A reform movement is the kind of social movement that aims to make gradual change, or change in certain aspects of society, rather than rapid or fundamental changes. A reform movement is distinguished from more radical social movements such as revolutionary movements.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • A reform movement is the kind of social movement that aims to make gradual change, or change in certain aspects of society, rather than rapid or fundamental changes. A reform movement is distinguished from more radical social movements such as revolutionary movements. Reformists' ideas are often grounded in liberalism, although they may be rooted in socialist (specifically, social democratic) or religious concepts. Some rely on personal transformation; others rely on small collectives, such as Mahatma Gandhi's spinning wheel and the self-sustaining village economy, as a mode of social change. Reactionary movements, which can arise against any of these, attempt to put things back the way they were before any successes the new reform movement(s) enjoyed, or to prevent any such successes. (en)
  • 改革(かいかく、英語: reform)とは、ある対象を改め、変化させること。革命とは異なり、現時点での基本的な体制を保ちつつ、内部に変化を作ることをいう。変革(へんかく)とも呼ばれる。 (ja)
  • O reformismo é um movimento social que tem em vista a transformação da sociedade mediante a introdução de reformas graduais e sucessivas na legislação e nas instituições já existentes a fim de torná-las mais igualitárias. Essa reforma distingue-se dos movimentos sociais mais radicais, como movimentos revolucionários. Na segunda metade do século XX, muitas críticas foram feitas à ideologia defendida pelos teóricos neo-malthusianos. Com bases nessas críticas, teóricos de países subdesenvolvidos elaboraram a teoria reformista que afirma que os problemas sociais não são o resultado do crescimento populacional, mas sim da falta de acesso da grande parte da população às riquezas produzidas. (pt)
  • 改革,是指各種包括政治、社會、文化、經濟、宗教等方面改良革新,改革的实质是阶级利益的调整,以除舊佈新。目的是要革除现有的社会制度中不符合社会发展的部分,使之符合新的生产力发展的需要。相較於革命是以暴力的方式推翻原有政權以達成改變新狀的目的,改革是指在現有的政治體制之內實行變革。通常一個改革是否能成功也會影響該國的國勢,若成功可讓該國走向穩定局勢,若失敗可能遭致內亂或衝突。 改革必然要付出代價,且要承受內部和外部、客觀和主觀制約。推动社会发展的重要动力,社会通过不断改革进步,是历史发展的必然趋势。 根據馬克思學說,历史上的改革,有奴隶主性质的改革(如管仲改革)、封建性质的改革(如商鞅变法、北宋熙宁变法)、资本主义性质的改革(如日本明治维新、戊戌变法、美国罗斯福新政)还有社会主义性质的改革(中国改革开放和苏联的经济改革)。 (zh)
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 200964 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 744111061 (xsd:integer)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdfs:comment
  • 改革(かいかく、英語: reform)とは、ある対象を改め、変化させること。革命とは異なり、現時点での基本的な体制を保ちつつ、内部に変化を作ることをいう。変革(へんかく)とも呼ばれる。 (ja)
  • 改革,是指各種包括政治、社會、文化、經濟、宗教等方面改良革新,改革的实质是阶级利益的调整,以除舊佈新。目的是要革除现有的社会制度中不符合社会发展的部分,使之符合新的生产力发展的需要。相較於革命是以暴力的方式推翻原有政權以達成改變新狀的目的,改革是指在現有的政治體制之內實行變革。通常一個改革是否能成功也會影響該國的國勢,若成功可讓該國走向穩定局勢,若失敗可能遭致內亂或衝突。 改革必然要付出代價,且要承受內部和外部、客觀和主觀制約。推动社会发展的重要动力,社会通过不断改革进步,是历史发展的必然趋势。 根據馬克思學說,历史上的改革,有奴隶主性质的改革(如管仲改革)、封建性质的改革(如商鞅变法、北宋熙宁变法)、资本主义性质的改革(如日本明治维新、戊戌变法、美国罗斯福新政)还有社会主义性质的改革(中国改革开放和苏联的经济改革)。 (zh)
  • A reform movement is the kind of social movement that aims to make gradual change, or change in certain aspects of society, rather than rapid or fundamental changes. A reform movement is distinguished from more radical social movements such as revolutionary movements. (en)
  • O reformismo é um movimento social que tem em vista a transformação da sociedade mediante a introdução de reformas graduais e sucessivas na legislação e nas instituições já existentes a fim de torná-las mais igualitárias. Essa reforma distingue-se dos movimentos sociais mais radicais, como movimentos revolucionários. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Reform movement (en)
  • 改革 (ja)
  • Reformismo (pt)
  • 改革 (zh)
owl:sameAs
prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
is dbo:field of
is dbo:ideology of
is dbo:occupation of
is dbo:wikiPageDisambiguates of
is dbo:wikiPageRedirects of
is dbp:field of
is dbp:movement of
is rdfs:seeAlso of
is foaf:primaryTopic of