Peter H. Duesberg (born December 2, 1936) is a German American molecular biologist and a professor of molecular and cell biology at the University of California, Berkeley. He is known for his early research into genetic aspects of cancer, and more recently for his central role in the AIDS denialism movement as a proponent of the belief that HIV is harmless and does not cause AIDS. Duesberg received acclaim early in his career for research on oncogenes and cancer. With Peter K. Vogt, he reported in 1970 that a cancer-causing virus of birds had extra genetic material compared with non-cancer-causing viruses, hypothesizing that this material contributed to cancer. At the age of 36, Duesberg was awarded tenure at the University of California, Berkeley, and at 49 he was elected to the National

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  • Peter H. Duesberg (born December 2, 1936) is a German American molecular biologist and a professor of molecular and cell biology at the University of California, Berkeley. He is known for his early research into genetic aspects of cancer, and more recently for his central role in the AIDS denialism movement as a proponent of the belief that HIV is harmless and does not cause AIDS. Duesberg received acclaim early in his career for research on oncogenes and cancer. With Peter K. Vogt, he reported in 1970 that a cancer-causing virus of birds had extra genetic material compared with non-cancer-causing viruses, hypothesizing that this material contributed to cancer. At the age of 36, Duesberg was awarded tenure at the University of California, Berkeley, and at 49 he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences. He received an Outstanding Investigator Grant (OIG) from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in 1986, and from 1986 to 1987 was a Fogarty Scholar-in-Residence at the NIH laboratories in Bethesda, Maryland. Long considered a contrarian by his scientific colleagues, Duesberg began to gain public notoriety with a March 1987 article in Cancer Research entitled "Retroviruses as Carcinogens and Pathogens: Expectations and Reality". In this and subsequent writings, Duesberg proposed his hypothesis that AIDS is caused by long-term consumption of recreational drugs or antiretroviral drugs, and that HIV is a harmless passenger virus. In contrast, the scientific consensus is that HIV infection causes AIDS; Duesberg's HIV/AIDS claims have been addressed and rejected as erroneous by the scientific community. Reviews of his opinions in Nature and Science asserted that they were unpersuasive and based on selective reading of the literature, and that although Duesberg had a right to a dissenting opinion, his failure to fairly review evidence that HIV causes AIDS meant that his opinion lacked credibility. Duesberg's views are cited as major influences on South African HIV/AIDS policy under the administration of Thabo Mbeki, which embraced AIDS denialism. Duesberg served on an advisory panel to Mbeki, convened in 2000. The Mbeki administration's failure to provide antiretroviral drugs in a timely manner, due in part to the influence of AIDS denialism, is thought to be responsible for hundreds of thousands of preventable AIDS deaths and HIV infections in South Africa. Duesberg disputed these findings in an article in the journal Medical Hypotheses, but the journal's publisher, Elsevier, later retracted Duesberg's article over accuracy and ethics concerns as well as its rejection during peer review. The incident prompted several complaints to Duesberg's institution, the University of California, Berkeley, which began a misconduct investigation of Duesberg in 2009. The investigation was dropped in 2010, with University officials finding "insufficient evidence...to support a recommendation for disciplinary action." (en)
  • Peter Heinz Hermann Duesberg (* 2. Dezember 1936 in Münster) ist ein deutscher Virologe. Er ist Professor für Molekular- und Zellbiologie am Department of Molecular & Cell Biology der University of California, Berkeley, USA. Bekannt wurde er durch seine Forschungen zu Retroviren und den molekularen Bedingungen der Entstehung von Krebs (Karzinogenese). 1970 isolierte Duesberg aus dem Rous-Sarkom-Virus das erste echte Onkogen src und kartierte das gesamte virale Genom. Hinsichtlich der Verursachung des Immunschwächesyndroms AIDS durch das HI-Virus nimmt Duesberg an, dass das HIV ein ‚passenger virus‘ sei, das keine ausreichende Pathogenität zur Auslösung eines erworbenen Immunschwäche-Syndroms besitze. Dies steht im Gegensatz zu gesicherten wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen. Als einer der prominentesten AIDS-Leugner wurde er von dem südafrikanischen Präsidenten Thabo Mbeki in dessen sogenanntes „Presidential AIDS Advisory Panel“ einberufen. Seit 1992 beschäftigt sich Duesberg mit der Erforschung einer modifizierten „Aneuploidie-Krebs-Hypothese“. (de)
  • Peter H. Duesberg (2 de diciembre de 1936) es un conocido virólogo y, junto Kary Mullis uno de los representantes más conocidos del movimiento negacionista del sida. (es)
  • Peter Duesberg, né le 2 décembre 1936 à Münster, est un biologiste allemand, professeur de biologie moléculaire et cellulaire à l'université de Californie à Berkeley. (fr)
  • Di origine tedesca, è professore di citologia e biologia molecolare all'Università della California ed è famoso soprattutto per la sua controversa teoria sull'origine dell'AIDS. (it)
