The pulp and paper industry comprises companies that use wood as raw material and produce pulp, paper, board and other cellulose-based products. The industry is dominated by North American (United States and Canada), northern European (Finland, Sweden, and North-West Russia) and East Asian countries (such as East Siberian Russia, China, Japan, and South Korea). Australasia and Brazil also have significant pulp and paper enterprises. The United States had been the world's leading producer of paper until it was overtaken by China in 2009.

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  • The pulp and paper industry comprises companies that use wood as raw material and produce pulp, paper, board and other cellulose-based products. The industry is dominated by North American (United States and Canada), northern European (Finland, Sweden, and North-West Russia) and East Asian countries (such as East Siberian Russia, China, Japan, and South Korea). Australasia and Brazil also have significant pulp and paper enterprises. The United States had been the world's leading producer of paper until it was overtaken by China in 2009. The industry is criticized by environmental groups like the Natural Resources Defense Council for unsustainable deforestation and clearcutting of old-growth forest. The industry trend is to expand globally to countries like Russia, China and Indonesia with low wages and low environmental oversight. According to Greenpeace, farmers in Central America illegally rip up vast tracts of native forest for cattle and soybean production without any consequences, and companies who buy timber from private land owners contribute to massive deforestation of the Amazon Rainforest. Considering that the pulp and paper industry is a practitioner of nanotechnology, then it is easily the world's largest. (en)
  • Die Papierindustrie ist ein Wirtschaftszweig, der zur Grundstoffindustrie gehört und sich mit der Herstellung von Papier, Karton und Pappe befasst. Viele Papier erzeugende Unternehmen sind heute international verflochten. Die Papierindustrie unterscheidet folgende vier Großgruppen von Papiersorten: * Grafische Papiere * Papier, Karton und Pappe für Verpackungszwecke * Hygiene-Papiere Tissue-Papiere * Papiere und Pappe für spezielle technische Verwendungszwecke (de)
  • L'industrie papetière désigne l'ensemble des entreprises travaillant dans la fabrication du papier à partir du bois ou plus rarement d'autres fibres (paille de blé, chanvre..), qu'elle transforme en pâte à papier. Le papier sert éventuellement à produire du carton ondulé ou du carton « à l'enrouleuse ». Le groupe américain International Paper est le 1er mondial de ce secteur, suivi du finlandais Stora Enso, qui devait devenir le plus gros propriétaire terrien de l'Uruguay en 2009. (fr)
  • 製紙業(せいしぎょう)とは、紙、板紙の製造(製紙)を行う製造業である。 (ja)
  • L'industria cartaria è il settore manifatturiero composto dalle cartiere che si occupano della produzione della carta e del cartone quali semilavorati o supporti ad esempio per la stampa o per l'imballaggio. Si differenzia dall'industria della cellulosa e della pasta legno che, a monte, fornisce la materia prima necessaria alla lavorazione dell'industria cartaria. Si differenzia altresì dall'industria cartotecnica e dall'industria dell'imballaggio che sono settori manifatturieri a valle cioè che utilizzano i semilavorati delle cartiere. L'industria cartaria, pur essendo caratterizzata dall'uso di cellulosa o materiali cellulosici come materia prima, può suddividersi in diverse tipologie a seconda dell'uso finale del prodotto. Spesso una cartiera nasce e muore realizzando un'unica tipologia di prodotto, ma capita anche che per motivi industriali o commerciali una cartiera si riconverta e si dedichi a prodotti cartari nuovi o differenti. Grossolanamente si distinguono attività produttive per: * carta igienico sanitaria * carta e cartone per l'imballaggio * carte grafiche (tipologia molto ampia che può suddividersi in sottogruppi di prodotto) * carte tecniche industriali (generalmente sono dei semilavorati e supporto per altre trasformazioni; ad esempio per la carta abrasiva, la carta per avvolgimenti elettrici, la carta per laminati plastici...) (it)
