The Peerage of Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Moraireachd na h-Alba, Scots: Maikage o Scotland ) is the section of the Peerage of the British Isles for those peers created by the King of Scots before 1707. Following that year's Treaty of Union, the Kingdom of Scots and the Kingdom of England were combined under the name of Great Britain, and a new Peerage of Great Britain was introduced in which subsequent titles were created. In the following table of the Peerage of Scotland as it currently stands, each peer's highest ranking title in the other peerages (if any) are also listed.

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  • The Peerage of Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Moraireachd na h-Alba, Scots: Maikage o Scotland ) is the section of the Peerage of the British Isles for those peers created by the King of Scots before 1707. Following that year's Treaty of Union, the Kingdom of Scots and the Kingdom of England were combined under the name of Great Britain, and a new Peerage of Great Britain was introduced in which subsequent titles were created. After the Union, the Peers of the ancient Parliament of Scotland elected 16 representative peers to sit in the House of Lords. The Peerage Act 1963 granted all Scottish Peers the right to sit in the House of Lords, but this automatic right was revoked, as for all hereditary peerages (except those of the incumbent Earl Marshal and Lord Great Chamberlain), when the House of Lords Act 1999 received royal assent. Had the Scottish people voted "Yes" in the Scottish independence referendum, 2014, the eligibility of Peers of Scotland to sit in the House of Lords would have been reviewed. Unlike most peerages, many Scottish titles have been granted with remainder to pass via female offspring (thus an Italian family has succeeded to and presently holds the earldom of Newburgh), and in the case of daughters only, these titles devolve to the eldest daughter rather than falling into abeyance (as is the case with ancient English baronies by writ of summons). Unlike other British peerage titles, Scots Law permits peerages to be inherited by or through a person who was not legitimate at birth, but was subsequently legitimised by their parents marrying later. The ranks of the Scottish Peerage are, in ascending order: Lord of Parliament, Viscount, Earl, Marquis and Duke. Scottish Viscounts differ from those of the other Peerages (of England, Great Britain, Ireland and the United Kingdom) by using the style of in their title, as in Viscount of Oxfuird. Though this is the theoretical form, most Viscounts drop the "of". The Viscount of Arbuthnott and to a lesser extent the Viscount of Oxfuird still actively use of. Scottish Peers were entitled to sit in the ancient Parliament of Scotland. Scottish Barons rank below Lords of Parliament, and although considered noble, their titles are incorporeal hereditaments. At one time feudal barons did sit in parliament. However, they are considered minor barons and not peers because their titles can be hereditary, or bought and sold. In the following table of the Peerage of Scotland as it currently stands, each peer's highest ranking title in the other peerages (if any) are also listed. (en)
