Oskar Heinroth (1 March 1871 – 31 May 1945) was a German biologist who was one of the first to apply the methods of comparative morphology to animal behaviour, and was thus one of the founders of ethology. His extensive studies of behaviour in the Anatidae (ducks and geese) showed that instinctive behaviour patterns correlated with taxonomic relationships determined on the basis of morphological features. He also rediscovered the phenomenon of imprinting, reported in the 19th century by Douglas Spalding but not followed up at the time. His results were popularised by Konrad Lorenz, whose mentor he was. Lorenz regarded Heinroth as the true founder of the study of animal behaviour seen as a branch of zoology.

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  • Oskar Heinroth (* 1. März 1871 in Kastel; † 31. Mai 1945 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Zoologe. Internationale wissenschaftliche Bedeutung erlangte er durch seine grundlegenden Arbeiten zur vergleichenden Verhaltensforschung in der Ornithologie. Er führte den Begriff Ethologie in seiner heute üblichen Bedeutung in die moderne Verhaltensbiologie ein. Von 1911 bis 1913 war er maßgeblich am Aufbau des Berliner Zoo-Aquariums beteiligt, dem er mehr als 30 Jahre lang als Leiter vorstand. (de)
  • Oskar Heinroth (1 March 1871 – 31 May 1945) was a German biologist who was one of the first to apply the methods of comparative morphology to animal behaviour, and was thus one of the founders of ethology. His extensive studies of behaviour in the Anatidae (ducks and geese) showed that instinctive behaviour patterns correlated with taxonomic relationships determined on the basis of morphological features. He also rediscovered the phenomenon of imprinting, reported in the 19th century by Douglas Spalding but not followed up at the time. His results were popularised by Konrad Lorenz, whose mentor he was. Lorenz regarded Heinroth as the true founder of the study of animal behaviour seen as a branch of zoology. Heinroth was born in Mainz-Kastel. He began his studies of duck and goose behaviour while working as a scientific assistant from 1898 to 1913. He subsequently became the director of the Berlin Aquarium, a post he held for more than 30 years. He was married to Katharina Heinroth née Berger, a herpetologist who worked at the Berlin Zoo. He died in Berlin on 31 May 1945. (en)
  • Oskar August Heinroth est un biologiste allemand, né le 1er mars 1871 à Mayence et mort le 31 mai 1945 à Berlin. Assistant du directeur du Zoo de Berlin, Oskar Heinroth fut chargé de concevoir l'Aquarium du Zoo de Berlin, qui ouvrit en 1913. Oskar Heinroth devint le directeur de l'aquarium et y travailla jusqu'à la destruction de l'aquarium en 1943 durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Il développe des méthodes adaptées de la morphologie comparative au comportement anormal et est considéré comme l’un des pères de l’éthologie. Il étudie particulièrement les Anatidae et démontre le phénomène de l’imprégnation qu’avait mis en lumière Douglas Spalding (1840-1877) au XIXe siècle. Ses résultats sont repris et popularisés par Konrad Lorenz (1903-1989) qui considère Heinroth comme son maître. En 1915, il met en évidence le phénomène de mesmérisation, là aussi sur des oiseaux. Le puffin de Heinroth (Puffinus heinrothi) lui a été dédié par Anton Reichenow (1847-1941) en 1919. Il a été le mari de Katharina Heinroth. (fr)
  • I suoi vasti studi sul comportamento delle Anatidae (anatre e oche) dimostrò che gli schemi di comportamento istintivo si correlavano con i rapporti tassonomici determinati sulla base delle caratteristiche morfologiche. Scoprì inoltre il fenomeno dell'imprinting, descritto nel XIX secolo da Douglas Spalding ma che non ebbe seguito a quel tempo. I suoi risultati furono resi popolari da Konrad Lorenz, di cui fu il mentore. Lorenz considerava Heinroth il vero fondatore dello studio sul comportamento animale considerato come una branca della zoologia. Heinroth iniziò i suoi studi sul comportamento delle anatre e sulle oche mentre lavorava come assistente scientifico dal 1898 al 1913. Successivamente divenne direttore dell'Acquario di Berlino, posto che tenne per oltre trent'anni. Sposò Katharina Berger, un'erpetologa che lavorava presso lo zoo di Berlino. (it)
