Patrona Halil (c. 1690 in Manastir - November 25, 1730 in Constantinople), was the instigator of a mob uprising in 1730 which replaced Sultan Ahmed III with Mahmud I and ended the Tulip period. Halil was born to an Albanian family in Hurpisht, a village near Bitola. He became a Janissary and after joining a Janissary rebellion in Niš and leading one in 1720 in Vidin, he moved to the capital. He was known to have engaged in petty trade and crafts like working as a hammam attendant. Halil was also a former sailor. He spent much of his time at meyhanes of Galata. Halil was known as Horpeşteli Arnavut Halil after his place of birth and ethnicity but his Albanian compatriots called him Patrona (Vice Admiral).

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  • Patrona Halil o Patrona Kalil fue un revolucionario nacido en Albania hacia el año 1687 y muerto en el año 1730 (Patrona isnayi (1730).., Istanbul, 1958, autor: Aktepe). Este albanés, que antes había sido marino y jenízaro, se puso al frente de la famosa revolución de 1730 contra el sultán Achmet III (1673-1736), conocida como la "revuelta de Patrona Kalil" (Surname: and illustrated account of Sultan Ahmed III's festival of 1720, Bern, 2000, 3 volúmenes, autor: Seyyit Vehbi (1674-1736)). Esta insurrección que Halil dirigía triunfó y el sultán fue depuesto y reemplazado por Mahmud I (1696-1754). Pero este nuevo sultán, Mahmud I, cansado de la insolencia de Halil, lo hizo ejecutar en la sala del Divan (A particular account of the two rebellions which happen'd at Constantinople in the years 1730 and 1731 at the deposition of Achmet the third and the elevation of Mahomet.., London: Printed for G.Smith, 1737). El pintor Jean Baptiste Vanmour (1671-1737), dejó pintados varios acontecimientos de su estancia en Estambul y uno de ellos representa la "revuelta de Patrona Kalil" (alguna obra de este pintor:Recueil de cents estampes representant differentes nations du Levant:..., París: Chez led. Sr. le Hay et Duchange, 1714) (es)
  • En 1730, Patrona Halil (? à Khrupichta - 25 novembre 1730 à Constantinople) fut l'instigateur d'une révolte populaire qui remplaça le sultan Ahmed III par Mahmud Ier et mit fin à l'ère des tulipes. (fr)
  • Patrona Halil (c. 1690 in Manastir - November 25, 1730 in Constantinople), was the instigator of a mob uprising in 1730 which replaced Sultan Ahmed III with Mahmud I and ended the Tulip period. Halil was born to an Albanian family in Hurpisht, a village near Bitola. He became a Janissary and after joining a Janissary rebellion in Niš and leading one in 1720 in Vidin, he moved to the capital. He was known to have engaged in petty trade and crafts like working as a hammam attendant. Halil was also a former sailor. He spent much of his time at meyhanes of Galata. Halil was known as Horpeşteli Arnavut Halil after his place of birth and ethnicity but his Albanian compatriots called him Patrona (Vice Admiral). His followers were 12,000 janissaries, mostly Albanians. For weeks after the revolt, the empire was in the hands of the insurgents. Patrona Halil rode with the new sultan to the Mosque of Eyub where the ceremony of girding Mahmud I with the Sword of Osman was performed; many of the chief officers were deposed and successors to them appointed at the dictation of the bold rebel who had served in the ranks of the Janissaries and who appeared before the sultan bare-legged and in his old uniform of a common soldier. A Greek butcher, named Yanaki, had formerly given credit to Patrona and had lent him money during the three days of the insurrection. Patrona showed his gratitude by compelling the Divan to make Yanaki Hospodar of Moldavia. Yanaki however never took charge of this office. The Khan of the Crimea assisted the Grand Vizier, the Mufti and the Aga of the Janissaries in putting down the rebellion. Patrona was killed in the sultan's presence after a Divan in which he had commanded that war be declared against Russia. His Greek friend, Yanaki, and 7,000 of those who had supported him were also put to death. The jealousy which the officers of the Janissaries felt towards Patrona, and their readiness to aid in his destruction, facilitated the exertions of Mahmud I's supporters in putting an end to the rebellion. (en)