  • La pairie d'Écosse (Peerage of Scotland) rassemble tous les titres de pairies (peerage titles) créés dans le Royaume d'Écosse avant 1707. Les pairs siégeaient à la Chambre des lords, dans le parlement écossais. En 1707, les royaumes d'Angleterre et d'Écosse furent unis. On ne créa alors plus de nouveaux pairs d'Écosse et à ceux-ci fut dénié le droit de siéger à la nouvelle Chambre des lords. Ils purent toutefois élire seize « pairs représentants » (representative peers) qui siégèrent à la Chambre des lords du Parlement de Grande-Bretagne. En 1963, une « loi sur la pairie » (peerage act) accorda à nouveau aux pairs d'Écosse le droit de siéger à la Chambre des lords, droit qui fut perdu avec la « loi sur la Chambre des lords » (House of Lords Act 1999), qui supprima quasi tous les sièges héréditaires. Les différents titres de la pairie d'Écosse sont duc ou duchesse (duke et duchess), marquis ou marquise (marquess et marchioness), comte ou comtesse (earl et countess), vicomte ou vicomtesse (viscount et viscountess) et lord of parliament abrégé en lord. Il n'y a pas de titre correspondant à lord of parliament pour une femme, on parle de femmes tenant un titre de lord of Parliament (holder of a lordship of Parliament). À la différence des autres titres de pairies britanniques, beaucoup des titres écossais peuvent passer à des femmes. Autre particularité écossaise, les vicomtes ont droit à la particule « de » devant leur titre, quoique seul les vicomtes d'Arbuthnott et d'Oxfuird l'utilisent. Les héritiers apparents d'un titre de vicomte ou de lord of parliament prennent le titre de « maître de (+nom du titre) » (master of) ou de « maîtresse » (mistress). (fr)
  • Die Peerage of Scotland umfasst alle Peer-Würden, die im Königreich Schottland vor dem Act of Union 1707 geschaffen wurden. In diesem Jahr wurden die Peerage of Scotland und die Peerage of England durch die Peerage of Great Britain ersetzt. Die alten schottischen Peers wählten nach der Union sechzehn Mitglieder des House of Lords, erst der Peerage Act 1963 gab allen schottischen Peers einen Sitz, was durch House of Lords Act 1999 wieder geändert wurde. Die Ränge der schottischen Peerage sind Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount (entspricht Herzog, Markgraf, Graf, Vizegraf) und Lord of Parliament, nicht aber Baron. Bei vielen schottischen Titeln ist eine Vererbung in weiblicher Linie möglich, falls keine männlichen Erben vorhanden sind. Vorrang hat die älteste Tochter, so dass der in England mögliche Schwebezustand (Abeyance) hier nicht auftreten kann. Schottische Viscounts führten als einzige Viscounts ein of in ihrem Titel, das aber zumeist abgelegt wurde. Ausnahme: Der Viscount of Arbuthnott und der Viscount of Oxfuird. Schottische Barone sind keine Peers, lediglich Inhaber feudaler Baronien, die sie kaufen und verkaufen können. In der folgenden Tabelle noch existierender schottischer Peers werden höhere oder gleichwertige Titel in anderen Peerages gelistet. Zudem, wenn ein schottischer Peer Inhaber einer niedrigeren Titels in der Peerage of England, der Peerage of Great Britain oder der Peerage of the United Kingdom mit Sitz im House of Lords ist, wird dieser ebenfalls angeführt. Bei Inhabern mehrerer Titel der schottischen Peerage wird nur der ranghöchste gelistet. Siehe auch: * Peerage of England * Peerage of Ireland * Peerage of Great Britain * Peerage of the United Kingdom (de)
  • Sono chiamati pari di Scozia i titoli nobiliari appartenenti alla parìa del Regno Unito e creati nel Regno di Scozia prima del 1707 anno in cui l'atto di Unione sancì l'incorporazione del Regno di Scozia e del Regno d'Inghilterra nel Regno di Gran Bretagna, dando origine alla parìa di Gran Bretagna . Dopo l'unione i pari di Scozia elessero 16 pari che li rappresentassero nella Camera dei lord, il Peerage Act 1963 permise a tutti i pari di Scozia l'accesso alla camera alta del Parlamento ma questo diritto fu revocato nel 1999 con l'entrata in vigore del nuovo regolamento parlamentare (House of Lords Act 1999). A differenza di molti altri titoli di pari gran parte dei titoli scozzesi seguono anche la linea femminile e in caso di sole eredi femmine passano alla primogenita e non vengono quindi sospesi (abeyance) come ad esempio nel caso dei pari d'Inghilterra. I titoli nobiliari nei pari di Scozia sono duca, marchese, conte, visconte