The Republic of China was a state in East Asia from 1912 to 1949. It included the present-day territories of China, Taiwan, and, for some of its history, Mongolia. As an era of Chinese history, the Republic of China was preceded by the last imperial dynasty of China, the Qing dynasty, and its end was marked by the end of the Chinese Civil War, in which the losing Kuomintang retreated to the island of Taiwan, while the victorious Communist Party of China proclaimed the People's Republic of China on the Mainland.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • جمهورية الصين (الصينية التقليدية:中华民国) (الصينية المبسطة:中华民国) هي جمهورية صينية سابقة ، أسست عام 1912م بعد الإطاحة بالنظام الإمبراطوري الصيني ، وانتهت سنة 1949م على يد الشيوعيون ، انتقلت عاصمة إدارة الحكم من نانجينغ إلى تايبيه التايوانية. (ar)
  • La República de China (chino tradicional: 中華民國, chino simplificado: 中华民国, pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó) fue el régimen político que sucedió en China a la última dinastía imperial, la Qing, en el año 1912. El periodo republicano fue una etapa de grandes convulsiones políticas y sociales, marcada por la independencia virtual de amplias zonas de China, bajo el control de los llamados "señores de la guerra", y por los numerosos enfrentamientos bélicos, especialmente la Segunda Guerra Sino-Japonesa y, a partir de 1945, la guerra civil entre el Kuomintang, el partido político que dominaba las instituciones de la República, bajo el mando de Chiang Kai-shek, y el Partido Comunista de China. (es)
  • La République de Chine (chinois : 中華民國, pinyin : Zhōnghuá Mínguó) est l'appellation du régime qui a dirigé la Chine dès 1912 après la chute du régime impérial (qui dirigeait le pays depuis 221 av. J.C) succédant ainsi à la Dynastie Qing qui régnait sur l'Empire depuis 1644. Ce nouveau régime fut le gouvernement de la Chine jusqu'en 1949, date à laquelle le gouvernement en proie à la guerre civile contre les communistes se replia dans la province insulaire de Taïwan, où elle continue d'appliquer la constitution de 1947 : malgré la coupure factuelle que représente le départ de son gouvernement pour Taïwan et la perte du reste du territoire chinois, aucune césure institutionnelle entre les deux périodes n'est reconnue par la Chine nationaliste (pouvoir de Taïwan, par opposition à Chine communiste sur le continent). (fr)
  • Die Republik China, auch als Nationalchina oder National-China bekannt, wurde im Jahr 1912 ausgerufen. Bis 1949 umfasste ihr Staatsgebiet ganz China, seit 1945 einschließlich des vorübergehend japanischen Taiwans. Nach ihrer Niederlage im Chinesischen Bürgerkrieg (1927–1949) zog sich die von der Kuomintang geführte Regierung der Republik China nach Taiwan zurück. Auf dem chinesischen Festland etablierte sich dagegen die Volksrepublik China. (de)
  • La Repubblica di Cina o Repubblica cinese è l'entità politica che si è costituita in Cina alla caduta dell'ultimo imperatore della Cina, Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi. In seguito a una serie di eventi nel periodo compreso tra il 1912 e il 1949 il territorio sotto il controllo della Repubblica di Cina si ridusse all'isola di Taiwan, mentre la Cina continentale passò sotto il controllo della neonata Repubblica Popolare Cinese. A questa vera e propria rivoluzione negli anni sessanta ne fece seguito una seconda, passata alla storia come grande rivoluzione culturale cinese. La Repubblica Popolare Cinese fu fondata da Mao Zedong il 1º ottobre 1949 e la prima attività del nuovo sistema politico, stabilitosi con la vittoria rivoluzionaria, fu quella di riportare sotto la sovranità della Cina territori periferici quali il Tibet e lo Xinjiang (1951). (it)
  • De Republiek China was tussen 1912 en 1949 de benaming van een staat die gezag over het grondgebied van China uitoefende. Sinds 1949 beperkt het gezag van de Republiek China zich tot het eiland Taiwan en enkele nabijgelegen eilandjes. Het vasteland van China noemt zich na de communistische machtsovername in 1949 Volksrepubliek China. Beide staten claimen sinds 1949 als enige het gezag over geheel China te vertegenwoordigen. (nl)
