Pukapukan is a Polynesian language that developed in isolation on the island of Pukapuka (Danger Island) in the northern group of the Cook Islands. As a "Samoic Outlier" language with strong links to western Polynesia, Pukapukan is not closely related to any other languages of the Cook Islands, but does manifest substantial borrowing from some East Polynesian source in antiquity. Recent research suggests that the languages of Pukapuka, Tokelau and Tuvalu group together as a cluster, and as such had significant influence on several of the Polynesian Outliers, such as Tikopia and Anuta, Pileni, Sikaiana (all in the Solomon Islands) and Takuu (off the coast of Bougainville, PNG). There is also evidence that Pukapuka had prehistoric contact with Micronesia, as there are quite a number of words

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dbo:abstract
  • El pukapukano es un idioma de la familia de lenguas malayo-polinesias. El pukapukano es hablado exclusivamente en la isla de Pukapuka, al noroeste de las Islas Cook (Nueva Zelanda). (es)
  • Pukapukan is a Polynesian language that developed in isolation on the island of Pukapuka (Danger Island) in the northern group of the Cook Islands. As a "Samoic Outlier" language with strong links to western Polynesia, Pukapukan is not closely related to any other languages of the Cook Islands, but does manifest substantial borrowing from some East Polynesian source in antiquity. Recent research suggests that the languages of Pukapuka, Tokelau and Tuvalu group together as a cluster, and as such had significant influence on several of the Polynesian Outliers, such as Tikopia and Anuta, Pileni, Sikaiana (all in the Solomon Islands) and Takuu (off the coast of Bougainville, PNG). There is also evidence that Pukapuka had prehistoric contact with Micronesia, as there are quite a number of words in Pukapukan that appear to be borrowings from Kiribati (K. & M. Salisbury conference paper, 2013). Pukapukan is also known as "te leo Wale" ('the language of Home') in reference to the name of the northern islet where the people live. The atoll population has declined from some 750 in the early 1990s to less than 500 since the cyclone in 2005. Literacy in the Pukapukan language was introduced in the school in the 1980s, resulting in an improvement in the quality of education on the atoll. The language is spoken by over 4,000 people, the vast majority living in a number of migrant communities in New Zealand and Australia. A bilingual dictionary was started by the school teachers on the island and completed in Auckland within the Pukapukan community there (publication date 2013; URL ). An indepth study of the language has resulted in a reference grammar (Mary Salisbury, A Grammar of Pukapukan, University of Auckland, 2003 700pp.).The most significant publication in the Pukapuka language will be the "Puka Yaa" (Bible), with the New Testament expected to be completed for publishing in 2013. (en)
  • Die pukapukanische Sprache oder kurz Pukapuka (Schreibweisen auch Puka Puka, Bukabuka, Buka Buka) ist eine polynesische Sprache, die auf den nördlichen Cookinseln Pukapuka und Nassau von 840 Personen gesprochen wird. Weitere Sprecher leben heute in Rarotonga, Neuseeland und Australien. Die Gesamtsprecherzahl beträgt 2.000 (Zählung 1997, nach Ethnologue 2005). Die Wortfolge ist VOS (Verb-Objekt-Subjekt) bzw. VSO (Verb-Subjekt-Objekt). (de)
  • Пукапука — самоанско-полинезийский язык. Численность говорящих 840 человек (1997), хотя общая численность народа примерно в два раза больше. (ru)
  • 普卡普卡语(Pukapukan)是库克群岛西北部普卡普卡岛上的土著语言,属波利尼西亚语系。普卡普卡语的使用者称此语言为"wale"。 在1990年代前期,此语言约有750名使用者。 (zh)
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  • pkp
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  • Austronesian
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  • puka1242
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  • Pukapuka
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  • e17
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  • elsewhere
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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rdfs:comment
  • El pukapukano es un idioma de la familia de lenguas malayo-polinesias. El pukapukano es hablado exclusivamente en la isla de Pukapuka, al noroeste de las Islas Cook (Nueva Zelanda). (es)
  • Die pukapukanische Sprache oder kurz Pukapuka (Schreibweisen auch Puka Puka, Bukabuka, Buka Buka) ist eine polynesische Sprache, die auf den nördlichen Cookinseln Pukapuka und Nassau von 840 Personen gesprochen wird. Weitere Sprecher leben heute in Rarotonga, Neuseeland und Australien. Die Gesamtsprecherzahl beträgt 2.000 (Zählung 1997, nach Ethnologue 2005). Die Wortfolge ist VOS (Verb-Objekt-Subjekt) bzw. VSO (Verb-Subjekt-Objekt). (de)
  • Пукапука — самоанско-полинезийский язык. Численность говорящих 840 человек (1997), хотя общая численность народа примерно в два раза больше. (ru)
  • 普卡普卡语(Pukapukan)是库克群岛西北部普卡普卡岛上的土著语言,属波利尼西亚语系。普卡普卡语的使用者称此语言为"wale"。 在1990年代前期,此语言约有750名使用者。 (zh)
  • Pukapukan is a Polynesian language that developed in isolation on the island of Pukapuka (Danger Island) in the northern group of the Cook Islands. As a "Samoic Outlier" language with strong links to western Polynesia, Pukapukan is not closely related to any other languages of the Cook Islands, but does manifest substantial borrowing from some East Polynesian source in antiquity. Recent research suggests that the languages of Pukapuka, Tokelau and Tuvalu group together as a cluster, and as such had significant influence on several of the Polynesian Outliers, such as Tikopia and Anuta, Pileni, Sikaiana (all in the Solomon Islands) and Takuu (off the coast of Bougainville, PNG). There is also evidence that Pukapuka had prehistoric contact with Micronesia, as there are quite a number of words (en)
rdfs:label
  • Pukapukan language (en)
  • Pukapukanische Sprache (de)
  • Idioma pukapukano (es)
  • Пукапука (язык) (ru)
  • 普卡普卡语 (库克群岛) (zh)
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  • Pukapukan (en)
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