e lord of Parliament. In Scozia il titolo di visconte, al contrario di quanto accade nei suoi equivalenti britannici, è accompagnato dalla particella "of", così come nel caso del viscount of Oxfuird, ciononostante la particella viene spesso tralasciata. I pari di Scozia avevano il diritto di accedere al parlamento di Scozia, i baroni scozzesi hanno un livello inferiore rispetto ai lords of Parliament e, benché nobili, non sono considerati parte del peerage. Nella tabella seguente sono riportati i pari di Scozia allo stato attuale, con indicazione dell'eventuale titolo più elevato delle altre parìe. (it)
  • スコットランド貴族 (Peerage of Scotland、スコットランド・ゲール語:Moraireachd na h-Alba)は、1707年合同法(en)以前にスコットランド王国で創設された貴族の総称。1707年のイングランド王国との合同後、グレートブリテン王国が成立したため、その後授爵された貴族にはグレートブリテン貴族が導入された。 合同後、スコットランド貴族は貴族院に16名の貴族代表議員を送っていた。1963年貴族法によって、全てのスコットランド貴族が貴族院に議席を持てるようになった。しかし1999年貴族院法(en)の可決によってその権利を失っている。その他の多くの貴族とは異なり、スコットランド貴族称号の多くは女系による継承(爵位保持者の娘が継承する場合に限り)が可能である。 スコットランド貴族は、公爵、侯爵、伯爵、子爵、ロード・オブ・パーラメント(en)で構成される。スコットランドの子爵はイングランド貴族、アイルランド貴族、グレートブリテン貴族、連合王国貴族とは異なり、爵位を称する際ofを用いる(例:Viscount of Oxfuird)。しかしこれは理論上の定義であり、多くの子爵はofを省いている。スコットランドの貴族は、スコットランド議会に議席を持っていた。 スコットランドの男爵は、ロード・オブ・パーラメントの下になる。男爵は高貴だが、貴族称号とは従来考えられていない。スコットランドの男爵称号は、他の貴族とは違い売買できるからである。 (ja)
  • O Pariato da Escócia é a divisão do pariato britânico para aqueles pares do reino criados no Reino da Escócia antes 1707, quando o Tratado de União estabeleceu que o Reino da Escócia e o Reino da Inglaterra fossem combinados a fim de criar o Reino da Grã-Bretanha, surgindo então o Pariato da Grã-Bretanha. Depois da União, os velhos pares do reino escoceses elegeram 16 pares do reino representantes, que entrariam para a Câmara dos Lordes. Em 1963, permitiu-se que todos os pares do reino escoceses tivessem um lugar na câmara, um direito que foi perdido juntamente com todos os outros pares do reino hereditários, em 1999. Diferentemente da maioria dos outros títulos de pariato, muitos títulos escoceses podem ser herdados através da linha feminina, isto é, pela filha mais velha, evitando que tais títulos caiam em latência. As séries do Pariato da Escócia são: Duque, Marquês, Conde, Visconde e Lorde do Parlamento. Os viscondes escoceses são os únicos de outros pariatos que usam "de" em seus títulos; por exemplo, Visconde de Oxfuird. Apesar disso ser uma forma teórica, muitos viscondes evitam seu uso. Pares do reino escoceses têm o direito de ocuparem um lugar no Parlamento da Escócia. Barões escoceses estão abaixo de Lordes do Parlamento e, mesmo nobres, não são convencionalmente considerados títulos de pariato. Na tabela seguinte de pares do reino escoceses, títulos mais altos ou equáveis em outros pariatos estão listados. Se um par de reino escocês detém um título inferior no Pariato da Inglaterra, da Grã-Bretanha ou do Reino Unido e, por isso, tomou parte (ou, no caso de membros que receberam títulos que não podem ser herdados, toma parte) em virtude de tal pariato da Câmara dos Lordes, tal título inferior será listado. Um possuidor de múltiplos pariatos escoceses está listado apenas por seu título mais superior. (pt)
  • Deze lijst bevat de peerage van Schotland die werden aangesteld door de koningen en koninginnen van Schotland voor de Acts of Union van 1707. (nl)
  • Пэрство Шотландии (гэльск. Moraireachd na h-Alba, скотс Maikage o Scotland) включает в себя все пэрства, созданные в королевстве Шотландии до Акта об унии 1707 года. В этом году пэрства Англии и Шотландии были заменены одним пэрством Великобритании. (ru)
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  • Deze lijst bevat de peerage van Schotland die werden aangesteld door de koningen en koninginnen van Schotland voor de Acts of Union van 1707. (nl)
