The ROMP or Research OPD Micro Processor was a 10 MHz RISC microprocessor designed by IBM in the early 1980s. It is also known in some circles as 032. "OPD" stands for "Office Products Division", the division of IBM which originated the processor. The ROMP was manufactured on a 2 µm process with 45,000 transistors, saw first in silicon in 1981, and was originally developed to be used in office equipment and small computers. It was intended as a follow-on to a mid-1970s processor called the "OPD Mini Processor", which was used in text editing systems such as the IBM Office System/6. ROMP originally was shipped in the IBM RT/PC line, announced in 1986, and was later used in an IBM laser printer. For a time the IBM RT/PC was planned to be a personal computer, with ROMP replacing the Intel 808

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  • The ROMP or Research OPD Micro Processor was a 10 MHz RISC microprocessor designed by IBM in the early 1980s. It is also known in some circles as 032. "OPD" stands for "Office Products Division", the division of IBM which originated the processor. The ROMP was manufactured on a 2 µm process with 45,000 transistors, saw first in silicon in 1981, and was originally developed to be used in office equipment and small computers. It was intended as a follow-on to a mid-1970s processor called the "OPD Mini Processor", which was used in text editing systems such as the IBM Office System/6. ROMP originally was shipped in the IBM RT/PC line, announced in 1986, and was later used in an IBM laser printer. For a time the IBM RT/PC was planned to be a personal computer, with ROMP replacing the Intel 8088. However, the software was targeted more towards engineering workstations. The original ROMP had a 24-bit Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) architecture developed by IBM, but the instruction set was changed to 32 bits a few years into the development. It was originally implemented in a 2 µm NMOS technology. It had sixteen 32-bit general purpose registers and used 32-bit addresses and data paths. The microprocessor was controlled by 118 simple two- and four-byte instructions. Internal processor organization enabled the CPU to execute most register-to-register instructions in a single cycle. An IBM-developed advanced memory management chip provided virtual memory address translation functions and memory control. The architectural work started in late spring of 1977, as a spin-off of the T.J. Watson Research 801 processor (hence the "Research" in the acronym). Most of the architectural changes were for cost reductions, such as adding 16-bit instructions for byte-efficiency - a main concern at the time. For embedded systems, this is still a concern; ARM, MIPS and Power Architecture have all added 16-bit instructions to their architectures, which were originally 32-bit only. The first chips were ready in early 1981. Thus, ROMP was possibly the first working commercial RISC, depending on whether it was a true RISC and whether one could count it as a commercial product in 1981, since it didn't actually ship until 1986. This delay was caused by overly ambitious software plans for the RT/PC and its operating system (OS). This OS virtualized the hardware and could host multiple other operating systems, though UNIX was the only operating system to be ported to the underlying virtual OS. This technology, called virtualization, while commonplace in mainframe systems, only began to gain traction in smaller systems in the 21st century. The IBM RT/PC consequently fell behind competitors such as Sun Microsystems and Apollo Computer who ported UNIX directly to their platforms. (en)
  • Il ROMP (Research (Office Products Division) Micro Processor conosciuto anche con 032) fu un microprocessore sviluppato da IBM per l'utilizzo in ambito aziendale e venne prodotto per la prima volta nel 1981. Il processore era progettato come successore dell'OPD Mini Processor un processore utilizzato in un editor di testi utilizzato in sistemi come l'IBM Office System/6 e il DisplayWriter. ROMP inizialmente fu utilizzato nella linea IBM RT/PC presentata nel 1986 e in seguito venne utilizzato da una stampante laser. Inizialmente il sistema IBM RT/PC fu progettato come personal computer e il processore ROMP doveva rimpiazzare il lento 8088, tuttavia il software della macchina fu indirizzato verso la realizzazione di una macchina per la progettazione. Nel disegno originario il ROMP era un processore a 24 bit di tipo RISC con architettura sviluppata all'interno dell'IBM sebbene in corso d'opera il progetto fu convertito in un progetto a 32 bit. Il processore era progettato con una tecnologia a 2 micrometri NMOS, aveva sedici registri generici a 32 bit e utilizzava una architettura a 32 bit piena per dati e indirizzi. Il microprocessore era gestito da 118 istruzioni a 2 o 4 byte. Internamente il processore poteva eseguire molte operazioni tra i registri in un singolo ciclo di clock. L'architettura delle memoria era molto avanzata e prevedeva la gestione della memoria virtuale, e il controllo