Program Manager is the shell of Windows 3.x and Windows NT 3.x operating systems. This shell exposed a task-oriented graphical user interface (GUI), consisting of icons (shortcuts for programs) arranged into program groups. It replaced MS-DOS Executive, a file manager, as the default Windows shell. Beginning with Windows 3.1, Program Manager contained a StartUp group. Programs and files placed into that group would be loaded when Windows starts.

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  • Program Manager is the shell of Windows 3.x and Windows NT 3.x operating systems. This shell exposed a task-oriented graphical user interface (GUI), consisting of icons (shortcuts for programs) arranged into program groups. It replaced MS-DOS Executive, a file manager, as the default Windows shell. Program Manager descends from PMShell, the shell for OS/2 1.2, and shares the same icons. Unlike PMShell, which presented its program groups in a simple list, Program Manager opens program groups in child windows using the new multiple document interface in Windows 3. It is possible to run PMShell in Windows by using Presentation Manager for Windows; in that case, PMShell will read the Program Manager groups via DDE. When executables were dropped into Program Manager from File Manager, Program Manager automatically used the executable's default icon embedded as data inside the .EXE file. Additionally, the Windows Setup program, which populated Program Manager with the standard icons of a fresh install, could also be used to add new icons in bulk after installation. Using SETUP /P from the command line, a standard layout could be installed on many machines in an enterprise using a single SETUP.INF configuration file. Beginning with Windows 3.1, Program Manager contained a StartUp group. Programs and files placed into that group would be loaded when Windows starts. Holding down the shift key while mousing FILE then EXIT WINDOWS will save the current configuration of Program Manager to PROGMAN.INI, including the position of all program group icons, assuming that auto-arrange has been disabled. This allowed Microsoft testers to try many different configurations, but the feature remained in the shipped version. In later versions of Microsoft Windows, starting with Windows 95 and Windows NT 4.0, Program Manager was replaced by Windows Explorer as the default shell. Specifically, the Start Menu took over program organization and launching duties. However, Windows 95 still gave the user the option to start Program Manager at boot. For backward compatibility with old applications, Program Manager was still included in later versions of Windows, and could be accessed by executing PROGMAN.EXE from the command line or Run dialog. If the user wished, it could be used as the default shell by specifying the Shell value in the registry at either HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon (per machine) or HKCU\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon (per user). Today, Program Manager has little practical use beyond compatibility with pre-Windows 95 programs. Microsoft removed Program Manager from Windows XP Service Pack 2, and the executable only serves to convert Program Manager shortcuts to Windows Explorer shortcuts. In Windows Vista, PROGMAN.EXE has been removed entirely. (en)
  • El Administrador de Programas es la interfaz gráfica de Windows 3.x y Windows NT 3.x. Consiste en iconos (accesos directos a programas) organizados en grupos de programas. Es un reemplazo de MS-DOS Executive, un gestor de ficheros que era la interfaz por defecto en versiones previas. A partir de Windows 95 y Windows NT 4.0, el Administrador de Programas fue sustituido por el Explorador de Windows, aunque Windows 95 da al usuario la opción de elegir la interfaz de usuario durante la instalación. Por compatibilidad hacia atrás con aplicaciones antiguas, el Administrador de Programas se incluye aún en las últimas versiones de Windows. Se puede acceder mediante la ejecución de PROGMAN.EXE desde la línea de comandos o la opción Ejecutar del Menú Inicio. (es)
  • Der Programm-Manager ist die Betriebssystem-Shell der 16-Bit-Betriebssysteme der Windows-3.x-Reihe sowie der 32-Bit-Betriebssysteme Windows NT 3.1 und Windows NT 3.51. Mit der Veröffentlichung von Windows 95 wurde er, ebenso wie der Datei-Manager, durch den Windows-Explorer abgelöst. (de)