  • Пэрство Шотландии (гэльск. Moraireachd na h-Alba, скотс Maikage o Scotland) включает в себя все пэрства, созданные в королевстве Шотландии до Акта об унии 1707 года. В этом году пэрства Англии и Шотландии были заменены одним пэрством Великобритании. (ru)
  • The Peerage of Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Moraireachd na h-Alba, Scots: Maikage o Scotland ) is the section of the Peerage of the British Isles for those peers created by the King of Scots before 1707. Following that year's Treaty of Union, the Kingdom of Scots and the Kingdom of England were combined under the name of Great Britain, and a new Peerage of Great Britain was introduced in which subsequent titles were created. In the following table of the Peerage of Scotland as it currently stands, each peer's highest ranking title in the other peerages (if any) are also listed. (en)
  • Die Peerage of Scotland umfasst alle Peer-Würden, die im Königreich Schottland vor dem Act of Union 1707 geschaffen wurden. In diesem Jahr wurden die Peerage of Scotland und die Peerage of England durch die Peerage of Great Britain ersetzt. Die alten schottischen Peers wählten nach der Union sechzehn Mitglieder des House of Lords, erst der Peerage Act 1963 gab allen schottischen Peers einen Sitz, was durch House of Lords Act 1999 wieder geändert wurde. Schottische Barone sind keine Peers, lediglich Inhaber feudaler Baronien, die sie kaufen und verkaufen können. Siehe auch: (de)
  • La pairie d'Écosse (Peerage of Scotland) rassemble tous les titres de pairies (peerage titles) créés dans le Royaume d'Écosse avant 1707. Les pairs siégeaient à la Chambre des lords, dans le parlement écossais. En 1707, les royaumes d'Angleterre et d'Écosse furent unis. On ne créa alors plus de nouveaux pairs d'Écosse et à ceux-ci fut dénié le droit de siéger à la nouvelle Chambre des lords. Ils purent toutefois élire seize « pairs représentants » (representative peers) qui siégèrent à la Chambre des lords du Parlement de Grande-Bretagne. En 1963, une « loi sur la pairie » (peerage act) accorda à nouveau aux pairs d'Écosse le droit de siéger à la Chambre des lords, droit qui fut perdu avec la « loi sur la Chambre des lords » (House of Lords Act 1999), qui supprima quasi tous les sièges hér (fr)
  • Sono chiamati pari di Scozia i titoli nobiliari appartenenti alla parìa del Regno Unito e creati nel Regno di Scozia prima del 1707 anno in cui l'atto di Unione sancì l'incorporazione del Regno di Scozia e del Regno d'Inghilterra nel Regno di Gran Bretagna, dando origine alla parìa di Gran Bretagna . Nella tabella seguente sono riportati i pari di Scozia allo stato attuale, con indicazione dell'eventuale titolo più elevato delle altre parìe. (it)
  • スコットランド貴族 (Peerage of Scotland、スコットランド・ゲール語:Moraireachd na h-Alba)は、1707年合同法(en)以前にスコットランド王国で創設された貴族の総称。1707年のイングランド王国との合同後、グレートブリテン王国が成立したため、その後授爵された貴族にはグレートブリテン貴族が導入された。 合同後、スコットランド貴族は貴族院に16名の貴族代表議員を送っていた。1963年貴族法によって、全てのスコットランド貴族が貴族院に議席を持てるようになった。しかし1999年貴族院法(en)の可決によってその権利を失っている。その他の多くの貴族とは異なり、スコットランド貴族称号の多くは女系による継承(爵位保持者の娘が継承する場合に限り)が可能である。 スコットランド貴族は、公爵、侯爵、伯爵、子爵、ロード・オブ・パーラメント(en)で構成される。スコットランドの子爵はイングランド貴族、アイルランド貴族、グレートブリテン貴族、連合王国貴族とは異なり、爵位を称する際ofを用いる(例:Viscount of Oxfuird)。しかしこれは理論上の定義であり、多くの子爵はofを省いている。スコットランドの貴族は、スコットランド議会に議席を持っていた。 (ja)
  • O Pariato da Escócia é a divisão do pariato britânico para aqueles pares do reino criados no Reino da Escócia antes 1707, quando o Tratado de União estabeleceu que o Reino da Escócia e o Reino da Inglaterra fossem combinados a fim de criar o Reino da Grã-Bretanha, surgindo então o Pariato da Grã-Bretanha. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Peerage of Scotland (en)
  • Peerage of Scotland (de)
  • Pairie d'Écosse (fr)
  • Paria di Scozia (it)
  • スコットランド貴族 (ja)
  • Peerage van Schotland (nl)
  • Pariato da Escócia (pt)
  • Пэрство Шотландии (ru)
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