of Archduke Charles brilliantly outmaneuver and defeat an attempt by two Republican French armies to conquer southern Germany. At the start of the campaign the French Army of Sambre-et-Meuse under Jean Baptiste Jourdan faced the Austrian Army of the Lower Rhine in the north, while the French Army of Rhin-et-Moselle led by Jean Victor Marie Moreau confronted the Austrian Army of the Upper Rhine in the south. After sending large reinforcements to Italy in May, Austria was forced onto the defensive. After Jourdan lured Charles to the north, Moreau forced a crossing of the Rhine at Kehl on 24 June and beat the archduke's southern Austrian army at the battles of Ettlingen on 9 July

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • The Rhine Campaign of 1796 (June 1796 to January 1797) saw two Habsburg Austrian armies under the overall command of Archduke Charles brilliantly outmaneuver and defeat an attempt by two Republican French armies to conquer southern Germany. At the start of the campaign the French Army of Sambre-et-Meuse under Jean Baptiste Jourdan faced the Austrian Army of the Lower Rhine in the north, while the French Army of Rhin-et-Moselle led by Jean Victor Marie Moreau confronted the Austrian Army of the Upper Rhine in the south. After sending large reinforcements to Italy in May, Austria was forced onto the defensive. After Jourdan lured Charles to the north, Moreau forced a crossing of the Rhine at Kehl on 24 June and beat the archduke's southern Austrian army at the battles of Ettlingen on 9 July and Neresheim on 11 August. Both French armies penetrated deeply into southern Germany in August. Because the two French armies operated independently, Archduke Charles was able to leave Maximilian Anton Karl, Count Baillet de Latour with a weaker army in front of Moreau and move heavy reinforcements to help Wilhelm von Wartensleben's army in the north. In battles at Amberg on 24 August and Würzburg on 3 September Charles defeated Jourdan and compelled his army to retreat to the west bank of the Rhine. With Jourdan neutralized, Charles left Franz von Werneck to keep an eye on the Army of Sambre-et-Meuse and turned on Moreau who belatedly began to withdraw from southern Germany. Moreau briskly repulsed Latour at Biberach and safely reached the Rhine before Charles cut him off from France. However, in the battles of Emmendingen and Schliengen in October, Charles forced Moreau to retreat to the west bank of the Rhine. During the winter the Austrians reduced the French bridgeheads at Kehl and Huningue (Hüningen). Despite Charles' splendid success in Germany, Austria was losing the war in Italy to a new French army commander named Napoleon Bonaparte. (en)
dbo:combatant
  • Electorate of Bavaria
  • Habsburg Austria
  • Republican France
  • Electorate of Saxony
  • Swabian Circle
dbo:commander
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • Austrian victory
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 42595708 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 744270885 (xsd:integer)
dbp:border
  • black
dbp:caption
  • Location map shows the battles and sieges of the 1796 Rhine Campaign.
  • French advance guard overwhelming Swabians at Kehl
dbp:date
  • June 1796 to February 1797
dbp:float
  • right
dbp:label
  • Limburg
  • Mainz
  • Mannheim
  • Wetzlar
  • Würzburg
  • Emmendingen
  • Kehl
  • Altenkirchen
  • Friedberg
  • Amberg
  • Schliengen
  • Ettlingen
  • Neresheim
dbp:lat10Deg
  • 48 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat10Min
  • 7 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat11Deg
  • 48 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat11Min
  • 34 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat12Deg
  • 50 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat12Min
  • 0 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat13Deg
  • 49 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat13Min
  • 29 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat2Deg
  • 48 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat2Min
  • 44 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat3Deg
  • 48 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat3Min
  • 21 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat4Deg
  • 47 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat4Min
  • 45 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat5Deg
  • 50 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat5Min
  • 34 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat6Deg
  • 49 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat6Min
  • 47 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat7Deg
  • 49 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat7Min
  • 27 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat8Deg
  • 50 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat8Min
  • 23 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat9Deg
  • 50 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lat9Min
  • 41 (xsd:integer)
dbp:latDeg
  • 48 (xsd:integer)
dbp:latMin
  • 56 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon10Deg
  • 7 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon10Min
  • 51 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon11Deg
  • 7 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon11Min
  • 49 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon12Deg
  • 8 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon12Min
  • 16 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon13Deg
  • 8 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon13Min
  • 28 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon2Deg
  • 10 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon2Min
  • 20 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon3Deg
  • 10 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon3Min
  • 59 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon4Deg
  • 7 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon4Min
  • 35 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon5Deg
  • 8 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon5Min
  • 30 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon6Deg
  • 9 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon6Min
  • 56 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon7Deg
  • 11 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon7Min
  • 51 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon8Deg
  • 8 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon8Min
  • 4 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon9Deg
  • 7 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lon9Min
  • 39 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lonDeg
  • 8 (xsd:integer)
dbp:lonMin
  • 24 (xsd:integer)
dbp:marksize
  • 8 (xsd:integer)
dbp:pos
  • bottom
  • left
  • right
  • top
dbp:units
  • Army of Rhin-et-Moselle
  • Army of Sambre-et-Meuse
  • Army of the Lower Rhine
  • Army of the Upper Rhine
dbp:width
  • 280 (xsd:integer)
dct:subject
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • The Rhine Campaign of 1796 (June 1796 to January 1797) saw two Habsburg Austrian armies under the overall command of Archduke Charles brilliantly outmaneuver and defeat an attempt by two Republican French armies to conquer southern Germany. At the start of the campaign the French Army of Sambre-et-Meuse under Jean Baptiste Jourdan faced the Austrian Army of the Lower Rhine in the north, while the French Army of Rhin-et-Moselle led by Jean Victor Marie Moreau confronted the Austrian Army of the Upper Rhine in the south. After sending large reinforcements to Italy in May, Austria was forced onto the defensive. After Jourdan lured Charles to the north, Moreau forced a crossing of the Rhine at Kehl on 24 June and beat the archduke's southern Austrian army at the battles of Ettlingen on 9 July (en)
rdfs:label
  • Rhine Campaign of 1796 (en)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Rhine Campaign of 1796 (en)
is dbo:battle of
is dbp:campaign of
is rdfs:seeAlso of
is foaf:primaryTopic of