  • Peter H Duesberg (Alemanha, 2 de dezembro de 1936) é professor de biologia molecular e celular na Universidade de Berkeley. Ph.D em química pela Universidade de Frankfurt, tornou-se pesquisador do Instituto Max Planck de Virologia, em Tübingen e, desde 1973, é professor titular da cátedra de biologia molecular e celular de Berkeley, cátedra esta que já foi ocupada por mais de um prêmio Nobel. Especializado no estudo de vírus, demonstrou que o vírus da gripe tem o genoma segmentado, e mapeou a estrutura genética dos retrovírus. Por este e outros trabalhos ganhou vários prêmios internacionais de ciências. Sua experiência com os retrovírus o levou a publicar artigos em revistas científicas de reputação internacional, refutando a hipótese de que a AIDS seja causada por um vírus. Propõe como hipótese de trabalho que a AIDS é causada por abuso de drogas e comportamentos auto-degradativos, que leva o sistema imunológico ao colapso. Seus estudos sobre a participação viral na oncogênese o levaram a refutar esta relação. Sugere, como linha de pesquisa científica, que a aneuploidia esteja na origem do câncer. Em 1996, em seu livro Inventing the AIDS Virus (Inventando o vírus da AIDS) e em inúmeros artigos para jornais e cartas para editores, Duesberg afirma que o HIV é inofensivo, e o uso de drogas ilícitas e farmacêuticas (especialmente de AZT, uma droga utilizada no tratamento da AIDS) são as causas da doença fora da África (a tão comentada Hipótese de Duesberg). Duesberg afirma que a AIDS na África é errôneamente diagnosticada, e a epidemia é um mito, alegando que o critério de diagnóstico da AIDS na África é diferente de qualquer outro lugar e que a perda da imunidade nos pacientes africanos pode ser explicada por fatores como desnutrição, consumo de água poluída e várias outras infecções que têm os mesmos sintomas da AIDS. Duesberg também argumenta que os retrovírus como HIV sobrevivem de maneira inofensiva, e que a maneira comum de propagação é a transmissão de mãe para filho por infecção no útero. (pt)
  • Peter H. Duesberg (ur. 2 grudnia 1936 w Münster) – profesor biologii molekularnej i komórkowej na University of California, Berkeley. Jako pierwszy zmapował onkogeny. Dzisiaj znany głównie z twierdzeń, że wirus HIV nie wywołuje AIDS oraz podważania faktu wywoływania raka szyjki macicy przez wirus HPV. Wcześniej, w latach 1970., za swoje osiągnięcia w badaniach nad nowotworami był często typowany jako kandydat do wyróżnienia nagrodą Nobla. (pl)
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  • Peter H. Duesberg (2 de diciembre de 1936) es un conocido virólogo y, junto Kary Mullis uno de los representantes más conocidos del movimiento negacionista del sida. (es)
  • Peter Duesberg, né le 2 décembre 1936 à Münster, est un biologiste allemand, professeur de biologie moléculaire et cellulaire à l'université de Californie à Berkeley. (fr)
  • Di origine tedesca, è professore di citologia e biologia molecolare all'Università della California ed è famoso soprattutto per la sua controversa teoria sull'origine dell'AIDS. (it)
  • Peter H. Duesberg (ur. 2 grudnia 1936 w Münster) – profesor biologii molekularnej i komórkowej na University of California, Berkeley. Jako pierwszy zmapował onkogeny. Dzisiaj znany głównie z twierdzeń, że wirus HIV nie wywołuje AIDS oraz podważania faktu wywoływania raka szyjki macicy przez wirus HPV. Wcześniej, w latach 1970., za swoje osiągnięcia w badaniach nad nowotworami był często typowany jako kandydat do wyróżnienia nagrodą Nobla. (pl)
  • Peter H. Duesberg (born December 2, 1936) is a German American molecular biologist and a professor of molecular and cell biology at the University of California, Berkeley. He is known for his early research into genetic aspects of cancer, and more recently for his central role in the AIDS denialism movement as a proponent of the belief that HIV is harmless and does not cause AIDS. Duesberg received acclaim early in his career for research on oncogenes and cancer. With Peter K. Vogt, he reported in 1970 that a cancer-causing virus of birds had extra genetic material compared with non-cancer-causing viruses, hypothesizing that this material contributed to cancer. At the age of 36, Duesberg was awarded tenure at the University of California, Berkeley, and at 49 he was elected to the National (en)
  • Peter Heinz Hermann Duesberg (* 2. Dezember 1936 in Münster) ist ein deutscher Virologe. Er ist Professor für Molekular- und Zellbiologie am Department of Molecular & Cell Biology der University of California, Berkeley, USA. Bekannt wurde er durch seine Forschungen zu Retroviren und den molekularen Bedingungen der Entstehung von Krebs (Karzinogenese). 1970 isolierte Duesberg aus dem Rous-Sarkom-Virus das erste echte Onkogen src und kartierte das gesamte virale Genom. Seit 1992 beschäftigt sich Duesberg mit der Erforschung einer modifizierten „Aneuploidie-Krebs-Hypothese“. (de)
  • Peter H Duesberg (Alemanha, 2 de dezembro de 1936) é professor de biologia molecular e celular na Universidade de Berkeley. Ph.D em química pela Universidade de Frankfurt, tornou-se pesquisador do Instituto Max Planck de Virologia, em Tübingen e, desde 1973, é professor titular da cátedra de biologia molecular e celular de Berkeley, cátedra esta que já foi ocupada por mais de um prêmio Nobel. (pt)
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  • Peter Duesberg (de)
  • Peter Duesberg (es)
  • Peter Duesberg (fr)
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  • Peter Duesberg (pl)
  • Peter Duesberg (pt)
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