Pearl Street Station was the first central power plant in the United States. It was located at 255-257 Pearl Street in Manhattan on a site measuring 50 by 100 feet (15 by 30 m), just south of Fulton Street and fired by coal. It began with one direct current generator, and it started generating electricity on September 4, 1882, serving an initial load of 400 lamps at 82 customers. By 1884, Pearl Street Station was serving 508 customers with 10,164 lamps. The station was built by the Edison Illuminating Company, which was headed by Thomas Edison. The station was originally powered by custom-made Porter-Allen high-speed steam engines designed to provide 175 horsepower at 700 rpm, but these proved to be unreliable with their sensitive governors. They were removed and replaced with new engines

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  • Pearl Street Station was the first central power plant in the United States. It was located at 255-257 Pearl Street in Manhattan on a site measuring 50 by 100 feet (15 by 30 m), just south of Fulton Street and fired by coal. It began with one direct current generator, and it started generating electricity on September 4, 1882, serving an initial load of 400 lamps at 82 customers. By 1884, Pearl Street Station was serving 508 customers with 10,164 lamps. The station was built by the Edison Illuminating Company, which was headed by Thomas Edison. The station was originally powered by custom-made Porter-Allen high-speed steam engines designed to provide 175 horsepower at 700 rpm, but these proved to be unreliable with their sensitive governors. They were removed and replaced with new engines from Armington & Sims that proved to be much more suitable for Edison's dynamos. Pearl Street Station not only holds the distinction of being the world's first central power plant, but it was also the world's first cogeneration plant. While the steam engines provided grid electricity, Edison made use of the thermal byproduct by distributing steam to local manufacturers, and warming nearby buildings on the same Manhattan block. The station burned down in 1890, destroying all but one dynamo that is now kept in the Greenfield Village Museum in Dearborn, Michigan. In 1929 the Edison Company constructed three scale working models of the station. When a button was pushed, a motor turned the engines, generators, and other equipment in the model. A set of lamps connected to labelled buttons identified the various areas of the building. Cut-outs in the side of the model building allowed examination of the boilers on the first level, reciprocating steam engines and dynamos on the reinforced second level, and the control and test gear on the third and fourth levels. The models were constructed to a scale of one-half inch to the foot and were 62 inches long, 34 inches high and 13 inches wide. The models still exist and are on display at the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of American History in Washington, at the Consolidated Edison Learning Center in Long Island City, New York and at the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn, Michigan. Up to 31 people worked on constructing the models which took about 6 months to complete. (en)
  • Die Pearl Street Station (deutsch Kraftwerk Pearl Street) war eines der ersten Kraftwerke der Welt und wurde nach der Pearl Street im New Yorker Stadtteil Manhattan benannt, wo es sich befand. Es wurde unter Thomas Alva Edison erbaut und war von 1882 bis 1895 in Betrieb. (de)
  • La central de Pearl Street fue la primera central termoeléctrica de los Estados Unidos y la primera central comercial de la historia. Estaba localizada en los números 255-257 de Pearl Street, en Manhattan, al sur de la calle Fulton en un emplazamiento que tenía unas dimensiones de 15x30 m. La central fue construida por Edison Illuminating Company, creada por Thomas Alva Edison. Inicialmente tenía un generador eléctrico de corriente continua y como combustible utilizaba carbón. Empezaría a funcionar el 4 de septiembre de 1882, generando electricidad para cubrir la demanda de 400 lámparas, de 82 clientes. Pero ya en 1884, la central servía a 508 clientes, lo que sumaba un total de 10.164 lámparas. La central de Pearl Street no solo es la primera central térmica comercial de la historia, sino que también se le puede considerar la primera planta de cogeneración, ya que además de electricidad, Edison distribuía vapor a fabricantes locales y calentaba edificios cercanos. La central se incendió hacia 1890. La dinamo se puede ver en el Museo de Greenfield Village, en Dearborn, Míchigan. (es)
  • Pearl Street Station est la première centrale électrique construite par Thomas Edison et mise en service le 4 septembre 1882. Elle était située au sud de Manhattan, au 255-257 Pearl Street, près de Fulton Street. C'est la première centrale électrique de l'Edison Illuminating Company (en). Elle a permis d'alimenter en électricité les bureaux du New York Times et de quelques bâtiments du sud de Manhattan. Du fait du type de courant produit, le courant continu, le rayon de raccordement était limité à 800 m autour de la centrale. Elle a été détruite partiellement par un incendie en 1890, et a fonctionné jusqu'en 1895. Une plaque de la New York Edison Company a été posée en 1917 à l'emplacement du bâtiment aujourd'hui détruit. (fr)
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  • Die Pearl Street Station (deutsch Kraftwerk Pearl Street) war eines der ersten Kraftwerke der Welt und wurde nach der Pearl Street im New Yorker Stadtteil Manhattan benannt, wo es sich befand. Es wurde unter Thomas Alva Edison erbaut und war von 1882 bis 1895 in Betrieb. (de)
  • Pearl Street Station was the first central power plant in the United States. It was located at 255-257 Pearl Street in Manhattan on a site measuring 50 by 100 feet (15 by 30 m), just south of Fulton Street and fired by coal. It began with one direct current generator, and it started generating electricity on September 4, 1882, serving an initial load of 400 lamps at 82 customers. By 1884, Pearl Street Station was serving 508 customers with 10,164 lamps. The station was built by the Edison Illuminating Company, which was headed by Thomas Edison. The station was originally powered by custom-made Porter-Allen high-speed steam engines designed to provide 175 horsepower at 700 rpm, but these proved to be unreliable with their sensitive governors. They were removed and replaced with new engines (en)
  • La central de Pearl Street fue la primera central termoeléctrica de los Estados Unidos y la primera central comercial de la historia. Estaba localizada en los números 255-257 de Pearl Street, en Manhattan, al sur de la calle Fulton en un emplazamiento que tenía unas dimensiones de 15x30 m. La central fue construida por Edison Illuminating Company, creada por Thomas Alva Edison. Inicialmente tenía un generador eléctrico de corriente continua y como combustible utilizaba carbón. La central se incendió hacia 1890. La dinamo se puede ver en el Museo de Greenfield Village, en Dearborn, Míchigan. (es)
  • Pearl Street Station est la première centrale électrique construite par Thomas Edison et mise en service le 4 septembre 1882. Elle était située au sud de Manhattan, au 255-257 Pearl Street, près de Fulton Street. C'est la première centrale électrique de l'Edison Illuminating Company (en). Elle a permis d'alimenter en électricité les bureaux du New York Times et de quelques bâtiments du sud de Manhattan. Du fait du type de courant produit, le courant continu, le rayon de raccordement était limité à 800 m autour de la centrale. (fr)
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  • Pearl Street Station (en)
  • Pearl Street Station (de)
  • Central de Pearl Street (es)
  • Pearl Street Station (fr)
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