della memoria protetta. Il progetto venne avviato nel 1977 come derivazione del progetto 801. Rispetto all'801 buona parte della microarchitettura fu modificata per ridurre i costi, per esempio aggiunsero la gestione di istruzioni a 16 bit, un requisito importante per l'epoca dato che allora la memoria era un componente molto costoso. Attualmente i processori per applicazioni embedded come gli ARM hanno un set di istruzioni a 16 bit oltre al classico set a 32 bit per poter contenere la dimensione del codice. Il primo processore fu pronto all'inizio del 1981 e quindi virtualmente il ROMP era il primo RISC commerciale. Il primato del ROMP è contestato dato che il processore fu messo in vendita solo nel 1986. Il ritardo nella commercializzazione fu dovuto alla volontà di IBM di sviluppare un sistema operativo per l'RT/PC eccessivamente innovativo. Il sistema operativo avrebbe dovuto virtualizzare l'hardware e permettere a più sistemi operativi ospiti di utilizzare il computer sebbene solo il sistema operativo Unix fosse previsto come sistema operativo ospite. Quando l'RT/PC fu presentato i competitori come la Sun Microsystems e la Apollo Computers avevano già immesso sul mercato delle macchine che utilizzavano Unix nativamente. (it)
  • ROMPは、1981年にIBMが完成させた初期のRISC型マイクロプロセッサである。世界初の商用 RISC チップとも言われる。 (ja)
  • ROMP的全稱是Research (Office Products Division) Micro Processor,它是IBM公司所研製的一顆微處理器,第一顆ROMP晶片於1981年問世,並在之後用於辦公事務的機器設備內,事實上這顆處理器的研發用意是用來取代自1970年中期就開始使用的OPD Mini Processor(OPD迷你處理器)OPD迷你處理器主要是用在文字編輯的系統設備內,如IBM的Office System/6及DisplayWriter等。 ROMP處理器最初是用在IBM RT/PC的系列產品內,該系列產品於1986年發表,之後ROMP處理器也被用在IBM的雷射印表機內。此外有一段時間IBM有意讓IBM RT/PC成為個人電腦產品,並用自有的ROMP處理器來取代Intel公司的8088處理器,不過實際上其軟體方面卻比較偏向於工程用的工作站。 (zh)
  • ROMP (сокращение от Research OPD Micro Processor) — один из первых RISC-процессоров, разработанный подразделением Office Products Division компании IBM в начале 1980-х как замена процессору OPD Mini Processor из поздних 1970-х, который использовался в текстовых процессорах корпорации. Данный процессор содержал 45000 транзисторов и был представлен в 1981 году. В дальнейшем использовался в линейке рабочих станций IBM 6150 RT, но был заменен на Intel 8088. Изначально ROMP имел RISC архитектуру с 24-битными командами, которые в дальнейшем были расширены до 32-битных. Процессор имел 16 регистров общего назначения, 118 инструкций и работал на частоте 10 МГц. (ru)
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  • ROMPは、1981年にIBMが完成させた初期のRISC型マイクロプロセッサである。世界初の商用 RISC チップとも言われる。 (ja)
  • ROMP的全稱是Research (Office Products Division) Micro Processor,它是IBM公司所研製的一顆微處理器,第一顆ROMP晶片於1981年問世,並在之後用於辦公事務的機器設備內,事實上這顆處理器的研發用意是用來取代自1970年中期就開始使用的OPD Mini Processor(OPD迷你處理器)OPD迷你處理器主要是用在文字編輯的系統設備內,如IBM的Office System/6及DisplayWriter等。 ROMP處理器最初是用在IBM RT/PC的系列產品內,該系列產品於1986年發表,之後ROMP處理器也被用在IBM的雷射印表機內。此外有一段時間IBM有意讓IBM RT/PC成為個人電腦產品,並用自有的ROMP處理器來取代Intel公司的8088處理器,不過實際上其軟體方面卻比較偏向於工程用的工作站。 (zh)
  • The ROMP or Research OPD Micro Processor was a 10 MHz RISC microprocessor designed by IBM in the early 1980s. It is also known in some circles as 032. "OPD" stands for "Office Products Division", the division of IBM which originated the processor. The ROMP was manufactured on a 2 µm process with 45,000 transistors, saw first in silicon in 1981, and was originally developed to be used in office equipment and small computers. It was intended as a follow-on to a mid-1970s processor called the "OPD Mini Processor", which was used in text editing systems such as the IBM Office System/6. ROMP originally was shipped in the IBM RT/PC line, announced in 1986, and was later used in an IBM laser printer. For a time the IBM RT/PC was planned to be a personal computer, with ROMP replacing the Intel 808 (en)
  • Il ROMP (Research (Office Products Division) Micro Processor conosciuto anche con 032) fu un microprocessore sviluppato da IBM per l'utilizzo in ambito aziendale e venne prodotto per la prima volta nel 1981. Il processore era progettato come successore dell'OPD Mini Processor un processore utilizzato in un editor di testi utilizzato in sistemi come l'IBM Office System/6 e il DisplayWriter. ROMP inizialmente fu utilizzato nella linea IBM RT/PC presentata nel 1986 e in seguito venne utilizzato da una stampante laser. Inizialmente il sistema IBM RT/PC fu progettato come personal computer e il processore ROMP doveva rimpiazzare il lento 8088, tuttavia il software della macchina fu indirizzato verso la realizzazione di una macchina per la progettazione. (it)
  • ROMP (сокращение от Research OPD Micro Processor) — один из первых RISC-процессоров, разработанный подразделением Office Products Division компании IBM в начале 1980-х как замена процессору OPD Mini Processor из поздних 1970-х, который использовался в текстовых процессорах корпорации. Данный процессор содержал 45000 транзисторов и был представлен в 1981 году. В дальнейшем использовался в линейке рабочих станций IBM 6150 RT, но был заменен на Intel 8088. (ru)
rdfs:label
  • ROMP (en)
  • ROMP (it)
  • ROMP (ja)
  • ROMP (ru)
  • ROMP (zh)
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