The Prussian Homage or Prussian Tribute (German: Preußische Huldigung; Polish: hołd pruski) was the formal investment of Albert of Prussia as duke of the Polish fief of Ducal Prussia. In the aftermath of the armistice ending the Polish-Teutonic War Albert, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights and a member of the House of Hohenzollern, visited Martin Luther at Wittenberg and soon thereafter became sympathetic to Protestantism. On April 10, 1525, two days after signing of the Treaty of Kraków which officially ended the Polish–Teutonic War (1519–21), in the main square of the Polish capital Kraków, Albert resigned his position as Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights and received the title "Duke of Prussia" from King Zygmunt I the Old of Poland. In the deal, partially brokered by Luther, the D

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  • The Prussian Homage or Prussian Tribute (German: Preußische Huldigung; Polish: hołd pruski) was the formal investment of Albert of Prussia as duke of the Polish fief of Ducal Prussia. In the aftermath of the armistice ending the Polish-Teutonic War Albert, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights and a member of the House of Hohenzollern, visited Martin Luther at Wittenberg and soon thereafter became sympathetic to Protestantism. On April 10, 1525, two days after signing of the Treaty of Kraków which officially ended the Polish–Teutonic War (1519–21), in the main square of the Polish capital Kraków, Albert resigned his position as Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights and received the title "Duke of Prussia" from King Zygmunt I the Old of Poland. In the deal, partially brokered by Luther, the Duchy of Prussia became the first Protestant state, anticipating the Peace of Augsburg of 1555. The investiture of a Protestant fief of Duchy of Prussia was better for Poland for strategic reasons than a Catholic fief of State of Teutonic Order in Prussia, formally subject to the Holy Roman Emperor and the Papacy. As a symbol of vassalage, Albert received a standard with the Prussian coat of arms from the Polish king. The black Prussian eagle on the flag was augmented with a letter "S" (for Sigismundus) and had a crown placed around its neck as a symbol of submission to Poland. (en)
  • Hołd pruski odbył się 10 kwietnia 1525 w Krakowie po wcześniejszym zawarciu traktatu między królem Zygmuntem I Starym a Albrechtem Hohenzollernem w dniu 8 kwietnia 1525 roku. W wyniku tego aktu Prusy Zakonne zostały przekształcone, jako lenno Polski, w Księstwo Pruskie. Ostatni w Prusach wielki mistrz Zakonu Szpitala Najświętszej Marii Panny Domu Niemieckiego w Jerozolimie (krzyżackiego) sprawujący władzę świecką nad państwem zakonnym Albrecht Hohenzollern, przyjął wyznanie luterańskie i przekształcił państwo zakonu krzyżackiego w świeckie państwo (Prusy Książęce), stając się jego władcą (księciem). Jednocześnie złożył hołd lenny swojemu wujowi Zygmuntowi Staremu, królowi Polski. W wyniku zawartego traktatu prawo do dziedziczenia Prus Książęcych otrzymali męscy potomkowie Albrechta, a w razie jego bezpotomnej śmierci – jego bracia Jerzy, Kazimierz i Jan z potomstwem męskim. Z dziedziczenia wyłączona była linia elektorów brandenburskich. Traktat krakowski był pierwszą umową o charakterze międzypaństwowym pomiędzy władcą katolickim a protestanckim w Europie. W czasie składania hołdu na Goldzie rynku krakowskiego, Albrechtowi towarzyszyła delegacja stanów pruskich. Albrecht odebrał z rąk króla proporzec z herbem Prus Książęcych jako symbol lenna. Oznakę zależności od króla i Korony symbolizowała umieszczona na piersi czarnego pruskiego orła litera S (Sigismundus) oraz korona na jego szyi. (pl)
  • L'Omaggio prussiano o Tributo prussiano (tedesco: Preußische Huldigung; polacco: hołd pruski) fu l'investitura formale di Alberto di Prussia come duca del feudo polacco della Prussia ducale. All'indomani dell'armistizio che pose fine alla Guerra polacco-teutonica Alberto, Gran maestro dell'Ordine teutonico e membro del casato di Hohenzollern, visitò Martin Lutero a Wittenberg e subito dopo divenne favorevole verso il Protestantesimo. Il 10 aprile 1525, due giorni dopo la firma del Trattato di Cracovia che mise ufficialmente fine alla Guerra polacco-teutonica (1519-1521), nella piazza principale della capitale polacca di Cracovia, Alberto si dimise dalla sua posizione di Gran maestro dell'Ordine teutonico e ricevette il titolo di "Duca di Prussia" da re Sigismondo I il Vecchio di Polonia. Nell'accordo, parzialmente mediato da Lutero, il Ducato di Prussia divenne il primo stato protestante, anticipando la Pace di Augusta del 1555. L'investitura di un feudo protestante del Ducato di Prussia era per la Polonia, per ragioni strategiche, migliore di un feudo cattolico dello Stato dell'Ordine teutonico in Prussia, formalmente soggetto al Sacro Romano Impero e al Papato. Come simbolo di vassallaggio, Alberto ricevette dal re polacco uno stendardo con lo stemma prussiano. L'aquila nera prussiana sulla bandiera era ingrandita con una lettera "S" (per Sigismondo) e aveva una corona posta intorno al collo come simbolo di sottomissione alla Polonia. (it)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • The Prussian Homage or Prussian Tribute (German: Preußische Huldigung; Polish: hołd pruski) was the formal investment of Albert of Prussia as duke of the Polish fief of Ducal Prussia. In the aftermath of the armistice ending the Polish-Teutonic War Albert, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights and a member of the House of Hohenzollern, visited Martin Luther at Wittenberg and soon thereafter became sympathetic to Protestantism. On April 10, 1525, two days after signing of the Treaty of Kraków which officially ended the Polish–Teutonic War (1519–21), in the main square of the Polish capital Kraków, Albert resigned his position as Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights and received the title "Duke of Prussia" from King Zygmunt I the Old of Poland. In the deal, partially brokered by Luther, the D (en)
  • Hołd pruski odbył się 10 kwietnia 1525 w Krakowie po wcześniejszym zawarciu traktatu między królem Zygmuntem I Starym a Albrechtem Hohenzollernem w dniu 8 kwietnia 1525 roku. W wyniku tego aktu Prusy Zakonne zostały przekształcone, jako lenno Polski, w Księstwo Pruskie. (pl)
  • L'Omaggio prussiano o Tributo prussiano (tedesco: Preußische Huldigung; polacco: hołd pruski) fu l'investitura formale di Alberto di Prussia come duca del feudo polacco della Prussia ducale. All'indomani dell'armistizio che pose fine alla Guerra polacco-teutonica Alberto, Gran maestro dell'Ordine teutonico e membro del casato di Hohenzollern, visitò Martin Lutero a Wittenberg e subito dopo divenne favorevole verso il Protestantesimo. Il 10 aprile 1525, due giorni dopo la firma del Trattato di Cracovia che mise ufficialmente fine alla Guerra polacco-teutonica (1519-1521), nella piazza principale della capitale polacca di Cracovia, Alberto si dimise dalla sua posizione di Gran maestro dell'Ordine teutonico e ricevette il titolo di "Duca di Prussia" da re Sigismondo I il Vecchio di Polonia. N (it)
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  • Prussian Homage (en)
  • Omaggio prussiano (it)
  • Hołd pruski 1525 (pl)
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