  • 中華民国(ちゅうかみんこく)は1912年から1949年まで中国大陸と台湾の領域を占領した東アジアの国家であった。 (ja)
  • A República da China (Zhōnghuá Mínguó) foi fundada em 1912 e regeu a China Continental até 1949. Tal como uma era na história chinesa, a república foi antecedida pela Dinastia Qing e seguida pela República Popular da China. Sun Yat-sen serviu brevemente como seu primeiro presidente. O Kuomintang de Sun (KMT ou "Partido Nacionalista"), então liderado por Song Jiaoren, venceu uma eleição parlamentar realizada em dezembro de 1912. No entanto, os líderes do exército da camarilha de Beiyang, liderados pelo presidente Yuan Shikai, mantiveram o controle do governo central. Após a morte de Yuan em 1916, vários líderes militares locais, ou senhores da guerra, afirmaram autonomia. Em 1925, o KMT estabeleceu um governo rival na cidade de Cantão, atualmente Guangzhou. A economia do Norte, sobrecarregada por apoiar o aventureirismo dos senhores da guerra, entrou em colapso em 1927-1928. Em 1928, Chiang Kai-shek, que se tornou líder do KMT após a morte de Sun, derrotou os exércitos dos senhores da guerra pela Expedição do Norte. O Exército Revolucionário Nacional de Chiang foi armado pela União Soviética e foi aconselhado por Mikhail Borodin. O Exército de Beiyang foi apoiado pelo Japão. Depois de Chiang estabelecer um governo de unidade central em Nanjing, ele cortou seus laços com os comunistas e os expulsou do KMT. Houve industrialização e modernização, mas também conflito entre o governo nacionalista de Nanquim, o Partido Comunista da China, os senhores da guerra remanescentes, e o Japão. O processo de construção da nação tomou uma posição secundária devido a guerra com o Japão entre 1937 - 1945. O Japão ocupou as áreas costeiras e cortou o acesso aos portos marítimos da China, enquanto o KMT recuou para Chongqing. A estrada da Birmânia e, mais tarde a Estrada de Ledo, foram construídas para permitir a chegada de ajuda "Lend-Lease" dos Estados Unidos ao exército chinês. A Força Y dos nacionalistas dirigiu-se aos japoneses em Yunnan durante uma ofensiva entre maio-junho de 1944, mas os resultados militares, de outro modo, foram decepcionantes. Depois da rendição do Japão, foram reiniciados os combates entre o KMT e os comunistas. Em 1947, a Constituição da República da China substituiu a Lei Orgânica de 1928 como lei fundamental do país. Em 1949, os comunistas estabeleceram a Republica Popular da China na parte continental, enquanto os nacionalistas retiraram-se para Taiwan. Apesar de seu território reduzido, o governo nacionalista continuou a ser reconhecido como o governo da China pelos Estados não-comunistas. (pt)
  • 本文介紹的是1912至1949年間的中華民國。關於中華民國的其他意思,請參見「中華民國 (消歧義)」。 中華民國是東亞的首個共和立憲制國家,曾在1912至1949年间统治中国大陆。1911年,辛亥革命的爆发使清王朝分崩离析。1912年1月1日,孫中山在南京成立臨時政府,宣布建立中華民國。南北议和后,临时政府迁往北京。1913年10月,中华民国政府正式成立,但不久便陷入分裂。经过国民革命军北伐,南京国民政府于1928年取代北洋政府,名义上统一中国,但随后又陷入與中國共產黨、殘餘軍閥和日本帝國的衝突之中。面对日本的军事压力,国民政府与中国共产党开始第二次国共合作。1937年7月日本全面侵华,同年12月中华民国首都沦陷,國民政府撤退到重慶。1940年汪精卫與日本合作在南京建立另一个中華民國國民政府。1941年12月重庆国民政府正式对日宣战,并于1945年取得胜利。但抗战期间既已存在的國共摩擦成为国共冲突,至1946年,第二次国共内战全面爆发。1947年,國民政府頒布憲法,改組成中華民國政府。 1949年10月1日,中国共产党在北京建立中华人民共和国政府。中国人民解放军延续此前的胜利,逐步完成对中国大陆的控制。中华民国政府在逐步失去中国大陸的统治后,于1949年12月遷至台北,继续维持对台湾地区的统治,形成现在「兩岸分治」的局面。 辛亥革命推翻中国两千年的帝制,建立共和國。中華民國大陸時期是中国历史上的一个乱世,从辛亥革命开始到二次革命、护法战争、北伐战争、军阀混战、抗日战争、国共内战,整个中華民國大陸時期,严格地说没有真正的和平岁月。国民因战争和自然灾害大量伤亡,政府滥发货币造成恶性通货膨胀;苏联入侵使外蒙古独立,英国干涉使西藏實質上獨立;而面对日本入侵,国民政府一退再退,在對近半領土失去控制之后,最终在盟军的帮助下取得勝利,并接管了南海诸岛以及清政府在马关条约中割让给日本的台湾和澎湖。二战后参与创建聯合國,並成為其五個安理會常任理事國之一,奠定第二次世界大战后中国国际地位的基础。 (zh)
