The Peruvian War of Independence was composed of a series of military conflicts beginning in 1811 that culminated in 1824 with the defeat of the Spanish Empire in the battles of Junin and Ayacucho. During the previous decade Peru had been a stronghold for royalists, who fought those in favor of independence in Upper Peru, Quito and Chile. The wars of independence took place with the background of the 1780-1781 uprising by indigenous leader Túpac Amaru II and the earlier removal of Upper Peru and the Río de la Plata regions from the Viceroyalty of Peru. Because of this the viceroy often had the support of the "Lima oligarchy," who saw their elite interests threatened by popular rebellion and were opposed to the new commercial class in Buenos Aires. Among the most important events during the

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dbo:abstract
  • La Guerre d'indépendance du Pérou (1820-1824) est la période de l'histoire du Pérou au cours de laquelle un conflit révolutionnaire aboutit à la chute de la Vice-royauté du Pérou et à la création d'une République péruvienne, indépendante de la Couronne d'Espagne. Le 28 juillet 1821, le général argentin José de San Martín, à la tête de l'Expédition Libératrice du Pérou venue du Chili, proclame à Lima l'indépendance de l'État péruvien. Tout de suite après, sous le Protectorat de San Martin, la formation d'une assemblée constituante officialise l'existence du nouvel État. L'armée royaliste ne capitulera définitivement qu'en 1824, au terme de la Campagne de Junín et d'Ayacucho menée par Simón Bolívar. La capitulation royaliste entraîna la chute définitive de la Vice-royauté du Pérou. Elle s'inscrit dans le cadre des Guerres d'indépendance en Amérique du Sud. À l'échelle continentale, ces guerres débutèrent en 1808 au Mexique et s'achevèrent en 1829, par la victoire des patriotes indépendantistes sur la Monarchie espagnole. Au-delà de la guerre d'indépendance péruvienne, le processus d'émancipation de toutes les colonies espagnoles en Amérique ne fut conclu qu'à la fin du XIXe siècle, dans les Caraïbes, avec l'indépendance de la République dominicaine (1844), de Cuba et de Puerto Rico (1898). (fr)
  • Si conosce come Independencia del Perú il processo e il periodo storico durante il quale il Viceregno del Perú si separa dall'impero spagnolo per costituirsi in stato indipendente. Il 28 luglio 1821 il generale José de San Martín, al comando della Spedizione di Liberazione del Perú proveniente dal Cile, dichiara l'indipendenza del Perú. In Perú inizia così a formarsi sotto il protettorato di José de San Martín mediante la costituzione di un Congresso costituente. La guerra contro la Spagna termina, sotto il comando di Simón Bolívar, con la campagna di Junín e Ayacucho, nel 1824, nella quale viene definitivamente sconfitto l'Esercito realista del Perú. L'indipendenza del Perù è uno dei tanti capitoli delle guerre di emancipazione hispano-americana, che inizia nel 1808 e termina nel 1829, e che vide la monarchia spagnola entrare in conflitto con i nascenti stati latino-americano che pretendevano l'indipendenza. Inoltre, prima dell'emancipazione hispano-americana e durante la formazione del Perù coloniale, si svilupparono altre ribellioni e rivoluzioni, con l'obiettivo della formazione di uno Stato peruviano indipendente dall'impero spagnolo. Dopo l'indipendenza del Perú seguì l'indipendenza del resto dell'America latina. Questo processo si è sviluppato tra il 1811 e il 1903. (it)
  • The Peruvian War of Independence was composed of a series of military conflicts beginning in 1811 that culminated in 1824 with the defeat of the Spanish Empire in the battles of Junin and Ayacucho. During the previous decade Peru had been a stronghold for royalists, who fought those in favor of independence in Upper Peru, Quito and Chile. The wars of independence took place with the background of the 1780-1781 uprising by indigenous leader Túpac Amaru II and the earlier removal of Upper Peru and the Río de la Plata regions from the Viceroyalty of Peru. Because of this the viceroy often had the support of the "Lima oligarchy," who saw their elite interests threatened by popular rebellion and were opposed to the new commercial class in Buenos Aires. Among the most important events during the war was the proclamation of independence of Peru by José de San Martín on July 28, 1821. (en)