  • 奧斯卡·海因洛特(Oskar Heinroth ,1871年3月1日-1945年5月31日)是一位德國動物學家,出生於黑森梅因茲-卡斯提爾。1895年獲基爾大學醫學博士學位,1898年到1913年,他便以一名科學助教的身分進行鴨與雁的行為做研究。隨後他成為柏林水族館的主任,在這個職位堅守30年,最後逝世於柏林。 他是第一個將比較型態學應用在動物行為學的科學家,因此成為了動物行為學的始祖之一。他以鴨科動物為對象做了本能行為的研究,並從新發現銘印作用的存在。他曾經與他的學生勞倫茲共同研究,並且最後由勞倫茲將研究成果發表。 (zh)
dbo:birthDate
  • 1871-3-1
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dbo:deathDate
  • 1945-5-31
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  • 1213266 (xsd:integer)
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  • 703926186 (xsd:integer)
dct:description
  • German zoologist (en)
dct:subject
http://purl.org/linguistics/gold/hypernym
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rdfs:comment
  • Oskar Heinroth (* 1. März 1871 in Kastel; † 31. Mai 1945 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Zoologe. Internationale wissenschaftliche Bedeutung erlangte er durch seine grundlegenden Arbeiten zur vergleichenden Verhaltensforschung in der Ornithologie. Er führte den Begriff Ethologie in seiner heute üblichen Bedeutung in die moderne Verhaltensbiologie ein. Von 1911 bis 1913 war er maßgeblich am Aufbau des Berliner Zoo-Aquariums beteiligt, dem er mehr als 30 Jahre lang als Leiter vorstand. (de)
  • 奧斯卡·海因洛特(Oskar Heinroth ,1871年3月1日-1945年5月31日)是一位德國動物學家,出生於黑森梅因茲-卡斯提爾。1895年獲基爾大學醫學博士學位,1898年到1913年,他便以一名科學助教的身分進行鴨與雁的行為做研究。隨後他成為柏林水族館的主任,在這個職位堅守30年,最後逝世於柏林。 他是第一個將比較型態學應用在動物行為學的科學家,因此成為了動物行為學的始祖之一。他以鴨科動物為對象做了本能行為的研究,並從新發現銘印作用的存在。他曾經與他的學生勞倫茲共同研究,並且最後由勞倫茲將研究成果發表。 (zh)
  • Oskar Heinroth (1 March 1871 – 31 May 1945) was a German biologist who was one of the first to apply the methods of comparative morphology to animal behaviour, and was thus one of the founders of ethology. His extensive studies of behaviour in the Anatidae (ducks and geese) showed that instinctive behaviour patterns correlated with taxonomic relationships determined on the basis of morphological features. He also rediscovered the phenomenon of imprinting, reported in the 19th century by Douglas Spalding but not followed up at the time. His results were popularised by Konrad Lorenz, whose mentor he was. Lorenz regarded Heinroth as the true founder of the study of animal behaviour seen as a branch of zoology. (en)
  • Oskar August Heinroth est un biologiste allemand, né le 1er mars 1871 à Mayence et mort le 31 mai 1945 à Berlin. Assistant du directeur du Zoo de Berlin, Oskar Heinroth fut chargé de concevoir l'Aquarium du Zoo de Berlin, qui ouvrit en 1913. Oskar Heinroth devint le directeur de l'aquarium et y travailla jusqu'à la destruction de l'aquarium en 1943 durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Le puffin de Heinroth (Puffinus heinrothi) lui a été dédié par Anton Reichenow (1847-1941) en 1919. Il a été le mari de Katharina Heinroth. (fr)
  • I suoi vasti studi sul comportamento delle Anatidae (anatre e oche) dimostrò che gli schemi di comportamento istintivo si correlavano con i rapporti tassonomici determinati sulla base delle caratteristiche morfologiche. Scoprì inoltre il fenomeno dell'imprinting, descritto nel XIX secolo da Douglas Spalding ma che non ebbe seguito a quel tempo. I suoi risultati furono resi popolari da Konrad Lorenz, di cui fu il mentore. Lorenz considerava Heinroth il vero fondatore dello studio sul comportamento animale considerato come una branca della zoologia. (it)
rdfs:label
  • Oskar Heinroth (en)
  • Oskar Heinroth (de)
  • Oskar August Heinroth (fr)
  • Oskar Heinroth (it)
  • 奧斯卡·海因洛特 (zh)
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