Operation Infinite Reach was the codename for American cruise missile strikes on al-Qaeda bases in Afghanistan and the Al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in Sudan on August 20, 1998. The attacks, launched by the U.S. Navy, were ordered by President Bill Clinton in retaliation for al-Qaeda's August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, which killed 224 people (including 12 Americans) and injured over 4,000 others. Operation Infinite Reach was the first time the U.S. acknowledged a preemptive strike against a violent non-state actor.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • Operation Infinite Reach was the codename for American cruise missile strikes on al-Qaeda bases in Afghanistan and the Al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in Sudan on August 20, 1998. The attacks, launched by the U.S. Navy, were ordered by President Bill Clinton in retaliation for al-Qaeda's August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, which killed 224 people (including 12 Americans) and injured over 4,000 others. Operation Infinite Reach was the first time the U.S. acknowledged a preemptive strike against a violent non-state actor. The U.S. suspected that the Sudanese Al-Shifa plant was linked to, and producing chemical weapons for, Osama bin Laden and his al-Qaeda network; these suspicions were based on intelligence reports suggesting financial ties between the Khartoum plant and bin Laden, and the alleged presence of a chemical used in VX nerve gas manufacturing. On the grounds of this intelligence, the U.S. launched missiles into the plant, destroying it and killing or wounding 11 Sudanese. The strike on Al-Shifa proved controversial; after the attacks, the U.S. evidence and rationale were criticized as faulty, and academics Max Taylor and Mohamed Elbushra cite "a broad acceptance that this plant was not involved in the production of any chemical weapons." The missile strikes on al-Qaeda's Afghan training camps, aimed at preempting further attacks and killing bin Laden, damaged the installations and inflicted an uncertain number of casualties; however, bin Laden was not present at the time. Following the attacks, the ruling Taliban allegedly reneged on a promise given to Saudi intelligence chief Turki al-Faisal to hand over bin Laden, and the regime instead strengthened its ties with the al-Qaeda chief. Operation Infinite Reach, described by historian Timothy Naftali as "the largest U.S. military response to a terrorist attack" since the 1986 bombing of Libya, was met with a mixed international response. A majority of the American public and the governments of the UK, Germany, Australia, and Israel backed the strikes, but the targeted countries, Islamic militant groups, and other nations in the Middle East strongly opposed them. The failure of the attacks to kill bin Laden also enhanced his public image in the Muslim world. Additional strikes were planned but not carried out; as a 2002 congressional inquiry noted, Operation Infinite Reach was "the only instance ... in which the CIA or U.S. military carried out an operation directly against Bin Ladin before September 11." (en)
  • كان قصف أفغانستان والسودان في 20 أغسطس عام 1998 (تطلق عليها الولايات المتحدة اسم «عملية الوصول اللانهائي») عبارة عن ضربات بالصواريخ الجوالة على قواعد جماعات مسلحة في أفغانستان ومصنع للأدوية في السودان. وكان الهجوم انتقاميًا ردًا على تفجيرات السفارات الأمريكية في كينيا وتنزانيا التي نتج عنها سقوط 224 قتيلاً (منهم 12 أمريكيًا). وجرح 5000 آخرين. (ar)
  • L'opération Infinite Reach est le nom de code d'une campagne de bombardements américaines à l'aide de 79 BGM-109 Tomahawk contre des bases terroristes en Afghanistan et une usine pharmaceutique au Soudan le 20 août 1998. (fr)
  • Os bombardeios do Afeganistão e do Sudão em agosto de 1998, de codinome Operação Alcance Infinito pelos Estados Unidos (em inglês: Operation Infinite Reach), foram ataques de mísseis Tomahawk de um cruzador da Marinha dos Estados Unidos, em 20 de agosto de 1998, sobre as bases terroristas e campos de treinamento da Al-Qaeda no Afeganistão e a uma fábrica farmacêutica no Sudão, na sequência de suspeitas de que a fábrica de al-Shifa estava produzindo armas químicas e era controlada pelo terrorista árabe Osama bin Laden. O ataque foi em retaliação pelos atentados às embaixadas americanas no Quênia e na Tanzânia que mataram 224 pessoas (incluindo 12 americanos) e feriram 5.000. (pt)
  • 无限延伸行动(Operation Infinite Reach)是美国为了报复1998年美国大使馆爆炸案而在1998年8月20日采取的一次军事行动。 在这次行动中,美军战舰从红海上发射了巡航导弹,其中一些击中了位于苏丹境内的阿尔-希法制药厂。美国指责该工厂帮助了袭击美国大使馆的基地组织头目奥萨玛·本·拉登,并为其制造化学武器。后来的调查显示,该工厂可能并没有制造化学武器,而是如苏丹政府所言,在为苏丹人民提供药品。另外,有75枚巡航导弹落在了阿富汗境内。据信,本·拉丹的基地组织在那里设有营地。约有20人在美國對阿富汗的袭击中丧生,数十人在對苏丹的袭击中受伤。 美国总统比尔·克林顿在黄金时段的电视讲话中宣布了袭击的消息,并宣称那些攻擊目标都是恐怖分子所為。但是,也有人认为,这是深陷莱温斯基丑闻的克林顿在转移人们注意力。 苏丹总统强烈谴责了美国对他的国家的这次打击行动。阿富汗当权的塔利班也作出了类似的表态。美国的行动也在世界范围内,特别是一些穆斯林国家里激起了巨大的抗议热潮,人们纷纷指责美国的好斗行径。而一个伊斯兰组织则于8月25日在南非开普敦炸毁了一家行星好莱坞(Planet Hollywood)连锁店,造成二死廿六伤,以示抗议。同样,基地组织头目奥萨玛·本·拉登也谴责了这次军事行动。 (zh)
dbo:causalties
  • None
dbo:combatant
  • Harkat-ul-Mujahideen
  • Lashkar-e-Taiba
  • al-Qaeda
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1998-08-20 (xsd:date)
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • * Al-Shifa pharmaceutical plant destroyed
  • *Al-Qaeda propaganda victory
  • Strikes failed
  • * Al-Qaeda suffers casualties and material damage, but its senior leaders survive
dbo:strength
  • 6 warships, 1 submarine
  • Up to 600 militants at Zhawar Kili Al-Badr
dbo:thumbnail
dbo:wikiPageExternalLink
dbo:wikiPageID
  • 495671 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 744850356 (xsd:integer)
dbp:caption
  • An al-Qaeda training camp in Zhawar Kili Al-Badr, Afghanistan.