  • Program Manager è la shell di Windows introdotta nel 1990 in Windows 3.0 ed utilizzata fino a Windows NT 3.51. Nella prima versione di Windows 95 era ancora possibile scegliere di usare Program Manager al posto della nuova shell Explorer. Fino a Windows 2.0 la shell era costituita da MS-DOS Executive, un file manager molto rudimentale. Con la versione 3.0 di Windows, la prima a godere di successo commerciale, Executive fu sostituito da Program Manager e da File Manager. Program Manager è essenzialmente un programma contenente collegamenti ai programmi installati nel computer, ed era lanciato automaticamente all'avvio di Windows. Le icone dei programmi erano raccolte in "gruppi", cioè finestre figlie di Program Manager, secondo il modello "MDI" (Multiple document interface). Non era però possibile creare dei "sottogruppi". I programmi contenuti in un gruppo speciale, denominato Avvio (Startup in inglese), venivano lanciati in automatico all'avvio di Windows. L'eseguibile di Program Manager è rimasto presente anche in Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows NT 4 e Windows 2000. Un'eredità di Program Manager è presente tuttora in Explorer, perché è ancora supportata, per compatibilità, la possibilità da parte dei programmi di installazione di aggiungere icone al menu di avvio tramite il protocollo DDE, usando come nome di applicazione appunto Program Manager. (it)
  • プログラムマネージャは、以下のOSに搭載されている、プログラム起動用のグラフィカルシェル(プログラムランチャー)である。 * OS/2 1.x (Presentation Manager) * Windows 2.x、Windows 3.x及びWindows NT 3.x(以下、本稿にて解説) (ja)
  • Gerenciador de Programas é o aplicativo principal que foi criado em 1990 no Microsoft Windows, na versão 3.x. O aplicativo permite visualizar os programas e aplicativos em janelas, chamadas grupos. O aplicativo permite criar grupos, excluir, criar itens de programa, fechar programas que estão com falhas, organizar, arrastar, fechar um programa e encerrar o Windows. A alteração principal no aplicativo foi em 1992, no Windows 3.1, quando foi criado o grupo Rede. O grupo mostrava os aplicativos especializados em rede, como o Mail, o Schedule+, o Gerenciador da Rede, o Monitor do Sistema, entre outros. (pt)
  • Programmabeheer of Program Manager was de shell van Microsoft Windows 3.x en Windows NT. Programmabeheer was een taakgerichte grafische gebruikersomgeving (GUI) bestaande uit programmagroepen (program groups). Een programmagroep bevatte pictogrammen (later bekend als snelkoppelingen) of andere groepen. Wanneer men dubbelklikte op een pictogram startte het gekoppelde programma op. Programmabeheer verving de MS-DOS Executive van Windows 1.0 en Windows 2.0. Programmabeheer was geïnspireerd op PMShell uit OS/2 V1.2. Beide shells gebruikten dezelfde hoofdbibliotheek van pictogrammen. Toch waren er grote verschillen. In OS/2 werden de programmagroepen in een lijst getoond, daar waar dit in Programmabeheer gebaseerd was op het principe van MDI. Wanneer de gebruiker vanuit Windows Bestandsbeheer een uitvoerbaar bestand (EXE) versleepte in de Programmabeheer werd automatisch een snelkoppeling aangemaakt. Deze snelkoppeling kreeg standaard het pictogram dat vervat zat in de EXE. Indien dit niet aanwezig was, werd een standaardpictogram uit de Programmabeheerbibliotheek getoond. In Windows 3.1 kreeg Programmabeheer een extra functionaliteit: Opstarten (Startup). Bij opstarten van Windows voerde Programmabeheer alle pictogrammen in deze groep uit. Zo konden programma's automatisch opgestart worden. (nl)
  • Menedżer programów (ang. Program Manager) – komponent Windows 3.x służący do uruchamiania podstawowych programów oraz gier dla tego systemu. Z jego pomocą można także kończyć sesję Windows (jednocześnie powracając do sesji MS-DOS). Jego zamknięcie jest równoznaczne z zakończeniem pracy z systemem. W wersjach starszych (Windows 2.x, Windows 1.x) komponent ten jest spotykany pod nazwą MS-DOS Executive. W 1995 roku Menedżer programów został zastąpiony Eksploratorem Windows, a dokładniej jednym z jego elementów składowych, czyli Menu Start (Windows 95). Jednak nadal można było korzystać z niego, aż do wersji Windows XP, gdzie w Service Packu 2 komponent ten został całkowicie usunięty. (pl)
  • Диспетчер программ (Program Manager) — приложение, являющееся оболочкой Windows 3.x и фактически основой рабочего стола этой системы. Представляет собой хранилище иконок для запуска программ, объединённых в программные группы (program groups). По умолчанию запускается вместе с Windows, и Windows завершает свою работу при выходе из Диспетчера. Впервые появился в Windows 3.0, вытеснив ранее использовавшийся в качестве оболочки MS-DOS Executive. Имеется во всех последующих версиях Windows вплоть до Windows 2000 (в работоспособном состоянии), хотя функцию оболочки в этих системах выполняет более совершенная программа — Проводник Windows. (ru)
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dbp:caption
  • Program Manager in Windows for Workgroups 3.11
dbp:date
  • August 2013
dbp:includedWith
  • Windows 3.0 to Windows XP Service Pack 1
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  • Program Manager
dbp:reason
  • Which PMShell icons were reused in Program Manager?
