Partenij Zografski (Bulgarian: Партений Зографски; Macedonian: Партенија Зографски; 1818 – February 7, 1876) was a 19th-century Bulgarian cleric, philologist, and folklorist from Galičnik in today's Republic of Macedonia, one of the early figures of the Bulgarian National Revival. In his works he referred to his language as Bulgarian and demonstrated a Bulgarian spirit, though besides contributing to the development of the Bulgarian language, in the Republic of Macedonia he is also thought to have contributed to the foundation of the Macedonian language.

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  • Partenija Zografski (bulgare : Партений Зографски, macédonien : Партенија Зографски), né en 1818 et mort en 1876, était une personnalité religieuse, un philologue et un folkloriste macédonien, figure de la Renaissance nationale bulgare. Son travail réfère à une langue bulgare qu'il développe, et démontre un esprit bulgare. Mais en République de Macédoine, il est aussi considéré comme l'un des fondateurs de la langue macédonienne. Partenija Zografski est né sous le nom de Pavel Vasilkov Trizlovski (Павел Василков Тризловски) à Galitchnik, village alors situé dans l'Empire ottoman et aujourd'hui en République de Macédoine. Il a d'abord étudié au monastère Saint-Jean Bigorski avant de s'installer à Ohrid en 1836, où il reçoit l'enseignement de Dimitar Miladinov. Il a également étudié à Thessalonique et Istanbul. Pavel Trizlovski devient ensuite moine au monastère de Zographou du Mont Athos, duquel il tient son nouveau nom de Zograf, puis il poursuit son éducation à Odessa et rejoint le monastère de Căpriana, en Moldavie. Il reçoit également des diplômes des séminaires de Kiev en 1846 et de Moscou en 1850. Il est brièvement prêtre à l'église russe d'Istanbul puis enseigne au monastère de Zographou, à l'école bulgare d'Instanbul et à l'Institut de théologie orthodoxe de Halki. Le 29 octobre 1859, sur demande de la municipalité macédonienne de Koukouch (aujourd'hui en Grèce), le Patriarcat nomme Partenija Zografski métropolite de Doïran, afin de contrer l'expansion de l'Église catholique orientale chez les Bulgares. Partenija Zografski, avec l'aide des autorités locales, établit des écoles bulgares et favorise l'usage du slavon dans la liturgie. En 1861, il est toutefois poursuivit par l'Église grecque orthodoxe, mais il est acquitté en 1863. En 1867, il devient métropolite de Nichava, près de Pirot (aujourd'hui en Serbie), où il s'oppose à la propagande serbe en favorisant l'éducation dans des écoles bulgares. Il démissionne en 1874, deux ans avant sa mort. À côté de ses activités religieuses, Partenija Zografski était aussi un homme de lettres. Il a notamment écrit pour le périodique Livres Bulgareset les journaux Makedonia, Savetnik et Tsarigradski Vestnik. Il a également soutenu l'introduction d'éléments des dialectes bulgares occidentaux dans la langue littéraire bulgare. En 1857, il a publié une Histoire Sainte concise de l'Ancien et du Nouveau Testaments. L'année suivante, il a aussi publié un ouvrage sur l'éducation élémentaire des enfants. Partenija Zografski est mort à Istanbul le 7 février 1876 et il y est enterré dans l'église bulgare Saint-Étienne. (fr)
  • Partenij Zografski (Bulgarian: Партений Зографски; Macedonian: Партенија Зографски; 1818 – February 7, 1876) was a 19th-century Bulgarian cleric, philologist, and folklorist from Galičnik in today's Republic of Macedonia, one of the early figures of the Bulgarian National Revival. In his works he referred to his language as Bulgarian and demonstrated a Bulgarian spirit, though besides contributing to the development of the Bulgarian language, in the Republic of Macedonia he is also thought to have contributed to the foundation of the Macedonian language. Zografski was born as Pavel Vasilkov Trizlovski (Павел Василков Тризловски) in Galičnik, then in the Ottoman Empire and today in the Republic of Macedonia. He first studied at the Saint Jovan Bigorski Monastery, then he moved to Ohrid in 1836, where he was taught by Bulgarian educator Dimitar Miladinov; he also studied at the Greek schools in Thessaloniki and Istanbul. Trizlovski became a monk at the Bulgarian Zograf Monastery on Mount Athos, where he acquired his clerical name. Zografski continued his education at the seminary in Odessa, Russian Empire; he then joined the Căpriana monastery in Moldova. He graduated from the Kiev seminary in 1846 and from the Moscow seminary in 1850. He was briefly a priest at the Russian church in Istanbul until he established a clerical school at the Zograf Monastery in 1851 and taught there until 1852. From 1852 to 1855, he was a teacher of Church Slavonic at the Halki seminary; from 1855 to 1858, he held the same position at the Bulgarian school in Istanbul, also serving at the Bulgarian and Russian churches in the imperial capital. On 29 October 1859, at the request of the Bulgarian Municipality of Kukush (Kilkis), the Patriarchate appointed Zografski Metropolitan of Dojran in order to counter the spread of Eastern Catholicism among the Bulgarians in South Macedonia. Parteniy Zografski co-operated with the locals to establish Bulgarian schools and increase the use of Church Slavonic in liturgy. In 1861, the Greek Orthodox Church Metropolitan of Thessaloniki and a clerical court prosecuted him, but he was acquitted in 1863. In 1867, he was appointed Metropolitan of Nishava in Pirot. At this position, he supported the Bulgarian education in these regions and countered the Serbian propaganda. From 1868 on, Parteniy Zografski broke away from the Patriarchate and joined the independent Bulgarian clergy. After the official establishment of the Bulgarian Exarchate he remained a Bulgarian Metropolitan of Pirot until October 1874, when he resigned. Besides his religious activity, Zografski was also an active man of letters. He co-operated with the Bulgarian Books magazine and the first Bulgarian newspapers: Savetnik, Tsarigradski Vestnik and Petko Slaveykov's Makedoniya. Zografski advocated the introduction of western Bulgarian elements in the literary Bulgarian language. In 1857, he published a Concise Holy History of the Old and New Testament Church. The following year he published Elementary Education for Children. Zografski died in Istanbul on 7 February 1876 and was buried here in the Bulgarian St. Stephen Church. (en)
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  • 1818-1-1
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  • 1876-2-7
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  • Macedonian bishop (en)
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http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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  • Partenija Zografski (bulgare : Партений Зографски, macédonien : Партенија Зографски), né en 1818 et mort en 1876, était une personnalité religieuse, un philologue et un folkloriste macédonien, figure de la Renaissance nationale bulgare. Son travail réfère à une langue bulgare qu'il développe, et démontre un esprit bulgare. Mais en République de Macédoine, il est aussi considéré comme l'un des fondateurs de la langue macédonienne. Partenija Zografski est mort à Istanbul le 7 février 1876 et il y est enterré dans l'église bulgare Saint-Étienne. (fr)
  • Partenij Zografski (Bulgarian: Партений Зографски; Macedonian: Партенија Зографски; 1818 – February 7, 1876) was a 19th-century Bulgarian cleric, philologist, and folklorist from Galičnik in today's Republic of Macedonia, one of the early figures of the Bulgarian National Revival. In his works he referred to his language as Bulgarian and demonstrated a Bulgarian spirit, though besides contributing to the development of the Bulgarian language, in the Republic of Macedonia he is also thought to have contributed to the foundation of the Macedonian language. (en)
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  • Partenija Zografski (fr)
  • Parteniy Zografski (en)
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  • male (en)
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  • Parteniy Zografski (en)
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