dbp:casualties
  • 1 (xsd:integer)
  • 5 (xsd:integer)
  • 6 (xsd:integer)
dbp:casus
  • bombings of U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, rapid escalation in al-Qaeda operations.
dct:subject
georss:point
  • 15.645833333333334 32.56166666666667
rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • كان قصف أفغانستان والسودان في 20 أغسطس عام 1998 (تطلق عليها الولايات المتحدة اسم «عملية الوصول اللانهائي») عبارة عن ضربات بالصواريخ الجوالة على قواعد جماعات مسلحة في أفغانستان ومصنع للأدوية في السودان. وكان الهجوم انتقاميًا ردًا على تفجيرات السفارات الأمريكية في كينيا وتنزانيا التي نتج عنها سقوط 224 قتيلاً (منهم 12 أمريكيًا). وجرح 5000 آخرين. (ar)
  • L'opération Infinite Reach est le nom de code d'une campagne de bombardements américaines à l'aide de 79 BGM-109 Tomahawk contre des bases terroristes en Afghanistan et une usine pharmaceutique au Soudan le 20 août 1998. (fr)
  • Os bombardeios do Afeganistão e do Sudão em agosto de 1998, de codinome Operação Alcance Infinito pelos Estados Unidos (em inglês: Operation Infinite Reach), foram ataques de mísseis Tomahawk de um cruzador da Marinha dos Estados Unidos, em 20 de agosto de 1998, sobre as bases terroristas e campos de treinamento da Al-Qaeda no Afeganistão e a uma fábrica farmacêutica no Sudão, na sequência de suspeitas de que a fábrica de al-Shifa estava produzindo armas químicas e era controlada pelo terrorista árabe Osama bin Laden. O ataque foi em retaliação pelos atentados às embaixadas americanas no Quênia e na Tanzânia que mataram 224 pessoas (incluindo 12 americanos) e feriram 5.000. (pt)
  • 无限延伸行动(Operation Infinite Reach)是美国为了报复1998年美国大使馆爆炸案而在1998年8月20日采取的一次军事行动。 在这次行动中,美军战舰从红海上发射了巡航导弹,其中一些击中了位于苏丹境内的阿尔-希法制药厂。美国指责该工厂帮助了袭击美国大使馆的基地组织头目奥萨玛·本·拉登,并为其制造化学武器。后来的调查显示,该工厂可能并没有制造化学武器,而是如苏丹政府所言,在为苏丹人民提供药品。另外,有75枚巡航导弹落在了阿富汗境内。据信,本·拉丹的基地组织在那里设有营地。约有20人在美國對阿富汗的袭击中丧生,数十人在對苏丹的袭击中受伤。 美国总统比尔·克林顿在黄金时段的电视讲话中宣布了袭击的消息,并宣称那些攻擊目标都是恐怖分子所為。但是,也有人认为,这是深陷莱温斯基丑闻的克林顿在转移人们注意力。 苏丹总统强烈谴责了美国对他的国家的这次打击行动。阿富汗当权的塔利班也作出了类似的表态。美国的行动也在世界范围内,特别是一些穆斯林国家里激起了巨大的抗议热潮,人们纷纷指责美国的好斗行径。而一个伊斯兰组织则于8月25日在南非开普敦炸毁了一家行星好莱坞(Planet Hollywood)连锁店,造成二死廿六伤,以示抗议。同样,基地组织头目奥萨玛·本·拉登也谴责了这次军事行动。 (zh)
  • Operation Infinite Reach was the codename for American cruise missile strikes on al-Qaeda bases in Afghanistan and the Al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in Sudan on August 20, 1998. The attacks, launched by the U.S. Navy, were ordered by President Bill Clinton in retaliation for al-Qaeda's August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, which killed 224 people (including 12 Americans) and injured over 4,000 others. Operation Infinite Reach was the first time the U.S. acknowledged a preemptive strike against a violent non-state actor. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Operation Infinite Reach (en)
  • قصف صواريخ كروز على أفغانستان والسودان (أغسطس 1998) (ar)
  • Opération Infinite Reach (fr)
  • Operação Infinite Reach (pt)
  • 无限延伸行动 (zh)
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