Particle agglomeration refers to formation of assemblages in a suspension and represents a mechanism leading to destabilization of colloidal systems. During this process, particles dispersed in the liquid phase stick to each other, and spontaneously form irregular particle clusters, flocs, or aggregates. This phenomenon is also referred to as coagulation or flocculation and such a suspension is also called unstable. Particle aggregation can be induced by adding salts or an other chemical referred to as coagulant or flocculant. Some people refer specifically to flocculation when aggregation is induced by addition of polymers or polyelectrolytes, while coagulation is used in a broader sense.

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  • Die Aggregation ist eine (lockere) Zusammenlagerung von Atomen, Molekülen und/oder Ionen zu einem größeren Verband, dem Aggregat. Die Zusammenlagerung wird durch Van-der-Waals-Kräfte, zwischenmolekulare Kräfte oder andere chemische Bindungsarten hervorgerufen. Werden die Aggregate von gleichartigen Molekülen gebildet, spricht man von Assoziation und Assoziaten. Im erweiterten Sinne können auch kristalline oder amorphe Primärteilchen zu größeren Aggregaten, das bedeutet verklebten Teilchen, zusammenwachsen oder sich zusammenlagern. Insbesondere beim Dispergieren besteht dann die Notwendigkeit, diese Aggregate durch mechanische Krafteinwirkung wieder „zu zerreiben“. (de)
  • Particle agglomeration refers to formation of assemblages in a suspension and represents a mechanism leading to destabilization of colloidal systems. During this process, particles dispersed in the liquid phase stick to each other, and spontaneously form irregular particle clusters, flocs, or aggregates. This phenomenon is also referred to as coagulation or flocculation and such a suspension is also called unstable. Particle aggregation can be induced by adding salts or an other chemical referred to as coagulant or flocculant. Some people refer specifically to flocculation when aggregation is induced by addition of polymers or polyelectrolytes, while coagulation is used in a broader sense. Particle aggregation is normally an irreversible process. Once particle aggregates have formed, they will not easily disrupt. In the course of aggregation, the aggregates will grow in size, and as a consequence they may settle to the bottom of the container, which is referred to as sedimentation. Alternatively, a colloidal gel may form in concentrated suspensions which changes its rheological properties. The reverse process whereby particle aggregates are disrupted and dispersed as individual particles, referred to as peptization, hardly occurs spontaneously, but may occur under stirring or shear. Colloidal particles may also remain dispersed in liquids for long periods of time (days to years). This phenomenon is referred to as colloidal stability and such a suspension is said to be stable. Stable suspensions are often obtained at low salt concentrations or by addition of chemicals referred to as stabilizers or stabilizing agents. Similar aggregation processes occur in other dispersed systems too. In emulsions, they may also be coupled to droplet coalescence, and not only lead to sedimentation but also to creaming. In aerosols, airborne particles may equally aggregate and form larger clusters (e.g., soot). (en)
  • Agregacja - ogólny termin określający łączenie się mniejszych cząstek w większe. Produkty agregacji nazywa się ogólnie agregatami. Np. formą agregacji cząsteczek chemicznych mogą być między innymi micele tworzące koloidy. Micele na skutek agregacji mogą z kolei zlepiać się razem, co prowadzi do powstania zwykłej zawiesiny. Formą agregacji jest też proces koagulacji białek. Kontrolowana agregacja niektórych cząsteczek może prowadzić do powstania struktur supramolekularnych. (pl)
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  • Agregacja - ogólny termin określający łączenie się mniejszych cząstek w większe. Produkty agregacji nazywa się ogólnie agregatami. Np. formą agregacji cząsteczek chemicznych mogą być między innymi micele tworzące koloidy. Micele na skutek agregacji mogą z kolei zlepiać się razem, co prowadzi do powstania zwykłej zawiesiny. Formą agregacji jest też proces koagulacji białek. Kontrolowana agregacja niektórych cząsteczek może prowadzić do powstania struktur supramolekularnych. (pl)
  • Particle agglomeration refers to formation of assemblages in a suspension and represents a mechanism leading to destabilization of colloidal systems. During this process, particles dispersed in the liquid phase stick to each other, and spontaneously form irregular particle clusters, flocs, or aggregates. This phenomenon is also referred to as coagulation or flocculation and such a suspension is also called unstable. Particle aggregation can be induced by adding salts or an other chemical referred to as coagulant or flocculant. Some people refer specifically to flocculation when aggregation is induced by addition of polymers or polyelectrolytes, while coagulation is used in a broader sense. (en)
  • Die Aggregation ist eine (lockere) Zusammenlagerung von Atomen, Molekülen und/oder Ionen zu einem größeren Verband, dem Aggregat. Die Zusammenlagerung wird durch Van-der-Waals-Kräfte, zwischenmolekulare Kräfte oder andere chemische Bindungsarten hervorgerufen. Werden die Aggregate von gleichartigen Molekülen gebildet, spricht man von Assoziation und Assoziaten. (de)
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  • Aggregation (Chemie) (de)
  • Particle aggregation (en)
  • Agregacja cząstek (pl)
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