  • The Republic of China was a state in East Asia from 1912 to 1949. It included the present-day territories of China, Taiwan, and, for some of its history, Mongolia. As an era of Chinese history, the Republic of China was preceded by the last imperial dynasty of China, the Qing dynasty, and its end was marked by the end of the Chinese Civil War, in which the losing Kuomintang retreated to the island of Taiwan, while the victorious Communist Party of China proclaimed the People's Republic of China on the Mainland. The Republic's first president, Sun Yat-sen, served only briefly. His party, then led by Song Jiaoren, won a parliamentary election held in December 1912. However the army led by President Yuan Shikai retained control of the national government in Beijing. After Yuan's death in 1916, local military leaders, or warlords, asserted autonomy. In 1925, the Kuomintang started establishing a rival government in the southern city of Guangzhou. The economy of the north, overtaxed to support warlord adventurism, collapsed in 1927–28. General Chiang Kai-shek, who became KMT leader after Sun's death, started his military Northern Expedition campaign in order to overthrow the central government in Beijing. The government was overthrown in 1928 and Chiang established a new nationalist government in Nanjing. He later cut his ties with the communists and expelled them from the KMT. There was industrialization and modernization, but also conflict between the Nationalist government in Nanjing, the Communist Party of China, remnant warlords, and the Empire of Japan. Nation-building took a backseat to war with Imperial Japan when the Imperial Japanese military launched a full-scale invasion of China in 1937. The Nationalists' Y Force drove back the Japanese in Yunnan during a May–June 1944 offensive, but otherwise military results were disappointing. With the Japanese unconditional surrender in 1945, the Allies had finally achieved total victory, but the Cold War between the U.S. and Soviet Union led to renewed fighting between the KMT and the communists. In 1947, the Constitution of the Republic of China replaced the Organic Law of 1928 as the country's fundamental law. In 1949, the Communists established the People's Republic of China, overthrowing the Nationalists on the mainland, many of whom retreated to Taiwan. (en)
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  • 1927-04-18 (xsd:date)
  • 1937-07-07 (xsd:date)
  • 1947-12-25 (xsd:date)
  • 1949-04-21 (xsd:date)
  • December 1948
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  • People's Republic of China proclaimed
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  • Seat of government moved to Taipei
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  • China Qing Dynasty Flag 1889.svg
  • Flag of Japan .svg
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  • Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
  • Flag of the People's Republic of Mongolia .svg
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  • Chongqing served as capital during the Second Sino-Japanese and Pacific Wars .
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  • Populations from http://www.populstat.info/Asia/chinac.htm
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  • Taiwan under Japanese rule
  • Mongolia Mongolia
  • Zhōnghuá mínguó
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  • 中华民国
  • Mongolian People's Republic
  • ChinaPeople's Republic of China
  • TaiwanRepublic of China
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  • 1949 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1912 (xsd:integer)
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dbp:zhu
  • ㄓㄨㄥ ㄏㄨㄚˊ ㄇㄧㄣˊ ㄍㄨㄛˊ
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • جمهورية الصين (الصينية التقليدية:中华民国) (الصينية المبسطة:中华民国) هي جمهورية صينية سابقة ، أسست عام 1912م بعد الإطاحة بالنظام الإمبراطوري الصيني ، وانتهت سنة 1949م على يد الشيوعيون ، انتقلت عاصمة إدارة الحكم من نانجينغ إلى تايبيه التايوانية. (ar)
  • La República de China (chino tradicional: 中華民國, chino simplificado: 中华民国, pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó) fue el régimen político que sucedió en China a la última dinastía imperial, la Qing, en el año 1912. El periodo republicano fue una etapa de grandes convulsiones políticas y sociales, marcada por la independencia virtual de amplias zonas de China, bajo el control de los llamados "señores de la guerra", y por los numerosos enfrentamientos bélicos, especialmente la Segunda Guerra Sino-Japonesa y, a partir de 1945, la guerra civil entre el Kuomintang, el partido político que dominaba las instituciones de la República, bajo el mando de Chiang Kai-shek, y el Partido Comunista de China. (es)
