Perspicacity (also called perspicaciousness) is a penetrating discernment—a clarity of vision or intellect which provides a deep understanding and insight. In 17th century Europe René Descartes devised systematic rules for clear thinking in his work Regulæ ad directionem ingenii (Rules for the direction of natural intelligence). In Descartes' scheme, intelligence consisted of two faculties: perspicacity, which provided an understanding or intuition of distinct detail; and sagacity, which enabled reasoning about the details in order to make deductions. Rule 9 was De Perspicacitate Intuitionis (On the Perspicacity of Intuition). He summarised the rule as Oportet ingenii aciem ad res minimas et maxime faciles totam convertere, atque in illis diutius immorari, donec assuescamus veritatem disti

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  • Als Scharfsinn (Sagazität) wird allgemein der durchdringende Verstand bezeichnet, die Fähigkeit, das Wesentliche zu erfassen und die Dinge rasch zu durchschauen. Der Scharfsinn wird oft in Verbindung mit Begabung, Klugheit, Vernunft und Geschäftssinn gebracht. Speziell in der Philosophie der Aufklärung ist Scharfsinn ein wichtiges erkenntnistheoretisches Vermögen des Verstandes. Dort wird allgemein unter Scharfsinn das geistige Vermögen verstanden, die Unterschiede zwischen zwei Objekten oder Gegenständen des Denkens zu erkennen. Er steht im Gegensatz zum Witz, dem Vermögen, unerwartete Ähnlichkeiten zu entdecken, aber auch zum Tiefsinn, der Dingen auf den Grund geht. (de)
  • Perspicacity (also called perspicaciousness) is a penetrating discernment—a clarity of vision or intellect which provides a deep understanding and insight. In 17th century Europe René Descartes devised systematic rules for clear thinking in his work Regulæ ad directionem ingenii (Rules for the direction of natural intelligence). In Descartes' scheme, intelligence consisted of two faculties: perspicacity, which provided an understanding or intuition of distinct detail; and sagacity, which enabled reasoning about the details in order to make deductions. Rule 9 was De Perspicacitate Intuitionis (On the Perspicacity of Intuition). He summarised the rule as Oportet ingenii aciem ad res minimas et maxime faciles totam convertere, atque in illis diutius immorari, donec assuescamus veritatem distincte et perspicue intueri.We should totally focus the vision of the natural intelligence on the smallest and easiest things, and we should dwell on them for a long time, so long, until we have become accustomed to intuiting the truth distinctly and perspicuously.In his study of the elements of wisdom, the modern psychometrician Robert Sternberg identified perspicacity as one of its six components or dimensions; the other five being reasoning, sagacity, learning, judgement and the expeditious use of information. In his analysis, perspicacity was described as ...has intuition; can offer solutions that are on the side of right and truth; is able to see through things — read between the lines; has the ability to understand and interpret his or her environment.— Robert J. Sternberg, Wisdom: its nature, origins, and development In an article dated October 7, 1966, the journal Science discussed NASA scientist-astronaut program recruitment efforts: To quote an Academy brochure, the quality most needed by a scientist-astronaut is "perspicacity." He must, the brochure says, be able to quickly pick out, from among the thousands of things he sees, those that are significant, and to synthesize observations and develop and test working hypotheses. Being perspicacious about other people, rather than having false illusions, is a sign of good mental health. The quality is needed in psychotherapists who engage in person-to-person dialogue and counselling of the mentally ill. The artist René Magritte illustrated the quality in his 1936 painting Perspicacity. The picture shows an artist at work who studies his subject intently: it is an egg. But the painting which he is creating is not of an egg; it is an adult bird in flight. (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Als Scharfsinn (Sagazität) wird allgemein der durchdringende Verstand bezeichnet, die Fähigkeit, das Wesentliche zu erfassen und die Dinge rasch zu durchschauen. Der Scharfsinn wird oft in Verbindung mit Begabung, Klugheit, Vernunft und Geschäftssinn gebracht. (de)
  • Perspicacity (also called perspicaciousness) is a penetrating discernment—a clarity of vision or intellect which provides a deep understanding and insight. In 17th century Europe René Descartes devised systematic rules for clear thinking in his work Regulæ ad directionem ingenii (Rules for the direction of natural intelligence). In Descartes' scheme, intelligence consisted of two faculties: perspicacity, which provided an understanding or intuition of distinct detail; and sagacity, which enabled reasoning about the details in order to make deductions. Rule 9 was De Perspicacitate Intuitionis (On the Perspicacity of Intuition). He summarised the rule as Oportet ingenii aciem ad res minimas et maxime faciles totam convertere, atque in illis diutius immorari, donec assuescamus veritatem disti (en)
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  • Scharfsinn (de)
  • Perspicacity (en)
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