A regents group portrait, regentenstuk or regentessenstuk in Dutch, literally "regents' piece", is a group portrait of the board of trustees, called regents or regentesses, of a charitable organization or guild. This type of group portrait was popular in Dutch Golden Age painting during the 17th century, and in the 18th century. They were intended to be hung in the regentenkamer, the regents' meeting room, or another prominent location in the institution.

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  • Een regentenstuk of regentessenstuk was een type schilderij in Nederland in de 17e en 18e eeuw waarop de regenten (bestuurders) van een liefdadigheidsinstelling of gilde zijn afgebeeld. Dit type groepsportret hing doorgaans in de regentenkamer, de bestuurskamer waar de regenten bijeen kwamen om te vergaderen. De regenten of voorlieden van liefdadigheidsinstelling (zoals een weeshuis, armenhuis, gasthuis of hofje) of gilde behoorden tot de meest voorname burgers van de stad. Het was een prestigieuze erebaan. Ze lieten zich daarom graag afbeelden in deze rol. Voor de regentenstukken werden de meest gewilde schilders van die tijd gevraagd, zoals Rembrandt van Rijn (De Staalmeesters), Frans Hals, Ferdinand Bol en Bartholomeus van der Helst. De schilders konden goed verdienen aan de opdrachten, aangezien de regenten maar enkele jaren dienden en dus regelmatig werden afgewisseld door nieuwe regenten die zich graag lieten vereeuwigen. Soms werden op de achtergrond ook anderen op het schilderij afgebeeld, zoals de binnenvader of -moeder, die de dagelijkse leiding over de liefdadigheidsinstelling had. Bijvoorbeeld schilderde Abraham de Vries in 1633 een regentenstuk voor het Burgerweeshuis in Amsterdam dat niet alleen de regenten toont, maar ook de binnenvader en een weesmeisje. (nl)
  • A regents group portrait, regentenstuk or regentessenstuk in Dutch, literally "regents' piece", is a group portrait of the board of trustees, called regents or regentesses, of a charitable organization or guild. This type of group portrait was popular in Dutch Golden Age painting during the 17th century, and in the 18th century. They were intended to be hung in the regentenkamer, the regents' meeting room, or another prominent location in the institution. The regents of a charitable organization (such as an orphanage, poorhouse, hospital or hofje) or guild were drawn from the regenten, the upper class of Dutch society. It was a prestigious honorary office, so the regents were keen to have themselves depicted in this role. The leading portraitists of the day were commissioned to make regentenstukken, including Rembrandt (whose Syndics of the Drapers' Guild is a subtle treatment of a group round a table), Frans Hals, Ferdinand Bol, and Bartholomeus van der Helst. The commissions proved lucrative, particularly since the regents only served for a few years, to be replaced with a new set of regents that were equally eager to be painted. In some institutions the regentesses were all female, and so the portraits were of all-female groups, or there were mixed-gender regents who were painted separately, as in Hals' two portraits of the Regents and Regentesses of the Old Men's Almshouse. Occasionally the painting depicted not just the regents but also others, such as the binnenvader or binnenmoeder, who was in charge of the day-to-day operations. For instance, Abraham de Vries in 1633 painted a regentenstuk for the Burgerweeshuis orphanage in Amsterdam showing not only the regents but also the binnenvader leading in a young orphan girl. Group portraits, largely a Dutch invention, were popular among the large numbers of civic associations that were a notable part of Dutch life, such as the militia group portrait or schuttersstuk showing officers of a city's schutterij or militia guards, boards of trustees and regents of guilds and charitable foundations and the like. Especially in the first half of the 17th century, portraits were very formal and stiff in composition. Boards of trustees preferred an image of austerity and humility, posing in dark clothing (which by its refinement testified to their prominent standing in society), often seated around a table, with solemn expressions on their faces. Scientists often posed with instruments and objects of their study around them. Groups were often seated around a table, each person looking at the viewer. Much attention was paid to fine details in clothing, and where applicable, to furniture and other signs of a person's position in society. Later in the century groups became livelier and colours brighter. The cost of group portraits was usually shared by the subjects, often not equally. The amount paid might determine each person's place in the picture, either head to toe in full regalia in the foreground or face only in the back of the group. Sometimes all group members paid an equal sum, which was likely to lead to quarrels when some members gained a more prominent place in the picture than others. In Amsterdam most of these paintings ultimately ended up in possession of the city council, and many are now on display in the Amsterdam Museum. (en)
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  • Een regentenstuk of regentessenstuk was een type schilderij in Nederland in de 17e en 18e eeuw waarop de regenten (bestuurders) van een liefdadigheidsinstelling of gilde zijn afgebeeld. Dit type groepsportret hing doorgaans in de regentenkamer, de bestuurskamer waar de regenten bijeen kwamen om te vergaderen. (nl)
  • A regents group portrait, regentenstuk or regentessenstuk in Dutch, literally "regents' piece", is a group portrait of the board of trustees, called regents or regentesses, of a charitable organization or guild. This type of group portrait was popular in Dutch Golden Age painting during the 17th century, and in the 18th century. They were intended to be hung in the regentenkamer, the regents' meeting room, or another prominent location in the institution. (en)
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  • Regentenstuk (nl)
  • Regents group portrait (en)
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