  • Die Republik China, auch als Nationalchina oder National-China bekannt, wurde im Jahr 1912 ausgerufen. Bis 1949 umfasste ihr Staatsgebiet ganz China, seit 1945 einschließlich des vorübergehend japanischen Taiwans. Nach ihrer Niederlage im Chinesischen Bürgerkrieg (1927–1949) zog sich die von der Kuomintang geführte Regierung der Republik China nach Taiwan zurück. Auf dem chinesischen Festland etablierte sich dagegen die Volksrepublik China. (de)
  • De Republiek China was tussen 1912 en 1949 de benaming van een staat die gezag over het grondgebied van China uitoefende. Sinds 1949 beperkt het gezag van de Republiek China zich tot het eiland Taiwan en enkele nabijgelegen eilandjes. Het vasteland van China noemt zich na de communistische machtsovername in 1949 Volksrepubliek China. Beide staten claimen sinds 1949 als enige het gezag over geheel China te vertegenwoordigen. (nl)
  • 中華民国(ちゅうかみんこく)は1912年から1949年まで中国大陸と台湾の領域を占領した東アジアの国家であった。 (ja)
  • La République de Chine (chinois : 中華民國, pinyin : Zhōnghuá Mínguó) est l'appellation du régime qui a dirigé la Chine dès 1912 après la chute du régime impérial (qui dirigeait le pays depuis 221 av. J.C) succédant ainsi à la Dynastie Qing qui régnait sur l'Empire depuis 1644. (fr)
  • La Repubblica di Cina o Repubblica cinese è l'entità politica che si è costituita in Cina alla caduta dell'ultimo imperatore della Cina, Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi. In seguito a una serie di eventi nel periodo compreso tra il 1912 e il 1949 il territorio sotto il controllo della Repubblica di Cina si ridusse all'isola di Taiwan, mentre la Cina continentale passò sotto il controllo della neonata Repubblica Popolare Cinese. A questa vera e propria rivoluzione negli anni sessanta ne fece seguito una seconda, passata alla storia come grande rivoluzione culturale cinese. (it)
  • A República da China (Zhōnghuá Mínguó) foi fundada em 1912 e regeu a China Continental até 1949. Tal como uma era na história chinesa, a república foi antecedida pela Dinastia Qing e seguida pela República Popular da China. Sun Yat-sen serviu brevemente como seu primeiro presidente. O Kuomintang de Sun (KMT ou "Partido Nacionalista"), então liderado por Song Jiaoren, venceu uma eleição parlamentar realizada em dezembro de 1912. No entanto, os líderes do exército da camarilha de Beiyang, liderados pelo presidente Yuan Shikai, mantiveram o controle do governo central. Após a morte de Yuan em 1916, vários líderes militares locais, ou senhores da guerra, afirmaram autonomia. (pt)
  • 本文介紹的是1912至1949年間的中華民國。關於中華民國的其他意思,請參見「中華民國 (消歧義)」。 中華民國是東亞的首個共和立憲制國家,曾在1912至1949年间统治中国大陆。1911年,辛亥革命的爆发使清王朝分崩离析。1912年1月1日,孫中山在南京成立臨時政府,宣布建立中華民國。南北议和后,临时政府迁往北京。1913年10月,中华民国政府正式成立,但不久便陷入分裂。经过国民革命军北伐,南京国民政府于1928年取代北洋政府,名义上统一中国,但随后又陷入與中國共產黨、殘餘軍閥和日本帝國的衝突之中。面对日本的军事压力,国民政府与中国共产党开始第二次国共合作。1937年7月日本全面侵华,同年12月中华民国首都沦陷,國民政府撤退到重慶。1940年汪精卫與日本合作在南京建立另一个中華民國國民政府。1941年12月重庆国民政府正式对日宣战,并于1945年取得胜利。但抗战期间既已存在的國共摩擦成为国共冲突,至1946年,第二次国共内战全面爆发。1947年,國民政府頒布憲法,改組成中華民國政府。 1949年10月1日,中国共产党在北京建立中华人民共和国政府。中国人民解放军延续此前的胜利,逐步完成对中国大陆的控制。中华民国政府在逐步失去中国大陸的统治后,于1949年12月遷至台北,继续维持对台湾地区的统治,形成现在「兩岸分治」的局面。 (zh)
  • The Republic of China was a state in East Asia from 1912 to 1949. It included the present-day territories of China, Taiwan, and, for some of its history, Mongolia. As an era of Chinese history, the Republic of China was preceded by the last imperial dynasty of China, the Qing dynasty, and its end was marked by the end of the Chinese Civil War, in which the losing Kuomintang retreated to the island of Taiwan, while the victorious Communist Party of China proclaimed the People's Republic of China on the Mainland. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Republic of China (1912–49) (en)
  • جمهورية الصين (1912–1949) (ar)
  • Republik China (1912–1949) (de)
  • República de China (1912-1949) (es)
  • République de Chine (1912-1949) (fr)
  • Repubblica di Cina (1912-1949) (it)
  • Republiek China (1912-1949) (nl)
  • 中華民国 (1912年-1949年) (ja)
  • República da China (1912–1949) (pt)
  • 中華民國 (大陸時期) (zh)
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