  • ペルー独立戦争は1811年に始まった一連の戦闘。1821年7月28日のホセ・デ・サン=マルティンによるペルーの独立宣言に結びついた。 19世紀初頭まで、ペルーはアルト・ペルー、キト、チリなどで独立支持者と戦った王党派の牙城であった。独立戦争は1780年から1781年に行われた先住民族の指導者トゥパク・アマル2世によって行われた蜂起(1780年 - 1782年)やアルト・ペルーやリオ・デ・ラ・プラタ地域のペルー副王領からの独立を背景としている。リマの寡頭政治集団はこれらの諸問題から民衆反乱が上流階級の特権を脅かしていると見ており、またブエノスアイレスの商業階級による新階級の形成にも反対していたため、副王を支持していた。 (ja)
  • Война за независимость Перу — (исп. Guerra de Independencia del Perú) — часть Войны за независимость испанских колоний в Америке, проходившей на территории вице-королевства Перу и Верхнего Перу (современные Перу, Боливия, части Чили и Аргентины). (ru)
dbo:combatant
  • Kingdom of Spain
  • *Viceroyalty of Peru
  • * Peruvian Royalists
  • *23pxFreedom Expedition of Perú
  • *23pxGran Colombia
  • *23pxProtectorate of Peru
  • *Peruvian patriots
  • United Liberating Army
dbo:commander
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • Perubecomes independent of the Spanish monarchy
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 5553868 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 742657470 (xsd:integer)
dbp:caption
  • Painting by Antonio Herrera Toro
  • The Battle of Ayacucho
dbp:date
  • 1811 (xsd:integer)
  • July 2013
dbp:reason
  • inconsistent use of tenses
dbp:units
  • Army of the North
  • Pro-independence militias
  • Royalist Army
  • United Liberating Army
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • ペルー独立戦争は1811年に始まった一連の戦闘。1821年7月28日のホセ・デ・サン=マルティンによるペルーの独立宣言に結びついた。 19世紀初頭まで、ペルーはアルト・ペルー、キト、チリなどで独立支持者と戦った王党派の牙城であった。独立戦争は1780年から1781年に行われた先住民族の指導者トゥパク・アマル2世によって行われた蜂起(1780年 - 1782年)やアルト・ペルーやリオ・デ・ラ・プラタ地域のペルー副王領からの独立を背景としている。リマの寡頭政治集団はこれらの諸問題から民衆反乱が上流階級の特権を脅かしていると見ており、またブエノスアイレスの商業階級による新階級の形成にも反対していたため、副王を支持していた。 (ja)
  • Война за независимость Перу — (исп. Guerra de Independencia del Perú) — часть Войны за независимость испанских колоний в Америке, проходившей на территории вице-королевства Перу и Верхнего Перу (современные Перу, Боливия, части Чили и Аргентины). (ru)
  • The Peruvian War of Independence was composed of a series of military conflicts beginning in 1811 that culminated in 1824 with the defeat of the Spanish Empire in the battles of Junin and Ayacucho. During the previous decade Peru had been a stronghold for royalists, who fought those in favor of independence in Upper Peru, Quito and Chile. The wars of independence took place with the background of the 1780-1781 uprising by indigenous leader Túpac Amaru II and the earlier removal of Upper Peru and the Río de la Plata regions from the Viceroyalty of Peru. Because of this the viceroy often had the support of the "Lima oligarchy," who saw their elite interests threatened by popular rebellion and were opposed to the new commercial class in Buenos Aires. Among the most important events during the (en)
  • Si conosce come Independencia del Perú il processo e il periodo storico durante il quale il Viceregno del Perú si separa dall'impero spagnolo per costituirsi in stato indipendente. Il 28 luglio 1821 il generale José de San Martín, al comando della Spedizione di Liberazione del Perú proveniente dal Cile, dichiara l'indipendenza del Perú. In Perú inizia così a formarsi sotto il protettorato di José de San Martín mediante la costituzione di un Congresso costituente. La guerra contro la Spagna termina, sotto il comando di Simón Bolívar, con la campagna di Junín e Ayacucho, nel 1824, nella quale viene definitivamente sconfitto l'Esercito realista del Perú. (it)
  • La Guerre d'indépendance du Pérou (1820-1824) est la période de l'histoire du Pérou au cours de laquelle un conflit révolutionnaire aboutit à la chute de la Vice-royauté du Pérou et à la création d'une République péruvienne, indépendante de la Couronne d'Espagne. Elle s'inscrit dans le cadre des Guerres d'indépendance en Amérique du Sud. À l'échelle continentale, ces guerres débutèrent en 1808 au Mexique et s'achevèrent en 1829, par la victoire des patriotes indépendantistes sur la Monarchie espagnole. (fr)
rdfs:label
  • Peruvian War of Independence (en)
  • Independencia del Perú (es)
  • Guerre d'indépendance du Pérou (fr)
  • Indipendenza del Perù (it)
  • ペルー独立戦争 (ja)
  • Война за независимость Перу (ru)
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prov:wasDerivedFrom
foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Peruvian War of Independence (en)
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