Orientation is a function of the mind involving awareness of three dimensions: time, place and person. Problems with orientation lead to disorientation, and can be due to various conditions, from delirium to intoxication. Typically, disorientation is first in time, then in place and finally in person. In the context of an accident or major trauma, the Emergency Medical Responder performs spiraling (increasingly detailed) assessments which guide the critical first response. Assessment of mental orientation typically lands within the immediate top three priorities:

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  • Die mentale Orientierung ist eine kognitive Fähigkeit, die es dem Subjekt ermöglicht, sich zeitlich, räumlich und bezüglich seiner Person - in seiner Umgebung - zu orientieren. Teilbereiche des Orientierungsvermögens sind 1. * Orientierung zur Zeit (siehe auch Zeitwahrnehmung) 2. * Orientierung zum Raum (siehe auch Räumliche Orientierung) 3. * Bewusstheit der eigenen Person (siehe Identität) und ihrer Bezüge (Situationsbewusstsein, Orientierung im sozialen Netzwerk) Fehlt die Orientierungsfähigkeit teilweise oder ganz, zeitweise oder längerfristig, spricht man von Desorientiertheit, Orientierungslosigkeit, Verwirrung (s. unten). (de)
  • Orientation is a function of the mind involving awareness of three dimensions: time, place and person. Problems with orientation lead to disorientation, and can be due to various conditions, from delirium to intoxication. Typically, disorientation is first in time, then in place and finally in person. In the context of an accident or major trauma, the Emergency Medical Responder performs spiraling (increasingly detailed) assessments which guide the critical first response. Assessment of mental orientation typically lands within the immediate top three priorities: 1. * Safety - Assess the area safety (potential traffic, fire, overhead/underfoot objects and collapse risks, rushing water, gunfire, chemical/radiation threats, storm conditions, downed power lines, etc.), wait for the threat to subside, or move the person to safety if and when possible, all without endangering oneself. 2. * ABCs - Note conscious or unconscious then assess Airway, Breathing and Circulation factors (with priority to any potential gross or debilitating blood loss.) 3. * Orientation - Determine if the person is "alert and oriented, times three (to person, place, and time)." This is frequently abbreviated A&Ox3 which also serves as a mnemonic. The assessment is best done right up front, ahead of moving or transporting the victim, because it may illuminate potential internal damage. Mental orientation is closely related, and often intermixed with trauma shock, including physical shock (see: Shock (circulatory)) and mental shock (see: Acute stress reaction, a psychological condition in response to terrifying events.) The exact cerebral region involved in orientation is uncertain, but lesions of the brain stem and the cerebral hemispheres have been reported to cause disorientation, suggesting that they act together in maintaining awareness and its subfunction of orientation. (en)
  • 見当識(けんとうしき)とは、現在の年月や時刻、自分がどこに居るかなど基本的な状況把握のこと。見当識が保たれているかどうかが意識障害の指標となる。俗に「見当違い」というときの見当(けんとう)が語源で、古くは料簡(りょうけん)、指南力(しなんりょく)ともいった。 車酔いなどで耳の奥にある三半規管の感覚がパニックを起こし平衡感覚が崩れた状態の時、これを「見当識失調」と呼ぶ。 また、認知症や進行性多巣性白質脳症でも見当識は徐々に失われていく。これを失見当識ともいう。 (ja)
  • Oriëntatievermogen is het vermogen van mens of dier om zijn relatie tot zijn omgeving vast te stellen. Er worden verschillende aspecten aan het oriëntatievermogen onderscheiden: (nl)
  • Il disorientamento in psichiatria si definisce come la perdita di conscio mentale relativo alla percezione spazio-temporale. Chi ne soffre non è in grado di capire e identificare in modo chiaro il tempo e il luogo reali in cui si trova. Il disorientamento è un sintomo di demenza, ma potrebbe essere anche un effetto conseguente a un incidente o a un trauma cranico. (it)
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  • 見当識(けんとうしき)とは、現在の年月や時刻、自分がどこに居るかなど基本的な状況把握のこと。見当識が保たれているかどうかが意識障害の指標となる。俗に「見当違い」というときの見当(けんとう)が語源で、古くは料簡(りょうけん)、指南力(しなんりょく)ともいった。 車酔いなどで耳の奥にある三半規管の感覚がパニックを起こし平衡感覚が崩れた状態の時、これを「見当識失調」と呼ぶ。 また、認知症や進行性多巣性白質脳症でも見当識は徐々に失われていく。これを失見当識ともいう。 (ja)
  • Oriëntatievermogen is het vermogen van mens of dier om zijn relatie tot zijn omgeving vast te stellen. Er worden verschillende aspecten aan het oriëntatievermogen onderscheiden: (nl)
  • Il disorientamento in psichiatria si definisce come la perdita di conscio mentale relativo alla percezione spazio-temporale. Chi ne soffre non è in grado di capire e identificare in modo chiaro il tempo e il luogo reali in cui si trova. Il disorientamento è un sintomo di demenza, ma potrebbe essere anche un effetto conseguente a un incidente o a un trauma cranico. (it)
  • Orientation is a function of the mind involving awareness of three dimensions: time, place and person. Problems with orientation lead to disorientation, and can be due to various conditions, from delirium to intoxication. Typically, disorientation is first in time, then in place and finally in person. In the context of an accident or major trauma, the Emergency Medical Responder performs spiraling (increasingly detailed) assessments which guide the critical first response. Assessment of mental orientation typically lands within the immediate top three priorities: (en)
  • Die mentale Orientierung ist eine kognitive Fähigkeit, die es dem Subjekt ermöglicht, sich zeitlich, räumlich und bezüglich seiner Person - in seiner Umgebung - zu orientieren. Teilbereiche des Orientierungsvermögens sind 1. * Orientierung zur Zeit (siehe auch Zeitwahrnehmung) 2. * Orientierung zum Raum (siehe auch Räumliche Orientierung) 3. * Bewusstheit der eigenen Person (siehe Identität) und ihrer Bezüge (Situationsbewusstsein, Orientierung im sozialen Netzwerk) (de)
rdfs:label
  • Orientierung (mental) (de)
  • Orientation (mental) (en)
  • Disorientamento (it)
  • 見当識 (ja)
  • Oriëntatievermogen (nl)
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