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  • MS-DOS Executive
dbp:screenshot
  • Program Manager.png
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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rdfs:comment
  • Der Programm-Manager ist die Betriebssystem-Shell der 16-Bit-Betriebssysteme der Windows-3.x-Reihe sowie der 32-Bit-Betriebssysteme Windows NT 3.1 und Windows NT 3.51. Mit der Veröffentlichung von Windows 95 wurde er, ebenso wie der Datei-Manager, durch den Windows-Explorer abgelöst. (de)
  • プログラムマネージャは、以下のOSに搭載されている、プログラム起動用のグラフィカルシェル(プログラムランチャー)である。 * OS/2 1.x (Presentation Manager) * Windows 2.x、Windows 3.x及びWindows NT 3.x(以下、本稿にて解説) (ja)
  • Program Manager is the shell of Windows 3.x and Windows NT 3.x operating systems. This shell exposed a task-oriented graphical user interface (GUI), consisting of icons (shortcuts for programs) arranged into program groups. It replaced MS-DOS Executive, a file manager, as the default Windows shell. Beginning with Windows 3.1, Program Manager contained a StartUp group. Programs and files placed into that group would be loaded when Windows starts. (en)
  • El Administrador de Programas es la interfaz gráfica de Windows 3.x y Windows NT 3.x. Consiste en iconos (accesos directos a programas) organizados en grupos de programas. Es un reemplazo de MS-DOS Executive, un gestor de ficheros que era la interfaz por defecto en versiones previas. (es)
  • Program Manager è la shell di Windows introdotta nel 1990 in Windows 3.0 ed utilizzata fino a Windows NT 3.51. Nella prima versione di Windows 95 era ancora possibile scegliere di usare Program Manager al posto della nuova shell Explorer. Fino a Windows 2.0 la shell era costituita da MS-DOS Executive, un file manager molto rudimentale. Con la versione 3.0 di Windows, la prima a godere di successo commerciale, Executive fu sostituito da Program Manager e da File Manager. (it)
  • Programmabeheer of Program Manager was de shell van Microsoft Windows 3.x en Windows NT. Programmabeheer was een taakgerichte grafische gebruikersomgeving (GUI) bestaande uit programmagroepen (program groups). Een programmagroep bevatte pictogrammen (later bekend als snelkoppelingen) of andere groepen. Wanneer men dubbelklikte op een pictogram startte het gekoppelde programma op. Programmabeheer verving de MS-DOS Executive van Windows 1.0 en Windows 2.0. (nl)
  • Gerenciador de Programas é o aplicativo principal que foi criado em 1990 no Microsoft Windows, na versão 3.x. O aplicativo permite visualizar os programas e aplicativos em janelas, chamadas grupos. O aplicativo permite criar grupos, excluir, criar itens de programa, fechar programas que estão com falhas, organizar, arrastar, fechar um programa e encerrar o Windows. (pt)
  • Menedżer programów (ang. Program Manager) – komponent Windows 3.x służący do uruchamiania podstawowych programów oraz gier dla tego systemu. Z jego pomocą można także kończyć sesję Windows (jednocześnie powracając do sesji MS-DOS). Jego zamknięcie jest równoznaczne z zakończeniem pracy z systemem. W wersjach starszych (Windows 2.x, Windows 1.x) komponent ten jest spotykany pod nazwą MS-DOS Executive. (pl)
  • Диспетчер программ (Program Manager) — приложение, являющееся оболочкой Windows 3.x и фактически основой рабочего стола этой системы. Представляет собой хранилище иконок для запуска программ, объединённых в программные группы (program groups). По умолчанию запускается вместе с Windows, и Windows завершает свою работу при выходе из Диспетчера. (ru)
rdfs:label
  • Program Manager (en)
  • Programm-Manager (de)
  • Administrador de Programas (es)
  • Program Manager (it)
  • プログラムマネージャ (ja)
  • Programmabeheer (nl)
  • Menedżer programów (pl)
  • Gerenciador de Programas (pt)
  • Диспетчер программ (ru)
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