  • Patrona Halil (tur. Patrona Halil İsyanı) (zm. 25 listopada 1730) – albański żołnierz na służbie sułtana Ahmeda III, wcześniej handlarz szmatami i łaziebny. Zorganizował w 1730 roku powstanie ludowe w Stambule, które pozbawiło Ahmeda władzy. Obalony został też wielki wezyr Nevşehirli Damat İbrahim Pasha. Nowym władcą z woli tłumu stał się Mahmud I. Halil wkrótce po powstaniu został zamordowany na rozkaz sułtana. (pl)
  • Патрона Халил — предводитель восстания в Стамбуле, приведшего к свержению султана Ахмеда и великого визиря Ибрагима Невшехирли. Восстание также положило конец эпохе культурных реформ. (ru)
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  • 1687-0-0
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  • 1730-11-25 (xsd:date)
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  • Ottoman rebel (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • En 1730, Patrona Halil (? à Khrupichta - 25 novembre 1730 à Constantinople) fut l'instigateur d'une révolte populaire qui remplaça le sultan Ahmed III par Mahmud Ier et mit fin à l'ère des tulipes. (fr)
  • Patrona Halil (tur. Patrona Halil İsyanı) (zm. 25 listopada 1730) – albański żołnierz na służbie sułtana Ahmeda III, wcześniej handlarz szmatami i łaziebny. Zorganizował w 1730 roku powstanie ludowe w Stambule, które pozbawiło Ahmeda władzy. Obalony został też wielki wezyr Nevşehirli Damat İbrahim Pasha. Nowym władcą z woli tłumu stał się Mahmud I. Halil wkrótce po powstaniu został zamordowany na rozkaz sułtana. (pl)
  • Патрона Халил — предводитель восстания в Стамбуле, приведшего к свержению султана Ахмеда и великого визиря Ибрагима Невшехирли. Восстание также положило конец эпохе культурных реформ. (ru)
  • Patrona Halil (c. 1690 in Manastir - November 25, 1730 in Constantinople), was the instigator of a mob uprising in 1730 which replaced Sultan Ahmed III with Mahmud I and ended the Tulip period. Halil was born to an Albanian family in Hurpisht, a village near Bitola. He became a Janissary and after joining a Janissary rebellion in Niš and leading one in 1720 in Vidin, he moved to the capital. He was known to have engaged in petty trade and crafts like working as a hammam attendant. Halil was also a former sailor. He spent much of his time at meyhanes of Galata. Halil was known as Horpeşteli Arnavut Halil after his place of birth and ethnicity but his Albanian compatriots called him Patrona (Vice Admiral). (en)
  • Patrona Halil o Patrona Kalil fue un revolucionario nacido en Albania hacia el año 1687 y muerto en el año 1730 (Patrona isnayi (1730).., Istanbul, 1958, autor: Aktepe). Este albanés, que antes había sido marino y jenízaro, se puso al frente de la famosa revolución de 1730 contra el sultán Achmet III (1673-1736), conocida como la "revuelta de Patrona Kalil" (Surname: and illustrated account of Sultan Ahmed III's festival of 1720, Bern, 2000, 3 volúmenes, autor: Seyyit Vehbi (1674-1736)). Esta insurrección que Halil dirigía triunfó y el sultán fue depuesto y reemplazado por Mahmud I (1696-1754). (es)
rdfs:label
  • Patrona Halil (es)
  • Patrona Halil (en)
  • Patrona Halil (fr)
  • Patrona Halil (pl)
  • Патрон Халил (ru)
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  • Patrona Halil (en)
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