  • De papierindustrie is de industrie die zich bezighoudt met de productie van papier en karton. De 100 grootste bedrijven actief in deze sector realiseren een omzet van zo'n 350 miljard dollar per jaar. (nl)
  • Целлюлозно-бумажное производство — технологический процесс, направленный на получение целлюлозы, бумаги, картона и других сопутствующих продуктов конечного или промежуточного передела. (ru)
  • 造紙業(英文:Pulp and paper industry)是指以木材為主要原料,進行生產紙漿、紙、紙板以及其他纖維基體產品的公司或企業。 目前,全世界造紙業的生產基地以北美洲(美國與加拿大)、北歐(瑞典、芬蘭及俄羅斯)以及東亞(中國、日本及俄羅斯)地區為主,另外,在澳洲與巴西等地區也有頗具規模的造紙及製漿產業。美國造紙業在2009年被中國超越之前,一直在世界上處於領導地位。 (zh)
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  • Die Papierindustrie ist ein Wirtschaftszweig, der zur Grundstoffindustrie gehört und sich mit der Herstellung von Papier, Karton und Pappe befasst. Viele Papier erzeugende Unternehmen sind heute international verflochten. Die Papierindustrie unterscheidet folgende vier Großgruppen von Papiersorten: * Grafische Papiere * Papier, Karton und Pappe für Verpackungszwecke * Hygiene-Papiere Tissue-Papiere * Papiere und Pappe für spezielle technische Verwendungszwecke (de)
  • L'industrie papetière désigne l'ensemble des entreprises travaillant dans la fabrication du papier à partir du bois ou plus rarement d'autres fibres (paille de blé, chanvre..), qu'elle transforme en pâte à papier. Le papier sert éventuellement à produire du carton ondulé ou du carton « à l'enrouleuse ». Le groupe américain International Paper est le 1er mondial de ce secteur, suivi du finlandais Stora Enso, qui devait devenir le plus gros propriétaire terrien de l'Uruguay en 2009. (fr)
  • 製紙業(せいしぎょう)とは、紙、板紙の製造(製紙)を行う製造業である。 (ja)
  • De papierindustrie is de industrie die zich bezighoudt met de productie van papier en karton. De 100 grootste bedrijven actief in deze sector realiseren een omzet van zo'n 350 miljard dollar per jaar. (nl)
  • Целлюлозно-бумажное производство — технологический процесс, направленный на получение целлюлозы, бумаги, картона и других сопутствующих продуктов конечного или промежуточного передела. (ru)
  • 造紙業(英文:Pulp and paper industry)是指以木材為主要原料,進行生產紙漿、紙、紙板以及其他纖維基體產品的公司或企業。 目前,全世界造紙業的生產基地以北美洲(美國與加拿大)、北歐(瑞典、芬蘭及俄羅斯)以及東亞(中國、日本及俄羅斯)地區為主,另外,在澳洲與巴西等地區也有頗具規模的造紙及製漿產業。美國造紙業在2009年被中國超越之前,一直在世界上處於領導地位。 (zh)
  • The pulp and paper industry comprises companies that use wood as raw material and produce pulp, paper, board and other cellulose-based products. The industry is dominated by North American (United States and Canada), northern European (Finland, Sweden, and North-West Russia) and East Asian countries (such as East Siberian Russia, China, Japan, and South Korea). Australasia and Brazil also have significant pulp and paper enterprises. The United States had been the world's leading producer of paper until it was overtaken by China in 2009. (en)
  • L'industria cartaria è il settore manifatturiero composto dalle cartiere che si occupano della produzione della carta e del cartone quali semilavorati o supporti ad esempio per la stampa o per l'imballaggio. Si differenzia dall'industria della cellulosa e della pasta legno che, a monte, fornisce la materia prima necessaria alla lavorazione dell'industria cartaria. Si differenzia altresì dall'industria cartotecnica e dall'industria dell'imballaggio che sono settori manifatturieri a valle cioè che utilizzano i semilavorati delle cartiere. (it)
rdfs:label
  • Pulp and paper industry (en)
  • Papierindustrie (de)
  • Industrie papetière (fr)
  • Industria cartaria (it)
  • 製紙業 (ja)
  • Papierindustrie (nl)
  • Целлюлозно-бумажное производство (ru)
  • 造紙業 (zh)
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